Free Essay

The Rise of Robotics in the Workforce

In: English and Literature

Submitted By MonarchMKUltra
Words 926
Pages 4
The Rise of Robotics in the Workforce
Carlos Andres Aznaran
ITT Technical institute, San Bernardino
Mrs. Boyer
February 6, 2015

The Rise of Robotics in the Workforce Since the days of Isaac Asimov, there has been a lingering question that many find foolish, while others find more realistic than we know. Will robots take over the world? Since the invention of the personal computer, we have taken tremendous strides in technology. There are new technologies now in the workforce. It seems more plausible that soon our jobs can be a thing of the past. This essay will talk about: how artificial intelligence is used to perform basic computations, how robots are working side by side with humans, and the impact robots have on low wage jobs. The roots of artificial intelligence (AI) can be traced to the days of Aristotle. He described a method of mechanical logic known as syllogism. Syllogism is a logical argument that uses deductive reasoning to come at a conclusion based on two or more propositions that are assumed to be true (Noving, 2012). Scientists have been working on developing AI since the 1960s. The main issue that was raised was that there was no formulaic way of describing a computer as “intelligent”. There are many computers and programs that are smarter than most humans, but if their functions are to multiply large numbers, or keep track of thousands of bank account balances, then they are not referred to as intelligent. They are only referred to as correct (Noving, 2012). In his article, Martin Ford (2013) said, “It is important to realize technology does not have to cause immediate job destruction in order to create significant future unemployment.” Several low wage jobs are not immediately affected by robotics now. This is largely due to humans’ ability of hand eye coordination, flexibility, and dexterity among other capabilities. However, robots are becoming safer, less expensive, and more capable of doing those same jobs (Ford, 2013). It is looking that soon warehouse jobs, or even jobs like making and packaging food, which need very little levels of education, can and will be taken over by robots. This may seem to be more cost effective to a business, especially for their bottom line. However, this can be a disaster that can dramatically increase unemployment overtime. There have been many cases in which humans and robots have worked together. The advancement of technology has allowed robots to be equipped with facial recognition, and customized them for any work environment (Bourne, 2013). Many of the robots are advanced enough to not only learn but also teach. Robots are even capable of being more precise, and know exactly what to do, and how to do a specific function that the job requires. In this time, it seems likely that a human-robotic partnership can exist in the workplace. Metra Martech, a research and marketing consultancy, have reported that between eight to ten million jobs can be created as a result of robotics, while also stating that through the year twenty-twenty, many jobs can be lost to more intelligent computers (Nelson, 2013). In the short term we may lose perhaps millions of jobs to machines, and it seems that the payoff of that would not come through until much later. The more we rely on AI, and robots to perform more and more tasks for us, the greater the possibility is that we can see a sharp rise in the unemployment rate. That may be the near future, so while unemployment will increase as more jobs become automated. There is still a major opportunity for us to embrace and work alongside these new technologies. The use of robotics in the workplace is rising slowly but surely. While these technological advances are astronomical, they do pose a threat to jobs, and the overall unemployment crisis around the world. A report by Oxford University states that jobs from cab drivers to even lawyers can be subject to automation (Walsh, 2014). The American workforce already faces many challenges, from stagnant wages to outsourcing. Now some learning institutions are offering training on using robots for work (Walsh, 2014).
We can see a drastic shift in our society if there is a conversion from a human workforce to an automated one. Eventually we would be forced to accept this conversion, and new jobs will be available as a result. Since The Industrial Revolution, humanity has made tremendous progress and has had to adapt to changes in machinery and inventions that diminished certain industry employees by great numbers. The rise of AI and robotics in the workforce presents new challenges as well as new opportunities for human workers.

References
Bourne, D. (2013). My Boss the Robot. Scientific American, 308, 38-41.
Fletcher, S. (2013). Yes, Robots Are Coming for Our Jobs—Now What? Scientific
American. Retrieved from http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/yes-robots are-coming-for-our-jobs-now-what/ on Feb 6, 2015.
Ford, M. (2013). Could Artificial Intelligence Create an Unemployment Crisis? Communications of the ACM, 56(7), 37-39.
Nelson, R. (2013). Robots: will They Hire Us, or Fire Us? Evaluating Engineering, Retrieved from http://www.evaluationengineering.com/articles/201311/robots-will-they-hire-or fire-us.php on Feb 6, 2015.
Noving, P. (2012). Artificial Intelligence. New Scientist, 216(2889), i.
Walsh, D. (2014). Fear not the ‘bot? Crain’s Detroit Business, 30(17) Retrieved from http://www.crainsdetroit.com/article/20140427/NEWS/304279955/fear-not-the-bot-as robots-take-jobs-experts-ask-if-humans-will on Feb 6, 2015.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Project

