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Transport in Ghana

In: Business and Management

Submitted By yoboat
Words 1478
Pages 6
This case study is based on four recent studies:
Improving Urban Transport through Private Participation in Accra
A study of urban transport planning and traffic management for the greater Accra metropolitan area
A pre-feasibility study for a potential bus rapid transit project in Accra
A pre-feasibility study covering, inter alia, passengers’ willingness to pay for transport service improvements and their implied value of time
Accra is the largest city in Ghana. The conurbation comprising the Greater Accra Region, Tema municipality and Ga district, has a population of over three million.

Bus system characteristics
The vast majority of public transport services in Accra are provided by the informal sector. The only formal bus transport undertaking operating is the newly established Metro Mass Transit Ltd.

In 1996, the government decided to privatize its passenger transport undertakings but was unable to find buyers for these businesses at the time, which resulted in their continuing decline in the absence of new investment.

Urban public transport services were largely replaced by private sector provision of para-transit, known locally as tro-tro. Currently about 6,000 tro-tro operate each day. This industry was consolidated by the Ghana Private Road Transport Union (GPRTU) and some smaller bodies.

The current administration re-affirmed the market liberalization of the economy, and the primacy of the private sector in service delivery, but has been reluctant to relinquish control over public transport fares as required by legislation.

The government decided to sponsor the establishment of Metro Mass Transit Ltd as a quasi-private business and to undertake rolling-stock procurement on its behalf. Metro Mass Transit Ltd, as currently constituted and equipped, enjoys an unfair competitive advantage in relation to existing private...

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