Free Essay

Thomas Sumter

In: Historical Events

Submitted By jmcisco
Words 619
Pages 3
“Fighting Gamecock”

Have you ever wondered where the University of South Carolina’s official mascot, Carolina Gamecocks, came from? This influence came from none other than Thomas Sumter, a true hero of the Revolutionary War. Thomas gained this nickname for his vicious fighting tactics during the war.

"I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country" – Nathan Hale. This is a common feeling of the soldiers serving in the American Revolution War including Thomas Sumter. Thomas was both an American soldier and politician. He served in the French - Indian war, and Revolutionary war. He was also a merchant, planter, and politician.

Thomas was born Jan 14, 1734 in Hanover County, VA to William, an emigrant from Wales, and Elizabeth Sumter. He grew up in a cabin in Hanover County with his parents, two sisters and three brothers. In 1767, Thomas married Mary Jameson who gave birth to his only son, Thomas Sumter, Jr, in 1768. He received a basic education and went on to join the Virginia militia.

During his time with the Virginia militia, he served as a Sergeant in the Cherokee War. He took a business trip to London to appear before King George III. He served as an interpreter for the Cherokee Indians. In 1762, he returned back to the colonies at Charleston, SC. After he was in SC he took a quick trip back to Virginia. Thomas was arrested for some debt owed and escaped from jail returning to Charleston.

After he was back in South Carolina, he tried to get money from both the South Carolina and British government for his service in French and Indian War. The British government paid him for interpreting for the Cherokees in London before the King. Thomas used the money from the British to buy land on the Santee River.

He purchased land in the perfect location because of the traffic that came through as people travelled between Charleston and the frontier. He built a crossroads store to serve the people that were travelling. This was a very successful business which made him proud. Thomas courted and married a widow named Mary Jameson in the summer of 1767. Mary was eleven years older than Thomas. She was a crippled from a childhood disease. At the age of forty-five, Mary gave birth to their only son Thomas Sumter, Jr in August of 1768. Thomas and Mary lived a very happy life together.
Sumter showed his strength and courage during the snow campaign as the Patriot militia marched in the snow, rain, and ice. Richardson commented in his report to congress, Sumter, who on this expedition I constituted Adjutant General, who has behaved very well and has been to me and the cause, of extra service”

Colonel Tarleton sent Captain Charles Campbell to bring Sumter. Finding their prey gone, Captain Campbell’s men picked up the chair that Mary Sumter was sitting in and put her into the yard to witness the destruction of her house and farm.

Colonel Tarleton had “awaken a sleeping giant.” Sumter began organizing militia for guerilla-style, backcountry warfare against the British, and soon became known as the “fighting gamecock.” Sumter got the name from Lord Cornwallis and colonel Tarleton themselves because of his fierce nature. Other accounts contend that the Gillespie family. Famous for their cockfights, gave Sumter the nickname when came to recruit them for the patriot cause.

General Sumpter can be seen as illustrating the American dream of success. He rose above his humble background, coming to South Carolina as fleeing debtor and ending up as one of the state’s most notable military, political and civic leaders. Sumter died on June 1, 1832 at his mount plantation

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Thomas Sumter

...Troy University Senator Thomas Sumter “The Fighting Gamecock” Jennifer Mitchell US History to 1877 Professor Crews 10 May 2015 Thomas Sumter: Birthplace and Childhood Thomas Sumter was born near Charlottesville, Virginia on August 14, 1734 to William and Patience Sumter. Sumter received a limited education in common schools. As a boy, Sumter worked in his father’s mill. After the early death of his father, Sumter tended his mother’s sheep and plowed the fields of neighboring farms. There is not much information on Sumter’s early years. Some accounts portray Sumter during his teen years as a wild boy, given to drinking and gambling. However wild he was as a youth, adulthood proved Thomas Sumter to be a man of honor as soldier, a politician, and a businessman. Thomas Sumter: Brigadier General As an adult, Sumter joined the Virginia Militia in which he began a fascinating military career filled with many accomplishments. Some of the more interesting accomplishments included acting as an interpreter during a delegation between the Cherokee Indians and King George III and single handedly capturing a French emissary sent for the sole purpose of causing conflict between the British and the Cherokee. Sumter claimed many victories during the Revolutionary war and along the way sustained various injuries. His courage, confidence and feisty attitude on the battlefield and his strategy in guerrilla warfare earned him the nickname “the fighting......

