Free Essay

The Tea Party's Illegitimate Reactions to Perceived Failures of Society

In: Social Issues

Submitted By vishnuv1228
Words 3263
Pages 14
Vishnu Venkateswaran
Writing 140: Section #64330
Rory Lukins
November 15th, 2013
Assignment #4
The Tea Party’s Illegitimate Reactions to Perceived Failures of Society Signs that read “revolt against socialism”, arguments racing across the floors of Congress, and meddling in the electoral process to protest against the Democratic agenda are just a small number of the Tea Party’s activities. The Tea Party is a movement spurred on by CNBC’s Rick Santelli whose angry rant rouse the fervor of many a conservative. (Skocpol & Williamson, 1) In particular, he argued against the economic stimulus package introduced by the Obama administration in 2009. Shortly after, the official commencement of the Tea Party movement began with a rally of the fiscal conservative. It started out as a grassroots movement and later evolved into a widespread local and national organization. With generous funding from conservative billionaires and large political organization committees, the Tea Party grew exponentially from state to state. Tea Partiers called for a cut in taxes and public spending as well as deregulation of business operations to lower the national deficit. These individuals started their protest by conventional rallies with signs denouncing Obama’s policies. This later escalated, however, into endorsing candidates into the GOP and reforming the Republican Party. The Tea Party’s activities have contributed towards the recent government shutdown causing scorn amongst many in American society. A legitimate use of the existing democratic institutions, for example, is to lobby against current fiscal policy in an effort to amend laws in the movement’s favor. Another example is creative direct action in the form of protest. Through nonviolent means, Tea Party supporters can advocate change without dipping their toes into the tides of the electoral system. Yet, the Tea Party’s activities prove illegitimate because of their aggressive action in placing their supporters within the GOP. This effectively cripples the means of compromise between the Republican and Democratic Party. The Tea Party’s reactions towards high taxes and increased public spending as perceived failings of democratic and capitalist society, such as endorsing candidates in the GOP and mobilizing supporters, are illegitimate because they sow discord within the government and contain a significant inconsistency in one of their central demands.
The Tea Party’s protest against government stems from anger towards a number of failings in society, especially towards a misuse of public spending in a time of negative economic conditions. Gervais and Morris outline the Tea Party movement’s agenda as “characterized as united by fiscal conservatism and a belief that “out of control” Washington spending has strayed far from the Founder’s constitutional principles.” (Gervais & Morris, 246) The constitutional principles referred to in Gervais and Morris’s statement is one of the 28 principles of the founding fathers: “The highest level of prosperity occurs when there is a free-market and a minimum of government regulations.” (Smith, 1) Adam Smith’s famous quote supporting free-market ideals and fewer regulation on business underscore a primary motive behind Tea Party’s protests against Obama’s stimulus package. The Tea Partiers disdained “The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009” which invested $800 billion to improve upon a number of sectors in society. The Tea Partiers, disgruntled with increased public spending in the midst of high government debt and an economic recession, protested through formal rallies and protests, which later intensified to endorsing candidates in the electoral process. Gervais and Morris, in an extensive survey research methodology, support the notion that Tea Partiers are upset by increased government spending: “Our analysis also strongly suggests that voters’“anger,” which is widely presumed to drive the movement, is not so much a reaction to desperate economic circumstances but a reaction to government spending in response to the economic downturn.” (Gervais & Morris, 249) The reactions that eventually created the Tea Party movement was caused, according to Gervais and Morris, by heightened government spending in harsh economic times. It was a perceived failing of government that produced mass protest and a call for changes within fiscal policy. According to Tea Partiers, society’s failings not only relates to increased government spending, but also focused on Obama’s health care reforms. Shortly after the initial call to rally and protest against the government, the passage of new health care reforms excited Tea Partiers to further their efforts. According to Acreneaux and Nicholson, “The debate surrounding health-care reform in late 2009 and early 2010 further energized the movement, as grassroots Tea Party organizations turned their ire on politicians who supported Democratic-backed reforms.” (Arceneaux and Nicholson, 700) As the Tea Party continued to take a stand against the failings of government pertinent to Obama’s agenda, they turned their attention to endorsing candidates within the GOP in an effort to replace Republicans whose ideologies were lenient towards Democratic reforms. By serving to lower the cost of health insurance to lower-income families, the “Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act” yet again used government spending that contributed to the national deficit. With an increased cost in the maintenance and issuance of health care, the Tea Partiers rallied against another Obama policy.
Tea Partiers are also concerned with another central failing of government: taxes. The Tea Party consisting of white, upper class, and middle-aged citizens strongly believes in fiscal conservatism. (Skocpol & Williamson, 1) This means that they want government to cut taxes and reduce government regulation on business. Through these means, the economy can follow the free-market model with little to no government intervention thereby strengthening an economy experiencing recession. Thus, Tea Partiers believe that another failing of society is the progressive tax system where the more income an individual makes, the more tax that person pays in turn. Tea Partiers advocate a flat-rate system, which sets an equal standard for citizens of all classes allowing upper-bracket income families to pay less taxes. The Tea Party’s primary response to the failings of government is to endorse favorable candidates to represent the movement’s interests within the GOP. This reaction is not only motivated to offset the efforts of the Democratic Party, but also to cleanse the Republican Party of moderate Republicans to represent far-right leaning representatives. “In its endeavor to block Democratic efforts and “cleanse” the Republican Party, the Tea Party drafted and supported GOP primary challengers for numerous national and state offices.” (Gervais & Morris, 246) With generous support from a handful