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Theory and the Nursing Process

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Theory and the Nursing Process
Kenneth L. Harris
University of Phoenix
Community and Family Nursing
NSG 420
June 22, 2015
Kimberly Lewis RN, MSN-Ed

Theory and the Nursing Process The theoretical basis for public and community nurses began in the nineteenth century with Florence Nightingale. Nightingale believed in the prevention and surveillance of diseases. She further believed that a disease was more prevalent in poor environments. She proved that good health was more prevalent with a good environment for instance providing adequate ventilation, clean water, warmth, light, and cleanliness during the Crimean War (Allender, Rector, & Warner, 2014).
The public and community health nurse can affect change in behavior by providing education of the basic principles of the Nightingale theory. The theory brings to light the relationship between good health and a good environment ("Community Health Nursing," 2013). The educating migrant farm workers about the need for adequate ventilation in farm labor camps to help prevention of pulmonary tuberculosis.
The community and public health nurse must develop a teaching strategy for the population in need of education. The educational theorist Malcolm Knowles proposed andragogy or the art of teaching adults. One of Knowles beliefs was that adults accumulate a reservoir of experiences to draw from and another is the adult must know why they need to learn something new (Roebuck, Morgan, MacDonald, Shumer, & McCune, 2015).
The strengths of the Nightingale nursing theory are simple and easy change to an environment can have a large impact on healthy outcome. The second strength is the theory is culture universal. All cultures can agree that clean water and fresh air is beneficial. The weaknesses of the Nightingale theory is the availability of resources to affect the changes needed to provide a healthy living...

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