The Wicked Problem of Broken Food System

In: Social Issues

Submitted By pps1121
Words 588
Pages 3
The Wicked Problem of Broken Food System

A broken food system refers to food-related processes or infrastructure for feeding a population that do not work for consumers causing problems in the context of economic, environmental, health, and societal influences (University of Vermont Continuing Education 2012). It can be identified as a wicked problem in that almost one billion people are hungry due to the broken food system although there is enough food produced and that eighty percent of the hungry people are even people engaged in food production such as farmers and fishermen (Tim Norton 2012). This contradictory phenomenon points out that the distribution of food is not working well and presents that broken food system is a wicked problem. The second point is related to disposal of food warning against human beings' lack of respect for nature. Although the broken food system is resulted from many different reasons, the basic reason is in human's anti-environmental activities such as overuse of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, industrial farming to make bio-fuels which results a large amount of CO2 and causes rapid climate change.
According to Rittel who defined the concept of 'wicked problem' in 1973, wicked problems are ambiguous, complex, and subjective and they don't follow traditional method to approach solution as tame problems do (Tom Ritchey 2011). More specifically, wicked problems have various possible approaches rather one right answer (University of Technology Sydney 2012). Broken food system has these features of wicked problems. To analyze characteristics of wicked problems with linking to the two arguments in the first paragraph, the first point, distribution of food, has to do with an idea that wicked problems are about people as 'stakeholders' (Tom Ritchey 2011). As farmers, fishermen and herdsmen are all involved in food production, they…...

Similar Documents

Wicked

...Study: Case Wicked 1. Identify and describe the elements of Wicked's promotional mix. One element of the marketing mix that Wicked uses is advertising. Many people who loved Wicked bought souvenirs from the musical, such as golf balls, t shirts, necklaces, and CDs from the show. People could also buy these items online on a website. By people seeing other people have items from the Wicked show, it is a good advertising method of people wanting to see the musical. Another promotional mix used is sales promotion. Use this by cutting the price of show tickets to make Wicked a popular Broadway show. This promotional mix was very successful making it very hard to even get a ticket to see the musical. Wicked also used public relations by selling cheap tickets to make viewers want to come back and see the musical multiple times. Also Wicked's cast is very friendly by signing autographs at the end of the musicals so it shows that they really care about their customers. After a few shows Wicked has a good public relation by having a good image of a good Broadway show, by building up their reputation and forming a "corporate image". The communication process that Wicked uses is word-of-mouth communication referrals from the shows core audience-teenage girls which they stated in the reading. Wicked had a big range of direct marketing, focusing their audience on a wide range of viewers from teenagers to grandparents. Finally, Wicked uses personal selling by having day-of-show...

Words: 727 - Pages: 3

Information System Business Problem Dimensions

...CheckPoint: Information System Business Problem Dimensions There are actually six dimensions to business problems. The six dimensions are operational efficiency; new products, services, and business models; customer and supplier intimacy; improved decision-making, competitive advantage; and survival. The three I will provide examples are operational efficiency, customer and supplier intimacy, and improved decision-making. Businesses continue to search for ways to improve on operational efficiency. Wal-Mart for example, took supportive management, business practices, and information systems and perfected it to gain operational efficiency at its best. New products, services, and business models are tools for information systems and technologies. Apple Inc. took an old way of selling music and improving the way the music is sold. Apple Inc. provided a new service to sell music (a new product) that creates profit for the company. Improved decision-making comes from making an informed decision form the right type of information. Verizon Corporation took a Web-based program to provide its managers precise real-time data to improve decision making in repairing services, improving products, and selling products. Information technology contains all the hardware and software components that a business needs to assist a business in achieving its objectives. These may consist of PDAs, computers, blackberry phones, and many other electrical and computer devices for the hardware......

