Premium Essay

The Yellow Wallpaper Paper

In: English and Literature

Submitted By gasmall84
Words 883
Pages 4
The Yellow Wallpaper Paper: A Story Charlotte Perkins Gilman was born in 1860 and was a prominent American social reform lecturer and writer of short stories, novels and poetry. She was an ideal feminist in a time when her achievements were exceptional for women. For this reason, she acted as a role model for future generations of feminists owing to her nonconformist concepts and lifestyle. This means she was an activist for women’s rights. She is today remembered for her semi-nonfictional short story, The Yellow Wall Paper, which she wrote after a difficult period of post-partum depression. She wrote the book in early 19th century when feminism was rather revolutionary. The book is a true impression of a strong woman reacting to adversity. The Yellow Wall Paper is a short story that describes the suffering of a woman confined to her home after subjection to post-partum depression. She appears as a woman who is totally submissive to her husband. While suffering from acute depression, she has to spend her days restricted to her house. However, there is a frightful wall paper in her bedroom that she keeps staring at day in day out. This yellow paper drives her totally insane, and she eventually tears it down. She feels alone in her little world. Unfortunately, her husband does not give her any support despite her sickness and does not want her to write. She also cannot visit or interact with family and friends and is confined to a house where her husband thinks air would help her. He does not want her to do anything even reading. She is just expected to eat, sleep, and rest. This essentially means existing, and it is what is driving her mad. Many people who have read the story describe Perkins as a bold, outspoken and exceptionally intelligent. They say that they support all the remunerable and courageous women who...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Yellow Wallpaper

...The Yellow Wallpaper: Narrator’s Perception Of Reality "The color is hideous enough and unreliable enough and infuriating enough, but the pattern is torturing. You think you have mastered it, but just as you get well underway in following, it turns a back-somersault and there you are. It slaps you in the face, knocks you down, and tramples upon you." (Gildman, p. 71) The story of the Yellow Wallpaper tells us about the madness of the “nameless” main character as she is suffering from a nervous depression. Her husband john, a physician, takes her to a leased summer home to try to relieve her with rest-cure. Rather than curing his wife from her disorder, John worsens the effects sending her into a severe depression. The role of the yellow wallpaper plays a dominant role in the story reviling her insanity through her writings, her husband’s treatments that worsen her health; and the lady behind the wallpaper. The narration in the Yellow Wallpaper is written in a unique first person point of view. Because of this we are able to see the deterioration of her state throughout the whole story. The narrator of the story is isolated from the outside world only exposed through a barred window to look out. She has no contact with the outside world, except john and their housekeeper Jennie, which leads her to writing. John does not want his wife to write because he thinks it will diminish her treatment, but she does anyway, which is exhausting for her to do it in secret. As the......

Words: 800 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

“the World of Contradictions: Through the Scope of Formalist Criticism, It Is Apparent That the Setting in James Joyce’s Araby and Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s the Yellow Wallpaper Affects the Main Character’s Mental and Physical State”

...the scope of formalist criticism, it is apparent that the setting in James Joyce’s Araby and Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s The Yellow Wallpaper affects the main character’s mental and physical state” “Araby” and “The Yellow Wallpaper” are both remarkable short stories, but the thoughts conceived after reading it are everything but short. Araby, written by, James Joyce is about a young character that lives in a neighborhood that appears to be dark and gloomy based solely on the author’s description of the houses and such. “An uninhabited house of two storeys at the blind end…” suggests that this neighborhood isn’t in paramount condition. On the other hand, the author makes several references to religious faith. For example, the Christian Brothers’ School, where the young character attends, or the Priest who has died prior to this story taking place, evokes this idea of purity. It is quite contrary that in a short story where the author paints a vivid image of gloom and despair, there are religious references that cause readers into a world of contradiction. In the same way Charlotte Gilman Perkins, author of The Yellow Wallpaper seeks to evoke a message of individual expression and successfully does so by recording the progression of the illness, through the state of the “yellow” wallpaper. Apparently, the bulk of the setting of “The Yellow Wallpaper” is in a room that the unnamed narrator has been forced to stay in by her husband, John, so that she may recover from......

