Premium Essay

Trauma

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By HWHELP
Words 805
Pages 4
Tsunami – Natural Disaster – Effects on the Survivor
Tsunami is a sea waves that is caused by an underwater earthquake. The water quickly move under water until it reaches land with waves reaching 50 feet or higher resulting in individuals losing their family members, home, money or business from the tsunami.
People who encounter a Tsunami event struggle with psychological problems days and weeks after the traumatic event such as depression and different levels of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Survivors constantly experience feelings of anxiousness and stress because of the fear of danger from another tsunami.
Murdered Child – Personal Trauma causing Crisis - Effects on the Survivor
The murder of a child can be devastating especially when it’s your own. The hurt and pain can be compound when the death is determined by a heartless human being. Parents and the family faces complicated issues such as trying to understand “why” someone would want to kill their child who they love and will miss. Coping with the “miss” is the challenging part.
A parent of a murdered child handles grief differently. Some parents try to continue normalcy while others have extreme difficulty coping with the lost such as obsessive thinking, suicide, anger, fears and anxiety. The hard part is grieving; however; everyone grief’s differently must.
Effects on First Responders
First Responders are vulnerable to stress and trauma as they are exposed to events every day in their work lives or suddenly one day out of the blue. Even though, they are trained and skilled to handle the consequences of traumatic residual effects, first responders may experience repeated thoughts of the event, avoidance of traumatic calls, physical ailments, stress and anxiety. If the first responder is employed by their country or state, there should be support provided to them, however; if the...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Trauma

...TRAUMA AND ITS EFFECTS ON HUMAN DEVELOPMENT Quinta S. Anderson Liberty University Trauma and the Effects on Human Development Trauma has a way of effecting everyone, but in different ways. The term trauma often described both the traumatic event and the early distress that it could cause. Several researchers describes traumatic events as unexpected events, such as exposure to natural or manmade disaster, or observing violent crimes, events that are more lingering in nature, such as participating in combat or being the victim of physical and or sexual abuse or assault. Another name for traumatic events is called traumas. Traumas can also be classified as the scope that can have a huge impact on an individual (Shaw, 2009). The Effects of Trauma on Neural Development Researchers have found the correlation of trauma and the effects it has on the human brain. The amygdala and hippocampus are parts of the limbic system that helps process the sequence of one’s life story. During the normal course of an individual’s life, the amygdala and hippocampus are able to process both the event and the emotions attached to a traumatic event. The amygdala records the emotions and bodily sensations of an individual. After the emotions and bodily sensations have been recorded, they are retrieved by the hippocampus. The hippocampus role is to add cognitive meaning and place the information that is processed into appropriate context. As soon as the hippocampus has stored the context, the......

Words: 906 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Trauma & Resilience

...Trauma and Resilience Addie Todal Northcentral University Trauma and Resilience “The trauma said, ‘don’t write these poems. Nobody wants to hear you cry about the grief inside your bones.” ― Andrea Gibson, the Madness Vase This quote I found to be very poignant and to be so true, because what it is really saying is that social stigma is a big part in today’s society and mental illness is not accepted, so please keep quiet and move on silently. I added my own thoughts below that will reflect two powerful words. **Two of my favorite words are: Trauma and Resilience, for the simple reason I personally have experienced both first hand, trauma which has caused me psychological and physical health problems and resilience which I seem to have internally as some of the researchers say or argue with that resilience is an inborn characteristic—you have it or you do not, simply put, either you do or you don’t. I would say I do. ** ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ It is to be said or maintained that resilience can be taught…. It is possible that resilience can be taught? And if it can be taught for all the right reason, then I would call it having thick skin. Having self –esteem, self-confidence, the best psychotherapist or the most awesome cognitive behavior therapist one has ever had. The group that I have chosen is trauma survivors; I will have chosen three different programs aimed at building resiliency in those groups.......

