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Tourism; a Blessing or Curse

In: Social Issues

Submitted By TamaraPoppele
Words 1933
Pages 8
Is tourism a blessing or a curse?

Tourism is defined by the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) as ‘a social, cultural and economic phenomenon which entails the movement of people to countries or places outside their usual environment for personal or business/professional purposes’ (UNWTO, 2014). It furthermore defines the people taking part in these actions as visitors either tourists or excursionists. Moreover, tourism exhibits the activities visitors experience (UNWTO, 2014). Increasing essentially in the second half of the nineteenth century (Cooper, 2012) tourism reached its peak of one billion visitors in 2012 (UNWTO, 2012). Regardless, the economic importance of tourism the need for a sustainable development and management increased worldwide (Cooper, 2012). Disproving the general believe of tourism harming the environment Mensah and Amuquandoh (2010) state that tourism is still seen as the greatest engine for an economy to generate quick revenue. The resulting question is now whether tourism can be seen as a blessing or a curse. This paper will provide an insight into the topic. It will be structured looking at the three areas of economic, cultural and environmental influence tourism has in different cases.

Looking at the economic impacts of tourism an ever-increasing number of tourism expenditures can be listed (WTO, 2012). Due to a constantly growing number of destinations and investments in tourism the industry became a driver of economic progress. Creating jobs and businesses such as accommodation transportation and entertainment tourism became one of the largest and fastest-growing sectors around the globe (WTO, 2012). Moreover, other business sectors profit indirectly from tourism within a destination. An improved infrastructure is only one example. Export revenues of the tourism industry encompass six percent of the world’s exports (WTO,...

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