Free Essay

Try Again Pregnancy

In: People

Submitted By Viprice
Words 3750
Pages 15
Thinking about another pregnancy

Miscarriage* can be a very unhappy and frightening experience. Even some time later you may still be coping with feelings of shock and great sadness. You may also be feeling anxious about the future – especially about trying again.

This leaflet looks at feelings and some of the facts about pregnancy after miscarriage. It talks about deciding whether to try again, and about timing. It also gives some information that may help you and your partner before and during another pregnancy.

Reasons for and against You may want to try again because: • You simply want a baby – or another baby if you already have one. Even if you didn’t plan the last pregnancy, the miscarriage may have made you realise that’s what you want • It seems the best way to get over the ‘empty’ feeling that is common after miscarriage • You feel confident that the next pregnancy will go well • It’s important to your partner • You feel it’s your last chance – if you are an older mother, for example.

Should we try again?
You may feel quite confident about trying for another baby. But you may be very anxious about having another miscarriage. Or you may be worried about whether you will manage to conceive.


You feel so desperately empty after the loss and want to fill that void…

* We generally use the word ‘miscarriage’ to cover early and late miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy and molar pregnancy.

You may want to put off trying again because: • You fear the next pregnancy will end badly too • You don’t think you’ll be able to cope with another miscarriage • You think you’re unlikely to conceive – because of age, or fertility problems or relationship issues • You are worried about how your anxiety will affect another pregnancy • You are worried about how a stressful pregnancy, and maybe another miscarriage, will affect your partner and family.

Other things to consider Deciding whether to try again is not always easy. Other things that might influence you include: • Your partner’s feelings about another pregnancy • What your family and friends have to say • What your doctor says about the risk of another miscarriage • Any tests and treatment you might need • Work and career pressures • Money issues, especially if fertility treatment is involved. You may not be ready to decide either way. But if you are not sure, it may help to read our leaflet ‘When the Trying Stops’.

Part of me desperately wants to be pregnant again, and the other part of me is just too terrified of going through the same thing again.


When’s the best time?
There is no right answer to this. You may want to get pregnant again as soon as possible; or you may want to wait a while, particularly if the thought of another pregnancy makes you anxious. You may need time to recover physically. You and your partner may both need time to come to terms with your loss and to grieve for your baby. Women and their partners often have mixed feelings about the next pregnancy: hope mixed with fear and excitement mixed with worry. Now or later? You may want to get pregnant as soon as possible if: • You think another pregnancy will help you to cope with your loss and move forward • You want to be pregnant by the time the baby you lost would have been due • You have no time to waste because of age or fertility problems • You can’t bear not being pregnant.

You may want to wait if: • You don’t feel well enough yet • You are too upset or anxious to even think about another baby • You are still being followed up after surgery or a molar or ectopic pregnancy • You are still waiting for medical tests or results • You want to wait until after the baby you lost would have been due, or some other important date • You are on a waiting list for fertility treatment • There are practical reasons, such as your partner being away from home.

I recently miscarried at 11 weeks. I would dearly love to conceive again but I’m getting conflicting information on how long we should wait.


I feel like I am in limbo and I will not be able to enjoy life again until I am pregnant again.

How soon can we start? Doctors usually advise against having sex after miscarriage until all the bleeding has stopped. This is to avoid infection. They often advise having at least one period before trying for another baby. This is because the first menstrual cycle after miscarriage is often much longer or shorter than usual. If you get pregnant during that cycle, it may be difficult to work out when you conceived. So you may think you are eight weeks pregnant, say, when a scan shows a sixweek pregnancy. If you’ve already had a miscarriage that involved confusion over dates, that kind of uncertainty can be very hard to deal with.

If you do get pregnant in that first cycle, that’s not going to make you more likely to miscarry. There is even some evidence that conceiving in the first six months after a miscarriage actually lowers your risk of miscarriage next time.1 Usually you and your partner are the best judges of how soon to try again. But you may be advised to wait longer if: • you’ve had a molar or ectopic pregnancy • you’ve had a late miscarriage • you are having tests after recurrent miscarriage. It can be very frustrating to have the decision about when to try again taken out of your hands.

When I first realised I would have to wait at least six months, I cried for about a week. Life seemed so unfair and to have no control over when I could try for a baby was awful.