Words: 1551 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Yellow Wallpaper

...The Yellow Wallpaper Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s short story, “The Yellow Wallpaper”, highlights the repressed position of most married women during the 19th century. The narrator struggles both at the hands of her family members and internally. Her husband John, a physician, makes an effort to alleviate his wife’s mental state by moving their family into an old style home located in a remote area and isolating her as much as possible. He determines that it is unhealthy for her to entertain, interact with their baby, even to write which she seems to enjoy a great deal. When approaching “The Yellow Wallpaper” one has to keep in mind the importance of the title itself. John decides on their bedroom in the new home and it is covered in yellow wallpaper that the narrator takes great issue with. Using reader response, it is evident that Gilman uses imagery and symbolism to merge the protagonist’s life with that of the “woman” behind the yellow wallpaper. Before an analysis is presented the reader must first understand the marital expectations and male to female dynamic during the time period to which Gilman is writing. Married women faced oppression at the hands of society as well as their husbands. The 1800’s were a time when the wife was to be seen and not heard. It was a general societal expectation that wives if financially secure could have no real issues of their own. This was also because they were not expected to think on their own. They were expected to only reflect the...

Words: 1270 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Yellow Wall Paper

...“THE YELLOW WALLPAPER” BY CHARLOTTE PERKINS GILMAN Introduction In the late nineteenth century, Charlotte Perkins Gilman (1973) wrote “The Yellow Wall Paper”. This story can make a readers' mind think just by the way this story presents the main character of a woman and her ordeals as she lived a secluded life, as well as how her relationship with the man in her life is dealt. Some readers might think she is crazy and some may think she is depressed. Charlotte Perkins Gilman's, "The Yellow Wallpaper" is the story of a woman's descent into madness as the result of being isolated as a form of "treatment" when suffering from post-partum depression. The author, who is believed to be narrator as well, talks about her personal travel in to the world where an illness has brought her. All her thought and feelings are written in a journal and as she goes down in to the world that she has created in the confines of the room where she was kept. The story line presents that the narrator's mental condition is getting worse, leading to psychosis. Gilman explains the complexities of woman nature as she uses symbolisms to define the psychological realms of the plot. “The Yellow Wallpaper” ​The unnamed woman in this story (believed to be the author herself) fantasies about the yellow wallpaper are driving her mad. The protagonist experienced hallucinations and persistent thoughts over things. Crawling women, colorful artwork and a moving pattern depict the narrator's increased......

Words: 1426 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Paper 101

...Carolyn A. Holley English 227 27 June 2010 The Yellow Wallpaper: Analyzing Literary Madness A short story about a new mother, happily married to a doting husband-who also happens to be a well respected doctor- relaxing at a manor in the countryside does not sounds like the beginnings to a tale of paranoia and psychosis; but in Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s The Yellow Wallpaper it is exactly that. The setting in this story is what gives it its depth and gives relevancy to the plot. The Yellow Wallpaper gives insight into the deranged mind of woman whose obsession and delusions about particularly hideous wallpaper that causes her mental and physical state to creep into darkness. Gilman, herself, suffered from postpartum depression and had a history of mental illness which is the reason the story reads so convincingly. The author’s views on feminism and women’s roles in society in her own life and setting also come into play repeatedly throughout the story in the interactions with the main character. Imagine a sprawling colonial mansion surrounded by lush gardens, filled with airy rooms and rich furniture is what you find yourself calling home. Jane’s loving husband, John, takes care of all the finances, there is a nanny, Mary, to take care of your child, and your precious sister-in-law, Jennie, to keep the house in order fills the mansion with life. Does this scenario sound bad in any way to the? From the perspective of the main character this is absolute torture. The......

