Free Essay


In: Business and Management

Submitted By rotc
Words 2630
Pages 11
In the days following the recent tornado, we have received numerous calls and messages offering to help UA and the Tuscaloosa community. We are humbled by your generosity and appreciative of the thoughts and well wishes we have received from so many. The information on this page will connect you with some of the most effective ways to help during this challenging time. Thank you.
Touching Lives Through Service
In the aftermath of the storm of April 27, 2011, The University of Alabama's spirit of kindness shone through in countless ways in our community. Students, faculty and staff took action collectively and independently to come to the aid of neighbors in need and to reach out to a community that is so closely intertwined with our university. • Touching Lives Through Service
The University of Alabama has established the UA Acts of Kindness Fund to support an emergency-assistance program for UA employees and students. Anyone who is interested in contributing to the UA Acts of Kindness Fund may donate online using the link below (you may leave the donation code blank on the form). Your gift is tax deductible to the extent allowed by law. • Donate to the UA Acts of Kindness Fund • How to Apply for Assistance
The UA Acts of Kindness Fund will be used to provide financial assistance to employees and students who qualify under the guidelines of this emergency-assistance program. Emergencies usually are related to loss and damage caused by fire, tornado or other natural disaster or a medical emergency that causes leave without pay. The program may be used to help employees and students pay grocery bills, rent or mortgage payments, electric, gas and medical bills.
Decisions regarding the distribution of funds will be made by a committee of UA employees who are appointed by the President. All employee and student cases will be presented anonymously to the UA Acts of Kindness Fund committee for consideration.

