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Toyota Organizational Structure
In Toyota, the importance decisions have to come from Toyota Motor Corporation in Japan. From Chart-1 we can see that TMC has a three-tier executive system with executive vice president, chief officer (senior managing director) and managing officers responsible for group of affair(2) It's a design that put key decision making in the hands of executive in Japan and ultimately impaired its ability to prevent the now-burgeoning safety problems before they reached the crisis state(3)
We can explain Toyota Organization as follow;
1) Centralization is a degree to which decision makings take place at upper levels of the organization. In Toyota, the executives at the top of the hierarchy retain the authority to make importance decision

2) Departmentalization Toyota uses many kind of departmentalization to group the job tasks. There are

- Functional Departmentalization Grouping activities by functions performed such as in the TMC Structure, there are accounting, purchasing, corporate planning and quality department, etc.
- Product Departmentalization Focuses attention on major product areas in the corporation. In TMC Structure, there are the Motor Sports Department, Lexus and Scion.
- Geographic Departmentalization Grouping activities on the basis of geography or territory. Such as Japan Sales department and overseas department in Toyota.
- Cross-functional teams are the team made up of various departments and that cross traditional department line. Such as module development team in Toyota that bring together product and production engineer.

3) Hierarchy Level Toyota has a tall structure level which means it has several layers of management between frontline employee and the top level. And it has a narrow span of control. There's 49 managing director to take care every department.

4) Mechanistic Organization Toyota is high a...

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