Words: 1811 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Critisim for Yellow Wallpaper SULTAN QABOOS UNIVERSITY (29 Dec 2014 03:14 GMT) The Pedagogical Possibilities of Covering Gilman’s Wallpaper Karla J. Murphy In his introduction to The Pedagogical Wallpaper, Jeffrey Andrew Weinstock notes how the pedagogical diversity of Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s “The Yellow Wall-Paper” prompted him to collect essays for this book. He goes on to explain that “given the ubiquity of the text within various academic settings, I was also struck by the absence of attention to the text within pedagogical contexts. Despite the large (and steadily growing) body of criticism to the story, very little of it explicitly addresses its importance as a tool to facilitate learning or various ways in which to make use of the text in the classroom” (3). As a collection, Weinstock’s The Pedagogical Wallpaper contains informed, detailed, and diverse analysis that attempts to shore up the absence of “pedagogical possibilities” concerning Gilman’s transgressive short story (9). Among the contributors are a MOO space specialist, a Gilman scholar, a queer theorist, an existentialist, a formalist, and several reader/student-response theorists. Because each essayist presents a distinct critical perspective on Gilman’s text, each essay is likewise concerned with “how the narrative teaches and how to teach the narrative” (5). Thus, it seems to me that Weinstock’s The Pedagogical Wallpaper resonates with Pedagogy’s conviction that teaching is central to our work as scholars and educators, no......

Words: 2869 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

12 March 2012 the Irony of the Mind – Madness or Sanity – the Yellow Wallpaper

...When Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s “The Yellow Wallpaper” was first published in January of 1892 in the New England Magazine, it was considered a dark chronicle that was protested by a Boston physician (name unknown) in “The Evening Transcript”, a popular newspaper in Boston between 1830 and 1941. This doctor wrote; “such a story ought not to be written, he said; it was enough to drive anyone mad to read it.” It wasn’t until later that the story was realized for the depiction of societal values in an age when women were making their mark in society, both intellectually and politically. The character Gilman portrays is caught between her own artistic expression and that of expected wifehood and motherhood being regarded as the sole role of women. The time was ripe for such a story with women making their way towards equality and the Suffrage Movement. Here was a woman propelled into a stereotypical role of the time who could not conform to the servile and ancillary qualities of how a marriage was supposed to be. A woman listened to her husband, held her hanky properly and carried a tussie-mussie. The convergence of Gillman’s character as being sequestered by her physician husband as a cure for her illness in a room with yellow wallpaper lays the foundation for what becomes an obsession with the Yellow Wallpaper. It is often said that artists and writers are touched by unusual qualities of the mind, perhaps even a bit of madness. The wallpaper in the story is representative of a......

Words: 1484 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Yellow Wallpaper

...The Yellow Wallpaper When reading “The Yellow Wallpaper” by Charlotte Perkins Gilman, one may notice the true complexity of this short story. It is told in an odd, but very intriguing way. The story is told in a strict first person point of view, which includes a lot of personal thoughts from the narrator. The narrator Jane, who is also the main character, is suffering from nervous depression. As her cure, John, her husband physician, prescribed rest and solitude in a bedroom of a summer house. While confined to a yellow papered bedroom, the narrator takes us through her declining mental journey. Left all alone, Jane’s innocent mental state becomes an obsessive delusional survival situation for freedom, which leads to her mental demise. The narrator starts her writing by describing the beauty of the house her husband has taken her for their summer vacation. Her description is in romantic terms as an aristocratic estate or even a haunted house and wonders how they were able to afford it, and why the house had been empty for so long. This description of the house, initiates an uneasy feeling with the reader. She is lead into a discussion about her illness from a feeling she expresses that there is “something queer” about the situation (315). Jane suspects something is wrong with her, but she does not recognize what it is. She is diagnosed with “nervous condition.(316) She expresses that her doctor husband ignores the magnitude of her illness and any of her concerns in...

