Premium Essay

The Role of Health Promotion in Reducing/Eradicating Non-Income Poverty Amongst the Rural Population in Developing Countries

In: Other Topics

Submitted By sylverstarz5
Words 2119
Pages 9
Title:
“The Role of Health Promotion in Reducing/Eradicating Non-Income Poverty amongst the Rural Population in Developing Countries”

Introduction
Health and Poverty are emerging global issues at the front of development debates, discussions and initiatives. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) (UNDP, 2013), brings to the global agenda an urging need that deserves proactive global attention if lives will be saved. Non income poverty happens when people may have a little bit of money but otherwise the quality of their life is not good. They do not have access to affordable social and physical services like schooling, health care, medications, safe water, good sanitation, good transport etc., and they may not feel safe in their homes either because they cannot trust the authorities or because they belong to some particularly vulnerable group

The first MDG goal directly stresses out the significance of poverty while goals 4, 5 & 6 relate to health. The rest focus more on the socio-environmental, economic and political issues that largely determine the population’s ill-health and wellbeing. Hence it is inevitable that poverty and health are globalised issues with greater local impacts that both must be addressed well using integrated approaches if quality health outcomes need to be achieved.

The concept of health promotion in particular provides the overarching framework to practically address health inequalities and inequities that are determined by the broader social, environmental, economic and political aspects. Hence, poverty is now popularly debated as one of the main determinant of health, therefore it must be inclusive in addressing health issues. This assumption is supported by Keleher & MacDoughall (2011) referring to poverty as one that still remains as a fundamental determinant of diseases.

This paper will specifically discuss

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Development Finance

...DEVELOPMENT FINANCE & ITS ROLE IN RURAL AREAS TO ALLEVIATE POVERTY 2010 M. MOBASHAR ALI & RANA RASHID REHMAN STATE BANK OF PAKISTAN-BANKING SERVICES CORPORATION SIALKOT 9/3/2010 Contents INTRODUCTION 4 LITRATURE REVIEW 4 REVIEW OF POVERTY IN PAKISTAN 6 SBP INITIATIVES IN TO PROMOTE DEVELOPMENT FINANCE 8 ESTABLISHMENT OF DEVELOPMENT FINANCE GROUP 8 ESTABLISHMENT OF AGRICULTURE FINANCE DIVISION 9 PUBLIC AWARENESS PROGRAMS 10 DEVELOPMENT FINANCE PROGRAMS CURRENTLY IN OPERATION 11 NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS (NGOs) 11 RURAL SUPPORT PROGRAM (RSP) 11 AGA KHAN RURAL SUPPORT PROGRAM (AKRSP) 11 SARHAD RURAL SUPPORT PROGRAM 12 NATIONAL RURAL SUPPORT PROGRAM (NRSP) 12 ROLE IN POVERTY ALLEVIATION 12 TRANSMISSION MECHANISM OF FINANCE TO POVERTY ALLEVIATION 14 DEVELOPMENT FINANCE SUCCESS STORIES 15 CONCLUSION 16 BIBLIOGRAPHY 17 Figure 1 8 Figure 2 10 Figure 3 10 Figure 4 13 Table 1 7 Table 2 7 Table 3 9 Table 4 10 Table 5 13 INTRODUCTION Development Finance is the offering of financial services to the entrepreneurial poor that contributes finally to the economic growth. Although the most notable of these services is the provision of credit, many other offerings are a part of Development Finance including credit for business activities and credit for emergency and for the fulfillment of life cycle needs. Many Development Financial Institutions (DFIs) give finance for...

