Free Essay

The Secret Life of Skin

In: English and Literature

Submitted By maddawg
Words 2226
Pages 9
3. ‘The hallmark of the personal essay is intimacy’ (Lopate)
Write the intimate life of a chosen text using the thinking and themes of any three weeks of the course.

My skin controls me. It contains and constrains me, protects and projects me. It is a living coat spread out all over me without beginning or end. Seamless. Only through it can I feel and process the world. And it is through this coating that the world sees me. It is the screen on which social messages are displayed, thoughts are reflected.

My skin controls me: dictating much of what I do. I guzzle water and nibble on nuts apply potions and lotions, don helmets and hats: All at the behest of my skin. Drinking too much, sleeping too little, lying too long in the sun and I am compelled to feel guilty. Connor says ‘the skin is not a part of the body’ (Connor 2002, 4) and indeed, my skin is like a domineering despot. It petulantly exposes my neglect by painting dark circles under my eyes, smudging the glow and scattering blemishes. It is the reflection of my soul, separate but inseparable from myself - my ‘body’s twin’ (Connor 2002, 5).

It is this ‘twin’ (Connor 2002, 5) or my ‘immaterial, ideal, ecstatic’ (Connor 2002. 5) imagining of my skin that constitutes what Cooley described as a ‘looking glass self’. (described by Coser 1997) This concept states that ‘an individual’s self-conception result(s) from assimilating the judgments of their significant others’ (discussed by Mikala, 2012). What we see in this mirror is not our carefully considered actions and the complex thought process that leads us to take them; We only see this ‘shadow’ (Connor 2002, 5) which becomes more than simply the living tissue. It is branded with our outward identity. And so, how we perceive others to view us in turn influences how we see ourselves. This attitude is present without an actual witness though. The looking-glass self creates a sort of pan-opticon inside the self, where the projected judgment of others is ‘the supervisor’ (Foucault 1995, 208) and actions become always conscious, mediated. Certainly, I feel I am ‘ continually accompanied by (my) own image of (my) self’ (Berger 1972, 46). And so again my skin rules my actions and moreover, constructs my own sense of self.

Indeed, Joyce said ‘modern man has an epidermis rather than a soul’. While this is obviously a remark about the superficial nature of society today, it also mirrors the progression of thought on identity. Traditionally, identity has been thought of as ‘a “natural” and “eternal” quality emanating from a self-same and self-contained individual’ (Robins 2005, 173). This description could easily be that of a soul. Today however, identity is viewed as more fluid, ‘subject to continuous change and reconfiguration’ (Robins 2005,173). This echoes the constant cellular renewal of the skin. Furthermore, identity is now considered to be ‘instituted in particular social and historical contexts’ (Robins 2005, 173) this is also reminiscent of the skin’s vulnerability to external forces; I tan, I freckle, I age. And so, as modern men (or women) are defined by the ‘skin we’re in’ hence our identities are defined by where we live, what we do, what we have done, what we choose.

The skin’s complex role in identity is seen in the film Silence of the Lambs (1991). The killer wants to be a woman, and so methodically murders women and carefully removes their flesh in order to sew it all together to form female skin with which to transform his identity from maleness to femaleness. As if to drape himself in this female fabric will transform his maleness. This crossing of gender in the skin also reflects the diminishing and fluid nature of male/female in society, with men now having hairless skin, and anointing and caring for their skin in a fashion that was once considered a purely female domain.

Hence, the ‘skinscape is also a genderscape’ (Howe 2005, 36). The enduring concepts of women as objects and possessions, tie women and land together: something owned, something ploughed, something penetrated. These concepts are overtly sexist but as a female, I demonstrate the invisible weight of these ideas. I once had a honey-scented body lotion, and whenever I rubbed it on myself, I always indulged in thinking I was a ‘land of milk and honey’ this ‘turns (my)self into an object’ (Berger 1972, 47). I’m not alone in creating a metaphor of skinscape and landscape. Shakira (‘lucky that my breasts are small and humble / so you don’t confuse them with mountains’) and Neruda (‘When I look at the shape of America on the map, my love, it is you I see:’) are both examples. These metaphors are also carried into life, with countless cultures emulating aspects of their environment – even today in Western society’s, our obsession with willowy forms and tight ageless skin seems to be a mimic of a cityscape of skyscrapers and unwearing structures.

