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Theory Critiquing

In: People

Submitted By jellou
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ROPER-LOGAN-TIERNEY
TUESDAY, JUNE 26, 2012
THEORY

GROUP A
PRESENTS

One draw of the field of nursing is the ability for nurses to individualize their care plans for their patients. In order to ensure that unique patients are able to get healthy, they need nursing care plans as unique as they are. This means assessment and evaluation of each patient before and during care. Nancy Roper's desire to become a nurse started in childhood, and as a result of her experiences and education, she, along with two of her colleagues, developed the Roper-Logan-Tierney Model of Nursing to assess patients' level of independence and provide the best individualized care for them.

COMPONENTS/CONCEPTS OF THE MODEL

Living is a complex process which we undertake using a number of activities that ensure our survival. The current model seeks to define 'what living means, and categorizes these discoveries into Activities of Daily Living (ADL). According to Roper, in a given circumstance, people are able to perform daily activities of living independently but when disease or hindrances occur, the nurse can use these activities of living to be able to assess the patient and identify interventions that can support independence in areas that may prove difficult or impossible for the individual on their own. The model assesses the individual's relative independence and potential for independence in ADLs,(considering their lifespan, development, and the five key factors on a continuum ranging from complete dependence to complete independence) in order to determine what interventions will lead to increased independence as well as what ongoing support is or will be required to compensate for dependency.
These activities, including the activities that each patient routinely do as well as the changes that occur from any health condition, are assessed upon admission, and are reviewed as...

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