Free Essay

Traditional Chinese Medicine

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By lskafori
Words 1762
Pages 8
The classic Chinese book on medicinal herbs was written during the Ming Dynasty (1152-1578) by Li Shi-Zhen. It listed nearly 2,000 herbs and extracts. By 1990, the latest edition of The Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China listed more than 500 single herbs or extracts and nearly 300 complex formulations

The Early Rise

The development of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) follows the course of Chinese civilization. Acupuncture, acupressure and moxibustion all date to the Stone Age.

In the late 1920s, the Peking Man, an extinct cave man who lived 300,000 to 500,000 years ago, was excavated in Zhou Kou Dien, just north of Beijing. Polished flint-stones, bone needles and bamboo shafts, which are believed to be acupuncture and acupressure tools, were unearthed at the site.

Herbal medicine can be traced to a man named Shen Nung, or the "Divine Husbandman," circa 3494 B.C. He is one of three legendary ancestors of the Chinese people. The other two are Fu Xi, who started animal husbandry, and Shui Ren, who discovered fire. Shen Nung experimented on himself, trying numerous herbs to study their healing effects. Legend has it that he died of herb intoxication. His most ancient portrait and records are now kept at Johns Hopkins University Hospital.

The well-known Yellow Emperor's Classic of Medicine (Hung Di Nei Jing) is the work of the Warring States Period which occurred from 475 B.C. to 221 B.C. Bian Chueh, also known as Ching Yueh Ren, compiled the Difficult Classic (Nan Jing) to supplement the deficiencies in the Hung Di Nei Jing. Bian was the first accomplished acupuncturist on record to bring a patient out of a coma. Another monumental work in this period is the Classic of Mountain and Sea, which described 270 plant, animal and mineral substances with some medicinal applications.

The First Great Leap Forward

TCM made a great leap forward during the Han dynasty, which lasted from 202 B.C. to 220 A.D. - one of the strongest and most prosperous periods in China's history. Shen Nung Materia Medica was compiled, which collected 364 botanical, animal and mineral substances and their medicinal properties. Zhang Zong Jing (150-219 A.D.) wrote two instrumental books that are still used today: Summaries of Common Diseases (Jing Kuei Yao Lueh) and Discussion of Cold-Induced Disorders (Shang Han Lun). Because of the many accomplishments that occurred during the Han dynasty, TCM is often referred to as "Han medicine" in both Japan and Korea. Zhang has been dubbed "the father of traditional Chinese medicine"; the oldest copy of his book is kept in a museum in Japan.

Hua Tao was another accomplished surgeon and TCM practitioner of the Han dynasty. He prescribed ma for san for anesthesia during operation. He also invented the "five-animal exercise routine" by studying the movement of different animals. This is an early form of wu shu.

A well-preserved female corpse buried in 168 B.C. was recovered from the Ma Wang Dui Han Tomb in 1972. It is the earliest "wet" corpse ever recovered. The most important TCM discovery in the tomb was a manuscript titled, Prescription for Fifty-Two Ailments, composed before 300 B.C. It describes 250 medicinal substances and discusses diet, exercise and moxibustion.

Classic of Acupuncture and Moxibustion is the earliest treatise of its kind, written by Huang Pu Mih of the Jing dynasty in 286 A.D. Another text, Classic of Pulse Diagnosis, which classifies 24 pulses, was written by Wang Shu Ho circa 201-280 A.D. Revised Shen Nung Materia Medica was written by Tao Hung Jing in 450 A.D. It catalogs 730 medicinal substances and comprises seven volumes.

The Second Great Leap Forward

TCM reached a new height in the Tang dynasty (618 to 907 A.D.), another prosperous era in Chinese history. The royal government established the Imperial Medical College to take charge of TCM in 624 A.D., more than 200 years before the first Western medical college was established in Italy.

Sun Sze Miao (590-682 A.D.) was one of the most accomplished scholars in this period. He wrote Thousand Precious Formulas and Thousand Precious Supplemental Formulas, detailing herbal prescriptions and acupuncture meridians. He proposed the idea of "tender spots" or ah shi points.

In 659 A.D., the Tang government commissioned Su Jing and his colleagues to revise the New Materia Medica. It was the first official pharmacopoeia in the world.