Just as there are public and private areas to a cityscape, there are more public and private areas of the skin and furthermore there are more public or more private parts of ourselves. The domain of personal and private thought has changed. Traditionally, the privilege of an intimate circle of friends and family our personal thoughts are now accessible to almost anyone through avenues like Facebook and Twitter. This intimate access to our selves is similar to the way bikinis and miniskirts have reformed acceptable areas of skin. Gone are the days when the sight of an ankle is a rare exposure. Interestingly, in both these forms of self-exposure it is only the parts of ourselves we choose to show that are broadcast. And so again by constructing a public self we form a private one.

And so, my identity is placed in my hands, to an extent. The ‘skin is the original parchment’ (Anzieu 1989, 105.) and it gives a short history of our heritage which can’t be obscured (excepting extremes like Michael Jackson’s skin, which did cast off evidence of his Negro heritage). This ‘original parchment’ (Anzieu 1989, 105.) is scribbled on throughout our lives. Scribbled on by the sun, the wind, by our diets and our habits. The first documents ever written were on the skins of animals, and our own skin documents our past experiences in laugh lines, freckles, scars and bruises. Stretched tight over a drum, skin can be given voice, and our skin shouts our emotions in blushes or blanches. Without our say-so our ‘body’s… shadow’ (Connor 2002, 5) casts us in a certain role, whether it be your race, your age or even your fleeting mood.

On the other hand, we carefully inscribe on our skin some of the things we want to say. We do this with makeup, fake tan, or tattoo needles. Weekly, I paint myself darker. Thursday night in the boarding house was a ritualistic ceremony of half naked girls painting each other Sublime Bronze. These habits grow into our sense of self. I now only really feel myself when I’m a little tan and when I am made-up. Made-up, the words themselves seem contradictory. However, Bakhtin said that ‘selves are constituted, or authored’ (Baxter 2004, 4) through our interaction with others. Further, another’s interaction with us is defined by how they see us. Therefore how we look, our skin, plays a huge role in how they will treat us, and in turn affect how our selves are formed. For me, this is captured in Blue Valentine (2010), when Dean says ‘in my experience, the prettier a girl is, the more nuts she is… It’s not your fault, everybody treats you different. Like you make jokes and people laugh anyway even though they’re not funny. That’s gotta make you nuts.’ And so, the importance of skin is realised, not just because of how others comprehend you, but how you will create yourself.

So why do so many want to indelibly write on their skins? To change it permanently, to inscribe a design or some words which will remain forever. These decisions never seem to take much time or consideration in people my age. ‘I was drunk’ seems to be a popular response when asking about a tattoo. From Papillon to Popeye to Angelina Jolie, tattooing has moved from the margins of society into coolness and now into mainstream. The choice to permanently change the surface of a skin in turn means less, now that there are more of them. My grandmother always looks at tattooed youths with heartbreaking pity. My mother is filled with fear and stern warnings on the error of inking the skin; I can pierce whatever I like, but a tattoo is a taboo in her mind. But, we all inhabit our own skins, I want to say to her. You have told me I have ‘a hide’ enough times, well the message stuck and so I have claimed my hide. Again the semiotic power of my own skin is revealed as a material to screen my identity to the world and to in turn reflect it back to myself. It is easy to grin at tattoos as a youthful bit of fun, but what would our skin advise? The purple ink sinking through layers. I wonder how many of my blasé friends’ thoughts will turn to lasers, when the novelty and the years of idealized recklessness fade, whether they will want to get back to a tabula rasa? Perhaps, though the tattoos will show themselves the person they once were, a sort of memento of themselves.

My skin contains me. It is the ‘borderland’ between the world and myself. In my opinion this is what to be content dans son peau really means, whether the borderland between self and non-self ‘grates … and bleeds’ (Anzaldua 1991, 3) or whether they coexist side by side harmoniously. It’s not my own skin I’m uncomfortable in, but the way my skin or myself fit with the rest of the word. I’m not happy with my skin, as it is, healthy but pale, or freckled. What it says naturally is not enough, so I try to perfect with exfoliators, moisturisers and serums and I painted over it, with fake tan and make-up. Trying to be someone else, or some perfect version of myself through it. I do all of this to coat myself in a confidence I lack. I achieve this metamorphosis, but it is not permanent. As the skin is continually renewed, so too is my natural timidity, which peaks from under a layer of bluster, like freckles under foundation. But, much as the skin’s regenerative process is impaired through age, so has my timidity been impaired, that coating of confidence begins to stick.