Words: 525 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Thomas Sumter

...Sen. Thomas Sumter Sen. Thomas Sumter was born in Virginia, August 14, 1734, he was the son of William Patience Sumter. His life as a child was spent working with his father or just working in general. He then became a sergeant in the Virginia Militia he campaigned against the Cherokee Indians. He also served as an interpreter for the Cherokee Indians before king George the 3rd. He himself single handedly caught Baron Des Onnes, a french emissary sent to make trouble between the indians and british. He was put in prison because of an old debt, but escaped and started his own crossroad business and gained respect from the town and was released of his punishment in 1766. He had a son with a wealthy widow he married and opened up two more businesses. He has many accomplishments in his life before and after marriage such as; Captain in the "Snow Campaign" to subdue upcountry Tory Loyalist forces, 1776, Resigned commission as Commander of The Regiment, Continental Line, 1778, Repulsed in attack on Tumbull's camp at Rocky Mount, July 30, 1780, Defeated British at Hanging Rock, August 6,1780, destroying Prince of Wales Regiment, Defeated in surprise night attack by Tarleton at Fishing Creek, August 18, 1780, and Defeated Tarleton at Blackstock's, November 20, 1780. Wounded in back and chest. Sen. Thomas Sumter lived a very fulfilling life, as a child he was limited on his education, and in the end he became what his father was. He resigned his commission as brigadier general and...

Words: 385 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Team Evaluation

...Alabama. Private Richard H. Adams served as an officer during the Civil War with the 5th Alabama Infantry Regiment, he originally enlisted in the service in May of 1861. Richard H. Adams Jr. served in many different campaigns during his time in the services in addition to a role which included Richard H. Adams as being staff officer for Gen, Wheeler until he was captured in Nashville, Tennessee in September of 1863. Richard H. Adams Jr. was a prisoner of war (between the years 1863 through June 1865) and would later in history be considered one of the immortal 600. The immortal 600 were prisoners of war who were sent to Morris Island in Charleston Harbor which was an area that was in direct line of fire from the Confederate guns of fort Sumter. He eventually survived the war and went back home, where he married Lottie Putman and spent his days as an engineer and postmaster for Radford, Virginia. Richard H. Adams died in Radford, Virginia in October 1896. What remains of Richard H. Adams Jr. is 47 original letters dated from November 1863 to September 1866 all written by Richard H. Adams Jr. Including a manuscript dairy that he kept while serving the 5th Alabama Regiment in Virginia dated April 1862 - May 1862, transcriptions of two other diaries that were kept on which included a prison diary, a script of Wheelers raids which was written after war, a friendship book with fellow prisoners names, 2 pictures of Richard H. Adams Jr. and various clippings/documents. There were......

Words: 749 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Dogs of War

...In the novel “The Dogs of War,” Emory M. Thomas presents a valid argument that once the dogs of war are allowed to run free they turn into erratic and intolerable animals. His outlook describes how certain misunderstandings dominated the way the Union and Confederate states observed one another. Mr. Thomas’s reflection of the war explained how the war was created and gives details about the events that extended the nation’s first bloodbath. The analogy dogs of war were used to compare both sides failure to consider that things may not go as planned. According to the author, Abraham Lincoln underestimated the Southerners love for the south and Davis doubted the Northerners strength believing that the North would not even last through the first battle in the war. The purpose of this essay is to evaluate Emory M. Thomas’s argument on how America couldn’t handle something it had started; given that several martial moments had steered, extended and destroyed what we knew as the Union and the Confederate era; the art of not knowing or maybe just not even considering other possibilities were reasons why the American Civil war had transpired in the first place. Mr. Thomas insists that martial moments led up to the Civil War; one being the battle at Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina. According to Emory Thomas, the war that began that fateful April day had been coming for a long time. He explains that when Confederate general Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard Chestnut......

