Treaties and Tribuals
Submitted By CASSANDRAWALLER
Treaties and Tribunals
Unit 5 IP
November 5, 2011 Treaties and Tribunals
Judges and authorized persons investigate and make decisions on a certain affairs given to them using the same standards (Tribunals). A good example of this is when special international criminal tribunals that were established in Yugoslavia and Rwanda by the United Nations to prosecute the ones responsible for the atrocities which happen at war and genocide time. Another example to see what tribunal means is the trials of Saddam Hussein and the other Baath Party officials (Tribunals). Tribunals which are important part in the justice system make contributions in peoples’ lives. They deal with more than 500,000 cases a year. Some of the vulnerable cases are victims of crime, discrimination, treated unfair, persecution, and disputes about tax, employment, and benefit entitlement and they are managed by tribunals. Tribunals help the people recuperate the confidence that they can achieve justice when dealing with the federal, state and international levels. They need institutions that can empower them to work out their disagreements fairly, proportionately, and quickly. Tribunals help problems to be more manageable for the people. Tribunals are also important because two countries are so far away from each other and it helps make the relationship between two countries stronger because they are the checks and balances in the relationship between the two countries. Tribunals are also important to two are more countries because will hold people accountable for committing crimes in which their own country may not have the laws in place to do so, they dismantle the tradition of impunity for war crimes and other violations of international laws (Will Savive, 2011). Tribunals are not only affected by cultural and political differences of nations, they are also formed because of them. The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), was spawned by massacres and genocide in Rwanda. ICTR is in place to help the ones responsible for serious breaches of international humanitarian law and acts of genocide will be brought to justice and they encourage national reconciliation and respect for the rights of individuals (Savive, 2011). Genocide is killing members of ethnic, national, religious, and racial groups which cause serious mental and bodily harm to them. It requires the rebuilding of civil administration and the reconstruction of the economic and social organization of the country (Gerhard Erasmus & Nadine Fourie). People of different cultures may have problems with understanding, interaction and in negotiation. The different cultures will affect how people behave in the international negotiations such as non-verbal cues, mannerisms, and gestures can block the trust and confidence and make communication uneasy (Aman Garcha). Contrast in culture of the decision making, in how executives and officials reach their decisions. In France negotiation is more of a debate forum and they begin with a long-range view of their purpose. The Japanese negotiate with patient consensus-generating process. In Mexico they start from the top-down and they will negotiate with trade offs (Garcha). Culture influences the negotiator, their strategies, negotiation process, and their behavior. If there are not tribunals there will be no general right of appeal to the courts, there is legal aid, and disputes will not be resolved quickly.
Tribunals, (n. d.). Retrieved from http://mycampus.aiu-online.com
Will Savive, (2011). International Tribunals. Retrieved from http://willsavive.blogspot.com.
Gerhard Erasmus & Nadine Fourie. The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda: Are all issues addressed? How does it compare to South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission? Retrieved from http://www.icrc.org.
Aman Garcha, (n. d.). Diplomatic Culture or Cultural Diplomacy: The role for culture in international negotiation? Retrieved from http:// www.culturediplomacy.org.