We are contained in our skin, confined to it. When looking at skin’s bearing on identity, we can’t deny our inescapable embodiment. A soul is considered immortal and hence almost independent of the body. An epidermis, however, is inescapably organic and perishable, living, with all that the word means; growing and changing, decaying and dying. This embodiment anchors us to the world. We aren’t given a Cartesian dualism. Instead, much as Midas is plagued by the unrealised pervasive nature of touch, we are present always in our skin, ‘a sense of soul which resides in the fingers’ ends’ (Serres paraphrased in Connor 2002, 5) Shylock should have considered this. He should have added a caveat to his demand of a pound of flesh, and asked rather to take a pound of soul. He is allowed his pound of flesh only if it can be removed without one drop of blood, an impossible task. This reflects our paradoxical bond with skin; removing it without a drop of blood can be conceived, but cannot be done, because our skin is dynamically self and something more than self.

And so, my skin simultaneously contains and connects me to the world. Touch is how we involve ourselves in the world and how we change it, but also how we are tied to it. The power of touch has been integrated into the lexicon of many languages. For example ‘She touched the hearts of many’ translates to ‘she affected many people’. Despite the powerful and pervasive nature of touch our need to touch is minimised in today’s societies. Doors open for you, shoes and concrete cocoon your feet from the earth, and televisions can be controlled with speech. Relationships that would have shrivelled and died long ago can be kept alive over the Internet. I have countless Facebook ‘friends’ who are distanced by oceans of space and totally different time zones, lifestyles and general interests, but remain however hollowly, friends. On the other hand, the simple fact of nearness is still too crucial in a more meaningful relationship to be made obsolete. This is acknowledged in new technologies like the hug shirt, which uses technology imbedded in the fibres to mimic a loved ones hugging style. And so, our sense of touch is being touched in new ways to meet modern man’s modern world.

It seems whatever way I look at it my skin is me, enveloping the letter on which my soul is inscribed. Sealed and addressed to the world.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

American Skin

...American Skin (41 shots) 41 shots And we’ll take that ride Cross the bloody river To the other side 41 shots... cut through the night You're kneeling over his body in the vestibule Praying for his life Is it a gun, is it a knife Is it a wallet, this is your life It ain't no secret (It ain't no secret) It ain't no secret (It ain't no secret) No secret my friend You can get killed just for living in Your American skin 41 shots 41 shots 41 shots 41 shots 41 shots and Lena gets her son ready for school She says "on these streets, Charles You've got to understand the rules. If an officer stops you, Promise me you'll always be polite, That you'll never ever run away Promise Mama you'll keep your hands in sight" Is it a gun, is it a knife Is it a wallet, this is your life It ain't no secret It ain't no secret No secret my friend You can get killed just for living in Your American skin 41 shots 41 shots 41 shots 41 shots (music bit) 41 shots 41 shots 41 shots 41 shots Is it a gun, is it a knife Is it in your heart, is it in your eyes It ain't no secret (It ain't no secret) It ain't no secret (It ain't no secret) It ain't no secret (It ain't no secret) 41 shots And we'll take that ride Cross this bloody river To the other side 41 shots I’ve got my boots caked in this mud We're baptized in these waters (baptized in these waters) And in each other's blood (And in each other’s blood) Is it a gun, is it a knife Is it a wallet, this is your life It ain't no secret (It ain't no secret)......