of “roving billionaires” and elitist organizations, the Tea Party had the ability to offer money incentives for candidates to support their cause. If a candidate were to carry out the ideals of the Tea Party, he would receive substantial funding in his campaign and heighten his chances of getting into office. This mutually beneficial relationship between the movement’s supporters and the candidate prove effective in expressing ultra-free-market ideals into both the House of Representatives and the Senate. According to survey data from Arceneaux and Nicholson, the Tea Party’s endeavors to propel effective change within the electoral system was successful. “By late 2010, the loosely organized Tea Party movement endorsed 129 candidates for the US House of Representatives and nine candidates for the US Senate, winning 39 in the House and five in the Senate.” (Arceneaux and Nicholson, 700) In addition to endorsing candidates within the GOP, The Tea Party grew to encompass national organizations and conservative elitists who further expanded the organization to mobilize potential supporters. The Tea Party movement started off as a local grassroots movement whose only form of protest was a conventional show of cardboard signs. Yet, the fervor and ardent spirit of protesters created solidarity over a divided Republican Party. Elitist conservatives and major organizations took advantage of the enthusiasm of the movement in order to follow a revised agenda of not only opposing the actions of the then prominent Democrat Party, but also reforming the Republican Party. This required an increased support base for the Tea Party. “From February 2009 on, right-wing organizations and elites scrambled to orchestrate activism where possible, and also tried to leverage the loyalties, votes, and checkbooks of Tea Partiers and their sympathizers.”(Skocpol & Williamson, 12) By collecting votes and loyalties and by supplying funds towards the movement, the Tea Party grew in power creating local chapters in nearly every state. As soon as the first rally was underway, a group called the Tea Party Patriots emerged as a grassroots-run umbrella group. The TPP has hundreds of connections to local grassroots organizations and hosts webinars to discuss the Tea Party’s future agendas. They swap information and attempt to organize large national campaigns to increase their “nationwide capacity and to raise funds from Tea Party participants.” (Skocpol & Williamson, 17) These reactions to the failures of society created an amalgamation of a local grassroots movement and a nation-wide political reformation
The Tea Party’s demands contain an inherent contradiction that suggests that their reactions to society’s failings are incoherent and thus illegitimate. As mentioned earlier, Obama’s stimulus package introduced in 2009 catalyzed the Tea Party movement that, in response, demanded lower taxes, deregulation and a cut in public spending. Yet, an incongruity exists in one of their demands. The stimulus package calls for one of the largest tax cuts in the nation’s history. According to U.S. News managing editor for opinion, Robert Schlesinger, “The compromise stimulus plan includes $282 billion in tax cuts over two years.” (Schlesigner) Although their argument against increased public spending is sound, asking for further tax cuts seems too excessive. Either these protesters demand extreme action that no administration has taken or they are ignorant of the underlying tax cuts. The failure to recognize the efforts of the Obama administration to lower taxes bodes an anti-Democrat sentiment amongst Tea Party supporters. “Now consider the Tea Party movement, whose foremost demand of a president who in his first month passed one of the biggest tax cuts for tax cuts.” (Whatley) Whatley suggests, in a sardonic tone that the incoherence between what the Tea Party protests against and one of their principle demands proves to be an illegitimate reaction.. After an in-depth contextual overview of the Tea Party, I believe that the movement, as a whole, expresses an illegitimate reaction to the failings of democratic and capitalist society. Although the Tea Party’s actions are legal, their aggressive actions to attain their goals sow discord within Congress and are now publicly scorned. I concede, however, that the Tea Party’s goals are legitimate to an extent. The government should cut down on the amount of public spending as the debt ceiling draws closer and the national deficit continues to increase. Although their demands towards the failings of democratic and capitalist society are legitimate in strengthening the economy, the Tea Partiers play a twisted game of politics to further their agenda. “Tea Party endorsements and candidates adopting the Tea Party label significantly increased their vote share in Republican primaries. Since the 2010 election, Tea Party-linked representatives wield a great deal of power in the Republican Caucus and have constrained the ability of House Republican leaders to compromise with Democrats.” (Arceneaux and Nicholson, 700) As Arceneaux and Nicholson have stated, the GOP representatives who are Tea Party supporters share significant power within the Republican Party due to their generous funding. Their ultra-conservative opinions divide the Party and lead the government into disarray. These two tactics, electoral intimidation and refusing to cooperate in government, are the Tea Party’s illegitimate reactions to government failings. Electoral intimidation allows the Tea Party to control the actions of certain candidates whom they support. In an effort to offset the Democratic agenda, these Tea Party-backed representatives negate the flow of meaningful discourse that may lead to compromise and instead, hamper progress as highlighted by the government shutdown. The Tea Party conservatives halted productive political discourse between the Democrats and the Republicans over the budget of “Obamacare”. The failure to compromise put a stop to government operations and created a newfound public disdain towards the Tea Party. The Tea Party, protesting against high tax and public spending through meddling in the electoral system and expanding their connections, express illegitimate reactions by causing a lack of compromise in government and demanding an unreasonable reduction in taxes. The Tea Party’s popularity after the government shutdown has reached an all-time low yet their ultra-conservative agenda remains unchanged. Even at the peak of public disapproval, The Tea Party continues to hamper government proceedings. This is an indication that radical conservatism has made its way through the Republican Party. It will be interesting to see the impact or lack thereof that the Tea Party will make in the future. Will they spiral out of mainstream popularity and have little to no influence in politics or will they thrive and reform modern-day politics? In the future, signs may read “down with ultra-conservatism”, Congress may debate endlessly never passing a single bill, and radical leftists may throw themselves into the brawl for political supremacy.