Words: 563 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Sexual Trauma

...Sexual trauma Connie Clark Walden University Sexual trauma It has been estimated that 1 out of 5 women and 1 out of 7 men “have been or are being sexually abused as children (Bass, Davis, 1994). With a national population of 200 million, of which 52% are females, this means that approximately 27 million females and 20 million males are victims of sexual abuse. It is, therefore, true that the number of female sexual abuse victims is larger than the number of male victims, but not substantially more. However, the cultural blindness that exists concerning the prevalence of male sexual abuse and the profound negative effects this abuse has on male victims’ ability to form healthy relationships displays the extent to which this society wishes to defend social notions of male prerogatives in the face of strong evidence that many males are unable and unwilling to fulfill those cultural demands due in part to their victimization as children. In spite of the prevalence of this issue, though, while many mental health providers have services for female and male children, upon entering adulthood many of those services for male survivors disappear. As social workers, this should be an area of great concern for us. We devote a great deal of professional energy to sexual abuse issues faced by women and children, but often fail to adequately provide resources for those children when they reach adulthood. Additionally, we do not provide sufficient assistance to adult males who are......

Words: 1437 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Trauma Ct

...Trauma Computed Tomography Abstract Computed Tomography (CT) allows doctors to obtain in-depth high quality images that surpass standard radiography images. In trauma situations where speed and time are key to the survival and treatment of patients, CT out does any other modality with providing the information needed to treat patients effectively. In trauma imaging situations, the technologist has to be alert and knowledgeable of all protocols that are available to him or her and also be able to adapt to any given situation and still obtain high quality images. Throughout the next few paragraphs, the pros and cons of standard trauma CT imaging of the body will be discussed, along with the positioning adaptations and the contrast protocol decisions that must be made during trauma situations. Trauma Computed Tomography Trauma situations lead to positioning for exams that is not normally utilized. This is where the technologist gets to utilize his or her skills at adapting to the situation and overcoming this obstacle. For exams such as, Head and C-Spine, a patient is normally supine with the head and neck placed in the head rest that attaches to the patient table of the computed tomography machine and scanned head first into the machine. This headrest is detachable and allows for a footrest to be put in its place that allows the table to be one solid flat surface. For exams such as, Chest, Abdomen, Pelvis and Lower Extremities the footrest is normally used......

Words: 923 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Trauma and Development

...Complexly traumatized youth frequently suffer from body dysregulation, meaning they over-respond or underrespond to sensory stimuli. For example, they may be hypersensitive to sounds, smells, touch or light, or they may suffer from anesthesia and analgesia, in which they are unaware of pain, touch, or internal physical sensations. As a result they may injure themselves without feeling pain, suffer from physical problems without being aware of them, or, the converse – they may  complain of chronic pain in various body areas for which no physical cause can be found. Effects of Complex Trauma. (2014). Retrieved September 7, 2014. Think of what it is like for young children to be in traumatic situations. They can feel totally helpless and passive. They can cry for help or desperately wish for someone to intervene. They can feel deeply threatened by separation from parents or caretakers. Young children rely on a "protective shield" provided by adults and older siblings to judge the seriousness of danger and to ensure their safety and welfare. They often don't recognize a traumatic danger until it happens, for example, in a near drowning, attack by a dog, or accidental scalding. They can be the target of physical and sexual abuse by the very people they rely on for their own protection and safety. Young children can witness violence within the family or be left helpless after a parent or caretaker is injured, as might occur in a serious automobile accident. They have the most......

