There Are Many Motivational and Relaxation Techniques and Strategies That Can Be Utilized Within the Sporting Arena. Justify Techniques and Strategies That Could Be Useful for an Athlete in Your Event Prior to Competition/Performance

In: Other Topics

Submitted By ashleigh7144
Words 812
Pages 4
In order to achieve peak performance, athletes must be prepared both mentally and physically. The ideal mental preparation and psychological state of an athlete, both leading up to and during training and performance, will vary for individuals. It will also vary depending on the nature of the activity. Psychological strategies can play an important part in emotional and possibly spiritual recovery by assisting in recovery of concentration, lifting motivation and decreasing anxiety levels. Athletes may experience positive and negative motivation or most likely a combination of both. These will occur partly because of the normal human emotions of the athlete and partly because they will be encouraged by significant others such as coaches, parents, team mates, fellow competitors, and the media. Strategies athletes can use to enhance motivation and mange anxiety include concentration/attention skills, mental rehearsal, visualization, relaxation and goal setting.

Concentration and attention skills allow the athlete to focus on the task at hand and ignore other distractions. Concentration can be improved through training that emphasizes the process rather than the outcome. When an individual focuses on the process, they give attention to technique and try to understand why. For example if a marathon runner doesn’t make the finish line as they are focusing on the outcome that places importance on the result, the success or otherwise of the win. Athletes need to know what to focus on at a particular time and be able to adapt to changing situations. For example, a runner may need to focus on finishing the race and exclude all other distractions, however, at other times; they need to be aware of their opponents. A marathon runner must have a highly sustained concentration and this can be improved prior to performance, such as learning to block out and ignore irrelevant…...

Similar Documents

Business Strategy

... BUSINESS STRATEGY OTHER ECONOMIST BOOKS Guide to Analysing Companies Guide to Business Modelling Guide to Business Planning Guide to Economic Indicators Guide to the European Union Guide to Management Ideas Numbers Guide Style Guide Dictionary of Business Dictionary of Economics International Dictionary of Finance Brands and Branding Business Consulting Business Ethics Business Miscellany China’s Stockmarket Dealing with Financial Risk Future of Technology Globalisation Guide to Financial Markets Headhunters and How to Use Them Successful Mergers The City Wall Street Essential Director Essential Economics Essential Finance Essential Internet Essential Investment Essential Negotiation Pocket World in Figures BUSINESS STRATEGY A Guide to Effective Decision-Making Jeremy Kourdi THE ECONOMIST IN ASSOCIATION WITH PROFILE BOOKS LTD Published by Profile Books Ltd 3a Exmouth House, Pine Street, London ec1r 0jh www.profilebooks.com Copyright © The Economist Newspaper Ltd 2003 Text copyright © Jeremy Kourdi 2003 All rights reserved. Without limiting the rights under copyright reserved above, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in or introduced into a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise), without the prior written permission of both the copyright owner and the publisher of this book. The greatest care has been taken in compiling this book. However, no responsibility......

Words: 78700 - Pages: 315

Motivational Techniques

...Motivational Methods Motivation should be a key element in the workplace and is very important to for management to know the basic theory methods as well as the application of those methods. It is something that is an unavoidable situation for all of us and comes up in any workplace. Motivational techniques are a necessary skill for any future manager or leader to know how to motivate their staff in order to work more efficiently. It is true that motivating employees is a key issue for all managers (Motivating Employees) to achieve a higher level of performance and productivity. Different employees need different types of motivation (Good & Bad Employee Motivational Techniques). The main question managers face within an organization is motivation, how it works, when to apply and to whom they should apply it to (The Top 10 Motivational Techniques in Business). Motivation reflects how productive things get done within the organization. Motivation influences productivity and supervisors need to understand who motivates employees to reach their peak performance (The Top 10 Motivational Techniques in Business). After all, motivation is a conscious decision to perform one or more activities with great effort (Motivating Employees). It includes the set of attitudes and values that helps a person to act in a specific goal which is directed in such a manner that affects his or her direction, intensity and persistence of voluntary behavior (Motivating Employees). Motivated......