Diet therapy was advanced by Meng Shen in his book, Diet Therapy of Herbs (Shih Liao Ben Tsao) in 686 A.D. The oldest copy of this book is in the archives of the British Museum.

TCM was introduced to Korea and Japan in the Tang dynasty. Korea established the first doctorate degree of acupuncture and moxibustion in 693 A.D. Classic of Acupuncture and Moxibustion and Ming Tang Acupuncture Meridian Chart were brought to Japan by Tze Tsong, a Buddhist monk from China, in 562 A.D.

The Blossom of a Thousand Flowers

The progress of TCM during the Sung (962-1279), Yuan (1215-1368), Ming (1368-1644) and Ching (1644-1911) dynasties is unprecedented. Movable typesetting invented by Bi Shen during the Sung dynasty played a major role in disseminating information, and publications and numerous schools of thoughts flourished. For example, Wang Wei Yi wrote Illustrated Manual of Acupuncture and Moxibustion Points on the Bronze Figure in 1026. He cast two life-size bronze figures to standardize 675 acupuncture points on the figure. One figure was lost during a war; the other was seized by Japan as a trophy.

The Imperial Pharmacy was founded by the Sung Court. In 1151, Chen Shi Wen and his colleagues compiled Formulas of Imperial People's Pharmacy, a revision of Tai Ping Royal Formulas that lists over 20,000 formulas in 1,700 categories.

Hua Bo Ren, of the Yuan dynasty, wrote Discussion of Fourteen Meridians in 1341. He is regarded in Japan as the father of acupuncture. The most celebrated herbal work in Li Shi Zhen's (1518-1593) Grand Materia Medica, which was posthumously published in 1596 during the Ming dynasty. It has 52 volumes describing 1,892 substances and 8,160 formulas. Ping Hu Pulse Diagnosis is his other contribution to TCM. He is regarded as the greatest herbalist of all time. Archives of Acupuncture and Moxibustion is an important book of reference written by Yang Jih Zou in 1602. It elaborates various ancient and current theories.

The Fall

The decline of TCM began when the Czar of Russia invaded China from the north in the late 18th century. The invasion continued in the 19th century, with Japan invading from the northeast and the Western imperialists from the south and southwest. A series of humiliating defeats, including the First Opium War (1839-1842), the Second Opium War or Anglo-Franco Invasion (1856-1860) and the Invasion of Eight Western Armies or Boxer Rebellion (1900-1901) brought China to its knees. China not only lost vast territories, huge indemnities and priceless national treasures, but also its confidence in many of its old values, such as the "unscientific" TCM.

Traditional Chinese medicine became a prime target of attack by pro-Western government reformists and doctors of Western medicine. The attack culminated in 1928, when the Nationalist Government proposed to phase out new TCM licensing in the subsequent five years. On March 17, 1929, nearly 300 TCM representatives from across the nation gathered in Shanghai to discuss plans to oppose the proposal. Even TCM workers in Hong Kong (a British colony at that time) donated 100 silver dollars for the cause. The meeting was organized by Chen Tsen Ren (1908-1990), a young traditional Chinese medicine practitioner. He is also noted for compiling the Encyclopedia of TCM Substances in 1935.

After the meeting, he led a five-man delegation to petition the Nanjing government to drop the proposal. The delegates were well received by Chiang Kai Shek, chairman of the Military Committee and the Minister of Public Health. The delegates argued that traditional Chinese medical treatment was effective and economical, and that there were simply not enough Western doctors to provide health care for the entire nation. The proposal was dropped a few days later. March 17, 1929 marked the end of the darkest period in TCM history and has now become a national Traditional Chinese Medicine Day.

The Renaissance

Traditional Chinese medicine did not recover immediately because of the advances of the Japanese army during World War II. In the 1950s, the government systematically set up a number of TCM colleges nationwide. Some Western science courses have been incorporated into the curriculum. Graduates receive advanced degrees to booster their academic and social status. Western medical doctors have been encouraged to study TCM. A significant development was the introduction of TCM to major Western medical universities in China. The marriage between Eastern and Western medicine gave birth to so-called integrative medicine, and led to the first successful tonsillectomy under acupuncture anesthesia by the Shanghai Cooperative Group of Acupuncture Anesthesia in 1964. A number of research studies conducted by scientists in China in the 1960s and early 1970s provided sufficient evidence for the neurohumoral theory to explain the mechanism of acupuncture.