Words: 338 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Beauty Tips

...Form Home Manage Your Life Fashion + Beauty Healthy Living Parenting Love + Sex Food Astrology Featured on Shine: the thread: celeb fashion video financially fit make home a haven real-life makeover bikini 101 Top of Form All Recipes Search Yahoo! Shine for: Shine Search Bottom of Form Thursday, June 10, 2010 Subscribe to This Blog Add to My Yahoo! RSS Beauty Secrets from Around the World user by Woman's Day, on Tue Jun 8, 2010 7:12am PDT 42 Comments Post a Comment Read More from This Author » Report Abuse By Amanda Greene When it comes to beauty routines, the grass is always greener. Japanese women have it made with their long, glossy hair and Greek women’s olive-toned complexions are always luminous. But how do they do it? Put down your passport—you won’t need to go anywhere to find out. We got insider beauty information from experts on how women across the globe stay gorgeous. Read on to find out their secrets, and learn how you can recreate them at home. Australia Australian makeup artist Napoleon Perdis says yarrow extract is used by Australian Aboriginal women to prevent stretch marks, thanks to its moisturizing and hydrating properties. “Yarrow root is also an anti-inflammatory, which soothes the skin.” Calm your complexion with his Auto Pilot Pre-Foundation Primer , which contains the extract as a key ingredient. Chile Chilean women credit the antioxidant powers of red grapes for their luminous skin. They create a paste......

Words: 1939 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

The House Behind the Cedars

...Tammy Carnell English 3410-01 Dec. 3, 2012 "The House Behind the Cedars" by Charles W. Chesnutt Charles Waddell Chesnutt was born in Cleveland, Ohio. His parents were both free African Americans who moved to Cleveland from Fayetteville, North Carolina in 1856. Chesnutt was of mixed race -- both of his grandmothers were African American while both of his grandfathers were white. Though he self identified as African American, he often referred to an extensive white ancestry and claimed that the issues of his mixed race had a profound impact on him as a young man. Themes of complex heritage and racial identity would be characteristic of Chesnutt's writing in his novel, "The House Behind the Cedars", as well as his other work. The overriding theme in "The House Behind the Cedars", written by Charles W. Chesnutt, is the problem or deception that comes with "passing" or posing as a white person and its consequences on both African Americans and whites in the South. The book places a strong emphasis on color, class, and alienation. Lost and recovered identity are also present in this book as I believe a type of double-consciousness. Each character in "The House Behind the Cedars" seems to have a "sense of always looking at one's self through the eyes of others, of measuring one's soul by the tape of a world that looks on in amused contempt and pity. One ever feels his two-ness, - an American, a Negro; two souls, two thoughts, two......

Words: 2759 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Lux Market Analysis with them. Because deep down, every woman wants to feel like a fortune. On this note, Lux is celebrating the feminity and playfulness to remind women to enjoy absolutely everything about becoming and being beautiful.  Celebration of feminity by Lux Lux, with its abundance of exotic beautyfying ingredients has lead to beautiful skin - therby making women who use it more gorgeous naturally! in recent times, Lux has embraced beauty and feminity of the 21st century women. It aims to be the paradigm of the new feminity. That's why Lux celebrates the pleasure of being a woman today by encouraging women to feel and look beautiful, be individualistic about their self-expression and indulge in the rituals of beautification in an unapologetically feminine way. Lux beautifies in a playful way, letting women express their feminine spirit without constrains!    Key facts * First mass marketed toilet soap launched in 1924 * Sold in over 100 countries * Market leader in various countries including Arabia, Brazil, India From our range * Lux Strawberry and Cream: Every woman wants to be indulged! Use Lux Strawberry and Cream to fill your skin smooth and silky. Lovingly created with a sumptuous mix of luscious strawberries and moisturizing cream...

Words: 423 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

My Secret

...My Secret To most of existence there is an inner and outer world. Skin, bark, surface of the ocean open to reveal other realities. What is inside shapes and sustains what appears. I walk off the subway. Cars, people, ambitions charge by. City thrashes without hesitation or apology. No stillness. No pause. Peop le do not see where they are. Traffic stumbles by and feet carry forgotten objects. Eyes see only the next walk signal, the next cash register, the upward battle ahead. They tell me I am home. Some salamander species are fully aquatic throughout life, som e take to water intermittently, and some are entirely terrestrial as adults. Uniquely among vertebrates, they are capable of regenerating lost limbs, as well as other body parts. The apartment. My parents sit still in their chairs, bodies frozen, emotions flooding towards me. Walls of memories line our apartment. Classes, friends, thoughts? They are excited to have me back, to remember what it was like with me here and them there. A nd while they deserve news, their questions ring chaotic in my ears. Remind ers of the commotion outside, of people expecting more, pushing ahead. A non - stop pace. Existence outside oneself. I pause and tell them I need a minute. Just one second and the door closes. Eyes and ears shut. I am alone again. City melts, and questions q uietly float away. I can remember the soft wind and red stones. With silence around, I can breathe again. To a certain kind of......