Those who would prefer to contribute by check may do so by mailing a check made out to The University of Alabama, with "Acts of Kindness Fund" in the memo line, to Advancement Services, The University of Alabama, Box 870101, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487.
If you would like to help with Tuscaloosa's recovery and rebuilding efforts, you may donate or volunteer with the local West Alabama relief agencies listed below, or contact the City of Tuscaloosa for more information on how to help. By Chris Bryant
In 1989, actor Kevin Costner learned that “if you build it, he will come.” In the days following the late April tornado, University of Alabama student Ashley Getwan experienced her own epiphany: “if we tweet it, they will bring it.” Getwan, a UA senior biochemistry major, says while the immediate aftermath of the all-too-real April 27 storm had the eerie sensation of a nightmare, the impact made by the scores of volunteers who came to help triggered some Hollywood-type moments.
“What was really remarkable,” says Getwan, who headed communication efforts for UA’s Greek Relief response to the devastation, “was how quickly people would respond to Twitter. If I tweeted, ‘hey, we need bread for sandwiches,’ within an hour we probably had 200 loaves. It was so quick and so immediate. It was kind of like ‘Field of Dreams’: You build it. They will come. We tweet it. They would bring it.” A tweeted request for baby diapers resulted in four carloads, she says.
Greek Relief – whose genesis sprung from a late night dinner conversation in the Delta Kappa Epsilon house some 48 hours after the twister skirted campus, hammering large sections of the city and causing 47 deaths county-wide – would eventually deliver some 52,000 meals to storm victims, first-responders, including National Guard members, and other volunteers, and raise more than $150,000 in donations.
Volunteers prepare boxed lunches in the Beta Theta Pi dining room. (Zach Riggins)
Getwan, the UA Panhellenic president who is eyeing medical school following her scheduled May 2012 graduation, says she and some of her friends rode out the tornado in the basement of the Chi Omega sorority house, while giving more thought to their looming finals than the potential fall-out from the approaching storm.
“I didn’t think too much of it,” Getwan recalls of her reaction upon first hearing the tornado siren wailing from atop UA’s Gorgas Library. “Growing up in Alabama, tornado sirens are sort of the norm during the spring.”
She soon heard from her dad who was in Birmingham and who tried to convince her that this time could be different.
“I went to the sorority house (Chi Omega),” Getwan recalls. “There were a ton of us in the basement to wait out the storm. We weren’t taking it too seriously. People were studying for finals because it was dead week. Then, the power went out.”
As the tension grew, Getwan says students began receiving texts indicating the storm was headed for campus and then, minutes later, that it was nearing the stadium – directly across the street from where the young women were huddled. About 15 minutes after the storm passed, some of the students ventured out.
“We went outside on our front porch, and it was sort of eerie,” Getwan recalls. “Nobody really knew what happened. We kept getting conflicting messages. Our president’s older sister lived across 15th Street along 19th Avenue.”
The student went to check on her sister – whose house was among those hit -- and then reported back to her sorority sisters.
“That was when we knew it was really bad,” Getwan says.
After volunteering much of that evening at the Student Recreation Center, a temporary shelter for UA students whose off-campus residences were damaged or destroyed, Getwan says she remembers feeling helpless the following day.
Graduate student Jeff Hamilton, a former Pi Kappa Alpha, grills burgers on the DKE front porch during relief efforts. (Jeff Hanson)
By Thursday night, the fraternities were organizing an effort to cook and donate food the following day. That first day began with fits and starts, Getwan recalls.
“It was pretty unorganized. They were in the kitchen, and we were cooking six-pound cans of baked beans and corn, whatever we could find – scrambled eggs, corn dogs -- and we were making tons of sandwiches.” Take-out boxes and brown-bag lunches were distributed.
“I think we probably sent out 2,500 meals,” she says. “The DKE kitchen staff worked all that morning, and then it was really just student-run. James Fowler (2010-11 SGA president) and Patrick Morris (a DKE officer) were directing things. We shut down about 4:30 Friday and started cleaning up, and everything started to get organized.”
After a take-out dinner run and return to the DKE House, Getwan said the planning became more intense among the students.
“That was where the idea for UA Greek Relief was born.”
Someone suggested naming the effort, and seeking out more volunteers and food. Emails started flying, Twitter and Facebook accounts were launched. Thousands of Greek students, and also their parents and alumni, were on the receiving end of those messages requesting help.
The DKE House, the students decided, would serve as the headquarters and the pantry and would accept the donated supplies while the kitchen of the Beta Theta Pi house would be used to prepare the food and assemble the meals, Getwan recalls.
The group nearly doubled their daily meal output, sending out more than 4,000 meals on April 30. Getwan, using her smartphone and laptop, sat in the DKE foyer, tweeting and reading tweets.
Volunteers remove storm debris. (Zach Riggins)
“We were following The Tuscaloosa News and Wesleyan Church and other places that had set up Twitters. We were tweeting what we needed, and we would see the needs from other places.”
Batteries, flashlights, diapers, toiletries and baby formula were among the items they obtained and delivered in large quantities. Others involved in the effort took chainsaws into the devastated areas in an attempt to clear debris, or worked with homeowners to tarp roofs. Greek Relief used cash to purchase gloves and other work supplies.
That evening, while Getwan and others were in a closed-door meeting in the DKE parlor discussing the day’s events, the supplies continued arriving.
“We came out and the entire foyer of the DKE House was covered in supplies,” she recalls. “The outpouring of support was unbelievable. That Sunday we had two truckloads come at night and an RV from Nashville.”
The RV driver told the students they placed a sign in their window, while en route, that read “Tuscaloosa Tornado Relief.”
“They said they would stop at gas stations, and people they didn’t even know would just hand them money.”
A volunteer unloads relief supplies from trailer. (Jeff Hanson)
The amount of donated clothing that poured in was almost overwhelming, and the group began sending items to Greene and Hale counties – areas that also needed assistance but weren’t receiving as much as Tuscaloosa.
Fowler and Meg McCrummen, former chief of staff of the UA Student Government Association, and others began giving TV, radio and newspaper interviews, and Getwan was a live guest on a talk-radio program. More donations rolled in. Morris played a critical role, throughout, Getwan says.
“Patrick’s phone really never stopped ringing,” Getwan says.
“Sitting in the foyer of the DKE house, people were just walking in and saying, here’s forty dollars. We bought Wal-Mart and Lowe’s gift cards that we could give to families. We would refill propane tanks for grills.
“I was on the phone and the computer and the walkie-talkie all at the same time. I was a little frazzled.”
Through the help of John Murdock, president of Greek Resource Services Inc., an organization that manages billing and accounting needs for various UA Greek chapters, an account was set-up whereby the public could make monetary donations to UA Greek Relief by mailing checks to a P.O. Box. An online donation option was also established.
“Every day we were able to increase the number of meals we were sending out,” Getwan says. “Everybody was just happy to help.”
Many non-Greek students, as well as parents and alumni came to help, she says.
“We never expected it to be as huge or as successful as it was for something that was born out of just hanging out one night. The outpouring of support was just unbelievable.” As the University of Alabama community continues to assist with storm recovery in Tuscaloosa, the psychological well-being of students in the aftermath of the storm and disaster preparedness have also become important issues on campus.