Words: 5926 - Pages: 24

Premium Essay

Financing Growth and Poverty Reduction

...2012. Objective The broad objective of the study is to identify the various ways to finance economic growth and poverty reduction strategies in Bangladesh for attaining better economic performance and realizing the objectives of the Millennium Development Goals. The specific objectives are to: i. Review the source of finance of public expenditure and private sector investment. ii. Analyze government expenditure and private investment at sectoral level. iii. Review the fiscal and monetary policy in quest of developing a conducive framework for financing economic growth and poverty reduction. iv. Review the financing policies of the government related to social development and poverty (including policies related to health, education, women, children, indigenous people, etc.). v. Explore the challenges and options for resource mobilization to finance public expenditure and private investment. Methodology In congruence with the objectives of the study, a draft outline for the study and a framework for reviewing the national policies were prepared. While preparing the outline, the following issues were considered: analyzing past and ongoing policy reforms and their implications to growth and poverty reduction; reviewing revenue and development expenditure patterns in the national budgets, their sources and trends, identifying challenges and options; analyzing source of rural financing and agricultural credit, related policy environment and implications, identifying future challenges...

Words: 12445 - Pages: 50

Premium Essay

Hunger

...ERADICATE EXTREME POVERTY AND HUNGER 2000 2010 2005 FOREWORD I am extremely pleased to introduce this set of analytical papers on the Millennium Development Goals1. The papers were produced by the member agencies of the UN Development Group Task Force on the MDGs, working in clusters. Each paper had one or more lead agencies and a set of member agencies in support. The Task Force was also able to draw on the ideas, experience and advice of a considerable range of other agencies and experts, including from Non-Governmental, academic and other sectors. A peer review process was held to move towards the final versions, which incorporated detailed and rich discussions on the ideas generated by the papers. In this effort, the central intention of the Task Force was to try to identify promising or successful experiences in country efforts to move towards the various Goals, and to gain understanding of the factors contributing to this progress. The focus of the papers is therefore on the national and local level; on country-led (rather than UN) efforts; and on a range of immediate and underlying factors that appear to be important or essential in enabling progress under differing conditions and country circumstances. The papers do not present or represent formal, official UN policy positions. Rather, they reflect the collective analytical efforts of the MDG Task Force, as endorsed by the UN Development Group, in an effort to bring ideas and suggestions, based on country and field...

Words: 35418 - Pages: 142

Free Essay

Akrsp

...2010 ‫اﻟﻤــﺆﺗﻤـﺮ اﻟـﺪوﻟــﻲ اﻷول ﻟﻠﺘﻨـﻤﻴــﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺳـــﻮرﻳــــﺔ‬ ‫دور اﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤـﻊ اﻷهـﻠــﻲ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴــﺔ‬ 2010 ‫32-42 آﺎﻧﻮن اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ/ ﻳﻨﺎﻳﺮ‬   The First Interna onal Development Conference of Syria 2010  Emerging Role of Civil Society in Development    23‐24 January 2010    A Case Study of the AKRSP – Successful Rural  Development in Northern Pakistan  ‫دراﺳﺔ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ- ﻧﺠﺎح اﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ اﻟﺮﻳﻔﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺷﻤﺎل اﻟﺒﺎآﺴﺘﺎن‬   Antonia Settle, Sustainable Development Policy Institute, Islamabad, Pakistan ‫أﻧﺘﻮﻧﻴﺎ ﺳﻴﺘﻞ، ﻣﻌﻬﺪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺎت اﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ اﻟﻤﺴﺘﺪاﻣﺔ، إﺳﻼم أﺑﺎد، اﻟﺒﺎآﺴﺘﺎن‬ antonia@sdpi.org  This paper may not be distributed or reproduced without permission from the author(s). For references, please cite as follows: “Paper presented at the First International Development Conference of Syria, organised by the Syria Trust for Development, Damascus 23-24 January 2010”. A CASE STUDY OF THE AKRSP – SUCCESSFUL RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN NORTHERN PAKISTAN By Antonia Settle, Sustainable Development Policy Institute, Islamabad, Pakistan. ABSTRACT: There has been a shift in development paradigms reflected in the discourse of international funding bodies, from technocratic aid modalities associated with Washington Consensus models towards a ‘new development paradigm’ that accompanies post-Washington Consensus economic prescriptions. This new development paradigm relies increasingly on NGOs for channeling funds, while granting more space for government regulation and emphasizing participatory approaches. The...