Words: 1096 - Pages: 5

Relaxation Techniques for Daily Stress

...Daily stress can be battled by using different relaxation techniques. There are various techniques that can be utilized to gain complete relaxation. This essay will review and explain several of these techniques and how they can be used to help battle everyday stress. Stress is a term that many people are able to relate with. Many people suffer from problems caused by daily stress, whether it is related to work or personal matters. Many stress-related problems can be managed by practicing different relaxation techniques. There are several relaxation techniques readily available to anyone in order to help deal with a variety of daily stress. One technique that is simple and quick to do is physical relaxation, including deep breathing and muscular relaxation. When you feel stress building, this method can help to rid you of the stress before it becomes overwhelming. You may have heard someone tell you before to take ten deep breaths, this is the process of deep breathing. Each subsequent breath helps to relax the mind and body. Muscular relaxation can be used in conjunction with deep breathing and is done by consciously tensing your muscles then relaxing them a few times in a row. Performing these steps together can help you to rid your body of acute stress. When you have stress that seems to escalate throughout the day, a great technique to practice is meditation. This requires a little more time than physical relaxation, but can be a......

Words: 509 - Pages: 3

Relaxation and Stress Management Techniques

...Relaxation Strategies: Benefits of Yoga and Meditation in Relation to Stress Katherine I. Sharp Nova Southeastern University Relaxation Strategies Stress is a condition in response to a physical threat or psychological distress that triggers the body’s adaptive stress response which involves the physiological arousal of various body systems that may suffer from negative consequences depending on the duration and course of the stress reaction. The result of such a response to stress is physiological support for the body’s fight-or-flight response that includes an increase in heart rate, respiration, blood pressure, and serum cholesterol (Greenberg, 2013). As a part of the adaptive response to stress, various body systems such as the autonomic, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, and immune systems may be affected (McEwen, Stellar, 1993). Research has shown that chronic stress is related to an increased risk of the development of cardiovascular disease, hypertension, coronary heart disease, tension headaches, migraine headaches, backache, cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, and ulcers. “Given the negative impact of stress at intrapersonal and somatic level, it is important for healthcare professionals to master a repertoire of stress management techniques” (Varvogli, 2011, p. 75). Yoga Yoga is an old Indian practice that fosters mental and physical awareness creating a mind-body connection that allows one to engage in conscious breathing coupled......

Words: 2335 - Pages: 10

Hr Strategy and Organizational Performance

...HR Strategy and Organizational Performance [Name of Writer] [Name of Institution] HR Strategy and Organizational Performance Introduction Human resource management is in the selection of policy and techniques related to human resource management agency. Taken together, these techniques and preferences are messages to employees, managers and interested persons abroad about the value of the agency placed on human resources. Unfortunately, international managers have had to adopt sensible policies in the field of organization for fixing the responsibility and cost control. First, employers continue to place administrative employees, Professional, scientific and technical through the civil service systems for important positions. The state of relatively high positions, security, payment and benefits that go with these positions are considered essential for productivity and long-term retention of these employees. This includes preventive education through programs for employee wellness and treatment plans by employee health. Second, employers have attempted to put caps on benefit costs and legal liability risks by increasing the use of working mechanisms secondary (such as employment contract or contingent) to pair the changing job titles. While the phenomenon of the working contingent recognized as characteristic of the modern workforce, the precise number of contingent workers are in dispute between staff and managers economists. Estimates ranging from 2 percent to 16......