Annotated Bibliography:
Bryan T. Gervais and Irwin L. Morris (2012). Reading the Tea Leaves: Understanding Tea Party Caucus Membership in the US House of Representatives. PS: Political Science & Politics, 45, pp 245-250. doi:10.1017/S1049096511002058.

According to Gervais and Morris, the Tea Party movement formed after the introduction of the 2009 stimulus package as a grassroots antigovernment organization. It began as a series of rallies and protests and later splintered into a number of umbrella organizations as a force of election mobilization. They note that the movement called for a rooting-out of members who aren't considered conservative enough. The Tea Party is highly critical of Obama and his agendas. To challenge Democratic efforts and achieve their own goals, the Tea Party supported GOP challengers. GOP candidates also joined the Tea Party caucus to take advantage of their enthusiasm. The focus of the group, Gervais and Morris state, centered on fiscal conservatism. They consist of older, wealthier white males. Lastly, they suggest that the legitimacy of the movement's convictions are questioned as to whether or not they will follow their agendas.

Kevin Arceneaux and Stephen P. Nicholson (2012). Who Wants to Have a Tea Party? The Who, What, and Why of the Tea Party Movement. PS: Political Science & Politics, 45, pp 700-710. doi:10.1017/S1049096512000741. Arceneaux and Nicholson based on survey data assert that the composition of the Tea Party is primarily conservative white males who are wealthier than the general public. Tea Party supporters also tend to have conservative views on cultural issues such as supporting a ban on gay marriage. Fiscally, they are against raising taxes and desire smaller government. According to Arceneaux and Nicholson's observations, regardless of race, supporters are against unemployment insurance and student aid. There is some racial aspect affecting conservative Tea Party supporters' goals, but it does not play a major role. Non-conservatives, however, believe that nonwhite racial features are positive and their opposition to these policies are not triggered by racial resentment. Acreneaux and Nicholson offer a reason for the contradictory nature of the Tea Party movement is that public perception deals with famous politicians on television.