...Article Information: Automation: Making the future How robots and people team up to manufacture things in new ways Backgrounder Business success is not guaranteed by using the robotic systems or robots in the workplace. Rapid advancement such as robotic system has an impact on humanity both positive and negative. We don’t know what will happen in the future and may be robots are useful or dangerous. What is for sure is that human, being curious they develop new advanced generations such as robots. It happens so that people and robots go together in this life side by side. Like one of the America’s carmakers dreaming in the 1980’s. They dreamed of a “lights out” factory that could produce cars all night without human employees and spending massive amount of money just to reach their dream. But it never becomes successful. Structure of the Paper As we know that robots can do some jobs continuously and constantly along the day. Especially those robots that complement human abilities are extremely valuable, especially when they help people do things that people can't do. Robots can work 24 hours and 7 days a week. They have unlimited stamina so they can pick up heavy loads and work in harmful conditions without damaging themselves. They can also do very accurate jobs so products get a good finish which means they produce consistent, high-quality goods, faster and cheaper. Also it is cheaper for the company in the long term to buy robots than the employ humans......

Words: 1035 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Communication - Team Project

...Japanese Robotics Rough Draft Team B Heather Jones, Robert Hiser (Team Lead), George Dyakovetsky (Editor), Jerry Hornbogen, Edward (Andy) Felchak, Tricia Creek November 12, 2011 DeVry University Table of contents Contents Introduction 3 Culture of Japan 4 Overview of Japanese Robotics 9 Impact of Technology on the Culture 12 The Japanese Robot Economy 15 Japanese Robotic R & D Economy 17 Sales of Robotic Technology 18 The Workforce Economy 19 Economic Conclusion 20 Government Impacts 21 Public Projects Impact 22 Economics Impact 23 Technology Impacts 23 Moral and Ethical Consideration 24 Positive Impact 24 Negative Impact 25 Conclusion 27 References 28 Introduction Robots of any style and kind have been on people’s minds since the beginning of the technological ages. We see through time where our imaginations have expended when it comes to think about Robots and what we think they will become. We used to think of Robots as multiple armed machines that could cook eggs, pour coffee, and flip eggs. These robots would mimic human behaviors and motions. Then we see cartoons of robots that gave us dreams of robot maids and robot machines that would supply us with any food of our choice, and have it fully cooked, and delivered through a tube. However, now-a-days, we have evolved to higher technology and have even greater imaginations (Niku, 2001). Although, there is one country that surpasses all when it comes to robots and......

Words: 7771 - Pages: 32

Free Essay

Rise of the Robots Review

...development. He holds a computer engineering degree from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor and a graduate business degree from the University of California, Los Angeles. He is highly regarded in his field and has written for publications including The New York Times, Fortune, Forbes, The Atlantic, The Washington Post, Project Syndicate, The Huffington Post and The Fiscal Times. Ford is the author of the two books, his most recent Rise of the Robots: Technology and the Threat of a Jobless Future (2015) and in earlier years The Lights In the Tunnel: Automation, Accelerating Technology and the Economy of the Future (2009). These two books are about dealing with the effects of automation, robots, algorithms and the effects they have on mass-unemployment. Ford is quite unique and in some ways brave in the fact that he was the first 21st century author to publish a book (The Lights in the Tunnel) making a very strong argument that advances in robotics and artificial intelligence would eventually take over a large percentage of the human workforce and in turn make us obsolete. In this wise and wide-ranging book, he surveys the impact robots and smart technology is having upon the economy, work, leisure, education, health care, and the acceleration of inequality and unemployment. Introduction: The central idea of this book by Martin Ford is that smart machines, robots and algorithms are increasingly going to substitute for workers. As we all know these theories......

Words: 2989 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Robotics

...Robotics: Utopia or Dystopia Robotics: Utopia or Dystopia? Table of Contents: Serial No. | Particular | Page No. | 01. | Introduction | 04 | 02. | Definition of a Robot | 04 | 03. | History of Robotics | 05 - 10 | 04. | The implications of robotics for jobs in manufacturing | 10-12 | 05. | The implications of robotics for jobs in the service sector: | 12 -13 | 06. | Robotics and future jobs, utopia or Dystopia | 13-15 | 07. | Conclusion: | 16 | 08. | Recommendation | 16 | 09. | References | 17 | Robotics: Utopia or Dystopia? Introduction: We are living in such an era, when the needs and demands of human beings are increasing day by day. To satisfy those needs, innovation and development in every field which guide the future of humanity is also proceeding in a rapid way. To meet the various needs and desires of the increasing population, inventors were seeking for a genuine solution which could provide the overwhelming challenges and will be able to meet the demands of the civilizations and that leads to the idea of mechanization. Inventors, who put forward the idea of mechanization, stated that by mechanization there would be great convenience for people to respond to their demands and can help them to complete their task in a short period of time. By following these principles, machines have started to meet the needs of increasing......

