Free Essay

The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber

In: English and Literature

Submitted By mtammie
Words 715
Pages 3
English 102
02 October 2011
Word Count: 500
The Short Happy Life of Francis MaComber
Deep in Africa on a Safari, where man and beast roam as one, a husband Francis MaComber ventures on an unforeseen journey. He and his wife Margaret MaComber endure moments that were not foreseen, but the safari has a way of changing perspectives and opening up minds. Courage defined by the Merriam-Webster Website, is “mental or moral strength to venture, persevere, and withstand danger, fear or difficulty”. The Safari will definitely change Francis MaComber. Come let’s go on an adventure that will leave you thinking. The African Safari where life, marriage, infidelity and courage is lost and regained, but by what means, accident or a plot to kill.
Francis MaComber is in his 35 years old, very tall, very well built…and considerably handsome. He excels at court games and has quite a number of big game fishing records. One could say that he is very athletic and outgoing on the surface. He is a very wealthy married man of 11 years to Margaret MaComber. Mr. MaComber is easygoing, tolerable, patient, naïve, gullible and a coward. He has allowed his wife Margaret to control their marriage for years due to his lack of courage.
Mr. MaComber is the story without his fears you would not have a story to tell. He overcomes his fears and starts to regain and take control over his fears, his life, and his marriage. Courage is the theme and Francis MaComber finds courage in the Safari of Africa while out on the kill in which he fails to kill the lion. The African Safari gives you the picture of courage and fear, because either you will face your fears or go running with your tail between your legs.
Frances MaComber goes through fear from not having the courage to finish the kill of the lion that he has shot twice from a distance. When he goes in search of the lion, the lion is found and charges out of the bush in an attempt to kill his attackers. Mr. MaComber takes off running toward the stream hysterically with fear. His wife sees this and out of embarrassment and resentfulness kisses Robert Wilson, the guide in the mouth and Mr. MaComber says nothing. He has been a coward in their marriage for years and Mrs. MaComber takes advantage of it.
Mr. MaComber goes back to camp after looking quite cowardly in front of all that accompanied them on the hunt and especially his wife. He has a nightmare about the bloody lion and awakens to find that his wife is not in bed. He waits for her return and asks where she had been, although he knows that she has been with Robert Wilson. Her reply was that she was getting some fresh air. This is not the first time that she has cheated on him. He tells her that he thought she was not going to do this again. The next morning due to anger and frustration he starts to find courage. The hunt begins again this time, with a different Francis MaComber and a different animal, a bull. He determined to conquer his fears and prove to himself and his wife that he has the courage to do so. He jumps from the jeep while still in motion. He kills the bull with no hesitation. Robert Wilson also shoots a bull only to find that it is not dead. They proceeded into the bush to find the bull. While Mr. MaComber and Robert Wilson were standing there boasting the bull that they thought was dead, charged and they both started shooting the bull. A single shot to the head of Francis MaComber was delivered by his wife. Mr. MaComber had found his courage and his wife was afraid of this new found courage. He was taking back control of his life and his marriage, Mrs. MaComber saw that as a problem. Mrs. MaComber is the one that wanted to go on this trip. What a way to plan a murder, than to say you accidentally killed your husband while on Safari.

Works Cited
Hemingway, Ernest. “The Short Happy Life of Francis MaComber.” Michael Ryan. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2010. 205-219. Print.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Robert Wilson Analysis

...Young 1 Kenneth Young ENG 112 (01) October 26, 2014 Character Analysis of Robert Wilson Robert Wilson is one of the main characters in the short story “The Short, Happy Life of Francis Macomber” written by Ernest Hemingway. Robert Wilson is a professional hunter that guides hunts for animals in Africa, and Francis Macomber is one of his clients. At the beginning of the story, we think that Robert is a good man. He works with people doing the thing that he loves, he fought in World War I, and always gets his clients the things that they want. As we read the story more, we find out that he isn’t such a good man. Like everybody else, he has his good things and his bad things. The things however seem to balance each other out. He is conflicted by the things that he knows what is right and the things that he wants to do. The first good thing about Robert Wilson is his appearance. His appearance isn’t only the way he looks but the thing that he wears. “He was about middle height with sandy hair, a stubby mustache, a very red face and extremely cold, blue eyes with faint white wrinkles at the corners that grooved merrily when he smiled” (Hemingway, 2). In short terms, he is handsome. He has a red face from being out in the sun all day and eyes that are “both cruel and seductive at the same time” (Shmoop). He also is ready for anything that his job requires. He is ready for the hunt because he is “wearing old slacks, very dirty boots and a necklace of ammunition” (Shmoop). He doesn’t...