"The Tea Party Jacobins" by Mark Lilla The Wilson Quarterly (1976-) , Vol. 34, No. 3 (SUMMER 2010), pp. 69-70 Published by: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars Article Stable URL:

Mark Lilla, Columbia University humanities professor, declares that the Tea Party wants to nullify political power. He asserts that the movement is not for heightened government action; rather, it wants the government to stay out of their lives. They are characterized by a distrust towards institutions and self-confidence. He further claims that Americans are skeptics yet seek desperate solutions in times of hopelessness. Finally, Lilla suspects that the Tea Party will eventually burn out due to an unclear political schedule.
Williamson, Vanessa, and Theda Skocpol. The Tea Party and the Remaking of Republican Conservatism. New York: Oxford University Press, Inc., 2012. 1-18. eBook. The Tea Party, according to Williamson and Skocpol, began as a local, grassroots movement shortly after the then newly appointed President Obama passed “ObamaCare”. The Tea Partiers demanded a reduction in taxes to decrease the national deficit in a controversial way: cut public spending in areas such as Social Security. Their way of implementing their ideals is directly through the electoral system by choosing to endorse certain candidates. The composition of the movement are white men and women with moderate to high economic means with flexible schedules and those who feel threatened by the Obama administration. The funding of the movement comes from national organization and a handful of billionaires who dislike government regulation and desire lower taxes – they are proponents of free-market capitalism. Christopher F. Karpowitz, J. Quin Monson, Kelly D. Patterson and Jeremy C. Pope (2011). Tea Time in America? The Impact of the Tea Party Movement on the 2010 Midterm Elections. PS: Political Science & Politics, 44, pp 303-309. doi:10.1017/S1049096511000138.
During the 2010 elections, according to Karpowitz, the Tea Party was splintered into a number of different umbrella organizations without any strong leadership. Some groups endorsed candidates while others did not. Those who garnered the most media attention were the ones who sponsored the most candidates. Only Freedom-Works endorsement led to an increase in votes for Republican candidates because of their generous donations. On the whole, however, Tea Party endorsement usually did not result in higher levels of Republican votes. The differences in the Tea Party and on the Republican party as a whole are evident with 26% of weak Republicans and 43% of strong Republicans being active supporters of the Tea Party movement. Karpowitz suggests that this unbalanced correlation is a tension within the movement and the Republican party.
Inviting the Cold Monster to a Tea Party by R. McGreggor Cawley, Administrative Theory & Praxis , Vol. 33, No. 3 (September 2011), pp. 464-468, Published by: M.E. Sharpe, Inc. Article Stable URL: Cawley suggests that the Tea Party movement are clear advocates of participatory politics as well as using dialogue as a means to making policy. They have a flux of pursuits in their agenda giving them a pluralist nature. The bailout during the economic recession was to provide money for financial corporations to aid in the economic well-being of American citizens. The author asserts that an activated middle class such as those individuals comprising the Tea Party Movement are capable of making significant social change. He also claims that some people in the movement call for a reduction or elimination in the bureaucratic structure of society.

"28 Fundamental Principles of the Founding Fathers." . Volusia Project, 05/20/2010. Web. 10 Nov 2013. <
A quote from Adam Smith that states that there should be limited government regulation and tax.

Whatley, Stuart, ed. "The Tea Party Movement Is a National Embarrassment." ., 09 Feb 2010. Web. 12 Nov 2013. <>.
A specific statement from Whatley’s essay that attacks the Tea Party on their contradictory pursuit of lowering taxes.

Schlesinger, Robert, ed. "Is Obama Stimulus Plan Also the Biggest Tax Cut Ever?." ., 12 Feb 2009. Web. 12 Nov 2013. <>.
Schlesinger’s statement that Obama’s stimulus package included one of the largest tax cuts compared to previous administrations.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Football, Violence and Social Identity

...participant and spectator sports around the world. The fortunes of teams can have great significance for the communities they represent at both local and national levels. Social and cultural analysts have only recently started to investigate the wide variety of customs, values and social patterns that surround the game in different societies. This volume contributes to the widening focus of research by presenting new data and explanations of football-related violence. Episodes of violence associated with football are relatively infrequent, but the occasional violent events which attract great media attention have their roots in the rituals of the matches, the loyalties and identities of players and crowds and the wider cultures and politics of the host societies. This book provides a unique cross-national examination of patterns of order and conflict surrounding football matches from this perspective with examples provided by expert contributors from Scotland, England, Norway, the Netherlands, Italy, Argentina and the USA. This book will be of interest to an international readership of informed soccer and sport enthusiasts and students of sport, leisure, society, deviance and culture. Richard Giulianotti, Norman Bonney and Mike Hepworth are respectively Research Assistant, Senior Lecturer and Reader in the Department of Sociology, Aberdeen University, Scotland. Football, Violence and Social Identity Edited by Downloaded by [University of Ottawa] at 14:44 24 March......