Words: 528 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Production Flow Chart Paper

...Flowchart Paper Assignment Sodney Theodore University of Phoenix Operations Management Abstract This paper will underline a flowchart of Bimbo Bakeries USA production process and how the business operates on a day-to-day basis. There will also be a metric chart that will show the amount of time it takes for each process to be completed within the production process. A short description of Bimbo Bakeries will also be addressed in this paper as well. Bimbo Bakeries is an International manufacturing company who specializes in producing products such as, Thomas muffins, Entenmanns cakes, and etc. They’re also one of the largest bakeries in the world, and they have bakeries in over a hundred countries. Bimbo has also purchased companies such as, Sara Lee and Hostees, they are expanding very quickly in the U.S. and around the world. Process The process that I perform on a daily basis at work is mixing, which is the second step in the process of producing muffins. Currently, in order to load the ingredients into the mixer, is manually. This concept to me takes up more time to complete, and I think there’s a faster way to complete this step. The type of process for this chart will be a multistage because it has many steps to complete within the process of production. According to the text, “A multiple stage process has multiple groups of activities that are linked through flows( Chase,Jacobs,Aquilano 2006)”. Metric Measure Performance Efficiency ...

Words: 264 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Daily Schedule for Hs Client

...year old son name Thomas. She is seeking help for herself and her son. Susan is suffering from depression and Thomas is acting out in school and being rebellious. Aside the fact the she is a single mother raising her son with minimum income and the father is not a part of their life. Thomas is starting to get into trouble at school and Susan is starting to feel overwhelmed and needs guidance how to handle Thomas and her emotional state. I have put together an outline to assist Susan, with getting her and Thomas back on track. 6:00- 6:15 a.m. Wake up with a different outlook, let’s start working on you first. 6:20- 6:35 a.m. Wake up Thomas, don’t fight with him. Inform Thomas that he has to go to school today and when he gets home were going to make a new start for ourselves. 6:40- 7:00 a.m. Grab some coffee and start to journal. Journal about all of the things that’s on your mind, son, your career, ex-husband and how all of this makes you feel. 7:05- 7:35 a.m. Leave what you wrote all of those feelings on the page and start you day, shower, apply make-up and off to work you go. 9:00- 9:15 a.m. Call my office to schedule an appointment for you and Thomas 5:00- 5:30 p.m. Take a deep breath and head home. 6:00- 6:30 p.m. Ask Thomas can you talk with him, don’t demand and discuss with him that you have made an appointment for the two of you to come see me and you hope he will go with you. At this point it is not to antagonize Thomas or make him......

Words: 482 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Into the World

...Into the World Essay – DRAFT ESSAY QUESTION: Individuals venturing into new experience may encounter obstacles, but may also gain significant rewards. Do you agree with this perspective? Discuss this view with reference to your prescribed text and at least ONE other related text of your choosing. The concept of ‘Into the World’ invariably involves the transitions of individuals into new phases of life, worlds and experiences in order to attain growth, maturation and emotional development. During this transition individuals may encounter obstacles, but also gain personal rewards resulting in growth and maturity. The prescribed text, novel ‘The Story of Tom Brennan’ written by JC Burke and two related texts, film ‘The Black Balloon’ produced by Tristram Miall and ‘The Road Not Taken’ written by Robert Frost, clearly display these misadventures and the rewards achieved once overcoming them. In difficult times individuals have must leave behind their old life and the safety it once provided in order to fully accept and enjoy their new life. In the novel ‘The Story of Tom Brennan’, Tom’s family is forced to leave the comfort of their hometown Mumbilli and move to Coghill due the selfish actions of his brother Daniel. Symbolism throughout this novel highlights the suffering of Tom and his family. “My father closed the door…for the last time”, this symbolic act and the secrecy in the way the Brennan family leave Mumbilli reveals the families remorse about the situation,......

