Premium Essay

Three Kingdoms of Korea

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Petersbm06
Words 1043
Pages 5
Three Kingdoms Period of Korea

The Three Kingdoms period of Korea is an important part of world history. This research paper will describe the three kingdoms of Korea, from 57 Before Common Era until 688 Common Era into the Unified Silla Kingdom period. The history and art from these periods will be discussed in order to show the impact it has had on the Korean culture. This paper will show the Influence China had when the Koreans created their empire and works of art.
The Three Kingdoms period of Korea began in 57 BCE due, in part, to the Chinese occupation of the western peninsula. There were many tribes in Korea, prior to 100 BCE, when the Chinese fought and gained control of the western peninsula. The strongest of all the Korean tribes were migratory hunters known as the Koguryo tribe. (Korean Enigma, 2004). The Koguryo tribe was a difficult adversary for the Chinese and made it difficult to for them to keep their stronghold. The Chinese were forced to leave their three outposts in Korea, giving the territory back to the Koguryo tribe. The Koguryo tribe overtook the Chinese, Okcho and Ye tribes, and incorporated them into their own. The powerful Koguryo tribe continued battling the Chinese and eventually conquered half of Manchuria. (Korean Enigma, 2004). The Han Tribes also occupied Korea during this period. With the defeat of the Chinese, the Hans branched out and formed two separate kingdoms, Paekche and Silla. The Three Kingdoms of Korea included Koguryo, Paekche, and Silla. The three kingdoms had many similar characteristics; they were mainly agricultural economies which grew rice and other grains in order to trade. They may have spoken different languages and had different cultural views. (Korean History). At the time, Koguryo was largest of the kingdoms and used its size to conquer parts of China. When they reached the portion of the Chinese Empire...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Music in Korea

...Open main menu Last edited 29 days ago by Aleaxwordernen Music of Korea EditWatch this page This page has some issues Korean.Music-Parade-01.jpg Traditional Korean music includes combinations of the folk, vocal, religious and ritual music styles of the Korean people. Korean music, along with arts, painting and sculpture has been practiced since prehistoric times.[1] Two distinct musical cultures exist in Korea today: traditional music (Gugak) and Western music (yangak). The history of Korean music is divided into three Terran periods: ancient, medieval and modern. The first period, or the ancient one, dates from the ancient tribal states to the foundation of Goryeo dynasty. The distinguishing characteristics of this period can be found in the development of akkamu (music, songs, and dance) comprising the kamu (singing and dancing) or angmu (music and dance) performed in the worship rites of heaven and Earth of the ancient society, the introduction of some instruments from Central Asia during the Three Kingdoms period (57 B.C.-668 AD), and the development of hyangakki (indigenous instruments) in each of the Three Kingdoms. Thus, in southern Manchuria, music and dance developed in worship rites and rituals such as the Yonggo of the Buyeo state, the Dongmaeng of the Goguryeo state, and the Much'on of the Ye tribal state, while in the Samhan, the Kip'ungje provides an example of song and dance in connection with an agricultural ritual. Thus, the religious song and......

Words: 448 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Business

...Classified as a Ural-Altaic language, Korean is currently spoken by nearly 78 million people worldwide. In addition to being the primary language in both North and South Korea, Korean is also spoken in parts of China, Japan, Brazil and Australia. Like many languages, the history of Korean can be divided into three distinct eras: Old Korean, Middle Korean and Modern Korean. The era of Old Korean spans a period known as the Three Kingdoms of Korea, which began with the Common Era and ended in about 1000 CE. During the Three Kingdoms, the Korean peninsula was divided into three distinct regions: * Goguryeo, which spanned the northern and middle area of the Korean peninsula; * Baekje, located in the southwestern region; * Silla, in the southeastern zone. This regional divide soon triggered the development of Korean dialects, as regional differences in culture nuanced Old Korean. While the Korean language was evolving, the Silla dialect was adopted as the standard form of the language. This period of time was also marked by the using Chinese ideograms, so-called Hanja. Hanja is the Korean name for Chinese characters (hanzi).[1] More specifically, it refers to those Chinese characters borrowed from Chinese and incorporated into the Korean language with Korean pronunciation. Middle Korean (중세국어, 中世國語) corresponds to Korean spoken from the 10th to 16th centuries, or from the era of Goryeo to the middle of Joseon. The language standard of this period is based on......