Words: 73490 - Pages: 294

Premium Essay

Prime Minister

...THE ACCIDENTAL PRIME MINISTER THE ACCIDENTAL PRIME MINISTER THE MAKING AND UNMAKING OF MANMOHAN SINGH SANJAYA BARU VIKING Published by the Penguin Group Penguin Books India Pvt. Ltd, 11 Community Centre, Panchsheel Park, New Delhi 110 017, India Penguin Group (USA) Inc., 375 Hudson Street, New York, New York 10014, USA Penguin Group (Canada), 90 Eglinton Avenue East, Suite 700, Toronto, Ontario, M4P 2Y3, Canada (a division of Pearson Penguin Canada Inc.) Penguin Books Ltd, 80 Strand, London WC2R 0RL, England Penguin Ireland, 25 St Stephen’s Green, Dublin 2, Ireland (a division of Penguin Books Ltd) Penguin Group (Australia), 707 Collins Street, Melbourne, Victoria 3008, Australia (a division of Pearson Australia Group Pty Ltd) Penguin Group (NZ), 67 Apollo Drive, Rosedale, Auckland 0632, New Zealand (a division of Pearson New Zealand Ltd) Penguin Group (South Africa) (Pty) Ltd, Block D, Rosebank Office Park, 181 Jan Smuts Avenue, Parktown North, Johannesburg 2193, South Africa Penguin Books Ltd, Registered Offices: 80 Strand, London WC2R 0RL, England First published in Viking by Penguin Books India 2014 Copyright © Sanjaya Baru 2014 All rights reserved 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 The views and opinions expressed in this book are the author’s own and the facts are as reported by him which have been verified to the extent possible, and the publishers are not in any way liable for the same. ISBN 9780670086740 Typeset in Bembo by R. Ajith Kumar, New Delhi Printed at Thomson Press......

Words: 114823 - Pages: 460

Free Essay

China Fragile Superpower

...China Fragile Superpower This page intentionally left blank Fragile Superpower Susan L. Shirk China 2007 Oxford University Press, Inc., publishes works that further Oxford University’s objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education. Oxford New York Auckland Cape Town Dar es Salaam Hong Kong Karachi Kuala Lumpur Madrid Melbourne Mexico City Nairobi New Delhi Shanghai Taipei Toronto With offices in Argentina Austria Brazil Chile Czech Republic France Greece Guatemala Hungary Italy Japan Poland Portugal Singapore South Korea Switzerland Thailand Turkey Ukraine Vietnam Copyright © 2007 by Susan L. Shirk Published by Oxford University Press, Inc. 198 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016 Oxford is a registered trademark of Oxford University Press All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior permission of Oxford University Press. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Shirk, Susan L. China: fragile superpower / by Susan L. Shirk. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 978-0-19-530609-5 1. Nationalism—China. 2. China—Politics and government—2002– I. Title. JC311.S525 2007 320.951—dc22 2006027998 135798642 Printed in the United States of America on acid-free paper For Sam, Lucy, and David Popkin This page intentionally......

Words: 135807 - Pages: 544

Premium Essay

Marketing Channel Distribution

...Marketing Channel Strategy This page intentionally left blank Eighth Edition Marketing Channel Strategy Robert W. Palmatier University of Washington’s Foster School of Business Louis W. Stern Northwestern University’s Kellogg School of Management Adel I. El-Ansary University of North Florida’s Coggin College of Business Boston Columbus Indianapolis New York San Francisco Upper Saddle River Amsterdam Cape Town Dubai London Madrid Milan Munich Paris Montréal Toronto Delhi Mexico City São Paulo Sydney Hong Kong Seoul Singapore Taipei Tokyo Editor in Chief: Stephanie Wall Acquisitions Editor: Mark Gaffney Program Manager Team Lead: Ashley Santora Program Manager: Jennifer M. Collins Director of Marketing: Maggie Moylen Executive Marketing Manager: Anne Fahlgren Project Manager Team Lead: Judy Leale Project Manager: Thomas Benfatti Operations Specialist: Nancy Maneri Cover Designer: Suzanne Behnke Creative Director: Jayne Conte Digital Production Project Manager: Lisa Rinaldi Full Service Vendor: Integra Software Services Pvt. Ltd. Full Service Project Manager: Anandakrishnan Natarajan/Integra Software Services Printer/Binder: Courier/Westford Cover Printer: Lehigh-Phoenix Text Font: 10/12, ITC Garamond Credits and acknowledgments borrowed from other sources and reproduced, with permission, in this textbook appear on appropriate page within text (or on page xix). Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as......