Words: 1109 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

"The Yellow Paper " by Charlotte Perkins Gilman

...The Yellow Wallpaper by Charlotte Perkins Gilman Gilman’s The Yellow Wallpaper is a short story that describes a young woman who is believed to be suffering from mental problems. John, her husband, decides to take a vacation with her during summer for what he believes will cure his wife. The man rents a big old house, and he decides that they should stay in the upstairs. The couple is also in the company of the husband’s sister who acts as a housekeeper. After a few weeks, she manages to spend time with her family that she had not seen in a long time. She takes quite some time with them, but her condition worsens, and her husband threatens to take her away from there. She begs him not to, and this leaves the only solution of being confined in her room. In her room she discovers yellow wallpaper that is able to reflect the current situation she is going through. Her thoughts and imaginations make her to arrive to a point where she is broken angry about her life. In either way she does not get the answers to whatever she is looking for and this worsens her illness. The thoughts behind the yellow paper reveal the main purpose for the author of the story. The paper also generates the main themes for the story that differ from different written stories (Mays). Theme of Self-expression The main theme in the story would be the lack of self-expression. It refers to revealing of one's thoughts and personality at free will. Gilman wrote the story at the time when women faced......

Words: 1454 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

The Yellow Wallpaper Culture Essay

...The Culture of The Yellow Wallpaper Through her many stories, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, developed the notion of how being a strong independent woman can be inspirational to all. The expression of her personal feelings and opinions behind the guise of a seemingly fictional story brings new life to the story itself. During the nineteenth century, there were many stereotypes of what was expected from women. In the short story “The Yellow Wallpaper” Gilman composes the story of a woman who suffers from postpartum depression and finds an infatuation with a wall covered with yellow wallpaper. Seeing that Gilman herself has experienced this form of mental illness, we can analyze the context of the text and see the reflection of her own life through...

Words: 2142 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Concept of Liberty and Femininity in the Yellow Wallpaper and the Awakening

...Concept of liberty and femininity in The Yellow Wallpaper and The Awakening I decided to examine the concept of femininity and liberty in a short story “The Yellow Wall-paper” from the American writer Charlotte Perkins Gilman and in the book “The Awakening” from Kate Chopin. I chose these two books in order to demonstrate how society in the nineteenth century treated woman and how those woman were trying to escape from this concept. Femininity refers to set of behaviours and roles which are appropriate for women and judged by certain culture. In the nineteenth century were women expected to stay at home and wait for their husbands´ return each evening. Women should have these four attributes: piety, purity, submissiveness and domesticity. (Rula Quawas,2006) Women who had these attributes were considered happy and satisfied. It was also believed that there is a sharp line between home, the woman sanctuary, and the economic world because it is a hard world only for men. The Yellow Wallpaper The story begun with moving of the main hero and her husband to the colonial mansion. Her husband´s name is John and he is a high standing physician. They moved for a while because she had to undergo a rest-cure. This method of treatment of the main hero of The Yellow Wallpaper is Dr. Mitchell´s rest-cure for women which included no intellectual stimulation and no writing. Her brother is a physician as well and agrees with her husband, but she doesn’t think that the way they cure her......

Words: 2614 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

The Yellow Wallpaper

...The Yellow Wallpaper The writer Charlotte Perkins Gilman writes the short story ‘’The Yellow Wallpaper’’, in 1899. A period of time where women weren’t allowed to have equal rights or the same opportunities as men had because of the male dominated society. The short story is written in first person narrator with a limited point of view. The narrators’ husband, named John, is a physician and she is very dominated by him. She is mentally ill and her husband always tells her what to not do and in her head she doesn’t agree with his methods ”Personally, I disagree with their ideas”(p. 1, l. 24), but she does it almost as he says anyway. John is a physician why truly believes in physic and that is the reason why he doesn’t consider her as ill, it is not measurable. She is depressed by her duties, she is also nervous and insecure: “But these nervous troubles are dreadfully depressing”(p. 2, l. 37), even though all she wants is to be good and helpful. “I meant to be such a help to John, such a real rest and comfort, and here I am a comparative burden already!”(p. 2, l. 41-42). The narrator is very fragile and she think it’s nearly an impossible thought to be with her baby: “It is fortunate Mary is so good with the baby. Such a dear baby! And yet I cannot be with him, it makes me so nervous.” (p. 3, l. 1-2). This may indicate that she is suffering from a birth depression. Women suffocating from a birth depression are not rare and therefore this could be the illness she is......