Words: 1059 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Community Health

...Community Health Nursing Assessment Western Governors University Community Health Nursing Assessment A1. Community Description Hernando County is located in west central Florida. The county was officially established on February 27, 1843. It was created from portions of Alachua, Hillsborough and Orange Counties and centered between Citrus County to the north and Pasco County to the south. Its county seat is Brooksville and its largest community is unincorporated Spring Hill. According to “Hernando County History” 2010, the county has a total area of 589.08 square miles, of which 478.31 square miles is land and 110.77 square miles is water. Hernando County is a relative small community but is known for its wild life and national parks. Chassahowitzka National Wildlife Refuge is a National protected area of Hernando, and Weeki Wachee Springs (home of the mermaids) along with Withlacoochee State Forest are State protected areas. The county is known best for its nature preserves and is called the Nature Coast of Florida. This community has a census of 173,000 people, 93,425 households, and 79,575 families residing in this community (U.S. Census Bureau, August 16, 2009). The racial makeup of the community is 92.85% white, 4.07% black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, and 0.98% from other races. It is also estimated that out of the 55,425......

Words: 2505 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Causes of Revolution

...|[pic] |Syllabus | | |College of Humanities | | |HIS/115 | | |U.S. History to 1865 | Copyright © 2011, 2009, 2008 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved. Course Description This course provides an overview of the social, political, economic, and global events that have shaped the American scene from colonial times through the Civil War period. Policies Faculty and students/learners will be held responsible for understanding and adhering to all policies contained within the following two documents: • University policies: You must be logged into the student website to view this document. • Instructor policies: This document is posted in the Course Materials forum. University policies are subject to change. Be sure to read the policies at the beginning of each class. Policies may be slightly different depending on the modality in which you attend class. If you have recently changed modalities, read the policies governing your current......

Words: 5001 - Pages: 21

Free Essay

American Innovators

...Great American Innovators America has gone through great change from its foundation to present day. Many people have helped to shape the great country in which we proudly call home. Our nation has produced some of the great innovators who shaped the industrial revolution, modern day communications and the use of electric light bulb. The simplest things that we take for granted once were the greatest innovations of their time. Thomas Edison, Alexander Graham Bell and Henry Ford are three of the greatest men that have contributed directly to a many things that we use in our day to day lives and without these men we would not be the advanced society that we are today. Reaching for a light switch is something we do every day. This is possible due to the contribution of Thomas Alva Edison, the inventor of the light bulb. Edison was born on February 11, 1847, in Milan, Ohio (Frith 5). He did not attain a formal education due to the poor family in which he was raised instead he started working on the railroad at age 12(Frith 14). Although Edison did not complete school, he continued to learn and experiment. Edison set up a printing press in the baggage car on the train and sold his own newspaper to the passengers (Frith 17). He retold the news from one end of the rail line to the other end of the rail line, allowing the people to be better informed of their neighboring towns. He was also able to have a small lab to perform scientific experiments, at least until his......

Words: 1679 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Tax Suppported Education

...Tax Supported Education In today’s society, we do not think twice about public education being funded by our taxes at a district, state or federal level. We take for granted expected rights such as education and the right to vote. When we stop and take a look back at history, we realize that the expectation of education was not always a birth right but one that developed due to our ancestors realizing the effect an education (or lack of an education) can have on society. The involvement of Government supported schools began after the Revolution but expanded in the 19th century. By 1870, all states had free elementary schools. Originally, the tax supported schools were limited and existed chiefly to educate the children of the poor (Kennedy, Cohen & Bailey, 2013). The founders of our nation recognized that educated, well-informed citizens are fundamental to a democratic form of government. Well-to-do, conservative Americans came to realize that uneducated children grow up and influence society with their vote. Taxation for education was an insurance premium that the wealthy paid for stability and democracy” (Kennedy, Cohen & Bailey, 2013). The United States was also different in the fact that our citizens were not from the same background. Unlike citizens in other countries, who shared the same ethnic background or culture, Americans would need to base their national identity on shared ideas such as a belief in democracy and equality and on the common......

Words: 601 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Timeline Matrix Part I

...Major Event/Epoch in American History | Time Period/Date(s) | Description and Significance of the People/Event(s) to American History | 1) Describe three different American Indian cultures prior to colonization. | 17,000B.C.–1492A.D. | One American Indian culture that existed prior to colonization was the Paleo-Indians. These were highly nomadic people who hunted mastodons, woolly mammoths, and other mammals of similar size with spears. They had nomadic tendencies, which led them to live a rather isolated way of life. This helped to avoid the spread of some extremely contagious diseases and allowed families to survive (Brands, 2012, p. 5). Another pre-colonization culture was the Plains Indians. This particular culture survived by using a combination of hunting, gathering, and farming. This development led to the establishment of villages near river valleys that assisted in the influx of population. The conditions in which the lived were optimal for multi-generation survival (Brands, 2012, p. 7). A third American Indian culture that thrived prior to colonization was the Aztecs. They were able to build enormous cities with complex governments, ruled by aggressive men. The Aztecs successfully developed their own hieroglyphic writing as well as a genuine solar calendar. Over time they conquered a great number of foes across the Valley of Mexico and participated in the practice of human sacrifice, which aligned with the maintenance of their crops. They considered human......