Words: 335 - Pages: 2

Wicked

...Read the attached case - 'Wicked' Then, provide your responses to the following questions in a MSWord or MSWorks document; you should upload your file through the link provided. 1.Identify and describe the elements of Wicked’s promotional mix. Advertising - 1 element of the marketing mix that Wicked used was advertising and selling souvenirs. Once people were informed of the musical and those who were skeptical of the reviews still patroned the event and then bought souvenirs which made others buy and so forth. Sales Promotion - By cutting the price of show tickets during the actual viewing tied up seats that would be purchased by others later went into a frenzy where there were no tickets or less than what was supposed to be made a impact on ticket sales and huge interests of the musical. Public Relations and Cast being so friendly was a huge success as well. The communication process - Wicked used the word-of-mouth communication. The shows core audience were teenage girls and Wicked had a big range of direct marketing, focusing their audience on a wide range of viewers from teenagers to grandparents. Personal Selling – Special Ticket Sales, day-of-show raffle tickets from sold out venues gave viewers to either buy tickets and view again or helped others who want to see the show for the first time get great rates as well. 2.Describe how the AIDA process worked for various Wicked promotions. Which one do you think was most effective? 3.Did Wicked used......

Words: 284 - Pages: 2

Wicked Walton's

.... The court ruled unanimously because of the variability of plaintiffs' circumstances, the class action could not proceed as comprised. Critics of the opinion alleged that the decision makes it incredibly difficult to certify a class without a prohibitive amount of work on the part of plaintiff attorneys. The requirement to look through the class to the merits requires an immense amount of discovery that has not previously been required. However, several plaintiffs still plan to fight the cause they believe in. Employees also criticized the low levels of health coverage or overpriced health insurance. Although the company reports that it offers rates as low as $5.00 per month in some areas, $9.00 per month nationwide and that 92% of its associates are insured, not necessarily through Wal-Mart. Other complaints fell into the categories of unfavorable employer-employee relationships and anti-union policies. The Walton family is the richest family on the planet, and it baffles America to see that they do not see a problem that their new worth is equivalent to the bottoms 30% of Americans combined. Although the business market is about competition and receiving high amounts of revenue, being that rich should not mean you only have one foundation where you donate a small percentage of money compared to your income. A family that can afford to pay for the education of over 30 percent of the students who attend the most expensive institution in the world Sarah Lawrence College...

Words: 1610 - Pages: 7

The Wicked Problem of Broken Food System

...The Wicked Problem of Broken Food System A broken food system refers to food-related processes or infrastructure for feeding a population that do not work for consumers causing problems in the context of economic, environmental, health, and societal influences (University of Vermont Continuing Education 2012). It can be identified as a wicked problem in that almost one billion people are hungry due to the broken food system although there is enough food produced and that eighty percent of the hungry people are even people engaged in food production such as farmers and fishermen (Tim Norton 2012). This contradictory phenomenon points out that the distribution of food is not working well and presents that broken food system is a wicked problem. The second point is related to disposal of food warning against human beings' lack of respect for nature. Although the broken food system is resulted from many different reasons, the basic reason is in human's anti-environmental activities such as overuse of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, industrial farming to make bio-fuels which results a large amount of CO2 and causes rapid climate change. According to Rittel who defined the concept of 'wicked problem' in 1973, wicked problems are ambiguous, complex, and subjective and they don't follow traditional method to approach solution as tame problems do (Tom Ritchey 2011). More specifically, wicked problems have various possible approaches rather one right answer (University of...

Words: 588 - Pages: 3

Globalization and Food System-Impact on Food Security and Nutrition.

... impact on food systems around the world. Food systems are changing, resulting in greater availability and diversity of food, although access to this food is by no means universal. Many of these changes are closely associated with urbanization, increasing incomes, market liberalization and foreign direct investment. Competition for a market share of food purchases tends to intensify with entry into the system of powerful new players such as large multinational fast food and supermarket chains. The losers tend to be the small local agents and traditional food markets and, to some extent, merchants selling “street foods” as well as other food items. The supermarkets bring with them significant improvements in standards of food quality and safety at competitive prices and convenience, factors which are highly attractive to an increasingly sophisticated consumer. Thus these changes in food systems affect availability and access to food through changes to the food production, procurement and distribution systems and the food trade environment. In turn this is bringing about a gradual shift in food culture (towards a more universal one), with consequent changes in dietary consumption patterns and nutritional status that vary with the socio-economic strata. Indeed, the lower socio-economic population groups drift towards poor-quality, energy-dense but cheap and affordable foods. The main drivers to changes in food systems and dietary patterns are such as urbanization, increased......

