Premium Essay

There Is No Hope of Doing Perfect Research (Griffiths, 1998, P 97)

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By omera
Words 899
Pages 4
There is no Hope of Doing Perfect Research (Griffiths, 1998, p 97)
Research is a systematic way of examining various phenomena to gain knowledge and establish new facts and principles. It entails the use of certain specific methods to obtain precise and consistent information which is then used to draw relevant conclusions on a subject. Research improves our understanding on concepts and unearths new information on areas that very little or nothing is known (Locke, Silverman and Spirduso 4). However, the biggest challenge is how to obtain the reliable and accurate information given the fallible nature of mankind. This makes it impossible to have a perfect research given that it is a product of an inherently flawed process. It doesn’t matter how many times a phenomenon is researched on because as long as the research process remains inconsistent, the results will always carry some form of error (Locke, Silverman and Spirduso 4). There is no hope of doing a perfect research because not all the facts can be acquired at the time of research given that research is never concerned with results or accuracy but with the acquisition of new knowledge.
Researchers often employ the use of different techniques designed to serve the specific objectives of that particular research. The scientific method for instance uses experimentation to determine answers and provide new facts and principles. It involves creating topics, formulating hypotheses, gathering and analyzing data and then changing the hypothesis again; repeating the process until a concrete conclusion is derived. The challenge however, is that there is no guarantee of the same procedures yielding the same results. This is very common especially in the field of medicine where the same signs and symptoms of an entity may lead to different diagnoses.
According to Locke, Silverman and Spirduso, 15% of all medical...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

There Is No Hope for a Perfect Research

...There is no hope of doing perfect research (Griffiths, 1998, p97). Research aims at investigating something, someone, or any given information that requires getting conclusion on the findings (McLaughlin 34). It involves establishing facts, collecting information and analyzing it before reaching a conclusion. Research on a certain topic, for example, can never be enough since every day, scientist come up with new inventions and findings. Different people can go out doing research and their conclusions will vary at the end as many as they are. This is because they will approach the topic differently and they will all be right depending on their arguments, test data, and environments. This difference in findings and continued research on subjects and fields once considered conclusively researched, led Griffith to claim, “There is no hope for doing a perfect research” (97). Considering the current and past trends in research, this claim cannot be farfetched. As long as the imperfect humans are the ones conducting research, there is never any hope for doing a perfect research. In 1876, the world awoke to an extraordinary research invention, the telephone (Hamill 30). After several years of research on the telegraph, which was the sole means of communication at the time, Alexander Graham Bell succeeded in inventing the telephone. The telegraph had been in use for more than 30 years, but inefficiencies such as the inability to transmit different messages at the same time,......

Words: 643 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Cross Cultural Management

...standard site license terms and conditions (see palgraveconnect.com/pc/connect/info/terms_conditions.html). If you plan to copy, distribute or share in any format, including, for the avoidance of doubt, posting on websites, you need the express prior permission of Palgrave Macmillan. To request permission please contact rights@palgrave.com. Cross-Cultural Communication 10.1057/9780230391147 - Cross-Cultural Communication, Brian J. Hurn and Barry Tomalin Copyright material from www.palgraveconnect.com - licensed to Griffith University - PalgraveConnect - 2014-04-12 This page intentionally left blank 10.1057/9780230391147 - Cross-Cultural Communication, Brian J. Hurn and Barry Tomalin Copyright material from www.palgraveconnect.com - licensed to Griffith University - PalgraveConnect - 2014-04-12 Cross-Cultural Communication Theory and Practice Brian J. Hurn and Barry Tomalin Copyright material from www.palgraveconnect.com - licensed to Griffith University - PalgraveConnect - 2014-04-12 10.1057/9780230391147 - Cross-Cultural Communication, Brian J. Hurn and Barry Tomalin © Brian J. Hurn and Barry Tomalin 2013 Foreword © Jack Spence 2013 All rights reserved. No reproduction, copy or transmission of this publication may be made without written permission. No portion of this publication may be reproduced, copied or transmitted save with written permission or in accordance with the provisions of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, or under......