Words: 1094 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Machismo

...America through advertisements and mass media. “The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber” by Ernest Hemingway offers a critical analysis of the use of violence as a testament of one’s manhood and explores a common-ground that will always delineate man: woman. Along with the short story, these ideas will be further developed through “What's Love Got to Do with It? An Evolutionary Analysis of ‘The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber,’” and “Hemingway's ‘Francis Macomber’ in Pirandellian and Freudian Perspectives.” A lack of violence in Francis Macomber paints him as the weaker man in this short story. The bold, gruff exterior of Wilson is parallel to what America used to define as manly. These two characters find that their manliness, or lack thereof, can always be overlooked when they rejoice over a woman’s misfortune. The aforementioned ideas insist that the obsession with idealized gender-roles is unrealistic in the American ethos as it is never satisfactory and often a threat to others as they are insecure in their own positions. The character of Francis Macomber is the new American man: he is handsome, married to a beautiful woman, proficient in court games and fishing, and rich enough to hunt for sport. However, this American model is portrayed as fragile, weak, naïve, and most prominently a coward. Francis takes comfort in the safety of the jeep; he loathes the idea of shooting this creature from up close. “Macomber stood there feeling sick at his stomach, his hands that...

Words: 1349 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Life of Franics Macomber

...Shalonda Fields ENG 102-55 29 October, 2014 The Literary Details in “The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber” The complicated details used by Ernest Hemingway made a stroke of genius of secrets in his story "The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber". The anonymous secrets does not reveal itself to the reader until the end of the story, yet it leaves a lot to the imagination. At the end of the story Margaret Macomber kills her husband by accident, in order to save him from being attacked by an enormous Buffalo while trying to kill it in the safari in Africa. The anonymous secret is whether or not this killing was truly accidental, or premeditated with an accomplice Robert Wilson. If it would of to be considered premeditation; therefore, it would certainly have to be evidence in the story suggesting such, with a clear motive as well. What makes this story so unique is the conflict theories that Hemingway gives the reader a very virtuously instances that would lead the reader to create a standard motive, yet Hemingway shows the reader that this killing or accident could not have been premeditated. From a virtuously impartial analysis of the story, the reader would see far more evidence supporting the theory of a premeditated killing rather than an unintentional criminal act. The narrator of “The Short Happy Life”, Wilson, is very blunt, tough hunter and tourist. He is a realistic and static character whose awareness, thoughtful environment and impartiality to those...

Words: 918 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Francis Macomber Adulthood

...The “Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber” written by Ernest Hemingway, chronicles the events leading to the short-lived figurative adulthood of Francis Macomber, a wealthy American man on a hunting safari with his wife Margaret and professional hunter Robert Wilson. Macomber has two encounters with big game animals (a lion and three buffalos) that lead his developmental growth on the path of maturity. On his journey to adulthood, Macomber experiences fear. And that fear stands in the way of him meeting important needs. However, when his fear is faced it enables him to overcome anything; kill game and liberate himself from Margaret's dominant position. Francis Macomber “[Is] thirty-five years old, [keeps] himself well built, [is] good at...

Words: 557 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Suspense In The Great Gatsby

...In The Great Gatsby and “The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber”, making someone wait is a significant factor in creating interest due to the cause of surprise, eagerness, and suspense. They both include main characters who create a suspenseful conclusion while forcing their audience to pause when there is a mysterious ending. These novels leave the reader interested in the wanting to read more. The Great Gatsby is an American novel that has several shocking incidents that occur in relation to the two main protagonists, Daisy and Gatsby. This novel demonstrates a sense of wait by surprising the audience. For instance, it is announced that Daisy is the one behind the wheel during the hit and run, in the Valley of Ashes. F. Scott Fitzgerald...