Words: 624 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

North Korea Economy

...North Korea (officially named the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, or DPRK) is a single-party Communist state in south-east Asia, ruled since 1949 by the Korean Workers' Party (KWP). Regarded by many in the international community as a pariah state (meaning that it is an outcast), North Korea has in recent years become increasingly poverty-stricken, with many of its citizens having barely enough food to survive. The KWP is kept in power largely thanks to a combination of international concern for North Korean citizens and the patronage of the Chinese government, which exports large quantities of food to North Korea in return for KWP assistance in certain areas. Until the 1990's, North Korea also received significant quantities of aid from Russia, but the fall of communism in that country led to this aid being almost entirely stopped, the catalyst for many of the recent problems in North Korea. It is widely speculated that North Korea's entire economy would collapse virtually instantly if China withdrew its current level of support. In almost every measure of prosperity, North Korea lags far behind most other countries. Barbara Demick points out in her book Nothing to envy: real lives in North Korea that "if you look at satellite photographs of the Far East by night, you'll see a large splotch curiously lacking in light. This area of darkness is the Democratic People's Republic of Korea" (Demick, 2010, page 3). The country has a strong centrally-controlled economy that...

Words: 1490 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

North Korea Foreign Policy Essay

...foreign policy and isolation: North Korea is, as stated by Bruce Cummings in North Korea – Another Country, “The Author of most of its own troubles”. The country is close to entirely isolated from the rest of the world maintaining only small contact with certain nations. Since the ceasefire of the Korean War, North Korea has become increasingly detached from the majority of the world; however what factors have led to this increased isolation? The heavy bombing of the North during the war, the continued existence of missiles aimed at the North, the fall of the Soviet Union, the Carter and Clinton governments steps on reconciliation with North Korea and the Bush Governments seemingly polaric policy re-opening tension with the nation, have all played a role in North Korea’s isolation but to what extent? The Korean War was, as the Cold War of the same era, an ideological clash between the two main systems, Communism and Democracy. The North, as a communist country, was an enemy of the United States in this Ideological Clash however the Korean War was, as stated by Bruce Cummings in his 2004 novel, North Korea – Another Country, “A War fought by Koreans for Korean goals”. Bruce Cummings is the most prominent western historian to write about North Korea and several of his books are on required reading lists for subjects at the Korean University in Seoul. Cummings presents a sympathetic view to North Korea’s scenario as a “hermit kingdom” and with a large exposure to the......

Words: 1689 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Jukes of Jap

...All about Japan Japan formally Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku, literally "[the] State of Japan") is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. The characters that make up Japan's name mean "sun-origin", which is why Japan is often referred to as the "Land of the Rising Sun". Japan is a stratovolcanic archipelago of 6,852 islands. The four largest islands are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku, which together comprise about ninety-seven percent of Japan's land area. Japan has the world's tenth-largest population, with over 126 million people. Honshū's Greater Tokyo Area, which includes the de facto capital of Tokyo and several surrounding prefectures, is the largest metropolitan area in the world, with over 30 million residents. Japan first appears in written history in the Chinese Book of Han. According to the Records of the Three Kingdoms, the most powerful kingdom on the archipelago during the 3rd century was called Yamataikoku. Buddhism was first introduced to Japan from Baekje of Korea, but the subsequent development of Japanese Buddhism was primarily influenced by China. Despite early resistance, Buddhism was promoted by the ruling class and gained widespread acceptance beginning in the Asuka period (592–710). Japan is a constitutional monarchy where the power of......