Project Rebound UA, a university program that is part of a statewide crisis counseling initiative funded by the Federal Emergency Management Agency, is addressing both in its last months of its $536,000 grant.

The outreach program, staffed with 20 graduate student counselors, began connecting with students in November to determine the need for aid including community services and mental health assistance.

Melanie Tucker, Project Rebound UA director and assistant professor in the Institute for Rural Health Research and the College of Community Health Sciences, said more students have approached them around the one-year anniversary of the April 27 tornado.

"What we're seeing more of now that the anniversary's coming up -- people are coming to us and they're just wanting to talk, to tell their story or share what they're doing right now," Tucker said.

With this week falling during finals, already a period of increased anxiety on campus, some students still are in disbelief while others are just beginning to understand the magnitude of how close they came to the storm, Tucker said.

"It's expected around the anniversary that people are going through some sadness, maybe they lost family members, friends, pets or possessions," Tucker said. "There is some sadness and almost disbelief that it happened, or maybe they can't believe that it was a year ago that this happened."

A recent study led by UA psychology professor Rosanna Guadagno investigating the link between students' social media use and psychological well-being following the tornado has found that female students are returning to normal faster than their male counterparts.

"We're not sure why the men aren't bouncing back yet, and it may have something to do with the fact that women use the Internet more to reach out to people," Guadagno said.

Tucker said that more women have participated in Project Rebound UA's individual sessions and are generally more willing to talk to counselors, which can help in sorting out issues.

The long-term psychological effects of the storm will differ for each impacted student depending on their experience and their coping skills, Tucker said, and severe weather may be a continuing source of anxiety for some.

"I would say their outlook and prognosis is very good, as long as they maintain good coping skills," Tucker said.

View full sizeUA students Zac McMillian of Memphis, Christopher Simpson of Port Charlotte, Florida, Paige Bussanich of Muscle Schoals, Taylor Surprenant of Naples, Florida and Katie DeLost of Gainesville, Virginia volunteer at the UA Community Service Center's Ripple Effect: Freshman Volunteer Day off of Elm Drive in Holt, Ala. on Aug. 23, 2011. (Chris Pow /
Tucker said students should set a routine, eat healthy, get enough sleep, maintain social contact with family and friends and talk to someone if issues do come up.

In its last months, Project Rebound UA also been asked by faculty to talk to students about tornado preparedness. Students have been encouraged to sign up for UA Alerts, a notification system that can send updates on emergency information to students and university employees via phone, text message and email. Tucker also tells students to identify a safe place and to have access to a weather radio.

"One thing we're trying to impress upon students and even our faculty and staff is that when bad weather comes, don't depend on the sirens," Tucker said. "And I think that's one thing James Spann would be really proud of us for. Go to your alerts, watch the weather, just get connected."

Jason Senkbeil, assistant professor of geography at UA, has been studying tornado preparedness and the decisions made by people in the face of severe weather. He said UA students, as well as people across Alabama, have begun to think more about how they react to severe weather threats.

