Tourette's

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By cbrad92
Words 965
Pages 4
Tourette syndrome: Is It Neurological or Psychological?

Tourette syndrome (TS), named for Dr. Georges Gilles de la Tourette, is a neurological disorder characterized by repetitive, stereotyped, involuntary movements and vocalizations called “tics” (National Institute of Neurological Disorders, 2012). For instance, someone with TS may repeatedly blink their eyes, shrug their shoulders or jerk their head. Early symptoms of TS are noticed in childhood between the ages of 3 and 9 and occurs in people for all ethnic groups. Males are affected about three to four times more often than females. An estimated 200,000 Americans have the most severe form of TS and as many as 1 in 100 exhibit milder and less complex symptoms such as chronic motor and vocal tics. Although there is no cure, one can live a normal life span with TS. Symptoms are worst during the early teen years and often lessen or become quiet or controlled into adulthood.
The most obvious symptoms of TS are called “tics” and are classified as either simple or complex (Mayo Clinic, 2012). Simple motor tics are sudden, brief, repetitive movements that involve a limited number of muscle groups. The most common simple tics include eye blinking, facial grimacing, head jerking, shoulder shrugging, finger flexing or sticking out the tongue. Simple vocal tics may include constant throat clearing, sniffing, hiccupping, yelling, or grunting.
Complex tics, on the other hand, are distinct, coordinated patterns of movements involving several muscle groups (NINDS). Complex motor tics could be include facial grimacing combined with a head twist and a shoulder shrug. Other complex motor tics may actually appear purposeful such as sniffing or touching things, touching other people, touching the nose, obscene gesturing, hopping or jumping. More complex vocal tics include words or phrases, or even using different tones of…...

Similar Documents

Tourette's Syndrome

...what Tourette’s syndrome is exactly. Although I sure people have seen from movies, would think someone with Tourette’s would curse a lot loudly, or say inappropriate expressions, but that is lease likely to occur. Tourette’s syndrome is one of many disorders in a human. It is a neurological disorder that makes people lose control of their body, twitch uncontrollably, and shout out unusual words, also may cause blinking repeatedly, these are known as tics. This disorder is known to be hereditary, but also may just so happen due to stress and what not. It is known when having Tourette’s syndrome; you may also have another sort of disorder. Sadly, there is no cure for this mysterious disorder, but with professional help and medication, the tics can be less severe. But hopefully soon enough, maybe later on in the future there will be a cure for this disorder. If having tics for over a year a doctor would say you have a chronic tic disorder, in most cases its part of Tourette’s, which was first determined, in 1825 by a doctor named Georges Gilles de la Tourette, a French neurologist. In 1885, he proclaimed a cause of the syndrome on a few patients. Most of his patients were young men. It was known that having this disorder was very rare. He found that the disorder was running in families. While finding ways to describe the disorder, it has been named after him. With having this disorder it is mostly found during childhood, usually within the ages of 7 and 10 years. “Tourette’s......

Words: 2436 - Pages: 10

Tourettes Syndrome in Children

...Tourette's syndrome, also called Tourette's disorder is named after the neurologist, Gilles de la Tourette. Sometimes it is referred to as GTS but more often it is simply called Tourette's or ‘TS’. It is an inherited neurological disorder marked by movement-based (motor) tics which are abrupt, repetitive, stereotyped, non-rhythmic movements, as well as vocal (verbal or phonic) tics which are involuntary sounds produced by moving air through the nose, mouth, or throat. Tourette's is defined as part of a spectrum of tic disorders, which includes transient and chronic tics. This disorder may appear in multiple family members, and often appears (co-morbid) with other behavioral disorders, in particular - “obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)” (Hawley 2008). People with this disorder have normal life expectancy and intelligence, but symptoms can lead to decrease in normal activities (Walkup, Mink & Hollenbeck 2006). Tourette’s syndrome, as described in the psychiatric diagnostic tool DSM-IV-TR criteria is “associated with distress or social or functional impairment” (Hawley 2008). Onset and Diagnosis. The most common first sign to alert people to visit the doctor for a possible presence of Tourette’s is a facial tic such as “rapidly blinking eyes or twitches of the mouth” (NTSA 2009). Unintended, involuntary sounds such as throat clearing, shrugging or tics of the limbs may be initial signs but in certain case, although......