Words: 7086 - Pages: 29

Free Essay

Business and Economics

...Automation and Computerization in the Developing World Name Institution Contents Introduction 3 A review of the impacts of technological changes in the labor market 3 Demand for enhanced skills 5 Effects of computing and automated services on the job market 6 The rise of white collar jobs 6 Elimination of low-skilled workforce 6 New skills to match the new requirements 7 Alterations in the worker's relation to the job 8 Changes in the office workplace 9 Human factors in labor provision 9 Disparities in the wage income structure 10 Conclusion 11 References 12 Automation and Computerization in the Developing World Introduction The early 1990 marked a new era of technological advancement in most parts of the developing world. How automation and computerization has affected work in these countries has been a major topic in the learning of labor market trends and wage distribution in the countries that have so far embraced automated computerized technologies in their service industries (Artuc, Chaudhuri & McLaren, 2010, p. 1027). From a historical perspective, the use of calculators and typewriters in offices marked the beginning of computerization and automation of services in the world. This article provides an overview of research on various areas of concerns all that have shaped these paradigms. These considerations takes a keen attention, especially on how technological......

Words: 2591 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

German

...Remote Robotic Surgery in Germany By: Christopher Redman MIS535 I will discuss how robots entered our lives, and this has historical roots after the play by the author Karel Capek, then those robots entered all aspects of our lives, and my topic is the medical field; the first robotic usage was performed in 1987, and there was many drawbacks to those first experiences such as restricted degrees of motion, decreased sense of touch, and .increased sensitivity to hand movement. The main issues that surrounds this procedures is safety measures and maintenance, as there is no grantee that the computer systems of robot is going to work in high safe. Other issues comes from the cost, since robotic surgery is more expensive than traditional, this will make it unavailable for public hospitals, and those who are poor may not be able to benefit from this technology, but this transfer from traditional methods in medicine must happen, as technology affected all aspects of our lives. Robot might sound as a very modern scientific invention, but it is not as the first time “robot” was introduced and coined was in 1921, in a play written by the Czech writer Karel Capek, and since then robots took a place in many aspects of our lives, they also take place in dangerous and highly precise tasks, such as aviation, and here we will discuss the medical usage of robots, starting from the history, to political and economic questions, also Psychological......

Words: 4024 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

Impact of Technology on the Workplace

...members of the society will automatically reap the benefits. The media loves to talk about these developments as these topics make compelling stories. Arguably, these developments seem to herald a positive transformation of society characterized by higher outputs per capita, but we must also be aware of the risks that these changes pose to society at large. As is expected of any major transformation, we know that there will be winners, and there will be people who come out at the losing end of the bargain. In order to fully take advantage of this change, we will have to learn to be more adaptable and embrace change so that we develop the toolkit to continuously re-invent ourselves. BACKGROUND This is a very exciting time to enter the workforce as a high-value knowledge worker. The coming decades will be witness to unprecedented levels of innovation in the way business is conducted, and most of these innovations will be powered by breakthroughs in technology. Naturally, it is expected then, that such developments will present numerous business opportunities. It is also expected that these innovations will induce quantum efficiencies in business processes and that the overall wealth will increase (Pew Research Center 2014). Businesses are increasingly relying on technology to achieve lean manufacturing costs and increased efficiencies in all aspects of the business cycle. This trend picked up steam in the early 70’s, but the rate at which innovations are being adopted in......

Words: 1941 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Emerging Trends in Nursing

...to grow and shape our future including: the nursing workforce, innovative medical technology, etc. As healthcare needs continue rise and the population ages, I believe a shortage in nursing may be imminent based on these subsequent rationales that are discussed. On March 23, 2010 the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) was signed into law. Lanthrop and Hodnicki stated in their article, “It is the most expansive healthcare reform legislation in the United States (US) since the creation of Medicare and Medicaid in 1965” (Lathrop, 2014). The healthcare reform was put into legislation to decrease the number of uninsured Americans by providing accessible, affordable, quality healthcare. In 2011, it was predicted that the number of Americans uninsured would be reduced by more than half when the Act is fully implemented (Rosenbaum, 2011). “The law will result in health insurance coverage for about 94% of the American population, reducing the uninsured by 31 million people” (Rosenbaum, 2011). With the expanded access to health insurance provided by this law, more and more people are now seeking health care. Because of this new trend, the supply and demand for nurses and other healthcare professionals will be unbalanced. Another rationale for shortages has to do with the retirement of the aging population in the nursing workforce. The National Council of State Boards of Nursing and The Forum of State Nursing Workforce Centers conducted a survey in 2013 indicated...