"I think the change in students' awareness is the same as it's changed for everybody in this state," Senkbeil said. "I think that because of what happened last year, people are paying much closer attention to the wording of the warnings. I think people are trying to understand, 'OK, we have severe weather tomorrow, how does this compare to previous events?'"

Senkbeil, who will present some of his findings at a tornado research symposium at UA today, said several graduate students are doing research on topics related to tornado preparedness and recovery, including work on shelter adequacy and on false alarms and near misses.

Project Rebound UA will end on May 31, but efforts to get out information via the program's social media accounts could continue. Tucker said that with an infrastructure in place, the program could resume quickly in the aftermath of a similar disaster.

Student volunteer efforts in the past year have been impressive considering the impact of the storm on their own lives, Tucker said.

"I'm just amazed at what the students have done, how they've bonded together and started working in the community and helping with recovery," Tucker said. "I think they're just phenomenal."

Similar Documents

Free Essay


...* Mistakes in tornado Some fundamental mistakes that Oculus Rift may undertake during the Tornado period is not understanding when it started. This period should be dominant with the process of standardization. Adding new features in it rather than standardizing the product and cementing its position as the market Gorilla can be a major pitfall for Oculus. The Tornado ends when industry...

Words: 693 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...Tornado & Bank Answer 1- Direct losses the bank experienced The bank’s IT such as information about client record and business data, the bank‘s furniture, computers, and other equipments. The bank can sue the building owner for leasing unsafe premises because the owner declared too expensive to repair the building and building is very tall tower. 2- Indirect cost : the bank could not use the building, the bank inabilty to hold needed conferences and meetings there is a business loss and income loss,key employee loss, loss of costumer, the bank has expenses to recover office and business. The shuttle service cost for the bank. 3- In a maximum probable loss event arising from a tornado, identify the additional losses that you would expect. After the tornado damaged, the bank’s employees and officers had no access to it over the week. There might have been life loss in this case but there are no life losses. The building has glass windows. There is a huge possible for loss of business and daily life. Dallas, Texas located in the south and mostly time south states have Tornados and hurricane therefore people should be trained. In addition, they should be trained to stay away from glass windows. There might have been employee lost. Employee benefits and other cost related with employees and the bank. I believe training can reduce the cost. Such training for an earthquake San Francisco, earthquake training is given in the high school and elementary schools....

Words: 337 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay


...Because a tornado is one of the world’s most deadly forces of nature, it is important for humans to strive to understand what tornadoes are, how they are formed, their potential dangers, and how to better predict the formation of tornadoes so that effective warnings can be issued. In order to completely understand the dangers of tornadoes, it is important to examine the current explanations for how and why tornadoes form. Tornadoes are most often generated by supercell storms. Supercell storms are particularly large, severe storms that develop in highly unstable environments in which cool, dry air lies above warm, moist air. Supercells typically form in the United States during the Spring as warm, moist air from the Gulf of Mexico flows north and comes in contact with cooler, dryer layers of air. The Midwestern section of the United States tends to be the location for the majority of the country’s tornadoes. Because of this, the area from the Gulf of Mexico to the Great Lakes, spanning over one thousand miles wide, is referred to as “tornado alley”. Although the number of tornadoes reported in the United States each year may seem rather high, in actuality only one percent of all thunderstorms make tornadoes. Of the total number of tornadoes recorded each year, on average, seventy-nine percent...