Will it happen again?
No one can say for sure. What we do know is that you are much more likely to have a healthy pregnancy than another loss after: • one or two miscarriages • an ectopic pregnancy • a molar pregnancy. The odds are still on your side after three or even four miscarriages. But age is a factor too; and the older you are, the higher your risk of miscarriage, particularly over 40. The risk of having another ectopic pregnancy is lower than you might expect, though being older increases the risk. But the state of your tubes is more important: if one or both are blocked or damaged, your risk may be higher. You may want to talk more about this to one of the doctors who treated you in hospital. After a molar pregnancy you will be advised not to get pregnant until you have finished follow-up. Then your risk of a second molar pregnancy is very low. You can see your risk of another loss in percentage terms in the box opposite.

Your percentage risk of another pregnancy loss Previous loss Miscarriage2 1 miscarriage 2 miscarriages 3 miscarriages Ectopic pregnancy3 1 ectopic pregnancy 2 ectopic pregnancies Molar pregnancy4 1 molar pregnancy 2 molar pregnancies under 2% 17% 2-10% 16-20% 20% 28% 43% Risk of recurrence

What do those numbers mean for me? Lots of people want to know about their percentage risk of miscarriage. But even with the numbers in front of you, it can be hard to make sense of them. You may be able to see that your risk is very low (after one molar pregnancy) or fairly high (after three miscarriages). But that won’t tell you what you really want to know: will I be okay next time – or not?


Can I reduce my risk of another miscarriage?
There may be things you can do and we’ll explain about some of these in the next sections. But it’s important to know that however hard you try, you can’t completely rule out the chance of another miscarriage. It’s helpful to know the difference between a risk and a cause. Take alcohol for example: we know that regular or heavy drinking in pregnancy raises the risk of miscarriage5; but even if you drank a lot in your last pregnancy, that doesn’t mean it caused your miscarriage. Even so, you might decide to cut down or stop drinking altogether next time.

So what can I do? You and your partner may be able to take steps to improve your general health, diet and lifestyle. This can make a difference to your chances of getting pregnant and having a healthy pregnancy. We don’t know why these improvements make a difference; or why they help some people more than others. As we said earlier, there are no guarantees. But you might find the information in the next pages helpful.

It was quite a comfort when the midwife said that lots of women who have two miscarriages go on to have a good next pregnancy, but that doesn’t change the fact that that might not be me! Statistics are all very well but the chances for you personally are either 100% or 0%.


Eat a healthy diet
A well-balanced diet, including food from the four main groups below, seems to reduce the risk of miscarriage: • Fruit and vegetables – fresh or frozen is best – 5 portions a day if you can – wash fresh fruit and salad thoroughly. • Meat, fish, eggs, lentils, soya, tofu – cook meat and eggs thoroughly – avoid pâté and foods made with raw eggs – don’t eat liver more than once a week. • Milk, cheese or vegan alternatives – avoid unpasteurised milk or cheese – avoid mould-ripened cheese like Brie, Camembert and blue cheeses – cream and cottage cheeses are fine. • Cereal, breads and grains, including: – rice and pasta – breakfast cereals, which often have added vitamins and minerals.

Think about vitamins and minerals A well balanced diet should give you all the vitamins and minerals you need. But there is some evidence that a multivitamin supplement specifically designed for pregnancy can reduce the risk of miscarriage5 and of having a baby that is small for gestational age (SGA: a baby that is smaller than it should be at that stage).6 If you are trying to conceive, or you’re in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, it’s good to take folic acid supplements. These reduce the risk of neural tube defects like spina bifida (where the baby’s spinal cord doesn’t develop normally). Once you are pregnant they are prescribed free of charge.

Aim for a reasonable weight
You may be slender, curvy or somewhere in between. But whatever your shape it is best to avoid: • being very underweight. This means having a body mass index (BMI) of less than 18.5 • being very overweight. This means having a BMI of more than 30. You may want to talk to your doctor if you are worried about your weight, diet or appetite, or if you don’t know how to measure your BMI. Your doctor might refer you to a dietician for advice on how to lose or gain weight safely before you get pregnant.