Words: 236095 - Pages: 945

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior

...ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR CONCEPTS CONTROVERSIES APPLICATIONS Seventh Edition Stephen P. Robbins 1996 Contents Part One • Introduction Chapter 1 What Is Organizational Behavior? 2 Chapter 2 Responding to Global and Cultural Diversity 42 Part Two • The Individual Chapter 3 Foundations of Individual Behavior 80 Chapter 4 Perception and Individual Decision Making 130 Chapter 5 Values, Attitudes, and Job Satisfaction 172 Chapter 6 Basic Motivation Concepts 210 Chapter 7 Motivation: From Concepts to Applications 250 Part Three • The Group Chapter 8 Foundations of Group Behavior 292 Chapter 9 Understanding Work Teams 344 Chapter 10 Communication 374 Chapter 11 Leadership 410 Chapter 12 Power and Politics 460 Chapter 13 Conflict, Negotiation, and Intergroup Behavior 502 Part Four - The Organization System Chapter 14 Foundations of Organization Structure 548 Chapter 15 Technology, Work Design, and Stress 588 Chapter 16 Human Resource Policies and Practices 634 Chapter 17 Organizational Culture 678 Part Five - Organizational Dynamics Chapter 18 Organizational Change and Development 714 CHAPTER I • WHAT IS ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR? What Managers Do Let’s begin by briefly defining the terms manager and the place where managers work—the organization. Then let’s look at the manager’s job; specifically, what do managers do? Managers get things done through other people. They make decisions, allocate resources, and direct the activities of others to attain goals. Managers......

Words: 146017 - Pages: 585

Premium Essay


...Rastafari This page intentionally left blank Rastafari From Outcasts to Culture Bearers Ennis Barrington Edmonds 2003 198 Madison Avenue, New York, New York 10016 Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide in Oxford New York Auckland Bangkok Buenos Aires Cape Town Chennai Dar es Salaam Delhi Hong Kong Istanbul Karachi Kolkata Kuala Lumpur Madrid Melbourne Mexico City Mumbai Nairobi São Paulo Shanghai Taipei Tokyo Toronto Oxford is a registered trade mark of Oxford University Press in the UK and in certain other countries Copyright © 2003 by Ennis Barrington Edmonds The moral rights of the authors have been asserted Database right Oxford University Press (maker) All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, without the prior permission in writing of Oxford University Press, or as expressly permitted by law, or under terms agreed with the appropriate reprographics rights organization. Enquiries concerning reproduction outside the scope of the above should be sent to the Rights Department, Oxford University Press, at the address above You must not circulate this book in any other binding or cover and you must impose this same condition on any acquirer Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication......

Words: 79520 - Pages: 319

Premium Essay

Game Change

...GAME CHANGE OBAMA AND THE CLINTONS, MCCAIN AND PALIN, AND THE RACE OF A LIFETIME JOHN HEILEMANN AND MARK HALPERIN FOR DIANA AND KAREN Contents Cover Title Page Prologue Part I Chapter One – Her Time Chapter Two – The Alternative Chapter Three – The Ground Beneath Her Feet Chapter Four – Getting to Yes Chapter Five – The Inevitables Chapter Six – Barack in a Box Chapter Seven – “They Looooove Me!” Chapter Eight – The Turning Point Chapter Nine – The Fun Part Chapter Ten – Two For the Price of One Chapter Eleven – Fear and Loathing in the Lizard’s Thicket Chapter Twelve – Pulling Away and Falling Apart Chapter Thirteen – Obama Agonistes Chapter Fourteen – The Bitter End Game Part II Chapter Fifteen – The Maverick and His Meltdown Chapter Sixteen – Running Unopposed Chapter Seventeen – Slipping Nooses, Slaying Demons Part III Chapter Eighteen – Paris and Berlin Chapter Nineteen – The Mile-High Club Chapter Twenty – Sarahcuda Chapter Twenty-One – September Surprise Chapter Twenty-Two – Seconds in Command Chapter Twenty-Three – The Finish Line Epilogue – Together at Last Index Author’s Notes About the Authors Copyright About the Publisher Prologue BARACK OBAMA JERKED BOLT upright in bed at three o’clock in the morning. Darkness enveloped his low-rent room at the Des Moines Hampton Inn; the airport across the street was quiet in the hours before dawn. It was very late December 2007, a few days ahead of the Iowa caucuses. Obama had been sprinting flat......