Words: 2192 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Trauma Paper

...* Select two examples of trauma-causing events to use for this assignment: * one man-made or natural disaster 9/11/01 * one more personal trauma-causing crisis Rape * Explain the potential effects these events may have on the survivors and the first responders. * Explain how the counselor’s role may differ in treating a survivor of each of the traumas you selected and how they may differ in treating a first responder to each of the traumas. * Explain how a mental health counselor could develop VT or STS in each of these traumatic events. * the belief in personal invulnerability that allows one to use public transportation at night, or the belief that the world is an orderly place, are challenged by the stories and experiences relayed to persons who practice counseling or psychotherapy with survivors of trauma. * first identified the problem of vicarious traumatization (VT), which they defined as the cumulative transformative effects upon therapists resulting from empathic engagement with traumatized clients. As part of their work, these clinicians must listen to graphically detailed de-scriptions of horrific events and bear witness to the psychological (and sometimes physical) aftermath of acts of intense cruelty and/or violence.The cumulative experience of this kind of empathic engagement can have deleterious effects upon clinicians, who may experience physical, emotional, and cognitive symptoms similar to those of their......

Words: 1017 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Psychological Trauma

...Psychological Trauma & Post Trauma Therapy: Part 1: Attachment Failures and Dorothy Allison as a Client One of the more significant aspects of social development is the formation of attachment. For many, the first occurrence of attachment is during infancy with a caregiver (typically the mother). For Dorothy Allison, we can assume that from her book she had a positive attachment to her mother beginning at infancy. Granted her mother worked and was a single parent, however it this cannot be discredited because Allison’s needs as an infant were met (e.g. her mother seemed present and did not abandon her baby or harm the baby, baby was fed/clothed). According to the actual story, Allison’s abuse began at a much younger age than in the retelling—regardless, sexually and physically abused at a young age, Allison watched her mother stand by her attacker. For a moment, we have to pause and just consider what torment this child experienced. We can then assume Allison was questioning her own self-worth, blaming herself, and stuck between wanting to love her mother and possibly hating her mother all at the same time. As a young child, Allison’s attachment to her mother was shattered; her primary caregiver failed her. Allison’s other caregivers were present, but the one adult whom she had formed a close bond with passes away, leaving her again without a caregiver or a responsible adult figure. Working with Allison as an adult, I would start by evaluating if she...

Words: 2572 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Rape Trauma

...Running Head: Rape Trauma Syndrome Kianna Walls Forensic Psychology March 26, 2015 Abstract Rape is commonly defined as using force to make someone do a sexual act against their will. Rape can cause a person to experience symptoms that are very similar to post-trauma stress disorder. The person experiences symptoms such as nightmares, constant reliving of the event, and denial. Victims experiencing this go through rape trauma syndrome. RTS is not commonly used in court rooms as it is easily dissuaded. When it used in the courtroom, it is used more of a defense than to show that a victim can experience this. This paper explores what RTS is and how it used in courtrooms. It also explores why RTS should be used courtrooms, not as a defense but to show that it exist and that victims can experience this. Rape Trauma Syndrome There have been many trials that use rape-trauma syndrome as either a defense mechanism or as a way to say that rape happened and this was a consequence. But not many trials with expert testimony on RTS as allow to be used. Yet it should be as many people, both female and males, are raped and experience RTS. Rape trauma syndrome is defined by Gupta (2013) as a type of PTSD that consists of physical and emotional traits from post-rape that many people are rape victims share (pg. 415). RTS is very serious and those that have experienced this syndrome deserve to have it recognized in court. There are many misconceptions of......

Words: 2027 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Sexual Abuse Trauma

...Working With Survivors of Sexual Abuse and Trauma: The case of Brenna Marissa Bowman Walden University In the case of Brenna social and economic injustice was present in the areas of housing, education and healthcare. Brenna became a victim of sexual assault at the age of 15 by her mother’s boyfriend. When she disclosed to her mother about the sexual assault Brenna was asked to move out. There was an immediate lack of concern for Brenna’s well-being by her mother virtually kicking her out with no regard to how she would survive or continue going to school. Freud’s theory regarding the ego and psychosexual development states that: “perceiving welfare recipients as victims of psychologically abusive histories can result in character disorders that keep them in poverty” (Turner, K & Lehning, A. 2007). Brenna lived in a variety of situations, sometimes residing with friends for short periods and sometimes living in a youth shelter (Plummer, Makris, & Brocksen, 2014). During this period she attended high school intermittently but did not graduate. Her history of abuse continued as Brenna 18 moved in with her boyfriend, Cameron; she became pregnant with his child. Prior to the pregnancy, Cameron would often abuse her physically, verbally, and emotionally (Plummer, Makris, & Brocksen, 2014).When Brenna was 4 months pregnant, Cameron attempted to strangle her, so Brenna moved to a shelter. Although the shelter was willing to house Brenna and her newborn......