Words: 1836 - Pages: 8

Tourette's Syndrome

...would not distract other students in the classroom (i.e., towards the side or the back of the room, away from windows or doors). Students with Tourette’s might require modified assignments, where they may be allowed, for example, to have their work typed instead of writing by hand, or have parents or homework buddy write it for them. Also, extended time might be needed for students to complete the assignment. Students might be required certain services, such as occupational and speech therapy to deal with the involuntary tics, and counseling services in order to learn how to deal with the low self-esteem issues and other psychological impacts of the disorder. Teachers should be aware of the possible behavioral issues that might arise due to the disorder. In this case, a careful Functional Behavioral Assessment (FBA) should be conducted. When assessing students with Tourette syndrome, it is important to have time limits extended or waived, and offer a separate area for the student to take a test. There should be frequent breaks allowed to release tics, possibly in a designated area. Directions should be given in just a few steps at a time, and repeated if necessary. Penalties for spelling should be avoided. Students should have an option of typing their work on a computer instead of writing. Quotes: “I Have Tourette’s But Tourette’s Doesn’t Have Me”, a documentary title about Tourette syndrome. “The challenge is finding the balance, this balance between realizing that I......

Words: 509 - Pages: 3

Tourettes

...Tourette’s Syndrome Tourette's syndrome, also called Tourette's disorder is named after the neurologist, Gilles de la Tourette. Sometimes it is referred to as GTS but more often it is simply called Tourette's or ‘TS’. It is an inherited neurological disorder marked by movement-based (motor) tics which are abrupt, repetitive, stereotyped, non-rhythmic movements, as well as vocal (verbal or phonic) tics which are involuntary sounds produced by moving air through the nose, mouth, or throat. Tourette's is defined as part of a spectrum of tic disorders, which includes transient and chronic tics. This disorder may appear in multiple family members, and often appears (co-morbid) with other behavioral disorders, in particular - “obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)” (Hawley 2008). People with this disorder have normal life expectancy and intelligence, but symptoms can lead to decrease in normal activities (Walkup, Mink & Hollenbeck 2006). Tourette’s syndrome, as described in the psychiatric diagnostic tool DSM-IV-TR criteria is “associated with distress or social or functional impairment” (Hawley 2008). Onset and Diagnosis. The most common first sign to alert people to visit the doctor for a possible presence of Tourette’s is a facial tic such as “rapidly blinking eyes or twitches of the mouth” (NTSA 2009). Unintended, involuntary sounds such as throat clearing, shrugging or tics of the limbs may be initial signs......

Words: 1838 - Pages: 8

Genetic Disorders

...some treatments they could do for their children. Disorder #4: Tourette’s Disorder Key Characteristics: The two main types of characteristics are simple tics (e.g. eye blinking, shoulder shrugging, or facial grimacing) or complex tics (e.g. touching objects, jumping, grunting, or saying swear words or phrases). Frequency of Occurrence: According to healthofchildren.com the exact number of cases of Tourette’s is unknown, but it’s estimated at .05-2% in the nation. It’s also estimated that there are about 1,000 new cases of Tourette’s diagnosed every year in the U.S. Resource #1: Healthofchildren.com http://www.healthofchildren.com/T/Tourette-Syndrome.html * This website provides the following information: causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, and prognosis. * One thing I found to be very interesting on this website was about the treatment of Tourette’s * It says that there is no cure for Tourette’s, and the only thing that can be done is to take medication or through interventions to control the symptoms. I chose this website because it gives the parents a list of symptoms to look for to help determine if their kid has Tourette’s. It also gives a long term prognosis, so parents know what to expect as the child get older. Resource #2: Medicinenet.com http://www.medicinenet.com/tourette_syndrome/article.htm * This website provides the following information: definition of Tourette’s, symptoms, course of the disorder, causes, diagnosis,......