Cut down on alcohol, smoking and caffeine
Research shows that even moderate drinking, smoking or caffeine consumption can increase the risk of miscarriage. The guidance below might help you reduce your risk: Alcohol The miscarriage risk is highest for women who drink every day and/or more than 14 units per week. Heavy drinking by your partner can reduce the quantity and quality of his sperm. An occasional drink is unlikely to be harmful. But the usual advice is to stick to just one or two units a week, or stop drinking altogether before you conceive and during pregnancy.

Smoking Researchers don’t all agree about how much smoking affects the risk of miscarriage; but it is probably safest to give up in pregnancy or cut down as much as you can. This will reduce your risk of miscarriage and of having a very small baby. Caffeine Pregnant women are advised to limit caffeine to 200mg a day – equal to about two mugs of coffee. Be aware, though, that caffeine is also found in: • tea • ‘energy drinks’ and some soft drinks • some medicines, such as cold and ‘flu remedies • chocolate – there is about 6mg in a 30g bar of milk chocolate. Women often go off coffee and tea in early pregnancy, especially if they are feeling sick; so cutting down may not be a problem for you.


Take care with medicine and drugs
The general advice is to avoid all medicines and drugs unless your doctor or pharmacist says they are safe when you are trying to conceive or pregnant. This applies to prescribed medicines as well as those you can buy over the counter, including herbal remedies. If you are already taking tablets or other forms of medication, the guidance below should help when trying to conceive: Treatment after miscarriage, such as antibiotics for infection. Wait until you have finished the course and any infection has cleared up. Treatment for ectopic pregnancy. The usual advice is to wait three months after methotrexate treatment. Short-term treatment for another illness or infection. It may be best to wait until you have finished the course. Treatment for chronic or long-term illness, such as epilepsy, diabetes or depression. Talk to your GP or consultant about safety when you are trying to conceive or pregnant. You also need to know about any risks to you – and possibly your baby – from stopping treatment or reducing the dose.

Treatment prescribed to reduce your risk of miscarriage. Talk to your GP or consultant before trying to conceive. Treatment bought privately, eg over the internet. Paying for medicine that is prescribed privately should be fine. But you should not buy medicine from other sources because you’ve heard it might reduce your risk of miscarriage; there are risks with medicines obtained through the internet or other unofficial sources. It is best to avoid using street drugs like cannabis, heroin, crack and cocaine before and during pregnancy. Your doctor should be able to advise you and refer you on for help and support if necessary.


I thought herbal remedies would be safer than prescription drugs, but even with those, it’s impossible to know what’s safe and what isn’t…

Treating and avoiding infection
Some infections can increase your risk of miscarriage or harm your baby in pregnancy; so it is worth avoiding or treatment them before you get pregnant if you can. That’s not always possible because some infections have no signs or symptoms and you only know you are infected if you have a test. Infections that can increase the risk of miscarriage include: Chlamydia This is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) that often has no symptoms. If there is a chance that you or your partner is infected, it is a good idea for both of you to be tested. Then you can be treated, if necessary, before you get pregnant. You can arrange this through your GP or by visiting your local GUM (genitourinary medicine) clinic. Your GUM clinic can also check you for signs of other STIs. Chlamydia psittaci This is a rare form of Chlamydia that you can catch through contact with infected sheep or cattle during lambing or calving. If possible, avoid touching these animals if you are trying to conceive or pregnant.

Other infections of the vagina or uterus (womb) If you are worried that you might have an infection you could ask to be tested. Again, these infections don’t always have symptoms. Listeria This is caused by consuming unpasteurised cheese or milk. See page 8 for a list of what to avoid. Toxoplasmosis You can avoid this by cooking meat thoroughly and washing fresh fruit and salad. Cats can carry this infection in their guts; so it’s best to wear gloves when cleaning out litter trays and when gardening. Parvovirus This is a viral infection, which is sometimes called ‘slap-cheek’. Although it can cause late miscarriage, most women who are infected have a normal pregnancy.


Exercising and relaxing
Exercise in moderation won’t do you or the baby any harm. On the plus side, it can improve your mood. If you need help relaxing, yoga or meditation might help; or you could try a treatment like massage or reflexology. But always tell the teacher or therapist if you are trying to conceive or already pregnant.

