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Title IX Gender Equality

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On the day of June 23, 1972 Title IX of the Education Amendments was enacted by Congress and signed into law by United States President Richard Nixon. On this monumental day, women across the entire United States would no longer be discriminated on the basis of sex. Thirty-seven that would change everything, "No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance." This landmark federal statute was considered the most important step for gender equality since the right to vote given in the 19th Amendment. Hawaii congresswoman, Patsy T. Mink worked tirelessly by …show more content…
Most schools took this denial of funds to heart however, no institution has actually lost any federal money for violating this law. The Department of Education, students and their parents have sued various schools for Title IX violations, when this has occurred federal funding has been delayed and schools have had to pay considerable monetary damages as well as attorneys court cost. It should be noted the amendment nor the compliance standards did not specify pay for coaches of women's teams or the facilities for their athletes.Economically, the promise of Title IX has not been fully executed as women continue to earn 25 percent less than men over their entire careers regardless of their level of educational. Additionally, female athletes still trail behind males in scholarship opportunities even though there are currently over $1 million in scholarships for women at Division 1 schools. However, it has been estimated males receive $133 million more yearly in athletic scholarships. Another current widely publicized pay issue is that of the United States National Soccer teams. The National soccer teams were paid $35 million for the last men’s champions, and only $2 million for the women’s. The women's national team has put forth an effort to bring to the attention of society. They would like “ Equal pay for equal play.” Title IX …show more content…
Mink have allowed many advancement opportunities for women since its passage in 1972. Her own daughter, Wendy Mink was able to become a professor, author and activist through the opportunities afforded her through Title IX. Such other advancement opportunities include triple the women’s college enrollment and increased participation in sports by more than ten times. Female students currently outnumber male students in colleges and universities 4 to 3. Females also have been noted to achieve 60 percent of undergraduate degrees as well as 60 percent of the master's degrees. In 1979, the Department of Health, Education and Welfare provided compliance standards for athletics know as the Three-Prong Test. This standards included the following guidelines for Title IX: 1) Female sports participation must be comparable to the school female enrollment. 2) The school must show documented efforts to expand the sports offered for women and 3) The female athletes interest and abilities must be effectively accommodated as recorded by regularly conducted surveys. Several reports have documented female athletes through their various opportunities allowed through the passage of Title IX , have higher levels of self esteem, a lower rate of teenage pregnancy and fewer health related problems as a result of improved access to athletic opportunities. However, female athletes still lag behind males in

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