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Theories of Criminology

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Theories of criminology
Prof. Dr. Ayman Elzeiny

Introduction :- What is Theory?
Definitions of the theory

Vold, Bernard, and Snipes defined it as :-
“an explanation … a sensible relating of some particular phenomenon to the whole field of knowledge”

On other hand Bohm defined it as “makes statements about the relationship between two classes of phenomena”

Williams and McShane defined it as “generalizations of a sort; explains how two or more events are related” .

According to Shoemaker the theory is : “a systematic collection of concepts and statements purporting to explain behavior” .

And according to Hoover the theory is “a set of related propositions that suggest why events occur”.

We can define theory as "Statement of a relationship between two or more propositions and concepts . which explains and/or predicts some behavior ".

Introduction to Theories of criminology :
There are many "theories" of criminology suggested by many writers. It would not be practical to list them all. a few only that have received some support.
The almost prominent schools of criminology Were :
The Classical School, "which began about 1755 to 1764" after Beccaria (1738-94) published his famous Essay on Crimes and Punishments; Along with Beccaria, the thinkers of the Classical School were Rousseau, Montesquieu, Voltaire, Jeremy Bentham, William Blackstone, Samuel Romilly, and others.
The Positive School, " which began after the publication of Lombroso's L'uomo Delinquente (The Criminal Man) in (1896-97). Along with Lombroso, the thinkers of the Positive School were Enrico Ferri (1856-1928), Rafaele Garofalo (1852-34), and others.
The Social Schools which began in 1889, after Colayanni published his famous Essay .

_____________
(1) Franklin P. Williams III and Marilyn D McShane , Criminological theory , A Paramount Communications Company ,...

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