You may find it helps to do one or more of the things suggested here: Talk to your partner about how you are both feeling. You may be able to find ways to support each other before and during the next pregnancy. Talk to family and friends. They may be able to help in practical ways or just by listening. Talk to your manager or colleagues about reducing stress at work. This might mean changing your hours or the way you work; or it could be about arranging time off for extra GP or hospital appointments before and during the next pregnancy. Remember that you are protected by employment law when you are pregnant (see our leaflet ‘Miscarriage and the Workplace’). Talk to other people who have been through miscarriage. You can do this by: • contacting our helpline (see page 15) • talking to one of our telephone contacts • going to a support group meeting • joining our online support forum.

Coping with stress and anxiety
We all feel stressed or anxious at times. And this is particularly likely when you are facing pregnancy after miscarriage. We can’t say whether stress on its own actually causes miscarriage. But we do know that women under a lot of stress are more likely to miscarry; and the more stressful events they have to cope with, the higher the risk. Work that is demanding and very stressful may also increase the risk of miscarriage, especially if the stress goes on for a long time. On the other hand, we know that good care and support after miscarriage can increase the chances of things going well next time. That may be because your stress is reduced.


Talk to your GP about any questions and worries you have about another pregnancy. Or you could try the local early pregnancy unit, or our helpline. Ask about extra care, such as an early scan. This is especially important after an ectopic pregnancy, to check that the baby is growing in your uterus. But early scans – or extra scans at critical times – can be reassuring after any loss. This may not be true for you if the thought of a scan makes you more anxious rather than less.

Thinking about another pregnancy: a summary
It is natural and normal to feel anxious about pregnancy after miscarriage. You may be worried about trying to conceive or about what will happen if you can’t. You may feel most anxious at the stage when you miscarried before. Or you may worry more as your due date gets closer. We hope that that the information in this leaflet will help you to feel calmer and more confident about the next pregnancy. And we wish you well for the future.

My employer allowed me to work from home for a while, which really took the pressure off. At a very stressful time I was able to avoid the stress of the workplace.


Sources of information and support
The Miscarriage Association Our helpline, volunteers and online support forum can provide support and information: • after miscarriage, ectopic or molar pregnancy • when you’re thinking about trying again • during pregnancy after miscarriage Tel: 01924 200799; 17 Wentworth Terrace, Wakefield WF1 3QW NHS pre-conception care clinics These are run by some hospitals and health centres. Your GP or hospital staff should be able to tell you if there is one in your area. You may be referred for specialist pre-conception care if you have a long-term medical condition, such as diabetes. Well-woman clinics These can give useful advice, especially if you want to see a woman doctor. Some of them offer a pre-conception check-up.


I would love to have another baby. The thought of having another miscarriage fills me with dread, but I know that we will try again and won’t give up. Because although there will be a chance that I will miscarry, there is also a chance that everything will be OK this time.

It is so nice to hear from other people who understand what I am going through. I was starting to feel like I am going mad!

Helpful publications
Although there is no guaranteed method for ensuring a healthy pregnancy, you may find the following publications useful for general guidance. Please note that the Miscarriage Association is not able to endorse all that is in these publications and therefore does not accept responsibility for their contents. Foods to avoid in pregnancy A useful guide provided by NHS Choices, published online at. pregnancy-and-baby/pages/foods-toavoid-pregnant.aspx#close Planning a baby? A complete guide to pre-conceptual care by Dr Sarah Brewer Published by Vermilion (2004) ISBN: 009189848X

Love E, Bhattacharya S, Smith NC, Bhattacharya S. Effect of interpregnancy interval on outcomes of pregnancy after miscarriage: retrospective analysis of hospital episode statistics in Scotland BMJ 2010; 341:c3967 2 Regan L, Braude PR and Trembath PL 1989 Influence of past reproductive performance on risk of spontaneous abortion BMJ 299, 541-5 3 Prof JJ Walker, personal communication 4 Information from Trophoblastic Tumour Screening and Treatment Centre, Charing Cross Hospital 5 Maconochie N, Doyle P, Prior S, Simmons R. Risk factors for first trimester miscarriage: results from a UK-population-based case-control study. BJOG, 2007; 114(2): 170-186 6 Brough L, Rees G, Crawford M, Morton RH, Dorman E (2010). Effect of multiple-micronutrient supplementation on maternal nutrient status, infant birth weight and gestational age at birth in a lowincome, multi-ethnic population. British Journal of Nutrition, 104, pp 437-445 doi: 10.1017/50007114510000747