Words: 160589 - Pages: 643

Free Essay


...LACAN AND CONTEMPORARY FILM EDITED BY TODD McGOWAN and SHEILA KUNKLE OTHER Other Press New York Copyright © 2004 Todd McGowan and Sheila Kunkle Production Editor: Robert D. Hack This book was set in 11 pt. Berkeley by Alpha Graphics, Pittsfield, N.H. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Allrightsreserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without written permission from Other Press LLC, except in the case of brief quotations in reviews for inclusion in a magazine, newspaper, or broadcast. Printed in the United States of America on acid-free paper. For information write to Other Press LLC, 307 Seventh Avenue, Suite 1807, New York, NY 10001. Or visit our website: Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data McGowan, Todd. Lacan and contemporary film / by Todd McGowan & Sheila Kunkle. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 1-59051-084-4 (pbk : alk. paper) 1. Motion pictures-Psychological aspects. 2. Psychoanalysis and motion pictures. 3. Lacan, Jacques, 1901- I. Kunkle, Sheila. II. Title. PN1995 .M379 2004 791.43'01 '9-dc22 2003020952 Contributors Paul Eisenstein teaches literature and film in the English department at Otterbein College, Columbus, Ohio, and is the author of Traumatic Encounters: Holocaust Representation and the Hegelian Subject (SUNY Press, 2003). Anna......

Words: 97016 - Pages: 389

Premium Essay

Religion, Fundamentalism and Ethnicity Global Perspective

...permission of the Institute of Policy Studies. Copy editor: Belinda Hill Cover design: Milne Printers Ltd Printed by Milne Printers Ltd Contents List of Tables iv List of Figures iv List of Boxes iv Foreword v Acknowledgments and Disclaimer ix Part One: Introduction and Context of Inquiry 1 Introduction 2 New Zealand Context 3 21 Part Two: Communitarian Responses to Liberalism Introduction to Part Two 61 3 Civic Republicanism: Michael Sandel 63 4 The Politics of Recognition: Charles Taylor 83 Part Three: Multiculturalism Introduction to Part Three 105 5 Multicultural Citizenship: Will Kymlicka 107 6 Common Citizenship in a Multicultural Society: Bhikhu Parekh 151 Part Four: Critical Responses to Multiculturalism Introduction to Part Four 187 7 A Politics of Difference: Iris Marion Young 189 8 Against White Paranoid Nationalism: Ghassan Hage 223 9 Egalitarian Liberalism: Brian Barry 243 Part Five: Concluding Reflections 10 Diversity, Democracy, Justice 271 Afterword 306 References 307 Index of Names 335 iii Tables 1 Levy’s typology...

Words: 135228 - Pages: 541

Free Essay


...illustrations, in any form (beyond that copying permitted by Sections 107 and 108 of the U.S. Copyright Law and except by reviewers for the public press), without written permission from the publishers. The author has made an online version of the book available under a Creative Commons Noncommercial Sharealike license; it can be accessed through the author’s website at Printed in the United States of America. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Benkler, Yochai. The wealth of networks : how social production transforms markets and freedom / Yochai Benkler. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN-13: 978-0-300-11056-2 (alk. paper) ISBN-10: 0-300-11056-1 (alk. paper) 1. Information society. 2. Information networks. 3. Computer networks—Social aspects. 4. Computer networks—Economic aspects. I. Title. HM851.B457 2006 303.48'33—dc22 2005028316 A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library. The paper in this book meets the guidelines for permanence and durability of the Committee on Production Guidelines for Book Longevity of the Council on Library Resources. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 STRANGE FRUIT By Lewis Allan _ 1939 (Renewed) by Music Sales Corporation (ASCAP) International copyright secured. All rights reserved. All rights outside the United States controlled by Edward B. Marks Music Company. Reprinted by permission. For Deb, Noam, and Ari “Human nature is not a machine to be built after a model, and......