Words: 1038 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Tornados and Hurricanes

...Along Katrina’s route of destruction, tornados were developed wreaking havoc in other states. In this paper I will discuss, in depth, hurricanes and tornados and the destruction they cause to our nation. The word hurricane was derived from the Spanish word “huracan” this word originated from a Mayan storm god. The word hurricane was used in the West Indies where they described any tropical cyclone. (Hurricane: What is a Hurricane?) The accurate definition of a hurricane is a “tropical cyclone with sustained winds that have reached speeds of 74 mph or higher” the storms are labeled as hurricanes when they gain their strength over days and weeks time. (Hurricane: What is a Hurricane?) Storms developing over the Atlantic Ocean or eastern Pacific Ocean are coined hurricanes. Regardless the name, all tropical cyclones develop the same way. These storms use warm, moist air as their fuel over the ocean and causes areas of lower air pressure below. The air from areas with higher air pressure pushes into the lower pressure area. This new air becomes warm and moist and it rises as well. As this warm air rises and rises, the air that surrounds begin...

Words: 3615 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Tornado Essay

...The building which was leased by the bank was hit by a tornado causing extensive damage to its infrastructure and contents. The direct losses would include: * The physical damage to the furnitures * The physical damage to the equipments * The cost to replace the destroyed furniture, carpeting and electronic equipments. * The cost to repaint the building. 2. Identify all the indirect losses the bank experienced. The indirect losses would include: * The loss of the use of the building * Extra expenses. These includes rental for alternate locations because the bank will need to continue to operate regardless of the cost so as not to lose its customers, expenses for shuttle services to transport employees between locations and allowances for employees commuting expenses. * Loss of lease already paid. * The cost to relocate since the owner has terminated the previous lease. * The cost of staff time to resolve the issues associated with the...

Words: 280 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

A Tornado in the Night

...With the distinctive loud wail of a tornado siren, the wind howling, and lightening filling the dark sky, I have never been so afraid in my life. The loud tornado siren was not something new to me, even though it frightened me every time that it went off. Most times, though, it was just going off for a weekly test and was not in the middle of the night. That night it was no test. It was the real thing. We had to jump into the car for the short drive to my memaw's house, running over my dog Joe in the process. Even though my memaw only lived a mile away, the drive seemed to take forever. Would we ever reach her house and the safety of her cellar? I have never run so fast in my life as I ran that night, from the car to the ground cellar in the back yard. The wind was blowing so strongly that I felt as if I wasn't moving at all. The lightening filled the dark cloudy sky and, all I could see was the shadow of my silhouette on the ground in front of me. Loud thunder clapped in my ears and made me shudder, the ground shaking under my feet. Finally, I felt relief and fear at the same time as I reached the cellar door. I climbed quickly down the stairs into the dark and damp ground, not even thinking about what might be lurking in that dark cellar. As I climbed down into the ground, I realized that my family wasn't the only one seeking safety underground. We couldn't even reach the bottom step, as the cellar was filled with at least two feet of water....

Words: 534 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Tornado & Bank

...The shuttle service cost for the bank. 3- In a maximum probable loss event arising from a tornado, identify the additional losses that you would expect. After the tornado damaged, the bank’s employees and officers had no access to it over the week. There might have been life loss in this case but there are no life losses. The building has glass windows. There is a huge possible for loss of business and daily life. Dallas, Texas located in the south and mostly time south states have Tornados and hurricane therefore people should be trained. In addition, they should be trained to stay away from glass windows. There might have been employee lost. Employee benefits and other cost related with employees and the bank. I believe training can reduce the cost. Such training for an earthquake San Francisco, earthquake training is given in the high school and elementary schools. Disability or temporary damaged would be happened in the building. 4. How could the bank’s risk manager use each of the following risk management tools in this case? a. Risk assumption: The bank mightn’t have been established a risk management department. They would not have considered huge potential losses for the bank that makes the bank has more losses. They would not want to consider any huge losses come from a...