Credit for the renaissance should be given to Mao Tse Tung. One of his noted quotations is, "Traditional Chinese medicine is a great treasure. It must be thoroughly studied and elevated to a higher level." "Credit" should also be given to the United States, which has imposed harsh economic sanctions and embargoes against China ever since the Korean War. Without adequate Western medical supplies, China had to rely on TCM and "barefoot doctors" to provide health care to its one billion citizens.

After the Zhou-Nixon summit in 1972, TCM was reintroduced to the West. Its popularity rose quickly. One out of ten adults in the U.S. tried TCM last year, and a number of TCM colleges have been established across the nation. The number of practitioners has increased more than tenfold in the past 20 years. China has played an important role by providing scholars and clinicians to become the backbone of TCM educators and practitioners worldwide. In the U.S., the National Institutes of Health has established the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Its annual budget is now more than $100 million. Some major medical schools have set up offices for integrative medicine. Their larger mission is to integrate Eastern and Western medicine, which China started doing 40 years ago.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Traditional Chinese Medicine

...Topic: Traditional Chinese Medicine Title: Traditional Chinese Medicine in the Medical World: Ready For a New Remedy? Introduction/Rationale: According to China’s Natural Bureau of Statistics, “Traditional Chinese Medicine exports rose in 2011, with exports to the US alone jumping by 66.3% year on year.” The use and practice of TCM has expanded and spread to other countries, and is currently affecting many individuals. From this fact, this paper aims to study Traditional Chinese Medicine (or TCM) because of its current and possible future situation. Its course of development, evolution, impact on society, and acceptance in the medical field will be thoroughly discussed and analyzed in this paper. There are two reasons as to why this study should be taken. The first is to find out if alternative medicine, specifically Traditional Chinese Medicine, can be considered another plausible treatment for diseases apart from pharmaceutical drugs. The second reason is because it is an ongoing practice that involves many people today, which is why its possible future should be predicted and studied. Contributions of the study: Chinese traditional medicine has contributed many things. It mainly helped in discoveries, studies, and developments. Chinese traditional medicine discovered the many medical uses of plants and animals. They discovered that Astragalus roots can be used to strengthen the heart and prevent heart disease. Schisandra, otherwise known as Magnolia vine,...

Words: 2821 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Traditional Chinese Method vs Modern Medicine

...Traditional Chinese Medicine Vs Modern Medicine Name Department Module Date History of medicine Medicine is a field of great scientific importance and interest; it has been practiced by experts and professionals throughout different eras of time. Over different time eras and periods, many societies and civilization made discoveries adding to the achievements. Ancient Egyptians and the ancient Indians are known for their advances in medicine. They together gave the concept of diagnosis and examination in medicine. The Hippocratic Oath has been taken by physicians to follow an ethical code while practicing medicine since the 5th century BC; this oath was written by the Greeks (Zhang 2009). The Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) made some great discoveries and led the medicine forward with their newly found discoveries and understanding of the human body. Furthermore, methods of trauma treatment were further created and public health services were provided. Medicine has seen a systematic growth over the years, and even now, discoveries are made and new insights are revealed. This has been due to various machines and equipment’s that the doctors have designed making diagnosis and treatment much easier. Discovery of new drugs and Nano-particles has brought health care come a long way. (Zheng, Chang and Chen 2014) The Chinese Myths of Medicine The traditional Chinese medicine revolves around a number of different practices which share similar grounds. These medicinal......

Words: 1744 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Differences and Similarities Between Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine

...Differences and similarities between traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine Chinese traditional medicine has been practiced for around 5,000 years. Western medicine (at least the modern kind that is not based on shamans) is considerably younger, but since its inception, there has been a debate about the relative effectiveness of Western versus Chinese medicine (which in the U.S. is usually referred to as Oriental medicine). Chinese medicine is based on natural plants and herbs for the most part, and is keyed on establishing the vital energy of the body or Qi (pronounced 'chi'), as compared to western medicine which focuses on control or elimination of symptoms. From a philosophical viewpoint the two schools are poles apart. The differences begin with their main philosophies of health. Chinese medicine, as previously stated, thinks of Qi as life and that life and medicine are one. Western medicine believes that humans can control nature, and has its focus on external causes of maladies. In Chinese medicine, health is a state of well-being where the body is in balance with and adaptive to the environment. Western doctors consider health to be the absence of disease, pain or defect. To the Chinese practitioner, disease is caused by an imbalance of the vital force of the body and stems from multiple causes, while westerners think of it as a difect of tissue or structure of the organism with a single cause. Symptoms, in the Asian view are messages from the body about...