Words: 9670 - Pages: 39

Free Essay

Digital Bangladesh

...1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY .................................................................................................................... 2 CHAPTER 1: VISION FOR A PROSPEROUS FUTURE........................................................................ 10 1.1 The Vision .......................................................................................................................................... 10 1.2 A Promoting Democratic Institutions ............................................................................................... 10 1.3 Promoting Gender Balance ............................................................................................................... 11 1.4 Technical Framework for Achieving Middle Income Country...

Words: 49012 - Pages: 197

Premium Essay

Economics

...• The Limits to Human Development `• The End of Convergence? • India—A Globalization Success Story with a Mixed Record on Human Development — National Human Development Report - 2001 • Indicators — State of Human Development in India • State Level 2. The Environment and Development. 46 — Introduction — The Basic Issues • Sustainable Development and Environmental Accounting • Population, Resources, and the Environment • Poverty and Environment • Growth versus the Environment • Rural Development and the Environment • Urban Development and the Environment • The Global Environment — Consequences of Environmental Damage — The Indian Case • Consequences of Environmental Plunder — Public Policy SECTION - II Indian Economy at Independence 3. India's Economy at Independence. 57 — Introduction — The Relative Importance of Various Industrial Activities • Composition of National Income — The Working Force — The Agrarian Scene • Stagnating Agriculture • Causes — India's Industrial...

Words: 57754 - Pages: 232

Free Essay

Microfinance Institutions

...WP/04/01 Bank of Uganda Working Paper Recognising the Role of Micro Finance Institutions in Uganda Justine Nannyonjo and James Nsubuga _________________________________ Bank of Uganda 2 WP/04/01 BOU Working PAPER Research Department Recognising the Role of Micro Finance Institutions in Uganda By Justine Nannyonjo and James Nsubuga February 2004 Abstract This paper shows that micro finance is an important part of the growth strategy in Uganda and has in the recent years gained increasing recognition. This is evidenced by initiatives and strong commitment by government, donors and practitioners towards supporting micro finance activities in Uganda, and the rapid expansion of the micro finance industry. Integration of Micro Finance Institutions (MFIs) into the formal financial system has been established, while measures have been taken to build capacity and enhance coordination in the micro finance industry, as well as expand the outreach of sustainable micro finance. The paper, however, identifies a number of challenges to the development of the micro finance industry: There is need to strengthen the capacity of MFIs to build their management information systems, and to rebuild infrastructure in underserved areas as well as strengthen capacity for identifying potential market structures, which could serve as the basis on which to build sustainable micro finance services. Other challenges include restoring peace in conflict areas and strengthening...

Words: 8134 - Pages: 33

Premium Essay

Student

...i GOVERNMENT OF UGANDA Ministry of Health HEALTH SECTOR STRATEGIC PLAN III 2010/11-2014/15 ii TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD BY MINISTER OF HEALTH .......................................................................................... IV ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ......................................................................................................................... V LIST OF ACRONYMS .............................................................................................................................. VI EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ........................................................................................................................ IX 1. INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................................. 1 1.1 CONTEXT AND RATIONALE FOR DEVELOPMENT OF THE HSSP III ..................................................................... 1 1.2 DEVELOPMENT PROCESS FOR THE HSSP III ............................................................................................................ 1 2. BACKGROUND ..................................................................................................................................... 2 2.1 SECTOR ORGANISATION, FUNCTION AND MANAGEMENT ..................................................................................... 2 2.1.1 The Ministry of Health and national level institutions .........................................................

Words: 50378 - Pages: 202

Premium Essay

Corporate Social Activites

...CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY IN BANGLADESH: PRACTICE AND PERPETUITY Promoting Safety, Enforcing Rights Corporate Social Responsibility in Bangladesh: Practice and Perpetuity Supported by Published by Promoting Safety, Enforcing Rights Corporate Social Responsibility in Bangladesh: Practice and Perpetuity Researcher Rumana Sobhan Porag Safety and Rights Society Published by Safety and Rights Society 14/23 Babor Road (4th floor) Block B, Mohamadput Dhaka 1207 Tel: +88 02 - 9119903-4 Mobile: +88- 01193 200207, +88- 01191 797414 www.safetyandrights.org info@safetyandrights.org Date of Publication January, 2014 Copyright Safety & Rights Society Printed by Chowdhury Printers and Supply 48/A/ Badda Nagar, B.D.R. Gate No. 1 Pilkhana, Dhaka-1205 ISBN : 978-984-33-6453-1 2 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We wish to express our appreciation to the following individuals and organisations, without whose support this research would not be possible to accomplish. Our appreciation goes to the business leaders who provided their valuable time in sharing their views and CSR practices, and for the in-depth discussions on the current situation and ways and means of improving CSR practice in Bangladesh. We were encouraged by the enthusiasm shown by the private sector and their willingness to meet with us and share their experience, often at very short notice. Without the support from these leaders, our study would not have been possible. We would...

