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The Westminster System and Corruption

In: Social Issues

Submitted By shavonni
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Evaluate Whether the Westminster Model System of Government Adopted by English Speaking Caribbean Countries Accommodates Corruption as a Way of Governance.

The Westminster System is a democratic system of government modelled after that of the United Kingdom, as used in the Palace of Westminster, the location of the UK parliament. The system is a series of conventions and procedures for operating a legislature.

Between 1962 and 1983, the majority of Britain’s Caribbean colonies gained independence. Yet while the colonial power had formally departed, it left in place political institutions and norms based on Britain’s Westminster model of government.

The essential features of the system are:
 The Government is chosen by the democratically elected lower house. The government requires the continuing support of a majority of members of that chamber to stay in office.
 The head of government is the Prime Minister, who leads a Cabinetwhich is responsible to the lower house.
 A loyal Opposition exists, led by the leader of the party or parties with the second largest number of seats in the lower house.
 A constitutional monarch, if one exists, who is “above politics” and acts on the advice of the prime minister.
 There is a career public service which impartially serves the government of the day.
 The armed services are outside of politics and act on the instructions of the government.
 The rule of law prevails, with an independent judiciary, subject to the Constitution.

corruption -- dishonest or fraudulent conduct by those in power

In much of the Caribbean region, there is the entrenchment of a two-party system in which third parties are virtually shut out from government. This feature of the Westminster model which has been transplanted in the region gives way to a winner-take-all type of politics, which has been ridiculed for being…...

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