Words: 3015 - Pages: 13

Tourette’s Syndrome

...What is the truth about Tourette’s Syndrome? Jake Walter Herzing University Abstract Though out this paper, we will discuss the truth and myths behind Tourette’s syndrome and insure we have a good understanding of what the disorder really is. We will try to break the Hollywood stereotype of this disorder and who are really the worst hit from Tourette’s syndrome. We will also discuss what the patient’s symptoms will be and what they may go through and classified the types of symptoms known as tics into motor and vocal. Finally, we will discuss what treatment options they may have and what hope someone may have who is suffering from this disorder; furthermore, what organizations are out there to help with the disease. I hope this gives you some more details on Tourette’s syndrome and what a person or their family may go through when suffering from this disorder. I know that researching it and find out all the information I could really open my eyes to what people go through and how challenging life can be. What is Tourette’s syndrome? Tourette's syndrome has the misnomer of being a disease where you use profanity and yell inappropriate words in a public environment. However, it can be much more serious and challenging to deal with that is only a symptom of the disease. The disorder was first documented in 1885 by a French Doctor named Georges Gilles de la Tourette; he would be considering a Neurologist in today standards. The Doctor Georges Gilles de la Tourette......

Words: 1945 - Pages: 8

Investigate Coprolalia Disorder

...involuntarily by an afflicted patient. It is primarily a compulsive psychological disorder, although it may manifest itself physically in involuntary motor movements e.g. jerking gestures, arm flailing, groaning and grunting, shouting obscenities etc (Mink, 2008, p. 211). This is a publication that extensively covers the recent advances in neurology; it covers Tourette’s syndrome and Coprolalia in extension. It expounds on the Coprolalia disorder, its symptoms, causes, manifestations and its relation with its comorbid disorders. Coprolalia disorder is a symptom of other malaises like Tourette’s syndrome or schizophrenia and has links with other medical disorders or conditions. The word Coprolalia stems from two Greek words, ‘kopros’, which means feces, and ‘lalien’, which means to talk. Therefore, Coprolalia is characterized by the profuse and uncontrolled usage of foul or obscene language punctuated by words related to feces. Coprolalia occurs solely or as a manifestation of several other associated comorbid conditions such as ADHD (Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder), OCD (Obsessive compulsive disorder) Tourette’s syndrome, tics and schizophrenia. The presence of these comorbid disorders raises the probability of a patient suffering from Coprolalia quite significantly. Coprolalia includes phrases remarks and words that are tabooed in a culture and are thus unacceptable for social use especially when they are used in out of context situations. Indeed,......

Words: 2587 - Pages: 11

Lifes a Twitch

...Edouard Brutus Gilles de la Tourette was a French physician who today would be known as a neurologist and the physician whose name is the eponym for Tourette syndrome. Tourette syndrome was discovered more than a hundred years ago, in 1885, by Gilles de la Tourette while he was a physician at the Salpetriere Hospital in Paris, France. Tourette syndrome (also called, Tourette's disorder, Gilles de la Tourette syndrome, GTS or, simply Tourette's or TS) is an inherited neuropsychiatric disorder with onset in childhood, characterized by multiple physical (motor) tics and at least one vocal (phonic) tic. These tics characteristically wax and wane, can be suppressed temporarily, and are preceded by a premonitory urge. Tourette's is defined as part of a spectrum of tic disorders, which includes transient and chronic tics. (Mashpedia.com) Tourette syndrome (TS) is easily misunderstood and as a society we scrutinize these people for having bad behaviors or parents for not being able to control their children. Tourette’s can impact a person/family’s life socially and emotionally because of the misconceptions of Tourette’s. With the first symptoms of TS appearing in early childhood, they become more apparent closer to adolescences and TS can be a chronic lifelong condition with no cure, with progressing symptoms appearing in their early teens. Tics show signs of improving by mid-teens to early adulthood for the majority of individuals with TS, and for the lucky few who can actually......