Words: 19988 - Pages: 80

Premium Essay

Public Investment Appraisal Techniques

...Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning National Development Planning Directorate Public Investment Technical Team Unit Capacity Building to Support the Rwanda Public Investment Program Investment Appraisal Training Manual for Government Staff Prepared by Sulaiman Kyambadde P.O. Box 1851 Kigali, Rwanda Tel: +250 255114413 (office) October 2011 The purpose of this Training Manual is to help PITT implement the use of international best practices of Investment Appraisal techniques in its programming of public sector investments. It describes how public sector investments should be assessed at conception or programming stage. The modules introduce the basic concepts behind the appraisal techniques and their applicability in the Rwandan context. It describes the DCF methodology, the shadow pricing methodology and performance measures and decision criteria, together with financial and economic analysis techniques. By their very nature, public projects involve benefits and costs to society over a number of years into the future, unfortunately, market prices and investment outcomes cannot be predicted with certainty. The manual also introduces qualitative analysis concepts of investments. Author Mr. Sulaiman Kyambadde, is an economist, and a business and development consultant working with PPM Consulting Limited. PPM Consulting is a local management and development consulting firm with headquarters in Kigali, the nation’s capital. In addition, officials from the Ministry...

Words: 62969 - Pages: 252

Free Essay

International Business

...International Business- Dr. R. Chandran 1. International Business: Meaning And Scope Interdependency is a natural phenomenon; nations, living beings and companies cannot totally depend on themselves. It is the major driving force for international business. Learning value: This chapter covers the essential aspects, 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Definition of international business Emergence of developing nations in international business Motives of international business from companies and nations Fundamental differences between Domestic and International business Few successful organizations in Domestic & International business International business: Meaning and Scope In the post independence era, more than half-century Indian entrepreneurs concentrated on domestic operations and a surplus production was exported. The physical movement of goods, called EXPORT cannot represent International business. International business is defined as “any commercial transaction-taking place across the boundary lines of a sovereign entity”. It may take place either between countries or companies or both. Private companies involve themselves in such transactions for revenue, profit and prosperity. If governments are involved, they need to maintain their image, dependency and economic growth. Sometimes economic ties are strengthened through such transactions. These transactions include investments, physical movements of goods and services, transfer of technology and manufacturing. Today every company...

Words: 70922 - Pages: 284

Premium Essay

Women

...ignore the effects of factors outside the workplace on a person's status at work. To seek equality at work without seeking equality in the larger society – and at home – is illusory.Thus an examination of the issues surrounding women, gender and work must be holistic. That means considering the role of productive work in life as a whole and the distribution of unpaid work as well as the myriad questions relating to employment. This important anthology brings together the thinking of leading philosophers, economists and lawyers on this complex subject. Selected recent articles from the multidisciplinary International Labour Review are assembled for the first time to illuminate questions such as how we should define equality, what equal opportunity means and what statistics tell us about differences between men and women at work, how the family confronts globalization and what is the role of law in achieving equality. There is an examination of policy – to deal with sexual harassment and wage inequality, for example, as well as part-time work, the glass ceiling, social security, and much more. A major reference on the best of current research and analysis on gender roles and work. Martha Fetherolf Loutfi has been Editor-in-Chief of the International Labour Review, a Senior Economist for the Brandt Commission and in the ILO’s Employment and Development Department and an associate professor of economics. She has written books and articles on employment, women, energy...