Words: 3100 - Pages: 13

Motivational Strategies

...Motivational Strategies Cherie E. Ortiz- Rios MGT/311 May 5, 2014 Delinda Denslow When choosing a specific motivational strategies to help increase employee productivity it is critical to thoroughly assess employees through a series of evaluations. Once the evaluations are completed then the manager can determine which particular motivational strategy will best fit the employee’s personality characteristics. Determining an accurate motivational strategy that will benefit the employees personality characteristic will improve both employee and organization productivity. When an employee is motivated to work and is content with the job that he or she is doing everyone wins. It is finding what motivates an employee, carrying out the process, and following through with a reward system that will deliver results for a successful outcome. The three co-workers are all willing to attempt to make positive changes in their personalities and have also agreed to support one another in their efforts. After completing the assessment, James a veteran employee is fully aware of his negative personality characteristics and is willing to attempt using a new motivational strategy that will nog only help his production levels increase but most importantly help him rediscover the happiness he once felt as a new employee. Self-Determination is a motivational theory that describes the situation James believes that he is living. James believes that the he should have control over......

Words: 900 - Pages: 4

Strategy

...nothing else on strategy, read these bestselling articles. HBR’s Must-Reads on Strategy Included with this collection: Strategy Development 2 What Is Strategy? by Michael E. Porter 23 The Five Competitive Forces That Shape Strategy by Michael E. Porter 42 Building Your Company’s Vision by James C. Collins and Jerry I. Porras 57 Reinventing Your Business Model by Mark W. Johnson, Clayton M. Christensen, and Henning Kagermann 69 Blue Ocean Strategy by W. Chan Kim and Renée Mauborgne Strategy Execution 81 The Secrets to Successful Strategy Execution by Gary L. Neilson, Karla L. Martin, and Elizabeth Powers 95 Using the Balanced Scorecard as a Strategic Management System by Robert S. Kaplan and David P. Norton 110 Transforming Corner-Office Strategy into Frontline Action by Orit Gadiesh and James L. Gilbert 121 Turning Great Strategy into Great Performance by Michael C. Mankins and Richard Steele 133 Who Has the D?: How Clear Decision Roles Enhance Organizational Performance by Paul Rogers and Marcia Blenko Product 12601 www.hbr.org What Is Strategy? by Michael E. Porter Included with this full-text Harvard Business Review article: 3 Article Summary The Idea in Brief—the core idea The Idea in Practice—putting the idea to work 4 What Is Strategy? 22 Further Reading A list of related materials, with annotations to guide further exploration of the article’s ideas and applications Reprint 96608 What Is......

Words: 83082 - Pages: 333

Assessing Workers Motivation on Performance Within the Mining Industries

... CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study The mining industry in Ghana, is an important sector for the socio economies of countries that have substantial gold deposits. To achieve rapid economic development, many countries resort to various activities to exploit natural resources. One of such activities is mining. Consequently, mining is an important economic activity which has the potential of contributing to the development of areas endowed with the resource. In North America, raw mineral production in 1998 was valued at approximately US$ 70 billion. The industry employs approximately 1 million people (Mbendi Profile, 2005). In Peru, the mining sector accounts for 50% of the country’s annual export earnings. During 1993, the mining industry’s contribution to the Peruvian economy was represented by $240m paid in taxes; $400m spent on local purchases; $280m in imported goods and accounted for over 11% of GDP (Acheampong, 2003). In South Africa, where gold is the largest mineral foreign income earner, gold mining alone contributes 27.4% in mineral revenues. The gold industry is also responsible for 56% of South Africa’s mine labour force (Mbendi, 2005). In Ghana, the sector plays a vital role in the development of the economy. In 2000, minerals accounted for 38.96% of total export earnings, followed by cocoa (22.51%) and timber (9.03%) (ISSER, 2001). The mining sector now contributes 41% to the country’s foreign exchange and is the leading foreign exchange earner....