Words: 6445 - Pages: 26

Information System Business Problem Dimensions

...Information System Business Problem Dimensions Roland L. Beauchesne, Jr. IT/205 May 25, 2012 Inez Gronewald Information System Business Problem Dimensions The three dimensions of business problems are: 1. Organizational; 2. Technology, and; 3. People. Organizational problems could potentially include business practices that are behind the times, lack of resources, and change. If a business that has practices that are behind the times, or outdated, it can easily find itself being left behind and struggling to compete with competitors. The lack of resources can seriously hinder a business, as it will not be able to obtain the materials and staffing necessary to meet the demands of their consumers and the market. Change is the biggest potential problem, as people resist change and want to remain with what is familiar to them. Change, will being the biggest potential problem, can also be the biggest innovator in advancing the business in its market. As an example, from the text, UPS adapted its procedures to streamline its operations and to meet the needs of their customers while still maintaining their corporate culture of delivering packages in a timely manner at a low cost (Laudon & Laudon, 2011, pp 18, 19) Information technology consists of the desktops, laptops, tablets, servers, software (i.e. Microsoft Office), and handheld devices (i.e. IF guns and smartphones) that a company uses during the course of day to operate effectively. Information systems, on the...

Words: 431 - Pages: 2

A Broken System

...A Broken System SOC 304: Social Gerontology October 29, 2012 The Social Security System, created in 1935, is the one of the most costly items in the federal budget today. The program was created to provide old age, survivors and disability insurance to a large portion of Americans, mostly the elderly who are now out of the work force. The Social Security Act was a major turning point in American history Today the U.S. Social Security system has been in the news a lot lately. While politicians throw around dramatic words like crisis and bankrupt, regular Americans have more concerns. Social Security has assisted to defend millions of employees from scarcity in their elder years, but demographic truths have transformed over the last seventy years and are still altering. (Smith, 2010) If Social Security does not transform with them, the system will be incapable to fulfill its guarantees to tomorrow’s retirees and will load the next generations, our children and grandchildren, with hard taxes. The President would let Americans save some of their Social Security taxes in personal retirement accounts that they own and that Congress can never legislate away. Personal retirement accounts would strengthen Social Security by assisting all US citizens to raise their retirement income and pass on a nest egg to construct a better fiscal future for their households. (Smith, 2010) Several Social Security professionals think the system is in crisis because it will soon be incapable...

Words: 850 - Pages: 4

Wicked Problems

...Food security is a global issue that affects people around the world. It is also about the sufficient amount of nutritious food that is available to individuals and how food should be formed in an environmentally sustainable manner. FAO( 2011) studied that Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to Sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. Wicked problem is a problem that cannot be resolved by the traditional approach solutions but can be tamed. Horst W. J. Rittel and Melvin M. Webber first composed the idea of a wicked problem. There are 10 characteristics of a Wicked Problem; 1. There is no definitive formulation of a wicked problem. 2. Wicked problems have no stopping rule. 3. Solutions to wicked problems are not true or false, but good or bad. 4. There is no immediate and no ultimate test of a solution to a wicked problem. 5. Every solution to a wicked problem is a "oneshot" operation; because there is no opportunity to learn by trial and error, every attempt counts significantly. 6. Wicked problems do not have an exhaustively describable set of potential solutions. 7. Every wicked problem is essentially unique. 8. Every wicked problem can be considered to be a symptom of another problem. 9. The existence of a discrepancy representing a wicked problem can be explained in numerous ways.  10. The planner has no right to be wrong...

