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Toilet Training

In: Other Topics

Submitted By jmbittner12
Words 1482
Pages 6
Jordan Bittner
May 14, 2012
Research Paper
My research topic was on toilet training for toddlers, which is very important in the early years of children. I have never done any research on toilet training so this was all very new information and definitely well-needed. There is so much information on toilet training that I will go into later on in my paper. Information on toilet training is very important for parents, caregivers, siblings, babysitters, and day care centers. Anyone who is going to be around young toddlers should have vast amounts of knowledge on the subject and plenty of experience.
I introduced the potty to Emma when she was 18 months. I bought her one of those small potty chairs and explained to her this was her special potty. At this time I didn't yet push the potty we were just introducing it to her. I also would let her watch me use the toilet and explain to her "Mommy was going pee-pee on the potty like big girls do!"
We will start with the basics to get full understanding of the topic. Toilet training is training a young child to use the toilet. Learning to use the toilet is a big step for toddlers and it can be difficult for some. Some children just seem to train themselves when they are ready, but many need some help from their parents. Parents see toilet training as an important milestone for their children and often become very concerned if it doesn't all go smoothly. For toddlers it is something new to learn. It is one of the steps from being a baby to fitting in with what other people want.
A child isn’t ready for potty training until he/she is both physically ready and mentally ready. There are many signs that will show that the child is ready for potty training. A few of them include your child seems interested in the potty chair or toilet your child says that he or she would like to go to the potty, your child understands and follows basic instructions, your child feels uncomfortable if his or her diaper is wet or soiled, your child stays dry for periods of 2 hours or longer during the day our child wakes up from naps with a dry diaper, your child can pull his or her pants down and then up again (Family Doctor, 2010).
There isn’t one correct way to potty training- as long as you are patient and positive. Parents need to be sure that they are just as ready as the toddler is and be sure to give the child their full attention and support. More than 80 percent of toddlers experience setback in potty training. It is important to not seem disappointed in your child if they have an “accident”.
“I introduced the potty to Emma when she was 18 months. I bought her one of those small potty chairs and explained to her this was her special potty. At this time I didn't yet push the potty we were just introducing it to her. I also would let her watch me use the toilet and explain to her "Mommy was going pee-pee on the potty like big girls do!"
Why does the topic behavior occur or why do toddlers behave in such a way?
Sigmund Freud discusses why this behavior occurs which is during the anal stage. The anal stage is the second stage in Freud’s theory of psychosexual development, lasting from 18 months to 3 years old. This stage is the primary zone controlling bladder and bowl movement. Toilet training is the most common conflict issue during this stage (Cherry, 2012). The child needs to learn to control his or her bodily needs. By doing so, it will lead to a sense of accomplishment and independence. Freud believes that in order for the child to be successful in potty training is dependent upon the parents. Praise and rewards are the most successful way to help your child. This makes the child feel “capable and productive.” Even though being positive helps the child, some parents do not believe in this. Some parents will punish or shame a child for accidents. These types of responses can lead to negative outcomes. Freud explains two different personalities that can occur if the parents do not take the positive approach. The first personality is anal-expulsive personality, which can occur if the parent is too lenient. The child will develop a messy, wasteful, or destructive personality. The second personality is anal-retentive personality, which is when the parent are too strict. The child could then develop a personality that is stringent, rigid, and obsessive. (Cherry, 2012).
How does the child show the behavior? As I discussed above, there are many symptoms that can show that the child is ready for potty training, both physically and mentally. The child must be able to hold urine and stay dry for three or more hours, but also be able to recognize the signs when he has to go and act on them before.
Why and when does the behavior become problematic? Most children become physically capable of independent toileting between ages 2 ½ and 4 (Pantley, 2003). In the 1940s, 18 months was the common age for when toddlers were out of diapers, but recent studies have shown that the age for potty training is rising. (Davis, 2011). The common age for boys is 39 months while the age for girls is 35 months (Davis, 2011). It takes 3 to 12 months from the start of training to daytime toilet independence (Pantley, 2003).
How do parents/caregivers react? Everyone reacts differently to the different milestones that their children will encounter. After doing a lot of research, I have found that unless the parents are 100% ready to potty train their child, then they should wait until they are. The child needs to know that their parents are there for them so they can have a positive experience and feel completely comfortable. Also after researching, I found that the parents should be nothing but positive and encouraging or the child will not succeed.
How to deal with the issue? There are many ways to help the child “deal with potty training. The first important thing is to pick out a potty chair for your child that he/she would like. If the child is interested and likes the chair, he/she will be more motivated to learn. Another important way to deal with this is proper words so that they will be comfortable using them around you; pee and poop. Another important step is allowing them to practice flushing the toilet. The more they understand what they are doing the easier it will be for them. Show your child how to sit on the toilet and what to do. The child learns by watching the parent. Also, establish a routine, for example, having the child sit on the toilet in the morning when they wake up, or after drinking fluids. It is important that caregivers know the routine that the parent has made up so the child becomes used to it. (Dowshen, 2011).
Toilet training is obviously a very important process that toddlers have to go through. Through my research, I have learned how important it is to make sure the both the child and the parents are ready for this step in their life. In order to be successful, the parent needs to be positive and rewarding towards their child so their child feels comfortable. This research has definitely helped me understand more about the toilet training process and will help me when I am working with young toddler as a caregiver.

Works Cited
Cherry, Kendra. "Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development." Psychology. 2012. Web. 15 May 2012. <>.
Cherry, Kendra. "What Is the Anal Stage?" Psychology. 2012. Web. 14 May 2012. <>.
Davis, Susan. "Potty Training Toddler Tips: Age, Problems, and More." WebMD. WebMD. Web. 14 May 2012. <>.
Doctor, Family. "Toilet Training Your Child." Health Education. Nov. 2010. Web. 15 May 2012. <>.
Dowshen, Steven. "KidsHealth." Toilet Teaching Your Child. Nov. 2011. Web. 15 May 2012. <>.
Henry, Sarah. "Developmental Milestone: Toilet Training." BabyCenter. Web. 15 May 2012. <>.
Pantley, Elizabeth. "Quick Facts About Potty Training." Disney 2003. Web. 14 May 2012. <>.

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