Words: 214717 - Pages: 859

Premium Essay

Trade and Environment

...Printed on 100% post-consumer recycled paper. Trade and Environment: A Resource Book The International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD, contributes to sustainable development by advancing policy recommendations on international trade and investment, economic policy, climate change, measurement and assessment, and natural resources management. Through the Internet, we report on international negotiations and share knowledge gained through collaborative projects with global partners, resulting in more rigorous research, capacity building in developing countries and better dialogue between North and South. IISD’s vision is better living for all—sustainably; its mission is to champion innovation, enabling societies to live sustainably. IISD is registered as a charitable organization in Canada and has...

Words: 121449 - Pages: 486

Premium Essay


...This page intentionally left blank Lut12575_fm_i-xxvi.indd Page i 2/10/11 2:28 PM user-f494 /203/MHBR222/Lut12575_disk1of1/0078112575/Lut12575_pagefiles International Management Culture, Strategy, and Behavior Eighth Edition Fred Luthans University of Nebraska–Lincoln Jonathan P. Doh Villanova University Lut12575_fm_i-xxvi.indd Page ii 2/11/11 2:35 PM user-f494 /203/MHBR222/Lut12575_disk1of1/0078112575/Lut12575_pagefiles INTERNATIONAL MANAGEMENT: CULTURE, STRATEGY, AND BEHAVIOR, EIGHTH EDITION Published by McGraw-Hill, a business unit of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 1221 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10020. Copyright © 2012 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Previous editions © 2009, 2006, and 2003. No part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written consent of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., including, but not limited to, in any network or other electronic storage or transmission, or broadcast for distance learning. Some ancillaries, including electronic and print components, may not be available to customers outside the United States. This book is printed on recycled, acid-free paper containing 10% postconsumer waste. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 QDB/QDB 1 0 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 ISBN 978-0-07-811257-7 MHID 0-07-811257-5 Vice President & Editor-in-Chief: Brent Gordon Vice President, EDP/Central......

Words: 69321 - Pages: 278

Premium Essay

California an Interpretive History - Rawls, James

...CALIFORNIA CALIFORNIA An Interpretive History TENTH EDITION James J. Rawls Instructor of History Diablo Valley College Walton Bean Late Professor of History University of California, Berkeley TM TM CALIFORNIA: AN INTERPRETIVE HISTORY, TENTH EDITION Published by McGraw-Hill, a business unit of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 1221 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10020. Copyright © 2012 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Previous editions © 2008, 2003, and 1998. No part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written consent of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., including, but not limited to, in any network or other electronic storage or transmission, or broadcast for distance learning. Some ancillaries, including electronic and print components, may not be available to customers outside the United States. This book is printed on acid-free paper. 1234567890 QFR/QFR 10987654321 ISBN: 978-0-07-340696-1 MHID: 0-07-340696-1 Vice President & Editor-in-Chief: Michael Ryan Vice President EDP/Central Publishing Services: Kimberly Meriwether David Publisher: Christopher Freitag Sponsoring Editor: Matthew Busbridge Executive Marketing Manager: Pamela S. Cooper Editorial Coordinator: Nikki Weissman Project Manager: Erin Melloy Design Coordinator: Margarite Reynolds Cover Designer: Carole Lawson Cover Image: Albert Bierstadt, American......

Words: 248535 - Pages: 995

Free Essay

Bloodlines of the Illuminati

...Bloodlines of Illuminati by: Fritz Springmeier, 1995 Introduction: I am pleased & honored to present this book to those in the world who love the truth. This is a book for lovers of the Truth. This is a book for those who are already familiar with my past writings. An Illuminati Grand Master once said that the world is a stage and we are all actors. Of course this was not an original thought, but it certainly is a way of describing the Illuminati view of how the world works. The people of the world are an audience to which the Illuminati entertain with propaganda. Just one of the thousands of recent examples of this type of acting done for the public was President Bill Clinton’s 1995 State of the Union address. The speech was designed to push all of the warm fuzzy buttons of his listening audience that he could. All the green lights for acceptance were systematically pushed by the President’s speech with the help of a controlled congressional audience. The truth on the other hand doesn’t always tickle the ear and warm the ego of its listeners. The light of truth in this book will be too bright for some people who will want to return to the safe comfort of their darkness. I am not a conspiracy theorist. I deal with real facts, not theory. Some of the people I write about, I have met. Some of the people I expose are alive and very dangerous. The darkness has never liked the light. Yet, many of the secrets of the Illuminati are locked up tightly simply because secrecy is a......

Words: 206477 - Pages: 826