Words: 639 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Confucianism

...referring to Confucianism. Later, during the Han Dynasty, Confucian thought was the basis of the rules and laws in China but, was quickly discarded for Buddhism. Eventually, a blend of Buddhism, Daoism, and Confucianism was made to create laws and establish peace by emphasizing how relationships should be in terms of family. There a five principal relationships: husband and wife, parent and child, elder and younger siblings or all younger persons, ruler and subject, and friend and friend. The Golden Rule, “What you do not want done to yourself, do not do to others,” is also part of the philosophy. Through righteous behavior and epitomizing right relationships, harmony is established in the person and the kingdom. Confucianism also includes the concept of the divine: Men should have three awes: Heaven’s decree, great men, and saints (past thinkers or ancestors.) The philosophy goes against war and enforcement of too many laws, believing that the people will live in harmony any govern themselves. Confucianism in China used to be the most significant thing in their life. It affected everything from education and government, to behaviors in public and private life. Around the time Confucius was born, China was constantly at war as well as being politically indecisive, causing the people to lose respect for the established behavioral guidelines. Between A.D. 200 and 600, Confucian beliefs...

Words: 574 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

South Korea Should Be a Nuclear Weapon State

...The rising concern of North Korea and its threat to the world with nuclear tests is apparently in need to meet a new and practical solution. Six countries just sitting down trying to negotitate but ending up nowhere is not the measure the world wants. Over years, United States and South Korea has tried to soothe the temper of North Korea but it never seemed to work. In fact, it only allowed the rogue state to be a bad tempered infant, throwing temper whenever things do not go the way they want. Such provovative acts resulted in actual victims and death of South korean people. For example, the cheon-An crisis took away over 40 soldiers, who were someone's father, son or beloved sibling. Now, North Korea dropped off from the NPT and is trying to throw its temper again, but this time harder. The rising tension between the two Koreas is making citizens feel frustrated, especially those living near the northern end of South Korea. Something must be done, but this time something practical. In this sense, a new meausre to suppress North Korea, not to soothe, is in need. In other words, South Korea must become a nuclear weapon state for the following three reasones: the impossibility of the world changing into a world without nuclear weapons, the need to safeguard against North Korea and lastly the contribution to peace through nuclear paradox. Firstly, the contemporary society cannot be fully disarmed with nuclear weapons and thus a more practical alternative should be seeked......

Words: 1027 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Wal-Mart's Globalization Efforts

...Wal-Mart's Globalization Efforts Over the years Wal-Mart has grown by leaps and bounds. Their presents has now been seen in "thirteen international markets" (Ball, Donald A.; Geringer, J. Michael; Minor, Michael S.; McNett, Jeanne M. 395). They began in Mexico, in 1991. From there they moved into Canada (1994), Hong Kong (1994), Brazil (1995), Argentina (1995), China (1996), Indonesia (1996), Germany (1998), South Korea (1998), the United Kingdom (1999), Japan (2002), Guatemala (2005), El Salvador (2005), Honduras (2005), Nicaragua (2005), Costa Rica (2005) and India (2007). Although they were not successful in every market, Wal-Mart is looking towards the future and the possibility of moving into Russia and South Africa. 1991 Wal-Mart made its first appearance in the international market in Mexico City. "The company used a 50-50 joint venture" (Ball, Donald A.; Geringer, J. Michael; Minor, Michael S.; McNett, Jeanne M. 396). Although they were not a new chain, Wal-Mart still made a few mistakes when entering a new country. "They had a huge American-style parking lot… [however] customers came in via buses not cars" (Mahajan-Bansal). They also made mistakes with product mix, trying to sell products that were not needed and sometimes not usable. They quickly figured out how to solve these small problems and Wal-Mart is now the number one retailer in Mexico (Mahajan-Bansal). 1994 Wal-Mart "entered Canada by acquiring 122 Woolco stores" (Ball, Donald A.;......

