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The Value of a Heritage Assessment for Health Promotion of Families

In: Science

Submitted By hmbrand83
Words 1693
Pages 7
The United States is a country of diversity represented by many different cultures. It has been proven that culture has a significant impact on health beliefs and behaviors (Edelman, et al, 2014), therefore it is imperative that health care providers, especially nurses, be culturally competent in their delivery of care. It is not enough to merely be aware of the prominent origins and statistics of different cultures and ethnicities, but rather it is crucial to be inquisitive and focus on the family and individual as practices differ and evolve over time. Rachel Spector developed a Heritage Assessment interview as a useful tool to aid in understanding how strongly an individual or family subscribes to specific cultural traditions and practices, thereby strengthening the ability to provide Cultural Care. Cultural Care is a concept describing professional nursing care that is culturally sensitive, appropriate, and competent (Spector, 2004). Utilizing this assessment tool creates a way of determining an individual’s degree of identification with a given heritage. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the usefulness of applying a heritage assessment tool in order to evaluate the health needs of families. In order to do so, three Central California families were interviewed from different cultural backgrounds: Hispanic, African-American, and Polish. Each family interview will be summarized with an evaluation of how each subscribes to health traditions, and how each addresses health maintenance, health protection, and health restoration.
Hispanic Family The first interview is with a 40 year-old Hispanic female and her family. This individual was born in the United States, but her parents both born in Mexico. Her native language is Spanish and her children also speak Spanish. However, she only occasionally speaks Spanish with family members or when...

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