Words: 129836 - Pages: 520

Premium Essay

Free Paper

...Proceedings of the Fourth International Annual Conference of the Asia Pacific Academy of Business in Society Sustainable Decision-Making in a Time of Crisis Public and Private Perspectives Malcolm McIntosh and Susan Forbes Authors Malcolm McIntosh Director, Asia Pacific Centre for Sustainable Enterprise Susan M Forbes Adjunct Research Fellow, Asia Pacific Centre for Sustainable Enterprise © 2011 Asia Pacific Centre for Sustainable Enterprise Published by Asia Pacific Centre for Sustainable Enterprise Griffith Business School Griffith University, South Bank campus 226 Grey Street, South Brisbane Queensland, 4101 Australia www.griffith.edu.au/business-commerce/sustainable-enterprise All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior permission of the copyright owner. Copyright rests with the individual authors. ISBN 978-1-921760-45-7 Foreword The conference reflected lessons learnt and being learned from the global financial crisis, from the climate change prognosis and from rethinking global governance. The conference preceded the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) 2010 Meetings and Summit (7-14 November in Yokohama, Japan) and coincided with the 10th anniversary of the United Nations (UN) Global Compact, and the UN Year of Biodiversity. Given the birth of the G20 group of nations,......

Words: 32741 - Pages: 131

Free Essay

House

...Lynn Silipigni Connaway OCLC Research Timothy J. Dickey OCLC Research Marie L. Radford Rutgers University “If It Is Too Inconvenient, I’m Not Going After It:” Convenience as a Critical Factor in Information-seeking Behaviors Note: This is a pre-print version of a paper forthcoming in Library and Information Science Research. Please cite the published version; a suggested citation appears below. Correspondence about the article may be sent to lynn_connaway@oclc.org. © 2011 OCLC Online Computer Library, Inc. 6565 Kilgour Place, Dublin, Ohio 43017-3395 USA http://www.oclc.org/ Reuse of this document is permitted consistent with the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 (USA) license (CC-BY-NC-SA): http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/. Suggested citation: Connaway, Lynn Silipigni, Timothy J. Dickey, and Marie L. Radford. 2011. "'If It Is Too Inconvenient, I'm Not Going After It.:' Convenience as a Critical Factor in Information-seeking Behaviors." Library and Information Science Research,33: 179-190. doi:10.1016/j.lisr.2010.12.002 Pre-print available online at: http://www.oclc.org/research/publications/library/2011/connaway-lisr.pdf. “If It Is Too Inconvenient, I’m Not Going After It:” Convenience as a Critical Factor in Information-seeking Behaviors Lynn Silipigni Connaway OCLC Research Timothy J. Dickey OCLC Research Marie L. Radford Rutgers University Abstract In today’s......

Words: 14194 - Pages: 57

Free Essay

Language-Learning Motivation

...oriented motives for learning French who viewed SA as a languagelearning experience but not for participants with primarily pragmatic reasons for learning French and participating in SA. Implications of the study include the need for curricular intervention in student learning abroad. Key words: French, activity theory, learning motivation, second language learning, self-regulation, study abroad Introduction From the 1960s through the mid-1990s, research on study abroad (SA) largely supported the notion that it is an ideal means of learning a foreign language. Moreover, foreign language professionals often impart this view to students, typically based on their own successful if not life-transforming experiences (Kinginger, 2008). As Davidson (2007) explained, ‘‘[I]t has long been understood that language acquisition at the highest levels of proficiency is generally not possible without a substantial immersion experience’’ (p. 277). However, current trends in American students’ SA choices as well as insights from recent research revealing unsupported myths about SA may put some of the...

Words: 12464 - Pages: 50

Premium Essay

Consumer Behaviour

...Chapter 2 Consumer Behaviour 2.1 Introduction “The consumer, so it is said, is the king… each is a voter who uses his money as votes to get the things done that he wants done” [Samuelson in Oxford Dictionary of 20th Century Quotations, 2000:274]. There is no question about it – consumers are paramount to the economy. All marketing decisions are based on assumptions about consumer behaviour [Hawkins et al., 2001:8, Mulkern, 2001:126; and Labbe, 2000:38]. In order to create value for consumers and profits for organisations, marketers need to understand why consumers behave in certain ways to a variety of product and services offered. In order to determine the factors that influence the preferences of the Millennial Generation, an understanding of how consumers generally think and behave in buying situations is vital. This chapter starts off with a model of consumer behaviour, which will serve as the foundation of this chapter’s structure. The first part of the model takes an in-depth look at internal, external and other influences that are relevant for the purpose of this study, whilst the second part examines the consumer decision-making process in detail. 2.2 Model of consumer behaviour Understanding consumer behaviour and “knowing customers,” have and never will be simple. Consumers may say one thing but do another. They may not be in touch with their deeper motivations. They may respond to influences that change their mind at the last minute....

