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Theory of Cognitive Development

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THEORY OF COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT
By Jean Piaget

Kyzeah Coleen Tababa
GJ Coleen Panaguiton
Claudette Trespuentes

Dr. Cynthia Dy

STAGE 1: SENSORIMOTOR THOUGHT (BIRTH-2 YEARS)
Babies are stuck in the HERE AND NOW world.
They “know the world only in terms of their own sensory input (what they see, smell, taste, touch, and hear) and their physical or motor actions on it (e.g. sucking, reaching, grasping).
(Littlefield Cook & Cook, 2005/2009, p. 157)
Babies lack REPRESENTATIONAL THOUGHT or ability to think through the use of symbols (Littlefield Cook & Cook, 2005/2009, p. 158)
Evidence of representational thought emerges from the use of language and OBJECT PERMANENCE
“the fact that objects, events, or even people continue to exist when they are not in the infants direct line of sensory or motor action” (Littlefield Cook & Cook, 2005/2009, p. 159)

STAGE 2: PREOPERATIONAL THOUGHT (2-7 YEARS) * Intuitive Though – logic bases only on experiences * Symbols in play * Egocentrism * lack of conservation

Symbols in Play * Symbolic play: use one object to stand for another * Fantasy play: pretend to be something, or pretend activities that are impossible * Make-believe play: use toys as props
Egocentrism
“Child’s inability to take in others perspective”
(Littlefield Cook & Cook, 2005/2009, p. 163)
Three Mountain Test

Timmy’s egocentrism prevents him from seeing Davie’s perspective… Timmy would draw the big mountain.
Conservation
Operations = reversible mental actions
Thus, the preoperational Stage is marked by children’s lack of conservation - “concept that certain basic properties of an object (e.g. volume, mass, and weight) remain the same even if its physical appearance changes”
(Littlefield Cook & Cook, 2005/2009, p. 164)
Equal Amounts of H2O
Equal Amounts of H2O
CONSERVATION TEST...

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