Words: 4290 - Pages: 18

Tourette's Sudrom

...What is Tourette syndrome? Tourette syndrome (TS) is a neurological disorder characterized by repetitive, stereotyped, involuntary movements and vocalizations called tics. The disorder is named for Dr. Georges Gilles de la Tourette, the pioneering French neurologist who in 1885 first described the condition in an 86-year-old French noblewoman. The early symptoms of TS are typically noticed first in childhood, with the average onset between the ages of 3 and 9 years. TS occurs in people from all ethnic groups; males are affected about three to four times more often than females. It is estimated that 200,000 Americans have the most severe form of TS, and as many as one in 100 exhibit milder and less complex symptoms such as chronic motor or vocal tics. Although TS can be a chronic condition with symptoms lasting a lifetime, most people with the condition experience their worst tic symptoms in their early teens, with improvement occurring in the late teens and continuing into adulthood. What are the symptoms? Tics are classified as either simple or complex. Simple motor tics are sudden, brief, repetitive movements that involve a limited number of muscle groups. Some of the more common simple tics include eye blinking and other eye movements, facial grimacing, shoulder shrugging, and head or shoulder jerking.  Simple vocalizations might include repetitive throat-clearing, sniffing, or grunting sounds. Complex tics are distinct, coordinated patterns of movements involving......

Words: 2611 - Pages: 11

Motherless Brooklyn

...An Outburst, An Obsession, An Assest Motherless Brooklyn, a book written by Jonathan Lethem began with two detectives, Lionel Essrog and Gilbert Coney, on a stake-out. They were keeping watch over a meditation center located in Manhattan. We learned that Detective Essrog is not just your average detective; he suffers from Tourette’s syndrome, a psychological condition causing an assortment of compulsive behaviors. Although Essrog and Coney are staking out the Zen center for their boss, Frank Minna, he hasn’t told them any details regarding the subjects or the reason. Minna’s unexpected appearance at the Zen center leads to his abduction and a car chase in which Detectives Essrog and Coney finally catch up with Minna, but have found that he is already dying of multiple stab wounds and will not tell them why he was being attacked or by whom. We later find out that Minna has died from these injuries. This violent death leads Essrog to recall the history of his boss’ creation of his “Minna Men”. The “minna men were four orphaned boys taken under Minna’s wing while living at the St. Vincent’s Home for Boys in Brooklyn. Primarily, Minna hired Essrog, Coney, Tony Vermonte, and Danny Fantl to do various work for his “moving company”, but eventually Minna became a father figure to them; the four motherless boys yearned to be like Minna, who ruled the various streets of Brooklyn through his shady connections and unscrupulous activities. Minna taught the boys everything they needed...

Words: 1085 - Pages: 5

Tic-Tac

...Tourette's syndrome is a neurological disorder, which involves involuntary body movements or Tics. There are two types of Tics, motor/physical and vocal. This paper will cover many aspects of Tourette's syndrome; including the history of the disease, the discovered of the disease, the genetics involved with the disorder, the diagnosis of the disease, and the effects of the disease on families. George Gils de la Tourette's a French doctor and biologist discovered Tourette's syndrome in 1885 (Landau 21). He was observing patients with unexplained repetitive movements and could not find any preexisting condition that would cause these symptoms. After extensive research he concluded that this disorder had not been documented before, so he named it Tourette's syndrome, after himself. Tourette’s syndrome is a neurological disorder; it is inherited from a parent’s dominant gene, causing different symptoms among different family members. It is not known on which chromosome the disease is located. There is a 50% chance that one will pass this trait on to his/her offspring with each pregnancy (Shimberg 64). There is no prenatal testing that can be done before a child is born to determine if the child has the disease. Unlike other genetic disorders or disease Tourette's is not in the blood. Therefore testing will not give any indication of whether or not a child will develop Tourette's. Cases of the disease show males are burden with the disease three to four times more often......

Words: 1057 - Pages: 5

Thesis Chapter 2

...CHAPTER II RESEARCH METHOD This chapter presents the description of research method employed in this study. It comprises of the research design, data sources, research instrument, data collection and data analysis. 1. Research Design This study utilized descriptive qualitative design. Descriptive study is the design to obtain information concerning the current phenomena. This study described about speech disorder of Tourette’s syndrome as portrayed by the main character in Front of the Class Film. Rahardjo (2002) defines that qualitative research had expansive characteristic where it tried to describe and analyze phenomena. The phenomena analyzed in this study is how Brad Cohen, the main character suffering from Tourette’s syndrome in Front of the Class movie, produced utterances with his impairment. 2. Data Sources The data sources of this study were Front of the Class film and the English subtitle which was downloaded from subscene.com by amxd2. Moreover, the English subtitle was converted from .srt extension into .txt. The conversion was verified by re-watching the movie and synchronizing each utterance’s timing. 3. Research Instrument The instrument utilized in this study is the researcher herself. Latief (2010) stated that in conducting a qualitative research, the researcher is the one who must collect the data. The data collection process cannot be done by others since the researcher needs to proceed and......