Words: 27724 - Pages: 111

Premium Essay

Negotiation

...transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system without the prior written permission of Stanford University Press. Printed in the United States of America on acid-free, archival-quality paper Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data The handbook of negotiation and culture / edited by Michele J. Gelfand and Jeanne M. Brett. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. isbn 0-8047-4586-2 (cloth : alk. paper) 1. Negotiation. 2. Conflict management. 3. Negotiation—Cross-cultural studies. 4. Conflict management—Cross-cultural studies. I. Gelfand, Michele J. II. Brett, Jeanne M. bf637.n4 h365 2004 302.3—dc22 2003025169 Typeset by TechBooks in 10.5/12 Bembo Original printing 2004 Last figure below indicates year of this printing: 13 12 11 10 09 08 07 06 05 04 Contents List of Tables and Figures Foreword Preface xi xv ix part one. basic psychological processes Introduction 3 1. The Evolution of Cognition and Biases in Negotiation Research: An Examination of Cognition, Social Perception, Motivation, and Emotion 7 Leigh Thompson, Margaret Neale, and Marwan Sinaceur 2. Cultural Differences and Cognitive Dynamics: Expanding the Cognitive Perspective on Negotiation 45 Michael W Morris and Michele J. Gelfand . 3. I...

Words: 186303 - Pages: 746

Premium Essay

Myths

...Contents Preface Acknowledgments Introduction 1 BRAIN POWER Myth #1 Most People Use Only 10% of Their Brain Power Myth #2 Some People Are Left-Brained, Others Are Right-Brained Myth #3 Extrasensory Perception (ESP) Is a Well-Established Scientific Phenomenon Myth #4 Visual Perceptions Are Accompanied by Tiny Emissions from the Eyes Myth #5 Subliminal Messages Can Persuade People to Purchase Products 2 FROM WOMB TO TOMB Myth #6 Playing Mozart’s Music to Infants Boosts Their Intelligence Myth #7 Adolescence Is Inevitably a Time of Psychological Turmoil Myth #8 Most People Experience a Midlife Crisis in | 8 Their 40s or Early 50s Myth #9 Old Age Is Typically Associated with Increased Dissatisfaction and Senility Myth #10 When Dying, People Pass through a Universal Series of Psychological Stages 3 A REMEMBRANCE OF THINGS PAST Myth #11 Human Memory Works like a Tape Recorder or Video Camera, and Accurate Events We’ve Experienced Myth #12 Hypnosis Is Useful for Retrieving Memories of Forgotten Events Myth #13 Individuals Commonly Repress the Memories of Traumatic Experiences Myth #14 Most People with Amnesia Forget All Details of Their Earlier Lives 4 TEACHING OLD DOGS NEW TRICKS Myth #15 Intelligence (IQ) Tests Are Biased against Certain Groups of People My th #16 If You’re Unsure of Your Answer When Taking a Test, It’s Best to Stick with Your Initial Hunch Myth #17 The Defining Feature of Dyslexia Is Reversing Letters Myth #18 Students Learn Best When Teaching Styles Are Matched......

Words: 130018 - Pages: 521

Free Essay

The Developments of 'Wrongful Birth' and 'Wrongful Life' in the Uk and Australia

...This article is published in a peer-reviewed section of the Utrecht Law Review The Use and Influence of Comparative Law in ‘Wrongful Life’ Cases Ivo Giesen* 1. Introduction** 1.1. Comparable stories of great grief In 1993, a South African boy named Brian Stewart was born severely handicapped. He suffers from ‘spina bifida’, a congenital defect to the lower spine, which negatively affects the nerve supply to the lower limbs, bladder and bowel. He suffers from a brain defect as well.1 In 1994, a Dutch girl named Kelly Molenaar was also born severely handicapped. By the time she was two-and-half-years old she was diagnosed as being retarded, autistic, not fully grown, not able to walk or talk, suffering from heart disease, bad hearing and poor eyesight and she was not able, at that time, to recognize her parents. She had been admitted to hospital on nine occasions due to continuous crying, believed to be caused by pain.2 Comparable stories about severely handicapped children can be found in several other countries as well. Both Brian and Kelly were not supposed to have been born in the sense that their mothers would have chosen for an abortion had they known in time about the birth defects their children would suffer. Brian’s mother would have undergone a termination of her pregnancy had the obstetrician and gynaecologist she consulted detected any abnormalities in the foetus and advised her thereof. Kelly’s mother had asked the obstetrician she consulted to carry out......