Words: 490 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Psychological Trauma of Cancer

...Coping with the Psychological Trauma of Cancer LaHoya Blount COM/172 November 15, 2011 Cassandra Baker Abstract After reading this research paper, it is understood how both men and women cope with the diagnosis of cancer as well as the psychological trauma they experience. Both positive and negative coping styles that patients experience are explained in this paper. Information is given that compares and contrast upon gender concerning patients’ posttraumatic stress disorder and the psychological trauma they face. Sources and coping styles are included that may become helpful in handling the emotional and physical trauma patients may have. Psychological Effects of Cancer Many Americans are diagnosed with various forms of cancer every day. Once diagnosed with cancer the patient go through some form of psychological trauma. Psychological trauma also known as post-traumatic stress disorder is associated with a specific medical illness in this paper it is cancer. Depending on the gender of the patient, the news of having been diagnosed with cancer takes each patient through some difficulties. Although all patients have to deal with being diagnosed with cancer, there are differences and similarities in each gender when dealing with the psychological trauma of cancer (Hagger & Orbell, 2006; Hampton, 2000). Men and women face emotional and physical trauma during treatment of cancer. Both men and women go through depression and anxiety. Men deal with the......

Words: 1523 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Trauma, Development, and Spirituality

...Trauma, Development, and Spirituality According to the American Association of Children’s Residential Centers (AACRC), trauma is considered to be the result of occurrences of mental or physical injury such as sexual or physical abuse sexual abuse, seeing brutality, or natural tragedy (AACRC, 2014). But trauma is not limited to events per se; alternatively, trauma can also be brought about by occurrences of daily living that are emotional in nature and not quite as obvious. Traumatic stress can be evoked by trials surrounding relationships, physical issues, severe neglect, or by circumstances that overpower a person’s ability to adjust (American Association of Children’s Residential Centers, 2014). This essay will discuss how culture can influence traumatic experiences, the impact of trauma on neurobiological development, and how spiritual development can counter the effects of trauma. Cross Cultural View of Trauma Research conducted in Western countries has typically revealed a disproportionately large percentage of accounts of abuse of children among ethnic minority groups. However, mistreatment is not primarily connected to any particular ethnic group, but has been regarded as a global issue (World Health Organization [WHO], 2002 as cited by Cyr, Michel, & Dumais, 2013). The intricacy of examining child abuse from a culturally diverse viewpoint can be made clear by a number of components impeding the progress of awareness about this issue. Specifically, despite the......

Words: 1026 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Developmental Delays and Trauma

...Developmental Delays and Trauma Mukia Myrick Coun 502 4/5/2014 Developmental delays and trauma Developmental delays is when your child does not reach their developmental milestones at the projected times. It is an ongoing major or minor delay in the course of development. Developmental delays can have many different causes. There are many types of Developmental delays in children; they include problems with language or speech, vision, movement (motor skills), social, emotional and cognitive skills (van der Kolk, 1995). Developmental delays are easily distinguished if you pay close attention to the development and milestone periods contained by children; for example if you notice a child having a low attention span, they can’t stay still, they’re highly active and energetic all the time, that’s perhaps due to attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, known as ADHD. There are so many different things that can cause developmental delays and children aren’t always born with developmental delays.  Although, developmental delays can be genetic or born with, there are times when trauma at different ages can cause developmental delays such as a child being abused and suffering brain trauma, concussion, which could cause memory lost. Or there could be an accident and a child or adult undergo serious injuries to the spine, eyes, etc. Spinal injuries can be of damage to you motor skills. Spinal injuries or brain injuries if serious can lead to you basically having to start over...