Words: 2143 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Total Quality Management

...Belfance April 27, 2012 Human Nutrition Final Thesis Paper Anti-Aging Foods I am a firm believer that the first and foremost of any anti-aging regiment should be working from the insides out. Eating a healthy die that contains anti-aging foods will slow down the aging process. What you eat has a tremendous impact not only on your health but also on your life span. Anti-aging foods are known to give you better endurance, prolong your lifespan, obtain a better quality of sleep, feel vital and energetic, and they can promote a sense of calmness and wellbeing. Anti-aging foods can reduce the effects of aging and even reverse the damage to your body caused by an unhealthy lifestyle. Some of the most notable anti-aging foods are avocados, berries, nuts, garlic, soya, watermelon and ginger. Avocado is a fruit which is usually eaten as a vegetable and is a good source of healthy monosaturated fat that can help reduce levels of a bad type of cholesterol in the body. Avocados are a good source of Vitamin E and can help maintain healthy skin and prevent skin aging. They are rich in potassium which helps prevent fluid retention and high blood pressure. Avocados provide nearly 20 percent of essential nutrients including fiber, potassium, vitamin e, b vitamins and folic acid. They also act as a nutrient booster by enabling the body to absorb more fat-soluble nutrients such as alpha, beta carotene and lutein. Avocados are rich, creamy......

Words: 2147 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Breast Feeding Is Best

...Breastfeeding is Best Shannon Kalista Rasmussen College September 1, 2014 How a mother decides to feed her baby is one of the first decisions a new mother makes, it is one of the most important investment in her child’s future and can give the baby the best start in life. Breast milk is packed with the perfect mix of vitamins, protein, and fat (Dermer 2001). It is the only natural food designed for your babies. Breastfed babies receive vital vitamins and nutrients from breast milk, it is packed with disease fighting substances that can protect babies from illness, all mother should chose to breastfeed their babies. Breastfeeding improves infant’s general wellbeing, it also decreases the risk for a large amount of acute and chronic diseases (Kennedy 2012). Breast milk contains substances that benefits babies immune system. It has antibodies, enzymes, and white blood cells that protect against disease and infection. If a mother gets a cold while breastfeeding, she is likely to pass the cold germ on to the baby, but the antibodies that help fight the cold are also passed through the milk. These antibodies will help the infant fight cold germs quickly and could maybe avoid the cold altogether. A mother’s milk drastically reduce the chances a baby will get ear infections, diarrhea, pneumonia, and urinary tract infections (Kennedy 2012). Infants who have been breastfed for at least four months are less likely to be hospitalized for respiratory tract infections like, croup......

Words: 1168 - Pages: 5

Free Essay


...setting for some of her stories and novels. I believe that this area where she grew up was where she based her story “Where are you going, Where have you been.” She was raised in a catholic household, but now is an Atheist, which could be why in “Where are you going, Where have you been” she is portraying the battle between good and evil. Oates’s critics argue that this short story is about sexual innocence, but I believe that Oates is portraying the religious battle between good and evil and she describes real life in her fictional work. In “Where are you going, Where have you been,” Connie, the young girl, hates her mom because her mom is jealous that her daughter is so beautiful. So Connie and her mom are always fighting and arguing about how Connie needs to be careful. When Connie leaves her house and goes out with her friends she dresses modestly just to make her mom happy, but when her friend’s dad drops her off she rolls up her shirt so that she is showing off some skin. She and her friends go to a fly infested, drive-in hamburger joint and meet some guys there. Connie goes off with a guy, but as they are walking off another guy yells out to her “I am going to make you mine.” She just laughs about this and does not pay much attention to it, but when her mother goes to a barbeque and Connie does not want to go the guy, Arnold Friend, that yelled at her shows up at her house. Arnold has flies all around...