Words: 616 - Pages: 3

Current Problem of Hk Food Waste Recycling

...Huge Difference between amount of food waste produced and amount recycled: % of recycled food waste: <1% From the view of restaurant and Property management company of housing estate: * High Cost of handling food waste Extra operational costs to hire company for classification of waste, and transportation of waste to waste management company * Difficulties in handling the waste Storage problem: Bad and stinky smell due to decay of food. Special container and good ventilation system can solve this problem, but those items are self financed which increases the restaurants' operational costs. Timing for collection: Food waste is only collected by recycling company in specific dates and time, implying that restaurant bear the responsibility to for storage of the food waste. It occupies space, hinder normal business operations and create hygienic problem. Transportation problem: Special Container and bad odor problem mentioned above, besides, if trucks are rented, it may involve hygienic problem and clean-up fee because of the bad odor remained in the trucks. Also, as water occupies about 80%1 of food waste, heavy weight becomes a booster for transportation cost. * Economies of Scale The cost for waste management company follows the economies of scale, which greater recycling amount implies a cheaper handling cost per unit. Under the circumstances of insufficient amount of food waste supplied, operation cost increase which leads to lower of......

Words: 263 - Pages: 2

Ingridenents of the Food System

... INGREDIENTS OF THE FOOD SYSTEM BACKGROUND READING "How we eat determines, to a considerable extent, how the world is used."1 –Wendell Berry, author and farmer Food holds many meanings and serves many roles. At its most basic level, it is a source of nourishment, without which we would cease to function. On a global scale, nations depend on food for political stability.2 Among the one in six people worldwide who lack adequate access to food,3 it may be viewed as a rare and precious commodity. Others who enjoy access to an abundant food supply may take it for granted; in many parts of the world, consumers and food industries discard it in great quantities.4 Beyond its biological roles, food has deep social meaning; it can serve as a mark of culture, values or taste, a gathering point among communities or an opportunity to reinforce relationships.5,6 On a personal level, food and emotion are closely tied.7 Food may provide temporary relief from anxiety, depression, loneliness and boredom.7 Feelings of joy and other positive emotions may inspire healthier, more pleasurable eating experiences.7 These examples illustrate just a few of the ways that food is an integral part of human lives. We all experience food, if for no other reason than because we all consume it. Our relationship with food, however, extends far beyond the act of eating. Food takes a complex journey from its origins on farm fields, ranches, rivers, oceans and other sources to consumers’ plates. Along the...

Words: 4438 - Pages: 18

The Problem with Fast Food

... obesity, coronary heart disease (CHD) and diabetes. Fast food is loaded with salt and fats that are not needed for the body to function which after a long period of “exposure” can lead to CHD and obesity. “Eating fast food two or more times a week was also found to increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 27 percent” (Pereira). The advantages of fast food are more for convenience than nutrition. “In a survey done by WebMD the top 11 reasons for eating fast food are as follows: They’re quick, they’re easy to get to, I like the taste of fast food, they’re inexpensive, I’m too busy to cook, it’s a “treat” for myself, I don’t like to prepare foods myself, my friends/family like them, it is a way of socializing with friends and family, they have many nutritious foods to offer, they’re fun and entertaining”(Hitti). This survey just shows that most Americans do not have time or do not make the time to prepare meals for themselves and their families. If families are too be healthier individuals they need to make time to prepare meals for the entire family. Choosing one day out of the week to cook meals for the whole week is a great and convenient solution to this problem. The major chains that have flourished greatly are McDonald’s with their advertising towards children and very inexpensive foods, Burger King with their better “quality” tasting food, and Sonic which kept the drive in style fast food, but incorporated a drive thru into their layout. Each of these......