Words: 875 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Reoccuring Themes in the Works of Hemmingway

...,July 21st 2009 ENC 1102 M,W, 7:45am Term Paper “The Theme of Human Struggle in the Works of Ernest Hemingway” In my research paper I will show how elements of life and death, folklore/fables, myths, and rites of passage support the theme of human struggle against nature in the stories "The Old Man and the Sea," "Indian Camp," "The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber" and "The Snows of Kilimanjaro” by Ernest Hemingway. Through comparative analysis of these stories' underlying themes I will address the initiation experiences of his heroes. Human dignity, morality, and the formation of human individuality through mental strife and the struggle against nature are often themes of Hemingway. Humans cope with the complexity of the world by developing simple mental models based on opposite parts. Life and death are together, two extremes of one energy. Life is the active force and death is the inactive force, but they cannot be separated. Thus, they are two aspects of one reality. When people are reading about living beings and mythological beings or those who are dead, they view the word of the dead as a living world. The dead eat, sleep and move. In the book “The Hero in Hemingway's short stories”, J. DeFalco points out that: " in the Myth there are usually three dominant movements which are cyclic in pattern. They are the departure of the hero, the initiation, and the return from heroic adventure." (17). The movements of the hero to the world where...

Words: 1980 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Struggle for Control

...to control or the feeling of being controlled. Margot and Emily both needed to have a sense of control. Margot wanted to have the power in order to dominate her relationship with her husband. On the other hand, Emily was accustomed to the constant manipulation of her father. Each character had opposing motives and situations for killing their companion. Margo t’s reason for killing her husband Francis was the fact that he would soon gain control of their relationship. She did not want to lose dominance and control of their relationship. In the beginning of “The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber,” Margot was in charge and did whatever she pleased. For instance, she openly slept with other men and managed to blame it on her husband’s weakness. Once Margot felt that she was about to lose control, she decided to kill Francis so that she would not look vulnerable. In contrast, Emily’s motive for killing Homer was to meet her personal need for her ideal companion. In “A Rose for Emily,” Emily was used to a man controlling her. Her father constantly controlled her personal life. She was used to being controlled but would not allow another man to control her due to her social status. Emily is a southern aristocratic lady, run-on and the old generation held her in high esteem. On the other hand, her husband Homer he was not her husband comes...

Words: 1070 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Essay #2: Is Gender Bias Noticeable in Literature?

...Noticeable in Literature? In this essay I would be investigating if there are any gender biases in the short stories and the movie Gone Girl. By definition gender bias is, “Inclination towards or prejudice against one gender” (Collins). Although gender bias is mostly thought of being against women there has been a subtler bias against men most recently in movies. Therefore, in this essay I would be considering gender biases of both men and women. In the short story “The Short Happy life of Francis Macomber” the author Ernest Hemmingway treats both genders equally. Both Wilson and Mrs. Macomber are portrayed as opportunists. He has no compunction in accepting the silly advances of Macomber’s wife. She marries Macomber for his money and social position. They both have a cruel streak. He (illegally) beats his helpers, knowing that they would rather take the beating than lose money (fines). She is cruel to her husband, openly despising his weaknesses, and deliberately flaunting her infidelities. In contrast, “I Want a Wife” the author Judy Brady has gender bias. The woman portrayed in the composition is resentful of the quality of life experienced by women in general, who, as wives, have to cater to their husband’s every need and whim. Husbands are portrayed as lazy, selfish and inconsiderate, not even pulling their weight as fathers of their children. Moreover, in the short story “Shiloh” the author Bobby Ann Mason has gender bias. Norma Jean is portrayed as determined to follow...