Need to talk to someone who understands? Call our support line on 01924 200799. Monday to Friday, 9am-4pm Or email


The Miscarriage Association 17 Wentworth Terrace Wakefield WF1 3QW Telephone: 01924 200799 e-mail:

© The Miscarriage Association 2013 Registered Charity Number 1076829 (England & Wales) SC039790 (Scotland) A company limited by guarantee, number 3779123 Registered in England and Wales Thinking/04/13

Our sincere thanks to Vitabiotics Pregnacare for sponsoring production of this leaflet.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Hills Like White Elephants

...the girl has become pregnant, but the man wants her to have an abortion. He obviously believes that the abortion will free them from any responsibilities, which is what they have been experiencing before she got pregnant. They refer to the abortion as an “operation” but it is clear it’s an abortion. In those days it was illegal to have an abortion so they had to refer to it as an “operation”. He describes the procedure as “simple” and “just to let the air in” (291:43). He states this again in (291:45). Obviously the relationship is strained because of the pregnancy. He tells her that if she goes through with it everything will be as it was before (291:48). He feels that the pregnancy is the only thing that has caused them to have arguments in their relationship (291:50). The girl is reluctant about having it done but agrees to do it just to make him happy. She tries to convince herself by continually asking him over and over if it would make him happy again. That is not the case. They each try to leave the burden of the decision on the other. He tells her “You don’t have to...

Words: 923 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Ethical Dilemma on Abortion

...Johnnie Harrison-Strong CWV-301 November 1, 2015 Todd Forrest Case Study: After trying so many years, Susan finally gets pregnant. Unfortunately, a blood test confirms that her baby has Down syndrome, and her doctors suggest she abort the fetus. Susan has a successful career and wants to maintain a healthy balance between her career and family. Yet she feels very uncomfortable with abortion. She seeks some advice from Richard, an influential professor of evolutionary biology who has spent his career seeking to further human potential and minimize human suffering. When Susan asks Richard if she should abort the fetus or give birth to a baby with Down syndrome, Richard replied that human beings should increase happiness and decrease suffering in this world, and therefore he would suggest that she abort, though he also stated that she must make this choice for herself. Richard emphasized the lifelong suffering of both the child with Down syndrome and Susan as the child’s caretaker and stated that it may be immoral to bring a baby into the world if she knew the kind of suffering the child would experience. In fact, Richard suggest that perhaps the most ethical course of action would be to prevent this baby from living a life full of suffering. How would Susan respond? What decision should she make if her baby would suffer with Down syndrome, yet she wants to have a baby? Abbreviated Abortion Ethical Dilemma Essay Ethical dilemmas are complicated situations where people......

Words: 2110 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Teenage Pregnancy

...Teeange Pregnancy 3 What Are The Risks And Causes Of Teenage Pregnancy? There are many reasons as to why Teenage Pregnancy remains to be. Sexual activity beginning at a young age is thought to be caused by drug and alcohol abuse, lack of knowledge and parental guidance, as well as peer pressure. Television plays a role in what our children come to believe that how things should and shouldn't be. Some shows and movies portray life to be something other than that of being realistic. There was a time when HIV was a scare, but now that folk are seeing victims living with this disease longer due to the medication at hand, the use of condoms have decreased. Since the ninety's, teen pregnancy have decreased but remain to be at a high level. Some believe that pregnancy among teens are okay in that they are permitted to marry young. We the people in America don't see this as being normal. Americans see teen pregnancy as being a deficit, a henderance to life. Not only does teen pregnancy cause a delay in life for some, the health risks can be life threatening. Research shows that 85% of these pregnancies are unplanned, which in any population can increase the risk for problems. The biggest risk for teen mothers is delaying prenatal care or worse, 7.2% received no care at all. (Weiss, August 2013.) Some teens are ashamed of their situation and refrain from telling their parents or someone who would be able to guide them to the help needed. They are afraid of what would be...