Words: 973 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Apple Manufacturing

...Apple Manufacturing: Should More Apple Products Say “Assembled in the USA”? Production and Operations Management, BUS 5461 Abstract Apple, Inc. is a $170B global corporation that designs, markets and sells consumer electronic products such as the iPhone, iPad, and the Mac computer. Apple has structured their manufacturing and supply chain processes to take advantage of China’s cheap and plentiful labor. However, Apple has made an innovative decision to have the new ultra high-end Mac Pro partially manufactured and assembled in the US. This report includes research and analysis on the benefits available to Apple by expanding production in the US. Recommendations are presented that will help ensure apple succeeds in moving production to the US, and help reduce the risks Apple faces as a global corporation. Tables of Contents Chapter I – An Introductory Look at Apple, Inc………………………………………. 5-6 Chapter II – The Issues Facing Apple…………………………………. ……………… 6-8 Chapter III – Analysis: A Closer Look into Apple..…………………………………… 8-15 Chapter IV – Recommendations..……………………………………………………… 15-20 Chapter V – Summary ……………………….………………………………………… 20-22 References……………………………………………………………………………… 23-26 List of Figures Figure 1:Average Hourly Compensation Costs in Manufacturing, U.S. Dollars, 2002-2009….....9 Figure 2: Average Hourly Compensation Costs in Manufacturing, U.S. Dollars,......

Words: 5618 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay

Emerging Trends in Nursing

...including: the nursing workforce, innovative medical technology, etc. As healthcare needs continue rise and the population ages, I believe a shortage in nursing may be imminent based on these subsequent rationales that are discussed. On March 23, 2010 the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) was signed into law. Lanthrop and Hodnicki stated in their article, “It is the most expansive healthcare reform legislation in the United States (US) since the creation of Medicare and Medicaid in 1965” (Lathrop, 2014). The healthcare reform was put into legislation to decrease the number of uninsured Americans by providing accessible, affordable, quality healthcare. In 2011, it was predicted that the number of Americans uninsured would be reduced by more than half when the Act is fully implemented (Rosenbaum, 2011). “The law will result in health insurance coverage for about 94% of the American population, reducing the uninsured by 31 million people” (Rosenbaum, 2011). With the expanded access to health insurance provided by this law, more and more people are now seeking health care. Because of this new trend, the supply and demand for nurses and other healthcare professionals will be unbalanced. Another rationale for shortages has to do with the retirement of the aging population in the nursing workforce. The National Council of State Boards of Nursing and The Forum of State Nursing Workforce Centers conducted a survey in 2013 indicated that the RN workforce consists of...

Words: 967 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Robots Ai and the Economics

...part in economic development; from the first human made tool to the recent assembly-line robots. From the invention of steam engines, to the industrial revolution, to the invention of the transistor, to the internet … advancement in technology is a fine determinant of economic growth which makes them truly related. Robert Solow estimated that technology accounted for about 2/3 of the U.S. economy growth, after allowing for growth in both labor force and capital stock. However, as inventions are moving from equipment that reduce physical effort to machines that could actually replace humans, robots and AI in particular, the positive effect of technology on the workforce and the economy is becoming less ubiquitous. In 2014, according to the Pew Research Center, 2000 industry experts remain deeply divided on how robotics will affect jobs...

Words: 1723 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Irobot

...A Helping Hand for Europe: The Competitive Outlook for the EU Robotics Industry Authors: Simon Forge and Colin Blackman Editors: Marc Bogdanowicz and Paul Desruelle EUR 24600 EN - 2010 The The mission of the JRC-IPTS is to provide customer-driven support to the EU policymaking process by developing science-based responses to policy challenges that have both a socio-economic as well as a scientific/technological dimension. European Commission Joint Research Centre Institute for Prospective Technological Studies Contact information Address: Edificio Expo. c/ Inca Garcilaso, 3. E-41092 Seville (Spain) E-mail: jrc-ipts-secretariat@ec.europa.eu Tel.: +34 954488318 Fax: +34 954488300 http://ipts.jrc.ec.europa.eu http://www.jrc.ec.europa.eu Legal Notice Neither the European Commission nor any person acting on behalf of the Commission is responsible for the use which might be made of this publication. The report reflects the views of the authors and does not necessarily reflect those of the European Commission Europe Direct is a service to help you find answers to your questions about the European Union Freephone number (*): 00 800 6 7 8 9 10 11 (*) Certain mobile telephone operators do not allow access to 00 800 numbers or these calls may be billed. A great deal of additional information on the European Union is available on the Internet. It can be accessed through the Europa server http://europa.eu/ JRC 61539 EUR 24600 EN ISBN 978-92-79-17657-9 ISSN......