Words: 18173 - Pages: 73

Premium Essay

Research Methodologies in Supply Chain Management

...Research Methodologies in Supply Chain Management Herbert Kotzab ´ Stefan Seuring Martin Mçller ´ Gerald Reiner (Editors) Research Methodologies in Supply Chain Management In Collaboration with Magnus Westhaus With 71 Figures and 67 Tables Physica-Verlag A Springer Company Professor Dr. Herbert Kotzab Copenhagen Business School Department of Operations Management SCM-Group Solbjerg Plads 3 2000 Frederiksberg Denmark hk.om@cbs.dk PD Dr. Stefan Seuring PD Dr. Martin Mçller Supply Chain Management Center Institute of Business Administration Faculty of Business, Economics and Law Uhlhornsweg 26111 Oldenburg Germany stefan.seuring@uni-oldenburg.de martin.mueller@uni-oldenburg.de Dr. Gerald Reiner Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration Department of Production Management Nordbergstraûe 15 1090 Vienna Austria gerald.reiner@wu-wien.ac.at Cataloging-in-Publication Data Library of Congress Control Number: 2005924508 ISBN 3-7908-1583-7 Physica-Verlag Heidelberg New York This work is subject to copyright. All rights are reserved, whether the whole or part of the material is concerned, specifically the rights of translation, reprinting, reuse of illustrations, recitation, broadcasting, reproduction on microfilm or in any other way, and storage in data banks. Duplication of this publication or parts thereof is permitted only under the provisions of the German Copyright Law of September 9, 1965, in its current version, and permission for use must...

Words: 69166 - Pages: 277

Premium Essay

Kenworth Motors

...Publication details Lovell, K 2009, 'Strategic human resource management: what does it mean in practice?', DBA thesis, Southern Cross University, Lismore, NSW. Copyright K Lovell 2009 ePublications@SCU is an electronic repository administered by Southern Cross University Library. Its goal is to capture and preserve the intellectual output of Southern Cross University authors and researchers, and to increase visibility and impact through open access to researchers around the world. For further information please contact epubs@scu.edu.au. Strategic Human Resource Management: What does it mean in practice? Ken Lovellll Ken Love B Com (Industrial Relations), University of New South Wales B Soc Sc (Hons) (HRM), Southern Cross University A research thesis submitted to the Graduate College of Management, Southern Cross University, Australia, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Business Administration 15 May 2009 Statement of Original Authorship I certify that the substance of this thesis has not currently been submitted for any degree and has not previously being submitted for any other degree. I also certify that to the best of my knowledge any help received in preparing this thesis and all sources used have been acknowledged in this thesis. Signed ………………………………………………. Ken Lovell 15 May 2009 K Lovell: SHRM in Australia Page i Acknowledgements This study had its origins in my curiosity about the divergence that I perceived to exist......

Words: 108427 - Pages: 434

Premium Essay

Human Resource Management

...Publication details Lovell, K 2009, 'Strategic human resource management: what does it mean in practice?', DBA thesis, Southern Cross University, Lismore, NSW. Copyright K Lovell 2009 ePublications@SCU is an electronic repository administered by Southern Cross University Library. Its goal is to capture and preserve the intellectual output of Southern Cross University authors and researchers, and to increase visibility and impact through open access to researchers around the world. For further information please contact epubs@scu.edu.au. Strategic Human Resource Management: What does it mean in practice? Ken Lovellll Ken Love B Com (Industrial Relations), University of New South Wales B Soc Sc (Hons) (HRM), Southern Cross University A research thesis submitted to the Graduate College of Management, Southern Cross University, Australia, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Business Administration 15 May 2009 Statement of Original Authorship I certify that the substance of this thesis has not currently been submitted for any degree and has not previously being submitted for any other degree. I also certify that to the best of my knowledge any help received in preparing this thesis and all sources used have been acknowledged in this thesis. Signed ………………………………………………. Ken Lovell 15 May 2009 K Lovell: SHRM in Australia Page i Acknowledgements This study had its origins in my curiosity about the divergence that I perceived to......