Words: 1626 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Strama

...because of creating a new online market place. World wide web also broaden markets to include people and organizations that otherwise would not have known of buying or selling opportunities. Ebay has been moving into areas of service and creating global network. II. MAIN PROBLEM E-bay has become critical to their revenues and profits especially to South Korea, Germany and the United Kingdom. III. SECONDARY PROBLEM * Other online sellers and auction sites provide competition. * Taxes on online sales have been imposed in some countries. IV. OBJECTIVES * To create a product or service that is new to market. * To provide service in the easiest way. * To expand E-bay internationally and globally. V. SWOT ANALYSIS STRENGHTS | WEAKNESSES | * Continued to innovate, providing new sites and services. * E-bay purchased PayPal. * Free service * Technology became a core strength for E-bay. * E-bay offers a wide variety of features that enable members to buy and sell on the site quickly and conveniently. * Top online automobile site. | * International business in Korea, Germany and UK has been critical. * There was so much traffic on the website. * E-bay site went dark for 22 hours resulting in lost fees of $4 million. | OPPORTUNITIES | THREATS | * E-bay changed their strategy in China by entering into a joint venture with a local company. | * Other online sellers and auction sites provide competition. ......

Words: 1156 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Korea

...Korea, called Hanguk (Korean: 한국; Hanja: 韓國) in South Korea and Joseon (Korean: 조선; Hanja: 朝鮮) in North Korea, is an East Asian territory that is divided into two distinct sovereign states, North Korea (aka, DPRK or Democratic People's Republic of Korea) and South Korea (aka, ROK or Republic of Korea). Located on the Korean Peninsula, Korea is bordered by China to the northwest and Russia to the northeast. It is separated from Japan to the east by the Korea Strait and the Sea of Japan (East Sea). The adoption of the Chinese writing system ("Hanja" in Korean) in the 2nd century BC and the introduction of Buddhism in the 4th century AD had profound effects on the Three Kingdoms of Korea, which was first united during the Silla (57 BC – AD 935) under the King Munmu. The united Silla fell to Goryeo in 935 at the end of the Later Three Kingdoms. Goryeo was a highly cultured state and created the Jikji in the 14th century. The invasions by the Mongolians in the 13th century, however, greatly weakened the nation, which was forced to become a tributary state. After the Mongol Empire's collapse, severe political strife followed. The Ming-allied Choseon emerged supreme in 1388. The first 200 years of Choseon were marked by relative peace and saw the creation of the Korean Hangul alphabet by King Sejong the Great in the 14th century and the increasing influence of Confucianism. During the later part of the dynasty, however, Korea's isolationist policy earned it the Western nickname......

Words: 398 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

History Korea

...complex, shifting, and historic relations between these areas, as well as relations with other places such at the United Sates in more recent times, the history of Korea has been told in many ways and is still the subject of hot debate both inside and outside the Koreas. North and South Korea have different versions of the peninsula’s history, both of which differ in detail and perspective from histories written in China, Japan, Russia, and the USA. The following sections, which attempt to outline the history in a balanced way, are based on a variety of materials, including lectures attended in a special workshop on Korean culture at Korea University in the summer of 1997. Map of Korea The overall pattern of development in the history of the Korean peninsula is a process that begins with an unknown number of early tribal groups that populate the peninsula in prehistoric times, wandering out of Siberia and areas to the west. Over time, some of these groups form more complex societies that eventually result in early kingdoms that grow up on the peninsula; in some cases extending westwards into what is now Chinese territory. As time and events unfolded, these kingdoms were unified, though the borders and degree of unity have continued to change over time—down to today. Besides the obvious split between North and South Korea, cultural differences (including dialect, food, and local identity) exist between the various regions of the peninsula. In some cases these differences are......