Words: 929 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Hemingway Biography

...Ernest Hemingway from film The Famous Authors Series Ernest Hemingway: A Concise Biography 1996 born 1899 Oak Park, Illinois, a wealthy suburb of Chicago died 1961 Ketchum, Idaho (61 years) A. Residences Lived in Illinois, Kansas City, New York, Italy, Paris, Canada, Austria, Spain, China, Key West, Africa, Cuba, Idaho B. Major Works The Torrents of Spring 1926 In Our Time – collection of related stories 1925 The Sun Also Rises 1925 A Farewell to Arms 1928 Winner Take Nothing 1933 “A Clean, Well-Lighted Place” The Snows of Kilimanjaro 1935 To Have and to Have Not 1937 The Green Hills of Africa 1938 “The Short, Happy Life of Francis Macomber” For whom the Bell Tolls 1940 The Old Man and the Sea 1952 awarded Nobel Prize for Literature in 1954 A Moveable Feast 1964 posthumous C. Themes – driven by action expressed through minimalism and realism Fighting against the odds or against difficult forces Struggling against mighty forces Surviving among other humans Competing with other men Falling in love D. Style of Writing Minimalism – clear, terse prose often driven by action, only a sketch presents the story using dialog to furnish characterization and motive readers must fill in the bare essentials by analyzing the setting, characters, and sequence of events as well as the symbols E. Friends and Expatriate Americans who moved...

Words: 281 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Biography: Ernest Hemingway

...Literary Biography December 13, 2013 Ernest Hemingway led a life one can only imagine in stories, but started from a rather boring town called Oak Park in Illinois. This life began on July 21, 1899. Perhaps his own stories are a place you can get an idea of this author’s life. Many critics say that he mirrored a lot of stories from his own life, and knowing a little about his real life, you can draw the parallels from fact to fiction. Hemingway spent his summers in Michigan, in a small cabin in the woods next to the Ojibway Indians, whom he was very good friends with. His father, Clarence, taught him the way of nature, including how to identify plants, hunt and fish, among other things. Ernest liked his father, who committed suicide in his mid-fifties. Two of his siblings also committed suicide (he was one of six). His mother was “cold and domineering,” and some say she emasculated his father. In his adult life, he was married four times, but “When I saw my wife again standing at the tracks as the train came in by the piled logs at the station, I wished I had died before I ever loved anyone but her.” This quote, which I think gives a testament to how beautifully he could write, is speaking of his first wife, Hadley, whom he met and married within a year. They had a son together, but after Hadley was at fault in getting his collection of stories stolen, their relationship wouldn’t recover. When in high school, Hemingway’s love for writing started to show. He wrote for...

Words: 1280 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

English Exam in Denmark

...Engelsk mundtlig eksamen Different worlds * Film: Once Were Warriors It is a movie from New Zealand about a family where the mother comes from a fine old tribe, and the father comes from a slave tribe. The family lives in a house in the modern civilization, and the father goes to a pub every day because he is fired. See the Plot document. * Going Home Going Home is about a black boy called William or Billy. He is very successful as a painter and football player, and he has forgotten all about his aboriginal roots because he is ashamed of them. One day he meets his disgusting aunt and another day his uncle sleeps on his veranda so William has to move because the neighbors look at him. He decides to visit his family, but it’s not easy and he doesn’t feel comfortable. He gets a gold watch, because it is his 21 years birthday, but when he walks out of the door the next day he is grabbed by a policeman and so is his brother. * The Guilt The Guilt is about an old woman who lives alone in South Africa. She is afraid when black people come to the gate in the high wall around her garden. She becomes irritated when they ask for money, but she feels guilt for being white and she always give them some change, food or clothes. One day a young black man called William comes to her gate and asks for a job, she says she don’t have any and gives him 5 rand. He says that he can’t accept it and starts fixing the garden. When he is finished he goes into her house and demands 10 rand...

Words: 1649 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Hemingway

...of the group of expatriate Americans in Paris, which he described in his first important work, The Sun Also Rises (1926). Equally successful was A Farewell to Arms (1929), the study of an American ambulance officer's disillusionment in the war and his role as a deserter. Hemingway used his experiences as a reporter during the civil war in Spain as the background for his most ambitious novel, For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940). Among his later works, the most outstanding is the short novel, The Old Man and the Sea (1952), the story of an old fisherman's journey, his long and lonely struggle with a fish and the sea, and his victory in defeat. Hemingway - himself a great sportsman - liked to portray soldiers, hunters, bullfighters - tough, at times primitive people whose courage and honesty are set against the brutal ways of modern society, and who in this confrontation lose hope and faith. His straightforward prose, his spare dialogue, and his predilection for understatement are particularly effective in his short stories, some of which are collected in Men Without Women (1927) and The Fifth Column and the First Forty-Nine Stories (1938). Hemingway died in Idaho in 1961. Ernest Hemingway, famous author and journalist, was born in the affluent Chicago suburb of...

