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Tropical Dss

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UNIVERSITY OF PERPETUALHELPDR.JOSE G. TAMAYO MEDICAL UNIVERSITY
STO.NINO BINAN LAGUNA
COLLEGE OF NURSING

JOURNAL FOR LOCAL OR INTERNATIONAL TROPICAL DISEASE

MALARIA

Editor's Choice
Main Category: Tropical Diseases
Also Included In: Infectious Diseases / Bacteria / Viruses
Article Date: 20 May 2009 - 2:00 PDT
The word malaria comes from 18th century Italian mala meaning "bad" and ariameaning "air". Most likely, the term was first used by Dr. Francisco Torti, Italy, when people thought the disease was caused by foul air in marshy areas. It was not until 1880 that scientists discovered that malaria was a parasitic disease which is transmitted by the anopheles mosquito. The mosquito infects the host with a one-cell parasite called plasmodium. Not long after they found out that Malaria is transmitted from human-to-human through the bite of the female mosquito, which needs blood for her eggs.

According to Medilexicon's medical dictionary, Malaria is "A disease caused by the presence of the sporozoan Plasmodium in human or other vertebrate erythrocytes, usually transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus Anopheles that previously sucked blood from a person with malaria…" (Click here to see the complete definition in the dictionary). Malaria is also known as Jungle fever, Marsh fever, Paludal fever

Approximately 40% of the total global population is at risk of Malaria infection. During the 20th century the disease was effectively eliminated in the majority of non-tropical countries. Today Malaria causes over 350 million human acute illnesses, as well as at least one million deaths annually. The anopheles mosquito exists in most tropical and many sub-tropical countries of Latin America and the Caribbean, Africa, Oceania, and Asia.

According to WHO (World Health Organization), the majority of Malaria deaths occur...

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