Words: 13044 - Pages: 53

Premium Essay

Nuclear Weapon

...investigating phosphorescence in uranium salts when he discovered a new phenomenon which came to be called radioactivity. He,with his fellow scientists began investigating the phenomenon. In the process, they isolated the element radium, which is highly radioactive. They discovered that radioactive materials produce intense, penetrating rays of three distinct sorts, which they labeled alpha, beta, and gamma after the Greek letters. Soon they were declared to be harmful when used in large amounts. All the early researchers received various radiation burns, much like sunburn, and thought little of it. Gradually it was realized that the radiation produced by radioactive decay was ionizing radiation, and that even quantities too small to burn posed a severe long-term hazard. Many of the scientists working on radioactivity died of cancer as a result of their exposure. When discovered on the eve of World War II, this insight led multiple countries to begin programs investigating the possibility of constructing an atomic bomb — a weapon which utilized fission reactions to generate far more energy than could be created with chemical explosives. The Manhattan Project, run by the United States with the help of the United Kingdom and Canada, developed multiple fission weapons which were used against Japan in 1945. During the project, the first fission reactors were developed as well, though they were primarily for weapons manufacture and did not generate electricity. The first......

Words: 632 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Marketing Management Unit 5

...merger of both companies but was later changed to the Costco Wholesale Corporation in 1999. The concept of offering membership to consumers was initiated by the Price Company but carried on through the merger. James Sinegal has remained the company’s president and chief executive officer since 1983. His mission is to continually provide Costco’s members with quality goods and services at the lowest possible prices. (Costco.com, n.d.) The company has continued to be a leader in the service industry, this is reflected in the 66.5 million memberships it has worldwide. (Costco.com, n.d.) Although the company originated in the United States, it has expanded its business internationally. Warehouses can be found in Canada, Australia, Korea and Mexico to name a few. Aside from the United States, Canada and Mexico offer many locations, consumers can find eighty two warehouses in nine Canadian provinces and thirty two in eighteen Mexican states....

Words: 1213 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Charles and Keith

...beginnings in 1996 at a 500 square feet store in Amara Shopping Centre Singapore, CHARLES & KEITH has made significant growth over the years. Since its launch in 1996, CHARLES & KEITH has been churning out ladies accessories and footwear. To date, its retail presence spans a wide variety of countries from Asia, Middle East, Africa and Europe, [2] and its online store [3] ships to over 70 different destinations around the globe. Contents * 1 Origins and history * 2 Manufacturing and distribution * 3 Design and development * 4 Global stores * 5 Online store * 6 References * 7 External links Origins and history The first CHARLES & KEITH store was opened in 1996 in Amara Shopping Centre, Singapore. Within three years of its first store opening, CHARLES & KEITH expanded to a total of 10 stores located island-wide. Seeing the potential for further expansion, CHARLES & KEITH embarked on its venture into the international market with the first store opening in Indonesia in 1998, followed by the Philippines during 2001. [4] In 2004, CHARLES & KEITH expanded out of Asia into the Middle East when it opened a store in Dubai. [5] Since then, it continued to steadily expand into new markets across Asia, Middle East, Africa and Europe over the next 10 years. In 2010, the brand stepped into the Greater China market. In 2011, CHARLES & KEITH sold a 20 per cent stake to L Capital Asia, the private equity arm of LVMH, for a figure......

Words: 653 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Origin of English Language

...Nigeria | Malaysia | Portugal | New Zealand | Philippines | Angola | Ghana | Papua New Guinea | France | USA | United Arab Emirates | Italy | Canada | Israel | Ukraine | Guyana | Kenya | Russia | Grenada | Tanzania | Poland | Trinidad and Tobago | Botswana | Greece | England | Uganda | China | Scotland | Mexico | Japan | Ireland | India | Hungary | Wales | Brunei | Vatican City | Sierra Leone | Cameroon | Cyprus | Liberia | Samoa | Brazil | Jamaica | Qatar | Argentina | South Africa | Malawi | Colombia | St Vincent | Malta | Venezuela | St Lucia | Mauritius | Egypt | St Christopher and Nevis | Thailand | Morocco | Barbados | Indonesia | Cote D’ Ivorie | Bahamas | Puerto Rico | Togo | Antigua | South Korea | Chile | Zambia | Vanuatu | | Zimbabwe | Tonga | | Fiji | Kuwait | | Singapore | Seychelles | | Countries that speak English as a foreign language are French speaking countries, Arabic speaking countries, Spanish speaking countries, Portuguese speaking countries, Italian speaking countries, Mandarin,...

Words: 1432 - Pages: 6