Words: 1405 - Pages: 6

Case Problem” Julia’s Food Booth”

...Case Problem” Julia’s Food Booth” Julia’s objective is to maximize total profit; the total profit is the summary of the individual profits gained from each pizza slice, hot dog, and barbeque sandwich. I am going to estimate the profit for each item as difference between total revenue and total cost of the item. Total revenue Total cost Profit Pizza slice $1.50 $6/8 slices = $0.75 $0.75 Hot dog $1.50 $0.45 $1.05 Barbeque sandwich $2.25 $0.90 $1.35 x1 - number of pizza slices x2 - number of hot dogs x3 - number of barbeque sandwiches The profit function: maximize Z = $0.75* x1 + $1.05 * x2 + $1.35 * x3 There Z = total profit per game. The oven size constraint is formulated as 16 shelves 3*4 feet each which will be filled twice for each game, so the maximum possible size of the stove is: (((12*3)*(12*4))*16)*2 = 55,296 square inches. Estimate for each item in regards to the space: Pizza slice (14*14)/8 = 24.5 square inches (keeping in mind that she will keep whole pizza warm) Hot dog...

Words: 941 - Pages: 4

Case Problem Julia's Food Booth

...Assignment #3 Case Problem Julia's Food Booth A: Formulation of the LP Model X1(Pizza), X2(hotdogs), X3(barbecue sandwiches) Constraints: Cost: Maximum fund available for the purchase = $1500 Cost per pizza slice = $6 (get 8 slices) =6/8 = $0.75 Cost for a hotdog = $.45 Cost for a barbecue sandwich = $.90 Constraint: 0.75X1 + 0.45X2+ 0.90(X3) ≤ 1500 Oven space: Space available = 3 x 4 x 16 = 192 sq. feet = 192 x 12 x 12 =27648 sq. inches The oven will be refilled before half time- 27648 x 2 = 55296 Space required for pizza = 14 x 14 = 196 sq. inches Space required for pizza slice = 196/ 8 = 24.50 sq. inches Space required for a hotdog=16 Space required for a barbecue sandwich = 25 Constraint: 24.50 (X1) + 16 (X2) + 25 (X3) ≤ 55296 Constraint: Julia can sell at least as many slices of pizza(X1) as hot dogs(x2) and barbecue sandwiches (X3) combined Constraint: X1 ≥ X2 + X3 = X1 - X2 - X3 ≥ 0 Julia can sell at least twice as many hot dogs as barbecue sandwiches X2/X3 ≥ 2 = X2 ≥2 X3 =X2 - 2 X3 ≥ 0 X1, X2, X3 >= 0 (Non negativity constraint) Objective Function (Maximize Profit): Profit =Sell- Cost Profit function: Z = 0.75 X1 + 1.05 X2 + 1.35 X3 LPP Model: Maximize Z = 0.75 X1 + 1.05 X2 + 1.35 X3 Subject to 24.5 X1 + 16 X2 + 25 X3 ≤ 55296 0.75 X1 + 0.45 X2 + 0.90 X3 ≤ 1500 X1 - X2 - X3 ≥ 0 X2 - 2 X3 ≥ 0 X1≥ 0, X2≥ 0 and X3 ≥0 Solve the LPM...

Words: 776 - Pages: 4

Wicked Strategy

...Project Based Management in Wicked Problem Jansen Karyadi Contents I. Executives Summary 3 II. Objective 4 III. Business Structure 5 IV. Value Chain 6 1. Company 7 2. Employee 7 3. Customer / consumer 7 V. Value Proposition 8 A. Targeted Segement 8 VI. Deliver Value 10 A. Crucial Activities – Organization Learning 11 VII. Appendix 14 Executives Summary “Wicked problem can’t be solved, but they can be tamed. Increasingly these are the problems strategists face and for which they are ill equipped. This word “wicked” it’s not labeled as evil but as very hard / unique or even insanely hard puzzle problem most companied has been faced so far. It will not disappear on the contrary each wicked problem will lead to other problem and companies have to find new strategy to “tame” this so called wicked problem. To make it simpler wicked problem is never end problem that always changed and will be part of strategic issues to companies. Each answer for each wicked problem will be different, as we can used past experience to calculate our counter measure the result will be vary. In this chance I will use PBO (Project Based Organization) for my business model which is Food and Nutrient Company. The company wants to serve all segments of consumer and satisfying each level’s sate. By using PBO which is designated to do more new project to rising their value I believe these food company can reach their target. Each individual...

Words: 1313 - Pages: 6