Words: 243134 - Pages: 973

Premium Essay

South African Education System

...Improvement Plans 87 10. 2007/08 Operational Branch Plans 101 11. Statutory bodies 175 12. Structure of the Department 179 3 1. STATEMENT BY THE MINISTER OF EDUCATION, MRS NALEDI PANDOR, MP In my statement in the 2006 Strategic Plan, I indicated that Education received the largest share of the National Budget. This year Government has once again reaffirmed its commitment to the education system. Building on the transformation successes of the past but also recognizing the huge backlogs that exist in many parts for the system throughout the country, additional funds have been allocated to further address backlogs in the system. This investment is reflected in our plans to improve the quality of services that we offer to the nation. The Department continues to focus its attention on the areas that require improvement, especially areas that affect the majority of our population. The Department has been reconfigured and restructured to appropriately respond to the challenges facing us. The new structure will give impetus to fine-tuning...

Words: 38183 - Pages: 153

Free Essay

Fallacies of Development

...AFRICA’S DEVELOPMENT: THE IMPERATIVES OF INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE AND VALUES by MARTIN ODEI AJEI submitted in accordance with the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY in the subject PHILOSOPHY at the UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH AFRICA PROMOTER: PROFESSOR M. B. RAMOSE AUGUST 2007 Contents Declaration Acknowledgement List of Acronyms Key terms Summary vi vii viii x xi INTRODUCTION: DEVELOPMENT AND PHILOSOPHY i. Statement of the Problem ii. Against Economism iii. Critique of Competition iv. Poverty is Unnatural v. Thesis Statement vi. Methodology vii. Structure of Dissertation 1 1 1 5 6 9 10 15 CHAPTER ONE: DIMENSIONS OF DEVELOPMENT AND THEIR INFLUENCE ON AFRICA 1.1. What is Development 1.2. Development and Economic Growth 1.3. Schools of Development Thought and their Influence in Africa 1.3.1. The Modernization School and its Essential Claims 1.3.1.1. Growth Theory under Economic Liberalism 1.3.1.2. Evolutionary Theory 1.3.1.3. Functionalist Theory 1.3.1.4. Common Assumptions and Methodology 1.3.1.5 The Influence of Modernization on Development Practice in Africa 1.3.1.6. Critique of Modernization 1.3.2 Dependency Theory and its Essential Claims 21 21 25 27 27 28 29 30 32 34 36 39 i 1.3.3. The Theoretical Heritage of Dependency Theory 1.3.3.1. Structuralist Economics and the ‘Prebisch Thesis’ 1.3.3.2. Marxism 1.3.4. Common Assumptions of Dependency Theory 1.3.5. Criticisms of Dependency Theory 1.3.6. The Influence of Dependency Theory on African Development Practice...

Words: 90729 - Pages: 363

Premium Essay

Business Management

...Local Government Area of Nigeria 30 Helen Afang Andow Impact of Banking Reforms on Service Delivery in the Nigerian Banking Sector 45 Billy Batlegang Green IT Curriculum: A Mechanism For Sustainable Development 59 Rozeta Biçaku-Çekrezi Student Perception of Classroom Management and Productive Techniques in Teaching 74 Thomas J.P.Brady Developing Digital Literacy in Teachers and Students 91 Lorenzo Cherubini Ontario (Canada) Education Provincial Policy: Aboriginal Student Learning 101 Jennifer Dahmen Natascha Compes Just Google It?! But at What Price? Teaching Pro-Environmental Behaviour for Smart and Energy-Efficient Use of Information and Communication Technologies 119 Marion Engin Senem Donanci Using iPads in a dialogic classroom: Mutually exclusive or naturally compatible? 132 Nahed Ghazzoul Teaching and Learning in the Age of 'Just Google it' 149 Saba A. Gheni Falah H. Hussein Teaching Against Culture of Terrorism in the Middle East 162 Jessica Gordon Bonnie Boaz Integrating Digital Media into Multimodal Compositions: Five Trends in the Transfer of Rhetorical Skills 173 Jeehee Han Public Opinion on Health Care Policies in the 21st Century 181 Elijah C. Irozuru M. Ukpong Eno Home Environment,...

Words: 236613 - Pages: 947