Words: 447 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

The Culture of Chinese Traditional Medicine

... 胡庆余堂医药文化的传承与发展 人文学院 外汉121班 罗高哲 学号:2012212558 【摘要】 胡庆余堂是南宋“红顶商人”胡雪岩创办的药局。“北有同仁堂,南有庆余堂”,传播着“江南药王”长盛不衰的故事。在中国虽然有数不清的大大小小的中药号,但最有名的被大家公认的只有"两家半"——北京的同仁堂算一家,杭州的胡庆余堂算一家,广东的陈李济算半家。经过百年发展,胡庆余堂历久弥新,在中国医药文化发展的历史上画上了浓墨重彩的一笔。 【关键词】 胡庆余堂 医药文化 传承 发展 一、胡庆余堂的创建 走进坐落于杭城历文化街区的河坊街,一座高达12米的封火墙显得出类拔萃,墙上“胡庆余堂国药号”七个特大楷体字,浑厚遒劲,撼人心魄,这就是晚清商人胡雪岩创建的江南最大药府——胡庆余堂。高墙内一群恢弘的商业古建筑,在其所处的周遭环境中显得特立独行。漫步古建筑内,一股股浓郁的中药文化气息扑面而来,置身其中,心扉洞开。 胡庆余堂的老东家胡雪岩,当年为国内首富,他的产业涉及钱庄、当铺、丝绸、茶米、船业、军火等行当,头冠二品顶戴,身穿皇上赐予的黄马褂,亦官亦商。就在他事业鼎盛之际,却出乎意料地开办了一家药店,个中缘由,乃意味悠长。 19世纪中叶,我国战乱不息,民不聊生,西征大帅左宗棠是胡雪岩之旧交,从前线派专员找胡雪岩,说是军中药物匮乏,托他设法操办。胡雪岩介绍来人去望仙桥河下的叶种德堂药店,种德堂是杭城的老字号,财大气粗,没有把胡雪岩放在眼里,叶老板叫伙计敷衍了事。胡雪岩急忙再转人采办,才将药物备齐。那人走时,力劝胡雪岩自办药店。胡沉吟许久,心意欲动。这一年,恰巧他的一位妾室患病,聘了郎中诊脉开方,又派伙计去叶种德堂抓药,不料有几味药已霉变。胡雪岩再派人去交涉,哪知药未换成,反遭一阵讥笑:“要好药?除非你胡大先生自己去开药店。”胡雪岩怒而放言:“可恶之至!怎能拿人的生命当儿戏?莫非看我胡雪岩真的开不起药店!”于是,坊间就有了胡雪岩“一怒创堂”的开店传说。 从地域方位上关照,胡庆余堂坐落于杭城东南部,整体建筑坐北朝南,东临大井巷,南依吴山北麓,自大井巷可豋阶上山,向南移步连中山中路、鼓楼一带,通达南星桥和浙江第一码头;向北紧接河坊街,沿街西行直达西湖。当时钱江渡船码头设在望江门外江边,东南各地农夫居民来杭进香,大井巷是必经之路。吴山是当时城内寺观最集中地区,每年春汛时期,大批来自下三府(杭嘉湖一带)及上八府(宁绍金地区)的香客,除到灵隐、昭庆寺等大寺庙烧香拜佛外,主要的佛事都在吴山各寺观内举办。因此,清河坊一带商铺林立,终日人流拥集。 ......