Words: 108427 - Pages: 434

Premium Essay

Research on Internal Audit Participate in Risk Management-Based on the Erm Framework of Coso

...换一个你的 School of Management, University of Glamorgan Research on Internal Audit Participate in Risk Management-Based on the ERM Framework of COSO By: Weichen Zhu Candidate no: 学号 September 2012 Supervised by: 你导师的名字 The dissertation is submitted as part of the requirement for the award of Masters of Science: 你专业的名字 Declaration This Dissertation has been prepared on the basis of my own work and that where other published and unpublished source materials have been used, these have been acknowledged. Word Count: Student Name: __________________ Signature: ______________________ Date of Submission:______________ Acknowledgement This is my first time to go aboard for studying. During different campus life in the UK, it is wonderful with deep impression. I learned how to use my internal power to make things happen and how to live my own life. All efforts contribute to my growth, but I cannot forget people who encourage and help me. Probably, I am not happy to study in my whole postgraduate time without support. Firstly, I would like to thank my supervisor 你导师的名字. He helps me develop the ideas and complete this dissertation. Especially, when I make a survey in China, I communicate with him through email. Sometimes, I am afraid that my timetable could have bad effects on him. However, he usually gives me feedback as soon as possible. Therefore, I only use 20 days to finish my survey. This kind of strong professional ethic is worth to......

Words: 20009 - Pages: 81

Premium Essay

Psychological Assessment

...thesis has been supplied on condition that anyone who consults it is understood to recognise that its copyright rests with its author and that no quotation from the thesis and no information derived from it may be published without the prior written consent of the author’. This thesis may be made available for consultation within the University Library and may be photocopied or lent to other libraries for the purposes of consultation. …………………………… Contents Tables and Figures 2 Acknowledgements 3 Abstract 4 Preface 5 Introduction 13 Chapter 1 A Cultural Context 18 Chapter 2 An Autobiography 25 Chapter 3 Methodology 40 Chapter 4 The School's Action Research Cycles 89 Chapter 5 School Effectiveness and School Improvement 107 Chapter 6 Vignette 1 Alan Shelton a Teacher 'Par Excellence' 120 Chapter 7 Some More Vignettes 158 Chapter 8 A Personal Development Review 184 Chapter 9 The Circle is Completed 190 References 234 Vol 1.2 Appendices Appendix 1 An Historical Account of Development and Synergy of School Effectiveness and School Improvement 262 Appendix 2 Yr 11 Mentoring Report 286 Appendix 3 Soft Indicator Tool 291 Appendix 4 Raising Achievement Working Party 295 Appendix 5 My Personality as Seen by Others 300 Appendix 6 The History of My Teaching 306 Appendix...

Words: 170109 - Pages: 681

Premium Essay

Researching and Writing

.... ReseaRching and WRiting a disseRtation a guidebook foR business students Colin Fisher second edition . Researching and Writing a Dissertation: A Guidebook for Business Students . We work with leading authors to develop the strongest educational materials in management, bringing cutting-edge thinking and best learning practice to a global market. Under a range of well-known imprints, including Financial Times Prentice Hall, we craft high-quality print and electronic publications which help readers to understand and apply their content, whether studying or at work. To find out more about the complete range of our publishing, please visit us on the World Wide Web at: www.pearsoned.co.uk . Researching and Writing a Dissertation: A Guidebook for Business Students Second edition Colin Fisher with John Buglear Diannah Lowry Alistair Mutch Carole Tansley . Pearson Education Limited Edinburgh Gate Harlow Essex CM20 2JE England and Associated Companies throughout the world Visit us on the World Wide Web at: www.pearsoned.co.uk First published 2004 Second edition 2007 © Pearson Education Limited 2004 © Pearson Education Limited 2007 The right of Colin Fisher to be identified as author of this work has been asserted by him in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic,......

Words: 142971 - Pages: 572