Words: 2300 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

The Sat Essay

...The SAT Essay: Building a Repertoire of Examples The SAT essay is intended to measure your writing skills, not your knowledge of any specific subject. Therefore, the essay prompts given on the SAT must be fairly open-ended, so that anyone with a highschool education and life experiences common to all teenagers can respond to them. Most of them deal with basic philosophical, psychological, moral, or social issues. In my experience as a teacher, I’ve seen that the biggest challenge students face in writing the SAT essay is coming up with rich and relevant examples to discuss within the twenty-five minutes you’re given for the essay section. Quite often, students end up using examples that are inappropriate or superficial, or they don’t know enough about the examples they’ve chosen to write about them in detail. The way to combat this problem is to create your own repertoire of examples that you are well prepared to write detailed paragraphs about. Then, when you read the prompt you’re given on the day of the test, you can simply choose the examples from your repertoire that are most relevant to that particular topic. (Of course, this method isn’t fullproof; it may happen that you are unfortunate enough to get a topic that your prepared examples aren’t really appropriate for. If that’s the case, don’t try to force your examples to fit the topic. The process of coming up with these examples and writing several practice essays will also help you learn how to come up with new examples...

Words: 3449 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Imd122

...TRADE JURNAL Leisure Arts in Bookstore Push Milliot, Jim. Publishers Weekly255.41 (Oct 13, 2008): n/a. 1. ------------------------------------------------- Full text 2. ------------------------------------------------- Abstract/Details Turn on hit highlighting for speaking browsers by selecting the Enter button Hide highlighting Abstract TranslateAbstract Craft book publisher Leisure Arts has signed on with Midpoint Trade Books as part of its effort to expand its presence among booksellers. Throughout its history, Leisure Arts has focused its sales operation on crafts stores. Details Subject Book industry; Bookstores; Distributors; Agreements; Distribution channels Company / organization Name: Leisure Arts NAICS: 511120; Name: Midpoint Trade Books Inc NAICS: 422920, 511130 Title Leisure Arts in Bookstore Push Author Milliot, Jim Publication title Publishers Weekly Volume 255 Issue 41 Pages n/a Number of pages 1 Publication year 2008 Publication date Oct 13, 2008 Year 2008 Section Foreword; New Channel Publisher PWxyz, LLC Place of publication New York Country of publication United States Publication subject Publishing And Book Trade, Library And Information Sciences ISSN 00000019 CODEN PWEEAD Source type Trade Journals Language of publication English Document type News ProQuest document ID 197101688 Document URL http://search.proquest.com.ezaccess.library.uitm.edu.my/docview/197101688?accountid=42518 ...

Words: 28118 - Pages: 113

Free Essay

Bloodlines of the Illuminati

...warm fuzzy buttons of his listening audience that he could. All the green lights for acceptance were systematically pushed by the President’s speech with the help of a controlled congressional audience. The truth on the other hand doesn’t always tickle the ear and warm the ego of its listeners. The light of truth in this book will be too bright for some people who will want to return to the safe comfort of their darkness. I am not a conspiracy theorist. I deal with real facts, not theory. Some of the people I write about, I have met. Some of the people I expose are alive and very dangerous. The darkness has never liked the light. Yet, many of the secrets of the Illuminati are locked up tightly simply because secrecy is a way of life. It is such a way of life, that they resent the Carroll Quigleys and the James H. Billingtons who want to tell real historical facts rather than doctored up stories and myths. I have been an intense student of history since I could read, and I am deeply committed to the facts of history rather than the cover stories the public is fed to manipulate them. I do not fear the Illuminati...

Words: 206477 - Pages: 826