Words: 1504 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Our Sercets

...Crystal Jacobs Professor Youngblood English comp I 29 October 2014 My Inspiration Everyone needs to be inspired and having others inspire someone can only have positive effects on them. As a child one finds a person in their life to look up to and motivate them to do great things. Our Secrets by Susan Griffin tells how people in her past make her the way she is today. Many people in my live inspire me to do great things and live up to the potential I have. So many people in my live inspired me and continue to do so as I mature into adulthood. My dance teacher, grandmother, uncle, and mom all inspire me as a young child and they things they said and did are now put in to action as I see myself becoming an adult and on my own. Throughout “Our Secret” Griffin explores the different characters’ fears and secrets and she gives specific insights into these “secrets”. Through examining others Griffin comes to terms with her own feelings, secrets, and fears. Susan Griffin states, “Now, for different reasons, I too find myself on the track of a child’s soul. The dimensions of Heinrich Himmler’s life have put me on this track.’” (239). This saying the book leads me to think that Himmler shaped her and made her who she is today. My life is shaped around people who motivate to be successful. My family and friends are the ones who lead me to where I am today. Going to college was not an option it was necessary. My dance teacher, my uncle, grandmother, and mother installed the wisdom I......

Words: 940 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Respectful Differences

...pieces of work, van der Zee’s chapters from A Secret Sorrow and Hawthorne’s The Birthmark, it is impossible not to notice the differences in the way the male treats his female counterpart. Though the emotional journey of the women in these stories are the inverse of each other, it is, in both situations, directly related to the way the man deals with the problem in the story. Both women have a physical fault that the males in the story must overcome. How they do so determines not only their own piece of mind but also the mentality and, inevitably, lives of their spouse. Each story speaks volumes about the consequences of actions and how they affect those who we love. In The Birthmark, Aylmer becomes obsessive over a small, superficial birthmark on his wife’s, Georgiana’s, cheek. Aside from this one flaw, she is physically an image of perfection. He begins to criticize her mark. He characterizes it as a hand-shaped deformity and begins to look upon it with horror and disgust. Eventually, because of his obsession with this hand-shaped birthmark and his constant criticism of it, Georgiana develops as complex and begins to view herself in the same manner that he does, with disgust and dread. She becomes so ashamed of herself that she tells her husband, “’… this hateful mark makes me the object of your horror and disgust, - life is a burden which I would fling down with joy. Either remove this dreadful hand, or take my wretched life!’” (Hawthorne 346). Because of the way Aylmer...

Words: 658 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...ACA 122 Advertisements and Your Health I discovered that after watching a commercial for Victoria’s Secret that I had to have their newest bra. In my opinion, the bra looked very sexy and would definitely impress my husband. When the model looked into the camera, it was as if she was speaking directly to me. I had to have this bra in the exact black and white color she was wearing. I wanted to look sexy and be confident just like the girl in the advertisement. Many of my bras come from Victoria’s Secret so I had no problem running into the store to make this particular purchase. I was so confident that I didn’t even bother to try it out before leaving the store. When I put this bra on to go out on a date with my husband I was in shock! It was the worst bra I have ever felt in my life. The straps cut down into my shoulders leaving painful red marks. I could also feel the underwire cutting into my skin. I am currently using a fade cream to get rid of the scars that the bra left behind. I intend to continue to shop at Victoria’s Secret but I will not assume that all their products are good just because some model appears to sexy and comfortable. I will not let a model trick me into thinking that a product is right for me just because of the way it looks. The bra probably left her in pain just as it did me. The only difference is that she got paid to suffer and I didn’t. I also intend to try on every bra that I purchase before leaving the store. In the future...

Words: 310 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

None of These Diseases

...I have read None of These Diseases in its entirety for this semester for BY 206. None of These Diseases is a book that explains how the Bible lay out certain guidelines that could help mankind maintain and better healthcare. Dr. McMillen and Dr. Stern reveal to people the secrets of health through the Bible. The book is divided into five different sections explaining how diseases affect different areas of life. Diseases affect source, physical, sexual, emotional, and spiritual wholeness. The source of wholeness is the understanding of where a disease came from and how it was spread. Egyptians and doctors used to believe that a wound should rot a little in order to heal. This was the wrong belief. In Exodus the Lord explains that if the people of Israel would not follow the ways of the Egyptians the people would be healed. The Egyptians used to apply manure and worm’s blood to wounds to make it pus. The Egyptians believed in the wrong source of healing. The errors of mankind are clearly shown in history. It was not only in ancient times but also in recent centuries. In May 1847 Vienna, Austria was the leading medical center of the world. One out of six pregnant women die of labor fever on the delivery table. No one knew the mode of transmission of this disease except a doctor by the name of Ignaz Semmelweis. In the 1800s, doctors and nurses did not wash their hands when transferring from the morgue to the delivery room. After submerging their hands in pus and blood during...