Words: 20839 - Pages: 84

Motivational Strategies

... with nearly 3,900 properties in 72 countries. The company operates and franchises hotels and licenses vacation ownership resorts under 18 brands. In January 16th 2014, the Marriott once again was named one of FORTUNE magazine’s “100 Best Companies to Work For”, it has maintained its excellent status of high performance as one of the only 13 companies that have appeared on this list ever since 1998 (Wiggins, 2014) In addition, this luxurious hotel has attracted and held most of its customers, employees and other stakeholders due to its rich commitment to Corporate Social Responsibilities (CSR). The legacy growing deep from its founders hiring a doctor and a surgeon to attend to the associates’ healthcare needs. Back in the years after the Great Depression. Since then, its CSR has grown and evolved powerfully in over the 72 countries. (team, 2014) It is highly competitive over its competitors such as: Starwood Hotels, Hyatt Hotels Corporation, Choice Hotels International, and Intercontinental Hotels among many others. It competes in an industry that is highly fragmented and no player commands more than 20 percent of the market share. However, it was the first one within the hotel industry to focus on niche marketing and specialized branding of services. Hence, the numerous brand names it holds. The core of its lodging business involves developing, operating and franchising hotels and corporate housing properties under 20 brand names overall. Also it operates business under......

Words: 2860 - Pages: 12

Can You Say What Your Strategy Is?

...Can You Say What Your Strategy Is? by David J. Collis and Michael G. Rukstad It’s a dirty little secret: Most executives cannot articulate the objective, scope, and advantage of their business in a simple statement. If they can’t, neither can anyone else. Can you summarize your company’s strategy in 35 words or less? If so, would your colleagues put it the same way? It is our experience that very few executives can honestly answer these simple questions in the affirmative. And the companies that those executives work for are often the most successful in their industry. One is Edward Jones, a St. Louis–based brokerage firm with which one of us has been involved for more than 10 years. The fourth-largest brokerage in the United States, Jones has quadrupled its market share during the past two decades, has consistently outperformed its rivals in terms of ROI through bull and bear markets, and has been a fixture on Fortune’s list of the top companies to work for. It’s a safe bet that just about every one of its 37,000 employees could express the company’s succinct strategy statement: Jones aims to “grow to 17,000 financial advisers by 2012 [from about 10,000 today] by offering trusted and convenient face-to-face financial advice to conservative individual investors who delegate their financial decisions, through a national network of onefinancial-adviser offices.” Conversely, companies that don’t have a simple and clear statement of strategy are likely to......

Words: 4918 - Pages: 20

Strategy Management

...and can include: calculating assorted financial ratios to assess a company’s financial performance and balance sheet strength, identifying a company’s strategy, doing five-forces and driving-forces analysis, doing a SWOT analysis, and recommending actions to improve company performance. The content of these case exercises is tailored to match the circumstances presented in each case, calling upon students to do whatever strategic thinking and strategic analysis is called for to arrive at a pragmatic, analysis-based action recommendation for improving company performance. eBook Connect Plus includes a media-rich eBook that allows you to share your notes with your students. Your students can insert and review their own notes, highlight the text, search for specific information, and interact with media resources. Using an eBook with Connect Plus gives your students a complete digital solution that allows them to access their materials from any computer. Tegrity Make your classes available anytime, anywhere. With simple, one-click recording, students can search for a word or phrase and be taken to the exact place in your lecture that they need to review. EASY TO USE Learning Management System Integration McGraw-Hill Campus is a one-stop teaching and learning experience available to use with any learning management system. McGraw-Hill Campus provides single sign-on to faculty and students for all McGraw-Hill material and technology from within the...

Words: 219639 - Pages: 879

The Impact of International Mega-Sporting Events Oh Host Cities

...Impact of mega-sporting events 1 The impact of international mega-sporting events oh host cities Regina Glazman 20151794 ARW2 for law students KIMEP regina.glazman@kimep.kz Impact of mega-sporting events 2 Abstract While a mega-sport event is scheduled at least once every year somewhere in the world, these events are rare occurrences for the host cities and countries. The benefits of such events seem lucrative; the very fact that many countries bid to host these events suggests that the benefits – be they tangible or intangible – more often than not outweigh the costs. However, some experts claim that it is almost impossible to achieve goal and provide a successful result. Therefore, the research question is : Do cities benefit from international mega-sporting events or it is just "showing-off"? When a city or nation is awarded the privilege of hosting a mega event, they are almost always required to enhance or develop their infrastructure. The developments which are created from these events are known as legacies. However, these legacies have a great risk to become "white elephants" ( Barclay, 2009,p.3). Thereupon, my research project was directed to understand do facilities in Almaty which were built for 2011 Asian Winter Games are used today and provide help for national athletes and the city. Result showed they do, but not without problems. However, legacies can come in many forms such as economic, tourism or sporting. Consequently, summarizing......