Words: 614 - Pages: 3

Blah Blah

...Leckman, J. F. (2002, November 16). Tourette’s Syndrome [Electronic version]. The Lancet, 360(9345), 1577-1586. doi: 7916919 Introduction Researchers are trying to link Tourette’s syndrome with genetics, gestational and perinatal care, drug abuse, severe teasing by peers and psychiatric disorders. There was no group study performed to come up with these conclusions. Tourette’s syndrome presently is estimated to affect between 31 and 157 cases per 1000. This is mainly in children between the ages of three and eight. Method The research used to generate this information was comprised of a computerized and manual search of PubMed. Their focus was to gather all articles published over the past five years. Other criteria were used then to narrow down the search by relevance and importance to Tourette’s Syndrome. Results This research found possible risk factors of Tourette’s syndrome are gestational and perinatal risk factors. Meaning that severe nausea and vomiting during the first trimester and psychosocial stress on the mother during the pregnancy can lead to Tourette’s. Also the use of coffee, cigarettes and alcohol play big roles as well. There was also a link between identical twins. One of the twins would have to be born with a low birth rate. The remaining risk factors that may have an impact on acquiring Tourette’s syndrome are a labor lasting for over 24 hours, the use of forceps and fetal......

Words: 334 - Pages: 2

Strategies for Teaching Students with Tourette Syndrome

...the environment a classroom that is cluttered and that limit the space for the child with TS. Students with TS will need room and space to get their energy out. Also when considering the placement of a student there needs be a consideration of who the student sits by in the classroom. They need to be in proximity of peers who are accepting of differences. (Chaturvedi et. al., 2011) They also are in need a peer buddy be partner to this student and to help the child with Tourette’s to be successful. (Christner & Dieker, 2008) Social skills training can also be a helpful strategy for students with Tourette syndrome. To a large degree, the most obvious symptoms of Tourette are much like those of ADHD. (Shaw et. al., 2007) Along with social skills, students with TS can also benefit from individual or group counseling. Medication is also a big factor for students with TS. It is important for the child’s teachers to report any effects of the medication noticed in school. (Shaw et. al., 2007) Students with Tourette’s syndrome also struggle with starting and finishing activities for class. To help with beginning work without hesitation teachers can create a cue with the student to help give the student to remind them to work on the activity. Assignments, homework and tests can be divided into smaller sections so that they student can be more successful with completing tasks. (Chaturvedi et. al., 2011) With their writing, math, spelling, and language problems there are many......

Words: 1543 - Pages: 7

Informative Speech

...Intro: Why am I here Medical Aspect of TS: Connect with audience- question: Who knows what Tourette’s is? personalize Brief description of TS and symptoms Mild to severe Description of causes TS and genetics Include studies Methods of diagnosis Related disorders OCD ADHD * Social Aspect of TS: Challenges TS cause Reality and perception of TS Why do people with TS use slurs? TS and making friends Living successful with TS Not curable, just treatable Natural remission Cases of famous people with TS Conclusion: Reiterate the challenges and underline the resolutions to TS TS can be overcome Hello, my name is Ramon. Today, I will be speaking about Tourette Syndrome or TS, for short. * Before I start going into this, how many of you know or have an idea of what TS is? Raise your hand if you do. For those of you who don’t know what it is, TS is a neurological disorder characterized by involuntary motor and/or vocal tics such as eye blinking, throat clearing, sniffing, or even head jerking. * On a side note, if any of you notice me doing any of the mentioned tics, it’s because I myself am diagnosed with TS ever I was 12. Both types of TS often range from mild to severe. Studies show that TS is inherited only 50% of the time. The gene is carried by the parent, but that doesn’t mean that the parent has it as well. Most often, the TS gene skips a generation. * This means that anyone who has TS may have received it due to his/her......

Words: 664 - Pages: 3