Words: 681 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Trauma and Emotional Relearning

...Trauma and Emotional Relearning When a tragedy happens the amount of physical and emotional trauma it can put on someone can vary. Some people can walk away from something like it never effected them, however; others may not be able to let it go and it can led to long term psychological problems if not treated. We live in a world where things we never imagined would happen, happens. Therefore; it is important to know the recovery process and how to handle the trauma and emotional relearning. No one imagined the nightmare that would take place on February 17, 1989 at Cleveland Elementary School in Stockton, California. A man named Patrick Purdy played on that same playground twenty years before the nightmare occurred. Patrick Purdy was the man who stood at the edge of the playground on February 17, 1989 and fired bullets at the children playing. He did this for about seven minutes until he took his own life with a pistol. Not only did he take his own life but he also killed 5 children and twenty-nine were wounded. The students and staff who attended Cleveland Elementary witnessed such trauma that would forever haunt them. Moving on with their lives was a constant struggle and they lived in constant fear every time they walked through those doors. That same type of fear lives within a forty-eight year old man who fought in the Vietnam War who would jump at the clap of thunder as well as many Holocaust victims. The constant fear and the little memories that trigger the......

Words: 830 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Trauma Sensitive Addiction Treatment

...Trauma-Sensitive Addiction Treatment Dr. Jamie Marich, Linda Curran and Ginny O'Keeffe Trauma-Sensitive Addiction Treatment Recovery Matters is a forum for discussing the issues of addiction and how to introduce solutions for addiction recovery. There were some commercial breaks where listeners can ask questions related to addiction and recovery which can then be submitted and answered by professionals. The host of the show, Dr. Jamie Marich, is a professional clinical counselor with a private practice in Youngstown, Ohio (Marich, 2011). She had two guests including psychotherapist Linda Curran (Curan, 2013) and Ginny O’Keeffee, who is one of the founder’s and acting CEO of Amethyst addiction and recovery facility (Our Leadership, 2009). The Trauma-Sensitive Addiction Treatment episode focused on how traditional approaches to addiction treatment have failed because they have not considered the role that unresolved trauma can play in one’s attempt at addiction recovery. Marich, Curran, and O’Keeffee also discuss how trauma is addressed in addiction treatment as well as available resources and options. Linda Curran said there is “no such thing as a traumatic incident, but instead there are stressful incidents.” Curran explained the differences between trauma and stress and that the two terms are different with the word trauma being widely misused. She easily differentiated trauma to be an “overwhelm of resources, external and internal” meaning something traumatic......

Words: 1137 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

The Effects of Trauma on the Counseling Professional

...The Effects of Trauma on Clients and Mental Health Counselors Examples of Trauma: For this assignment we were asked to conceptualize two traumatic events to use as examples. One man-made or natural disaster and one personal trauma. The man-made disaster I choose is a mass shooting at a college campus. The personal trauma I choose is a car accident with a family of four which leaves the father dead, but the mother and two children survive. Potential Effects on Survivors: For the survivors of the campus shooting this event may be very traumatizing. A number of survivors may experience Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Human-caused mass disasters can leave survivors felling vulnerable and questioning their safety in the world. (Shallcross, 2012). The surviving auto accident family members left without a husband and father are going to have to deal with grief and loss. The wife may need to cope with overwhelming responsibility and the children may feel anger and a sense of abandonment. Potential Effects on First Responders: One possible effect on first responders to the scene of both the campus shooting and the family auto accident may be Secondary Traumatic Stress (STS). STS presents itself much like PTSD and is caused by viewing others suffer trauma (Baird & Kracen, 2006). The first responders at both trauma sites can be effected greatly even if only at the scene for a short time. According to Baird & Kracen (2006) "the precipitating......

Words: 677 - Pages: 3