Words: 7144 - Pages: 29

Business Research Methodology - Discuss the Scaling Techniques Used to Measure the Consumer Attitude, and Justify Your Selection of a Particular Scaling Technique.

...Question paper, contact aravind.banakar@gmail.com www.mbacasestudyanswers.com ARAVIND – 09901366442 – 09902787224 Business Research Methodology   CASE 01: Sintex Industries Limited: Grooming with Increased Demand of Plastic 1. Discuss various stages of the research to launch this research programme 2. Define the research problem 3. Discuss the type of the research design used for this research programme 4. What will be the nature of data for ascertaining consumer attitude? 5. Discuss the scaling techniques used to measure the consumer attitude, and justify your selection of a particular scaling technique. CASE 02: Air Conditioner Industry in India: Systematic Replacement of the Unorganized Sector by the Organized Sector.   1. What will be your sampling frame, appropriate sampling techniques, sample size, and sampling process? 2. Will you be using probability sampling technique or nonprobability sampling technique and why? 3. What will be your plans to control sampling and non -sampling errors to obtain an accurate result? CASE 03:  Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy Pvt. Ltd:  An Independent Economic Think Tank.    Let us consider you as an owner of a marketing research firm and assume that a multinational company firm has contacted you to prepare a detailed report on the consumer electronics market in India.  The report must be prepared in light of the market share for various companies of consumer electronics, future demand for different......

Words: 578 - Pages: 3

Strategy

...sure you have a strategy? Donald C. Hambrick and James W, Fredrickson Executive Overview After more than 30 years of hard thinking about strategy, consultants and scholars have provided an abundance of /rameworks for analyzing strategic situations. Missing, however, has been any guidance as to v^hat the product of these tools should be—or virhat actually constitutes a strategy. Strategy has become a catchall term used to mean whatever one wants it to mean. Executives now talk about their "service strategy," their "branding strategy," their "acquisition strategy," or whatever kind of strategy that is on their mind at a particular moment. But strategists—whether they are CEOs of established firms, division presidents, or entrepreneurs—must have a strategy, an integrated, overarching concept of how the business will achieve its objectives. If a business must have a single, unified strategy, then it must necessarily have parts. What are those parts? We present a framework for strategy design, arguing that a strategy has five elements, providing answers to five questions—arenas: where will we be active? vehicles: how will we get there? differentiators: how will we win in the marketplace? staging: what will be our speed and sequence of moves? economic logic: how will we obtain our returns? Our article develops and illustrates these domains of choice, particularly emphasizing how essential it is that they form a unified whole. Consider these statements of strategy drawn from......

Words: 7729 - Pages: 31

Motivational Strategies Affecting Productivity

...Motivational Strategies Affecting Productivity PSY/320 Human Motivation Professor Sue Gannett Jan Bryan Motivational Strategies Affecting Productivity Page 2 A person’s inner motivation is what drives a person into waking up every single morning and look forward to another brighter day. It is almost impossible for one to declare that they are not motivated because, motivation does not in reality, depend on the achievements. However, productivity can mostly be attributed to the fact that motivation has played a major role in ensuring that there is increased performance. The very fact that one has chosen to wake up from bed and do something, is enough motivation. The only difference is that there are different levels of motivation. Some have high motivation to do what they are willing and able to do, while others have the motivation is to do as much as the minimum requirements. One way to have productive employees is to make sure your employees have everything they need to perform their work. This includes all supplies required, from what some might seem unimportant items such as office supplies to have access to information necessary to complete specific tasks. Workers are often frustrated when they have to waste time looking for the items they need to get their work done. You must also take steps to ensure workers have easy access to the things they need. For example, if the...

Words: 1422 - Pages: 6