Words: 913 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Deep Symbolism in "The Yellow Wallpaper"

..."The Yellow Wallpaper" is a short story written by Charlotte Perkins Gilman, centering on the mental deterioration of a young woman. The story is set in the 1980s in an old mansion that the narrator’s husband has rented for her to cure from her “nervous condition”. The narrator spends most of her time in the attic room with the hideous yellow wallpaper. The author uses a lot of symbolic devices to create the effect pf the oppression of women by the society. The yellow wallpaper is the biggest and most obvious symbol in the story. It represents the narrator’s mind and reflects her thoughts and desires. Accordingly, the wallpaper develops its symbolism throughout the story. At first it seems merely unpleasant: it is ripped, soiled, and an “unclean yellow.” The worst part is the formless pattern, which fascinates the narrator as she attempts to figure out how it is organized. After staring at the paper for hours, she sees a ghostly sub-pattern behind the main pattern, visible only in certain light. Eventually, the sub-pattern comes into focus as a desperate woman, and sometimes many women, constantly crawling and stooping, looking for an escape from behind the main pattern, which has come to resemble the bars of a cage: “Sometimes I think there are a great many women behind, and sometimes only one, and she crawls around fast, and her crawling shakes it all over”. Clearly, the wallpaper represents the tradition and the domestic life in which the narrator finds herself trapped....

Words: 677 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Compare and Contrast the Garden Party and the Yellow Wallpaper

...Katherine Mansfield’s “The Garden Party” and Charlotte Gilman’s “The Yellow Wallpaper” are both centralized on the feministic views of women coming out to the world. Aside from the many differences within the two short stories, there are also similarities contained in Chopin’s. Both "Party" and "Wallpaper" are what we today might categorize feminist works of fiction. Both reveal women who are imprisoned, though one is imprisoned more literally than the other. “The Garden Party” and “The Yellow Wallpaper,” such as the same concept of the “rest treatment” was prescribed as medicine to help deal with their sickness, society’s views on the main character’s illness, and both stories parallel in the main character finding freedom in the locker rooms that they contain themselves in. Both “The Garden Party” and “The Yellow Wallpaper” display women discovering freedom from society’s standards during the setting’s time period. I'm going to discuss “The Yellow Wallpaper” first. The speaker in "Wallpaper" thinks she is on vacation, but she is obviously mistaken. Written to discredit an actual "cure" that the author herself was treated with, the story features a speaker who suffers while being treated with the same cure.  The treatment is extremely sexist and demeaning to women.  At the heart of the cure is the belief that female mental illness is rooted in the ovaries.  It was also believed at the time the story was written that women were incapable of much mental activity,......

Words: 1243 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Relationship Between "The Story of an Hour & "The Yellow Wallpaper"

...Outline * Story of an Hour and Yellow Wallpaper have challenges that were faced by the protagonists, setting looked to be in the same era with men being in charge of their wives lives. * Both women were emotionally and psychically trapped in their relationships * Both wanted freedom from their husbands * Both protagonists had an illness, which lead to had an opposite effect on both characters * Mrs. Millard had a heart condition and the narrator would develop a mental illness * Mrs. Millard had the news break slowly to her, in the end her death was led by joy * The narrator in Yellow Wallpaper was confined in a room with wallpaper she disliked, the husband would say nothing is wrong with her; it ‘s just an temporary nervous depression. * The spouses position in the household * The husbands are the main income earners * Story of an Hour, had joy to learn of husband’s death * What their wife says don’t matter, would start to show resentment towards husbands, even though they would mean no harm Family relationships, especially involving spouses can create difficulties and challenges for one or the other, in-turn could create an impact in their relationship. Kate Chopin’s “The Story of an Hour” and Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s “The Yellow Wallpaper” are short stories centralized on the view of two married women, the challenges they endure in their relationships and coping with their spouse. Women wanting to......

Words: 1310 - Pages: 6