Words: 923 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Difference Between Chines Medicine and Western Medicine

...between Chines medicine and western medicine In the ancient times, people thought that illnesses were caused by the evils and believed inShamanism and divination. Gradually people knew that illnesses were caused by bacteria and a science called medicine started to develop. As times goes by, Chinese medicine and western medicine become the two most important medical systems in the world. Countries in the east are influenced by Chinese medicine while western medicine is predominant in the West. The two kinds of medical care differ greatly in diagnosis and treatment of diseases. However, there is a trend that Chinese medicine and western medicine may be applied together on modern treatment. Although western medicine is the start the main in the world, the importance of traditional Chinese medicine grows as people start to notice some special curative effects of traditional Chinese treatment. Chinese treatment like acupuncture starts to be applied in the western world. Western medicine believes that bacteria and viruses are the sources of illnesses. This is a fact that is the controversy. Nevertheless, traditional Chinese physicians believe that the symptoms of diseases are due to the unbalanced relationship between the organs. In other words , they think that the balanced relationship is disrupted by the outer environment. Both the westerners and Chinese think......

Words: 656 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Penis

...The traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine are both of significance in the field of medicine,and we cannot simply say which is better.But they have many differences in the origin,the methods to diagnose and the therapeutic effects. Firstly, everything must have a beginning, so do traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine.The traditional Chinese medicine refers to a broad range of medicine practices sharing the theoretical concepts which are based on a tradition of more than 2000 year in China, including various forms of herbal medicine、acupuncture and dietary therapy.While western medicine based on the pathology,physiology and microbiology for a microscopic investigation including several types of pill injection,surgery and surgical operation vaccination.As we know,one's character determines one's destiny.And the different origins result in people's total different attitude toward the two branches of medicine. More and more people pay more attention to the western medicine instead of traditional Chinese medicine because of the powerful and convincing medical experiments. Secondly, they use different methods to diagnose the disease.A Chinese doctor examines his patient by using method like observing,smelling,asking and feeling.So the Chinese doctor determines the problems of the patients' internal organs by inference through observing various exterior signs,such as the complexion or the tongue. However a western doctor relies on symptoms or evidence like......

Words: 296 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Chinese Medicine

...Chinese Medicine: Western Treatment’s link for Treating Cancer Chinese Medicine: Western Treatment’s link for Treating Cancer Today, more and more patients in the western world are discovering alternative treatments in Chinese medicine, successfully fighting the most commonly feared disease in the world: cancer. Patients and doctors, worldwide, have been battling this mysterious “serial killer” for more than a century; and the search for a cure is rather nebulous. However, the use of alternative eastern medicine paired with western is slowly being recognized as cancer treatment’s missing link. Although some western scientists believe in structured, patented treatment, many cancer patients have become skeptical toward such. Western cancer treatment is based on objective studies and practices, including surgery and radiation therapy. Such treatments are costly; in fact, the mortality rates among patients that are uninsured are greater. Most diagnoses are made in the uninsured patient’s later stage of cancer. Therefore, radiation, surgery, and chemotherapy treatment can cost close to...

Words: 1319 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

The Evolution of Medicine

...Term paper EN1320 Dr. Baughman Jay C. Montgomery August 13, 2015 The Evolution of Medicine By Jay C. Montgomery The evolution of medicine was a contributing factor to important advances in our own modern day medicines and technologies. While there are many civilizations to choose from, some of the best contributions came from the Egyptian, Chinese, Greek, Roman, Muslim, Indian, and Japanese cultures. In order to understand what these civilizations did to transform the medical world, it is a necessity to first recognize and appreciate what they were able to accomplish with the little resources available at the time. That being said, even though these societies had little to work with, they were still capable of amazing achievements. The first civilization being considered is the Egyptian civilization because it is one of the oldest and most well-known for their proficiency in various fields, including medicine. The Egyptians possessed a large amount of knowledge of healing with herbs as well as repairing physical injuries in order to tend to the workers responsible for building the great monuments that we still see today in Egypt (Shuttleworth, Ancient Medicine). The Egyptians were very skilled at performing eye surgery, since irritation of the eyes was common in a desert society. Most of the archeological evidence we have today is thanks to the well preserved mummy corpses. We know that healed skeletons were a good indication that prove the Egyptians were capable...