Words: 1923 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Teen Pregnacy

...Teen Pregnancy Engl 107 Heather Hurst 5/5/13 As we all know one of the biggest issues with our world today is teen pregnancy. I want to speak about this from a personal point of view because I was a teen mom at the age of 16 and 17; meaning I had two kid before I turned 18. Although I had wonderful parent who loved and adored me things could have been different so that it would have not happen. To prevent teen pregnancy parents should put their pride aside be more understanding, don’t act as a friend be a parent and able to communicate with their kids. I’m 21 and still to this day I cannot and have not ever had the sex talk with my parents. Although I tried many of time: my parents pride took over. All they would say was not to have sex and change the subject. Parent put your pride aside; it won’t make you a bad person to get your kid the help he or she needs to stay protected. You need to remember it not about you or what you have done wrong with raising your kid. It’s about them and how they need you to come throw for them help them understand this phase of their lives, when your child comes to you for the first time don’t freak out understand what they’re going throw. The problems with society today parents try to be there kid friend and that is a very big no no. Teens need to be supervised at all times. You cannot allow them to run around like there grown and not expect something to happen. If you act like a friend it will be your fault if your child comes...

Words: 459 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Irhr3035 Case Study

...– NSW Anti Discrimination Act 1977. This is under state government and law. An important fact you must understand this Act, you can claim up to $40,000. 2 – Federal Court Sex Discrimination Act 1984. This is the Act I strongly recommend you follow as there are more sections you can particularly follow and relate to. First of all you have done the first step by providing a written recount of what has happened in your situation. Your next steps include; how to lodge a claim. This involves notifying your employer, show what has happened and how you were dismissed (in your case discriminated against). Get this in as quickly as possible as there is a time frame. Next step you need to fill out a couple of forms and pay a fee. I advise you to try sort this matter out in private house as judges do funny things which are out of your control. Part 2 Issue: Has Mr. Con Tenshus the manger of the financial section of Widgets & Gadgets,...

Words: 1602 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

The Mysteries of Miscarriage

...THE MYSTERIES OF MISCARRIAGE The first thing women ask themselves after they’ve had a miscarriage is “what did I do wrong?” Clinical studies show that there are many causes and effects that result in miscarriage. Miscarriage is very common and there is not usually much you can do to prevent it. In my opinion, if women had more knowledge on the controllable causes of miscarriage, the uncontrollable causes of miscarriage, and the likelihood of it happening again, it would help them cope with grief and depression after experiencing miscarriage. Knowledge of controllable causes is important when preparing for a healthy pregnancy. There are many things within a woman’s control and can easily be avoided. Common controllable risk factors include obesity, previous fertility treatments, the woman’s age over 35, an active infection in pregnancy, smoking during pregnancy, consuming alcohol on a daily basis, cocaine or amphetamine use during pregnancy, and malnutrition or severe anorexia (Young and Zavatto, 2008). Stressful life events and working night shift have been shown to be environmental factors that may induce miscarriage. Sleeping less than 8 hours a day and standing for more than 3 hours a day are also shown to be controllable risk factors in miscarriage (Samaraweera and Abeysena, 2010). Exposure to various teratogenic agents such as high dose radiation, chemical, second hand smoke, and moderate to heave caffeine consumption can cause vascular compromise and embryonic......

Words: 1509 - Pages: 7

Free Essay


...Irregularities He nodded over and over again: I could smell his aftershave. ’’There are art in imperfection,’’ he said, finally, parting his lips and breathing in slowly. ‘’True beauty lies in the nature’s mistakes.’’ The short story Irregularities is told by a woman. The text is written in past tense but shifts to present tense, when the narrator tells that Dr Soleander’s wife couldn’t go to the Hilton Head, and continues to the end of the story. In the beginning of the text the narrator is struggling with her body which is more or less out of control because of her pregnancy. She is working as an administrative assistant at the cardiac care unit. She and her boss Dr Soleander have had an affair. Unfortunately the narrator turned out to be pregnant. It is clear through the text that the narrator has problems with her perception of life and the following responsibility of her acts. The narrator is not like most other assistants working for the cardiac care unit with good lifestyles and healthy changes in life. The narrator has just started eating onions, which is one of the most essential vegetables we eat from our earliest days to our death. It shows us that she is different and perhaps she had a tough childhood with parents who didn’t look after her and her health. Maybe that is why she feels comfortable with the attention she gets from Dr Soleander. Somehow or another the narrator doesn’t understand Dr Soleanders sudden need for her. He has a beautiful, sweet and well......