Words: 1029 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Amber's Secret

...Amber’s Secret Part 1 1. The hypothalamus releases Follicle Stimulating Hormone Releasing Factor (FSH-RF) to tell the pituitary to do its job. The pituitary then secretes FSH and LH into the bloodstream which causes the follicles to begin to mature. The follicles then release the hormone estrogen. As the follicles mature over the next several days more and more estrogen is released. LH causes the most mature follicle to release an egg (ovulation). Some women experience cramping during ovulation. Basal body temperature rises after ovulation. The follicle that released the egg becomes the corpus luteum which releases progesterone and estradiol. LH and FSH decline. Estrogen rebuilds the endometrial tissue and stratum functionalis. Progesterone causes the endometrium to thicken by being covered in mucous. The involution of corpus luteum causes the decline in progesterone. This decline causes tissue necrosis and the stratum functionalis sloughs off causing menstruation. This all happens if egg implantation in the endometrium does not occur. During menstruation blood, endometrial tissue, and serous fluid are discharged. 2. Barrier Methods include the female and male condom and diaphragm Female condom: Worn inside the vagina. Blocks sperm from reaching the women’s cervix Male condom: A thin sheath made from latex, polyurethane, or lamb’s skin. It covers the man’s erect penis and prevents sperm from entering a women Diaphragm: A shallow latex cup placed in the vagina. Before......

Words: 2909 - Pages: 12

Free Essay


...ancestors took as they left or stayed in Africa between 60 and 125 thousand years ago. However, other markers of these unique evolutionary histories are perfectly obvious, perhaps most notably skin color. It's clear that people whose ancestors hail from different parts of the earth have differently colored skin and that this is related to how much of the sun's radiation hits that part of the planet. The less radiation, the lighter the native population's skin color tends to be. This is a great example of recent evolution in human populations. But what if we go back deeper in our evolutionary history, back to when all of humanity lived in Africa? At that time, all humans had darkly pigmented skin. A new study sheds light on how and why this skin pigmentation evolved. Where's the evolution? Humans have different skin colors because we have different amounts and kinds of the pigment melanin in our skin. Our closest living relatives, the chimpanzees, have pale skin without melanin underneath their dark fur, and almost certainly the ancestor that we share with chimps did too. So how did the early members of the human branch of the tree of life get from hair-covered light skin to hairless dark skin? Researchers have many competing hypotheses about what sort of natural selection caused dark skin to evolve. In all of these hypotheses, the notion of evolutionary fitness is important. In evolutionary terms, fitness indicates not how physically fit or healthy an organism is but......

Words: 1153 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Marketing Plan for Missha Snail Cream in Malaysia

...Market…………………………………………………………………...8 5.9 Proposed Positioning Strategies………………………………………………...9 5.0 Marketing Mix Strategies 6.10 Product………………………………………………………………………….10 6.11 Price……………………………………………………………………………..10 6.12 Place……………………………………………………………………………..10 6.13 Promotion………………………………………………………………………..10 6.0 Conclusion………………………………………………………………………………12 7.0 References…………………………………………………………………………….....13 1.0 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The following marketing plan forms the basis for introduction of new product and new brand to Malaysian market. The product is Missha Snail Cream from Missha Cosmetic, A South Korea Cosmetic Company. Missha Snail Cream is a skincare product that is effective in healing, soothing and regenerating the skin. The analysis allows us to select the best strategies for this product. Out main aim is penetrating the Malaysian market and become the top brand of cosmetic in this country. Success will be reflected by the number of sales, of course and loyal customer of the brand. 2.0 INTRODUCTION/OVERVIEW The beauty of a woman is not in a facial mode but the true beauty in a woman is reflected in her soul. It is the caring that she lovingly gives the passion that she shows. The beauty of a woman grows with the passing years....

Words: 3212 - Pages: 13