Words: 2827 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Cultural Views on Health

...Cultural Views on Health HCA/230 November 21, 2010 Introduction The largest subgroup of Asian Americans is Chinese Americans. The United States Census Bureau (2000) reported that 22.6% of all Asian-Americans are of Chinese descent. Another culture’s population that is quickly increasing is natives from India. Approximately, 8.7 million Indian natives live in the United States. Both of these cultures are dominant in the United States and share similar health views. Chinese Americans Often, Chinese Americans access to health care and other services is denied because of discrimination. Even with Chinese Americans having the highest tuberculosis and suicide rates in the United States, access to health care becomes difficult because of language barriers, cultural conflicts, and attitudes toward illness. Because of these barriers, most Chinese Americans rely on traditional Chinese herbal medicine. There are several agencies such as the Richmond Maxi Center, located in the Richmond district of San Francisco and the Asians for Community Involvement in the Silicon Valley of California that were established to meet the needs of Chinese Americans and other Asian Americans. Today, both Chinese and Western medicines are widely used by Chinese Americans, although some use exclusively Chinese medicine while others only Western medicine. Traditional Chinese health beliefs include adopting a holistic view while emphasizing the importance of environmental factors in......

Words: 824 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Chinese Tradition Medcine

... Traditional Chinese medicine China was one of the first countries to have a medical culture. In comparison with western medicine, the Chinese method takes a far different approach. With a history of 5000 years, it has formed a deep and immense knowledge of medical science, theory, diagnostic methods, prescriptions and cures. Traditional Chinese medicine is a broad range of medicine practices sharing common concepts which have been developed in China and are based on a tradition of more than 2,000 years, including various forms of herbal medicine, acupuncture, massage , exercise , and dietary therapy. It is primarily used as a complementary alternative medicine approach. Traditional Chinese Medical Science is based on yin-yang and the five element theory, they are metal, wood, water, fire and earth. Human body is regarded as an aggregation of essence, energy and spirit. The four diagnostic methods, namely inspection, olfaction, inquiry and pulse-taking are the presuppositions of correct differentiation and effective treatment in TCM. Inspection is the thorough and unhurried visualization of the client. This requires the use of the naked eye. In medical practice, inspection is however not limited to visual information alone. it also involves: listen to any sounds emanating from the client. Olfaction means smelling the patient’s odor. Inquiry is a diagnostic method in which the patient or his companions are inquired to collect the information concerning a disease....

Words: 501 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Cultural Diversity and Nursing

...People from different cultures have their own perspectives on health and disease. Some cultures believe in using traditional medicine, and some believe in the healing power of praying and herbal healing. People often affected by their own cultural beliefs when it comes to overcoming diseases and how they can find the right cure or treatment. Sometimes religion and cultural beliefs get in the way of receiving proper medical help. Religion and cultural beliefs can affect the way they receive proper medical treatment and care. Although there are a few cultures that believe that natural remedies should not be used in the twenty-first century where medicine and the whole world has advanced and improved in many ways. People believe that advanced technology is able to diagnose and cure when herbal remedies fail to work. I will discuss the cultures of Muslim and Chinese and their health views. The Arabic culture have several beliefs that impact healthcare like they prefer to be treated by a medical provider of the same sex, mainly female patients, which also applies when interpreting services are needed. “They consider an illness as atonement for their sins. They consider death as a part of a journey to meet God. However, they are strongly encouraged to seek medical treatment when required” (Newcastle). Cleanliness is considered “half of the faith”. The Qur’an prohibits eating pork and pork products, meat of animals who have not been slaughtered in the halal manner,......

Words: 992 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Yue Sai

...fit the needs of the Chinese consumer: in 2004, it has acquired the first modern cosmetics brand of China, Yue Sai. The cosmetic world is a market that keeps on growing: numerous new patents rhythm the life of each skincare line, and trends come and go as quick as they do in fashion. While luxury cosmetics are still being associated with Europe for Chinese women, the clientele is becoming more and more interested in skincare lines from Japan and Korea: herbal medicine they’re familiar with, needs that are similar to theirs… and L’Oreal China has well understood this fact. With Yue Sai, which holds the image of traditional elegance thanks to its founder, Madam Yue Sai Kan, L’Oreal aims at adding a new type of products to its never ending line: one that’s at the same time innovative with scientific improvements inspired by herbal medicine, glamorous, and widely accessible. Indeed, though assigned to the luxury product division of L’Oreal China, Yue Sai remains more affordable than imported goods such as Lancôme or YSL, but promises just as much. « Nobody knows Chinese skin more than Yue Sai », that’s the brand’s longstanding motto, on which L’Oreal is outbidding : with the launch of skincare lines such as the Vital Essential Line, that promoted the use of the ganoderma mushroom known for restoring the skin’s internal energy and balance, Yue Sai aims at relaying the image of a new and modern Chinese woman, one who is still attached to the deeply traditional culture of......