Words: 50200 - Pages: 201

Premium Essay

Next Shoring

...J A N U A R Y 2 014 Next-shoring: A CEO’s guide Katy George, Sree Ramaswamy, and Lou Rassey Proximity to demand and innovative supply ecosystems will trump labor costs as technology transforms operations in the years ahead. The problem Demand for manufactured goods in emerging markets is surging and fragmenting as factor costs shift; technological advances, such as more powerful robotics and the Internet of Things, are creating a range of new opportunities for manufacturers to digitize operations. Why it matters Manufacturing strategies built on labor-cost arbitrage are becoming outmoded; the race is on to get ahead of what comes next. What to do about it Place greater emphasis on proximity to both demand and innovation while: • Making location decisions that balance economies of scale against the growing diversity of tastes within and across global markets Building supplier ecosystems that combine technical expertise with local domain and market knowledge Developing the people and skills needed to make the most of technological advances across the organization • • © Bruno Ehrs/Corbis 2 When offshoring entered the popular lexicon, in the 1990s, it became shorthand for efforts to arbitrage labor costs by using lowerwage workers in developing nations. But savvy manufacturing leaders saw it as more: a decisive change in globalization, made possible by a wave of liberalization in countries such as China and India, a steady improvement in the......

Words: 4145 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Byd Case Analysis

...resource management: BYD took care of employees in many ways.P7 These actions resulted in BYD that the turnover in its manufacturing workforce was 10-20%.P6 Besides, BYD had discipline training for their workers that greatly affected the quality improvement of products.P6 2. Technology development: Jigs and non-humidity sensitive chemical were also achievements of BYD on technology development. These core competencies, low-cost manufacturing, human resource management, and technology development, are transferable to the automotive business. The low-cost manufacturing can help to decrease the cost of production process for automotive factory. Discipline training of human resource management can improve their efficiency of productivity.P11 Finally, BYD was working in battery industry which is a part of automobile. Thus their technology development in battery can apply to reduce the cost of automobile production or even expand to new electric vehicles.P11 B. The competitive advantage of BYD is low-cost and high-quality production process. Compared with Japanese firms, the production process of BYD was similar but most of it was not so automated. Instead, BYD used labor and jigs to do the process and the final assembly. P2 Furthermore, BYD’s dry-room is specially designed that could save a lot of space. The risk of using labor and jigs to replace robotic arms is the defect rate. To reduce...

Words: 855 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Mazor Robotics Enterprise Evaluation

...MAZOR ROBOTICS LTD. ENTERPRISE VALUATION September, 2014 1 1. Executive Summary 2. Company Profile 1.1. Overview 1.2. Business Model 1.4. General Financial Analysis 1.5. Ownership Summary 3. Market Overview 1.1. Company Market 1.2. Competition 1.3. Robotic Surgery Systems Industry 1.4. Regulation 1.5. SWOT 4. Financial Analysis 1.1.1. Financial Statements Summary 1.1.2. Revenue 1.1.3. Operating Expenses 1.1.4. Balance Sheet 1.1.5. Finance Expenses 1.1.7. Cash 5. Enterprise Value 1.1.5. Methodology 1.1.6. General Valuation Assumptions 1.1.7. WAAC 1.1.8. Evaluation Chart 3 4 4 5 5 6 6 6 6 6 7 8 8 9 9 10 11 11 Net 12 13 13 13 14 DCF 14 2 1. Executive Summary We have been engaged to estimate the fair market value of the business enterprise known as Mazor Robotics, Ltd. (below “Business Enterprise”) as of September 30, 2014 for the purpose of learning and exploring the valuation of the subject as a part of the semester paper. This estimate of value analysis is based on the use of fair market value as the standard of value. For the point at the matter of this analysis, fair market value is defined as the expected price at which the business would change hands between a willing buyer and a willing seller1, based on its future evaluation income, neither being under a constraint to close the deal and both having full conversance of all the relevant facts. This is nearly similar to the market value basis definition as it is stated under the International Valuation......

Words: 6291 - Pages: 26