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Transport Management

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Innovative Urban Transport Concepts

1

Co pt C cepts Concepts
NICHES is a Coordination Action funded by the European Commission under the Sixth Framework Programme for R&D, Priority 6.2 Sustainable Surface Transport

Index
Learn from Innovative Experiences with NICHES New Seamless Mobility Services Urban Lift-sharing Services Public Bicycles
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3 4 4 6 8 10 10 12 14 16 16 18 20 22 22 24 26 28

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Call-a-bus Services

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Innovative Approaches in City Logistics Space Management for Urban Delivery Inner-city Night Delivery

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Alternative Solutions for Home Delivery

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New Non-polluting and Energy Efficient Vehicles Policy Strategy for Clean Vehicles Biogas in Captive Fleets

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Joint Procurement of Clean Vehicles

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Innovative Demand Management Strategies

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Transportation Management Associations (TMA)

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Local Taxes or Charges, Ring-fenced for Transport City-wide Campaigns Further Information

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Innovative Urban Transport Concepts | page 1

Innovative Urban Transport Concepts | page 2

Learn from Innovative Experiences with NICHES
Would you like to increase cycling in your city? Do you want to secure the accessibility of remote areas? Are you looking for additional revenues to invest in sustainable mobility? Are you interested in the reconciliation of freight and passengers’ transport conflicts or in introducing less polluting vehicles in your city? NICHES can help you to find the right solution for your problem.

NICHES (New and Innovative Concepts for Helping European Transport Sustainability) is a project supported by the Directorate General for Research of the European Commission. Its overall aim is to facilitate the coordination of research activities of academic institutions, industry, transport operators and authorities regarding key urban transport innovations that lack broad deployment. More specifically, NICHES promotes the most promising new urban transport concepts, initiatives and projects (NICHES Concepts) to move them from their current “niche” position to a “mainstream” urban transport policy application. The project thus wants to contribute to a more efficient and competitive transport system, a healthier environment and improved quality of life in urban areas.

This publication wants to help urban transport decision makers and practitioners to find innovations that could be applied in their cities, by providing an overview of some of the most promising innovative urban transport concepts. It includes the results of the practical research carried out, i.e. a detailed description of the NICHES Innovative Urban Transport Concepts. These are innovative urban transport measures that have proven to be successful in (mostly) European cities. NICHES has explored twelve innovative concepts in order to encourage their uptake in different urban contexts. The NICHES Innovative Concepts, selected by European urban transport experts, relate to four themes that are considered to be a priority for a sustainable and innovative urban transport system. The twelve NICHES Concepts are summarised in Table 1.

Table 1: NICHES thematic areas and Concepts
Thematic areas New seamless Innovative mobility services approaches in city logistics Urban Lift-sharing Services Space Management for Urban Delivery New non-polluting and energy efficient vehicles Policy Strategy for Clean Vehicles Innovative demand management strategies Transportation Management Associations (TMA)

NICHES Innovative Urban Transport Concepts

Public Bicycles

Inner-city Night Delivery

Biogas in Captive Fleets Local Taxes or Charges, Ringfenced for Transport City-wide Campaigns

Call-a-bus Services Alternative Solutions Joint Procurement for Home Delivery of Clean Vehicles

The NICHES Innovative Concepts are described in the following pages, providing information on their benefits, the decision criteria for their implementation and contact details for further information. Detailed information on the success factors and transferability of these concepts is available on www.niches-transport.org, as well as a Policy note for each of the Concept.

Innovative Urban Transport Concepts | page 3

New Seamless Mobility Services
Concept 1: Urban Lift-sharing Services
Key Characteristics
Urban Lift-sharing Services are matching services that bring together people travelling in the same direction, aiming to encourage individuals to share private vehicles for particular journeys. Innovative formal lift-sharing schemes use advanced technologies like matching software, the internet and optional call centres for trip matching, and are open to all. Such schemes have the potential to take the old idea of lift-sharing to a new level and to better reach the necessary critical mass of users to make them work. The main focus of these services is commuter traffic in urban agglomerations and the surrounding regions.

Urban Lift-sharing Services such as Liftshare.com (UK) and Pendlernetz (Germany) have reached a mature status and prove to be reliable. They received positive publicity, for example as response to rising gas prices. However, the concept of Urban Lift-sharing Services is still not widely spread across Europe, although practitioners see no big obstacles to transfer the idea to other countries. The development and implementation of Lift-sharing Services has relatively low costs and entry barriers.
Liftshare.com: Online matching of people that want to share a ride
Source : www.liftshare.com

A Policy note with more detailed information on Urban Lift-sharing Services is available on www.niches-transport.org.

Benefits
An Urban Lift-sharing scheme • helps users to achieve considerable cost savings on gas and parking, e.g. in the UK up to 1,500 € a year; increases mobility choices and accessibility in areas that are not well served by public transport, with relatively low start-up and running costs; has the potential to reduce the number of parking spaces at participating companies; reduces the need for a private car; has the potential to reduce congestion, energy consumption, air pollution and CO2 emissions; can improve the quality of life through less commuting stress and improved sociability; improves work-life balance for lift sharers that are more likely to leave the office on time.

Good Practice: Liftshare.com (UK)
Liftshare is a commercial company that was founded in 1997 by Ali Clabburn, who had the idea of a web-based matching service after using a lift-sharing scheme in Germany. Today, Liftshare is a national service in the UK that also provides separately branded lift-sharing schemes to hundreds of businesses and communities. Users simply enter their liftshare offer or request online via a special portal. Liftshare membership stands at more than 148,000 members and is continuously growing. In 2006, a series of new services, widening the range of modes, was launched (BikeBUDi, WalkBUDi, TaxiBUDi and TravelBUDi).



• • • • •

Innovative Urban Transport Concepts | page 4

Key Aspects for Implementation
Check list
City size Costs At least large regional coverage of journey to work areas required. Relatively low start up and running costs of service; Additional marketing costs, which may be higher depending on chosen strategy. Time horizon Stakeholders involved Short term ( 200,000 inhabitants). Compared to traditional public transport relatively cost efficient solution, but depending on the type of scheme low to considerable start-up and running costs; In most cases, financial back up needed to compensate lack of profitability. Time horizon Stakeholders involved Short term (

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