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Traditional and Non Traditional Litigations

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Traditional and Non Traditional Litigation

Law 531

Tarun Adams

The purpose of this paper is to compare and contrast the traditional litigation system with the nontraditional forms of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR). Traditional Litigation is defined as “The process of bringing, maintaining, and defending a lawsuit is called litigation. This is also called judicial dispute resolution because courts are used to decide the case.”
Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) is defined as “methods of resolving disputes other than litigation.” By far the most common form of ADR is arbitration, however other types of ADR exist such as negotiation, mediation, conciliation, mini-trial, fact-finding, and the use of a judicial referee. “ Negotiation is a procedure whereby the parties to a dispute engage in negotiations to try to reach a voluntary settlement of their dispute.” Mediation is another type of negation in which all parties involved in the issue select and agreed to use neutral third party that assumes the role of an intermediary that between both parties. The sole purpose of this intermediary is to facilitate a settlement between the parties. If an accord is reached by the disputing parties, then a settlement agreement is written and executed by the parties. Conciliation is a method of ADR frequently used when the parties involve do not wish to face each other in a confrontational venue. In this method an interested party known as a conciliator assists the party’s dispute to reach a settlement. The conciliator facilitates this process by the communicating offers and counter-offers of settlement between the disputing parties, and does not have the authority to make any decisions or awards to either party.
The Mini-Trial is private voluntary proceeding where the disputing parties hire a neutral third party legal expert to preside over the mini-trial....

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