Words: 2870 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Thomas Jefferson

...The Dividing Declaration The Declaration of Independence was written in 1776, to declare to the world, that the British colonies in America were declaring themselves as an independent nation. What made this document so profound, was the reference to the laws of nature and the rights that man had to life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness. In the Declaration of Independence written by Thomas Jefferson, the author composes a document that changed the history of humanity by including rhetorical devices, such as, imagery, anaphoras, and capitilization. In Jefferson's document, he uses imagery as one of his rhetorical devices for an effective understanding of what he was experiencing or going through. This rhetorical device gives a clear picture of how the way things worked when he was in Great Britain and how it became completely necessary to dissolve the political bands between Britain and the United States. “He has refused Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good” (Jefferson 263). This develops an image of the King sitting on his thrown while people are not even given the necessary needs for living. By stating that sentence as a visual concept, it has caused readers to think about how harsh the people were treated by the king. Throughout the passage there are many statements that create a vivid idea of what Jefferson tries to get across in his passage. Another device used throughout Jefferson's passage are anaphoras, which assist into......

Words: 461 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Do You Agree with the View That Henry Viiis Foreign Policy in the Years 1514-25 Failed Because He Lacked the Resources to Fulfil His Aims?

...Do you agree with the view that Henry VIIIs foreign policy in the years 1514-25 failed because he lacked the resources to fulfill his aims? The failure of foreign policy in the years 1514-1525 can be attributed to many factors. Undoubtedly, the lack of resources was one of the main factors that contributed to the failure of Henry's foreign policy. However there are other factors that contributed to Henry being unable to fulfil his aims. Sources 4 and 6, both support the fact that the foreign policy did fail because of the lack of resources to fulfill the King’s aims. However all sources also suggest other possibilities to Henry's failed foreign policy. As soon as Henry took the throne in 1509, it was obvious that he was a king that wanted to fight a war, perhaps to show off his power. However, wars generally led to very expensive costs to the country. Henry's father, Henry VII, left the country in quite a stable state economically, but Henry devoted most of England's money into his campaigns to take over France. To some extent source 4 supports the idea that the foreign policy did fail due to the lack of resources, because it states that “the young warrior family accepted the fact that royal finances could not support a repetition of the campaign of 1513”. This quote implies that lack of resources seems to be the dominant reason for stopping Henry from invading France and therefore source 4 supports the statement to some extent. In the years 1514-25, it's clear that Henry...

Words: 1883 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Info Quiz1

...1 The process of defining relationships among data to create useful information requires ______ knowledge 2 _____ are people who create, use, and disseminate knowledge and are usually professionals in science, engineering, business, and other areas. Knowledge workers 3 Data that can be used for a variety of purposes is said to be ______. Flexible 4 In information systems, _____ is used to make changes to input or processing activities. Feedback 5 ____ consists of computer programs that govern the operation of the computer. Software 6 An _____ is a network based on Web technologies that allows only selected outsiders, such as business partners and customers, to access authorized resources of a company’s intranet. Extranet 7 ____ is (are) considered to be the most important element in a computer-based information system. People 8 ___ involves using information systems and the Internet to acquire parts and supplies. e-procurement 9 A set of integrated programs that manages vital business operations for an entire multisite, global organization. enterprise resource planning system 10 A(n) _____ is an organized collection of people, procedures, software, databases, and devices that support problem-specific decision making. DSS 11 The ______ is an organized collection of people, procedures, software, databases, and devices to create, store, share, and use the organization’s knowledge and experience. knowledge management system 12 _____ is a branch of...

Words: 540 - Pages: 3