Words: 823 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Essay

... Custom Modern Medicine Versus Alternative Medicine essay paper sampleBuy custom Modern Medicine Versus Alternative Medicine essay paper cheapThis paper argues that the traditional medicine is the most effective and more reliable when it comes to treating a disease. On the most part, the paper will argue using the Traditional Chinese Medicine as its basis. This is because it’s the most advanced traditional medicine to date and a lot of research has been conducted about it. Additionally, it has been legalized in most countries.Modern medicine can be thought of as medicine that has been chemically developed in the laboratories by experts. Due to its modernity and the fact that it is developed by experts, it is the more trusted by people and governments worldwide. On the other hand, alternative or traditional medicine is medicine that is developed from herbs or treatment that is not chemically inspired. This is the type of medicine that was used in the past before there were proper and extensive studies on the chemicals. Many people have always had preferences between the two types of medications. However, the most important factor of any medication is that it should be capable of treating the respective ailment. But of the two types of medicines, which is more effective? Simply, which should be the more trusted to treat an ailment?Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) differs with Modern medicine primarily on the fundamental principles. TCM makes use of the ‘Yin and Yang’ theory......

Words: 1226 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Herbal Plants

...HERBAL MEDICINE FOR ALTERNATIVE HEALTH CARE A Research Paper Presented to The Faculty of the Languages and Literature Department College of Liberal Arts De La Salle University-Dasmariñas Dasmariñas, Cavite in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Course ENGL 102-Communication Arts and Skills II Hannah Khamille Bayalan Marie Pia Iscel Villa Dianne Lherry Landicho March 2008 Chapter I INTRODUCTION A. Background of the Study Plants had been used for medicinal purposes long before recorded history. For example, ancient Chinese and Egyptian papyrus writings describe medicinal plant uses. Indigenous cultures such as African and Native American used herbs in their healing rituals, while others developed traditional medical systems in which herbal therapies were used systematically. Scientists found that people in different parts of the globe tended to use the same or similar plants for the same purposes. In the early 19th century, when methods of chemical analysis first became available, scientists began extracting and modifying the active ingredients from plants. Later, chemists began making their own version of plant compounds, beginning the transition from raw herbs to synthetic pharmaceuticals. Over time, the use of herbal medicines declined in favor of pharmaceuticals. Long before the introduction of modern medicines and Western curative methods, herbal medicines had been widely used in the Philippines. The use of medicinal plants or herbs has...

Words: 5006 - Pages: 21

Free Essay

Business Communication Skills

...capable consultants to provide effective solutions in various functions and positions. (b) SOURCE AND METHOD 1. Use Secondary source research information, find out company’s problems and solutions. 2. Use the interview to survey goodwill and image of our company in public. I interview 50 people about the impressions of the western medicine and traditional Chinese medicine. I go to outside to interview the public. INTERVIEW In this chart, 63% people like to use the traditional Chinese medicine because they think the traditional Chinese medicine is healthier than the western medicine. The 37% of the 50 people (100%) will be fond of western medicine because most of them think the effect of western medicine will be good and fast. Interview Question: 1. Introduce yourself with a brief. 2. Tell me about the impression of our company? 3. Do you fond of the western medicine or traditional Chinese medicine? 4. Present your attitude about the western medicine. 5. Present your attitude about the traditional Chinese medicine. 6. Which is healthier? 7. Which effect is fast and good? 8. You prefer choose which one medicine if you sick? (c) REPORT ORGANIZATION 1. Insufficient time to do all the necessary research 2. Undependability’s data from the website. FINDINGS AND DISCUSSIONS: (a) DEBTS OF OUR COMPANY’S DISTRIBUTORS Many distributors of our company usually credit purchases our goods. Before the economic turn for the worse, many......

Words: 1267 - Pages: 6