Words: 531 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Tornado Safety

...“How to Prepare for a Tornado” Tornadoes can be devastating acts of nature. Part of severe thunderstorms and tornadoes are rotating, whirling winds that appear in a funnel shape. These storms can reach winds of 300 miles per hour, and can devastate neighborhoods and towns in minutes and is very dangerous. In order to protect yourself and your family from this natural disaster you will need to prepare before the disaster even occurs. Tornados can be a very frightening disaster and it’s always the best to prepare beforehand so in the next few paragraphs I’m going to explain the steps of how to prepare for a tornado, such as prepare your family, prepare your house, stay alert/informed, and the steps to take once a tornado has occurred. First, discuss a plan and practice it. Create a list with contact information, insurance information, and in case of emergency out of town contacts. Make sure everyone in the family knows where to go, what to take, and how to be safe if a tornado hits. Store important documents, just in case. Make copies of birth certificates, insurance information, and social security cards to bring with you if you need to evacuate. This will be valuable if you aren't able to return home immediately after the tornado. Set up means of communication. Make sure everyone in the family knows how to get in contact with everyone else. School number, work number, and cell phone numbers should be compiled on a list....

Words: 1784 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Tornado in Alabama 2010

...A dangerous and destructive tornado struck the city of Cullman, Alabama at around 3:00 p.m. CDT (2000 UTC). This large, multi-vortex tornado was captured on several TV tower cameras from stations such as Birmingham's Fox affiliate WBRC (channel 6) and ABC affiliate WBMA-LD/WCFT/WJSU (channels 58, 33 and 40). The tornado caused extensive destruction in downtown Cullman, a city of about 20,000 people; the tornado has been rated an EF4.[36] The final damage count was 867 residences and 94 businesses in Cullman.[37] At 4:00 p.m. CDT a tornado struck Lawrence County, Alabama, causing severe damage and killing a couple dozen people. At around 5:10 p.m. CDT (2210 UTC), a very large and exceptionally destructive tornado struck Tuscaloosa, Alabama.[38] About 40 minutes later, the same tornado struck the northern suburbs of Birmingham. A tornado emergency was issued for both cities, and many other tornado emergencies were issued that day. Many local TV stations, including WBRC and WBMA-LD/WCFT/WJSU, as well as CBS affiliate WIAT (channel 42), captured footage of this long-track tornado in both Tuscaloosa and Birmingham. A debris ball was observed by the Birmingham NEXRAD,[39] indicating that the tornado was causing extreme damage. Photos from the damage path showed total devastation. The path of this tornado struck the same small communities as the F4 storm on April 1956 Birmingham tornado, and the F5 storms on April 1977 Birmingham tornado and April 1998 Birmingham tornado....

Words: 2231 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Tornado and Bank

...differences between moral hazard,morale hazard and physical hazard In short, Moral hazard is a hazard dealing with the difference between right and wrong while a moral hazards is a hazard dealing with people's attitudes. It also refer to the characters of individuals related to the property ( eg: the owners) that can increase the chance of loss. example : conditions resulting from a weakness of human character (when someone should know the difference between right and wrong), such as embezzlement. Morale hazard is a closely related to moral hazards it refer to the indifferent attitudes of individuals related to the property because of the pre sence of insurance policy. examples : conditions resulting from a person's indifferent attitude toward a loss when a property of exposure is insured, such as failing to lock the doors or roll up the windows of your car or leaving valuables in plain sight in your car . . .especially during the holiday season. Physical hazards refer to the physical features that can lead to an increase in the chance of loss from certain perils. examples : According to poor brakes and engine problem in heavy rains can nause road accidents. Explain briefly the law of large number In probability theory, the law of large numbers (LLN) is a theorem that describes the result of performing the same experiment a large number of times. According to the law, the average of the results obtained from a large number of trials......

Words: 1123 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Hurricane vs. Tornado

