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Theo 201 Short Essay #3

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By naacosta
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Name: Nichole Acosta

Writing Style Used: MLA

Course and Section Number: THEO 201 B01

Essay on Pneumatology: Spiritual Gifts With a passion for theology and the word of God, it brings me great joy when asked to explain my beliefs. While some aspects of our faith are a little simpler to explain than others, one that is continuously debated is that of spiritual gifts. Because of a presented opportunity from a curious friend, I found it fitting to dive into the topic that is currently being debated at his home church. In Acts 2:1-4, Paul recounts Pentecost as the ultimate outpouring of the Holy Spirit to all believers, indwelling and granting them with spiritual gifts. Ephesians 4:11-12 explains that these Spirit-given abilities are not primarily bestowed for personal enjoyment or personal growth, but for Christian service and the edification of the body of Christ. Because every believer has the Holy Spirit in them from salvation (Romans 8:9), it is implied that spiritual gifts are also deposited at conversion, but may be developed at a later time. Though believers may have multiple spiritual gifts, it is guaranteed that every Christian has at least one (1 Corinthians 12:4, 31). One should not confuse spiritual gifts with the fruit of the Spirit. While both are sourced from the Holy Spirit and are results of spiritual baptism, their purposes differ. Elmer Towns describes the relationship perfectly, “A spiritual gift is an ability to be used in service, whereas spiritual fruit relates to a Christian’s character” (317). A spiritually mature believer, who pursues after a godly life, will exhibit spiritual fruit. While both are works that the Spirit expresses through mankind, it is important to remember that the love of God is the ultimate motivator for each (1 Corinthians 13:1-13). One spiritual gift is the ability to speak in tongues. It is miraculous communication with God under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, in a language (whether human or heavenly) unknown by the speaker. It can only be translated by those gifted with tongues interpretation. 1 Corinthians 14:2 explains, “For one who speaks in a tongue speaks not to men but to God; for no one understands him, but he utters mysteries in the Spirit.” G.R. Osborne mentions in his article “Tongues, Speaking In” that speaking in tongues serves as an authentication gift divinely affirming new members entering the church. 1 Corinthians 12-14 and Romans 12 also discuss it to be bestowed upon chosen individuals of the church of Christ (1206). Paul teaches in 1 Corinthians 14 this gift be used for private prayer (14:2), self-edification before God (14:3, 14:14-15, 14:18) and as a sign for unbelievers (14:22). Spiritual baptism is the experience brought by the indwelling and enduement with the Holy Spirit, made possible through Christ’s sacrifice. When individuals first became followers of Christ, it was then that they were baptized in the Holy Spirit, and accepted into the Spirit-filled, Spirit-led, Spirit-empowered church of Christ (White, 137). R.E.O White in his article “Baptism of the Spirit”, describes it as a “second blessing an ‘infilling’ of the Spirit, supplementing conversion as the young Christian advances to maturity” (138). In Acts 2:38-39; Peter describes the baptism of the spirit to follow repentance, necessary in salvation. However, I do not believe that baptism in the Holy Spirit is synonymous with the ability of speaking in tongues. In passages like 1 Corinthians 2:8-11, the Bible illustrates that speaking in tongues is simply another gift that can be given to the body of Christ when baptized in the Holy Ghost. After listing spiritual gifts in 1 Corinthians 12, Paul goes on to say, “that the Holy Spirit divides to each man severally as He wills” (verse 11). While all Christians have been baptized in the Spirit, it is a different experience for everyone, and should not be automatically assumed with speaking in tongues. Therefore, not speaking in tongues does not make someone “unsaved” or not spiritually baptized. However, I do believe that speaking in tongues is valid today. Paul urges in 1 Corinthians 14:39-40 that speaking in tongues should not be forbidden, and be done in order. Brand, Draper and England add in their commentary, “There is no compelling reason to believe that ‘ecstatic utterance’ is the same thing as the Biblical gift of tongues.” (1606). There exists no restriction for personal prayer (1 Corinthians 14:18-19), however should not be used in public places without an interpreter, as mentioned in 1 Corinthians 14:28. This would compromise the edifying design for unbelievers. Much controversy has been raised over 1 Corinthians 13 and what is said to be “valid”. Those negating the validity of speaking in tongues typically use 1 Corinthians 13:8-10 as the basis for their argument. However, the verse is comparing eternal with temporal things. This is Paul’s way of emphasizing peace in abiding things (like faith, hope and love) versus division for the sake of the tongues controversy to the church (Smith). Verse 10 also brings about the discussion of what Paul refers to as “perfect”. Even though, those belonging to the Negative School argue “that which is perfect” is to be the full canon of the Bible, there is nothing that suggests that the Holy Spirit will stop moving through this gift. When moving down to verse 12, it speaks of the time that the bride of Christ shall come “face to face” with her groom. Because Jesus is the personification of perfection, I believe this “perfect time” is what he refers to as “perfect” (1208-09). While the topic of spiritual gifting is not a simple task, I can only hope that I could address them with clarity. Even though we are limited to our human capacity to fully understand God, my greatest prayer is that we continue to grow in understanding of His plan in the area of spiritual gifting.

Word count: 955

Bibliography
Bible Gateway. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 June 2015. .

Brand, Chad O., Draper, Charles W. & England, Archie W., (2003) Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Nashville, TN, Holman Bible Publishers

Osborne, G. R. "Tongues, Speaking In." Evangelical Dictionary of Theology. Ed. Walter A. Elwell. 2nd ed. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 2001. 1206-209. Print.

"Text Commentaries: Chuck Smith (Blue Letter Bible: Holy Spirit)." Blue Letter Bible. Sowing Circle. Web. 21 Jun, 2015.

Towns, Elmer L. "Bestowal of Spiritual Gifts." Theology For Today. Mason, OH: Cengage Learning, 2008. 317. Print.

Walter A. Elwell. 2nd ed. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 2001. 137-38. Print.

White, R. E. O. "Baptism of the Spirit." Evangelical Dictionary of Theology. Ed.

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