...Tornado Two devastating and deadly natural disasters are the hurricane and the tornado which both cause heavy amounts of damage and are uncontrollable. There are many similarities in how hurricanes and tornadoes are formed. Although they are distinct disasters, hurricanes, and tornadoes pose similar threats to resources because of high winds which can destroy properties and affect the economy along with people’s lives. Both the hurricane, and the tornado are rated on a category scale. First, devastating, and deadly natural disaster is a hurricane. In order for a hurricane to form it has to begin in a warm atmosphere. The seas are normally at their warmest from June to November. A hurricane requires sea- surface temperatures of at least 26 degrees Celsius (80 degrees Fahrenheit). This provides energy for the hurricane and causes more evaporation making humid air and clouds. The winds coming together force air upwards and winds flow outwards above the storm, allowing the air below to rise. Now this is what makes the storm and the light winds outside the hurricane steers it and this is how it grows into a formation of a hurricane. All hurricanes are dangerous and can cause numerous amounts of damage but the most dangerous parts of hurricanes are storm surges which also cause huge amounts of damages because of flooding. The flooding is caused by winds pushing ocean water toward sand. It is estimated that ten-thousand people die each year because of hurricanes....

Words: 907 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Tornado Disaster Plan

...Tornado Disaster Plan It is 1:30 pm in Indianapolis, Indiana on a Tuesday afternoon, and your boss has just learned that the National Weather Service has issued a Severe Thunderstorm Watch. Thunderstorms are building to the west and are expected to hit your building in less than an hour. He decides to cancel all meetings, make sure shelter areas are unlocked, and make an announcement to inform all the staff. At 2:05 pm, it begins to get very dark outside and there is a rumble of thunder. The designated spotter steps out to have a look. The sky appears as if it’s boiling and has taken on a green tinge. The wind picks up and the trees begin to sway. A cool blast hits him and a cloud of dust blows across the parking lot. "This storm doesn't look good." He reenters the building and hears the NOAA Weather Radio tone-alert, and is told the National Weather Service has just issued a Severe Thunderstorm Warning for their county. Suddenly, he hears a roar of wind and a crash. The storm has let loose a downburst - a sudden, strong rush of wind. He rushes toward the source of the noise. A branch from a nearby tree shattered a window in a room. A few staff was injured from the flying glass. Two will need stitches. He evacuates the rooms on the windward side and moves the staff into the conference room which has no windows. They will be safer in there. Hail begins to fall and grow larger in size. Large hail can impact at one hundred miles per hour (100 mph) (NSSL, n.d.)....

Words: 2767 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay


...The Fujita Tornado Intesity Scale was developed to measure the strength of a tornado by the damage it made. The Fujita Scale, also known as the F-Scale, was invented in 1971 by Ted Fujita. The National Weather Service uses the Fujita Tornado Intensity Scale to measure tornado intensity. The only problem with this scale is that the tornado can't be measured until after it has...

Words: 572 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...Relevance: Illinois rests on the boundary of what tornado researchers call tornado alley. This is the area of the country that receives the most tornadoes every year. According to a 1995 brochure distributed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Illinois averages 27 tornadoes a year. Also, nearly 5 people die every year in Illinois as a result of tornadoes [VISUAL AID]. In fact, according to Tornado Project Online!, a website hosted by a company that gathers tornado information for tornado researchers, the deadliest tornado in U.S. recorded history occurred in Murphysboro, Illinois. In 1925 a violent tornado killed 234 people in this Southern Illinois town. Your statement of relevancy doesn’t have to be quite so long. C. Credibility: I grew up in the heart of tornado alley and have been interested in this weather phenomenon for a very long time. Also, I am a trained weather spotter for the Bloomington/Normal civil defense agency. D. Thesis/Central Idea: In order to better understand tornadoes, it is important to explore what causes tornadoes to develop, how researchers classify types of tornadoes, and odd occurrences that may be associated with tornadoes. Transition: Initially, I'll crash through the causes of tornadoes. II....

Words: 1312 - Pages: 6

Free Essay


...(Lutgens; Tarbuck, 2014, Pg. 461) The much lower pressure in the center of the air column is drawn down and air near the ground then rushes into the tornado from all directions. As the air streams inward it is then spiraled upward around the center core until this air eventually merges the air in the super cell thunderstorm. Maximum winds can sometimes approach 480 kilometers per hour according to Lutgens and Tarbuck. These air columns become visible when they begin to pick...

Words: 1397 - Pages: 6