Words: 994 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Teen Pregancy

...Teenage Pregnancy: Acceptance as Pop Culture Our society comprises of many gender niches and roles. Women are sisters, daughters, and most importantly mothers. Motherhood is one of the most cherished roles that a woman can take on. In the past, women were meant to be seen and not heard as their value depended on their ability to bear children and raise them thoughtfully. Even though that has changed and women are expected to gain an education and lead a career, motherhood can still be a main part of their life. However, motherhood does spring upon on some by surprise. Teenage pregnancy in the last few years have been on the rise and has become a problem for some to live up to that expectation of an education and career (Peck). In the past, teenage pregnancy was a taboo. However its discussion has become more widely accepted. Through analyzing the Candie’s Foundation ad in the October 2011 issue of Teen Vogue, it can be seen as an example of the shift in perception of teenage pregnancy in the United States. The Candie’s Foundation is a philanthropic branch from the clothing line Candie’s. The clothes from the Candie’s brand are meant to appeal to teenage girls who dress girly and traditionally feminine. Focusing on the same demographic, the foundation was founded with the goal to raise awareness about teenage pregnancy in 2001, according to their website. The print ads from their current campaign mainly feature female celebrities such as Fergie, Hilary Duff, Ciara,......

Words: 1457 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay


...woman’s constitutional rights. Even though everyone has a choice, abortion is not right because its murder and it has several negative side effects on a person who has an abortion such as depression and guilt, along with several medical side effects. Women who have an abortion are at a greater risk for breast cancer as well as the chance that they may not be able to conceive in the future. Most abortionists do not even consider asking for a medical history before performing an abortion, and when someone is already at risk for breast cancer, this heightens that chance. After a woman has more than one abortion, her chance for miscarriages in the future is greater, as well as pre-mature birth. There are many other solutions to an unwanted pregnancy, such as adoption, or better yet, practice abstinence or use a contraceptive....

Words: 1846 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay


...important verse to think about says, “Cursed be he that taketh reward to slay an innocent person” (Deuteronomy 27:25, King James Version). I feel this verse is saying, when a woman choose to have an abortion she’s gaining an award of having to live her life without the child she was blessed with and in return she will be cursed in life because she shed innocent blood. An unborn fetus is considered innocent blood because he/she is not able to have any form of input on the decision being made. Not only are abortions going against religious beliefs but it is also very harmful to the woman’s future and present physical and emotional health. Abortions can cause severe depression, regret, are very dangerous, and can cause complications in future pregnancies....

Words: 1044 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Essay 1

...Matilde Zelaya English 101 Assignment Essay 1 06/28/11 Two Cases of Unexpected Pregnancies and the Decisions These Women Made or Were Forced to Make Are young girls ready to face unexpected pregnancies? Can they deal with the consequences? What about boys? Shunned was written by Meredith Hall and her story gives a view of an unexpected pregnancy that takes place in 1965. “Then I got pregnant. I was sixteen. Family, church and school each, which had embraced me as a child-turned its back on me” (Hall 50). Birthday was written by Helena Maria Viramontes and her story shows the other version of how pregnancies can be dealt with and that is still done now. It is about a girl that is pregnant, named Alice “I rub my stomach because it aches. Would I like to stay Alice or become a mama?” (Viramontes 45). Unexpected pregnancies have psychological and social consequences such as: rejection, guilt, fear, pain and having to deal with the birth or abortion alone. In Shunned the young girl is faced by the rejection of all the people around her. She feels isolated and how the community tries to defend itself from certain behaviors. “Shunning is supposed to keep bad things from happening in a community. But it doesn’t correct the life gone wrong” (Hall 50). The community seems to believe “pregnant in 1965, if this could happen to Bobbie’s daughter, then like contagion, it could happen to anyone’s girl. Unless we scared them so much” (Hall 51). By community we......

Words: 1515 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Behavior Paper

...Behavioral and Social/Cognitive Approaches to Forming Habits Paper By: LaTreena Alexander PSY/250 December 13, 2014 John Muench The information being presented analyzing a habit, how it was developed, if there were role models for this habit, and which people influence the adoption of this habit. The author explains why the habit has continued, and if there has ever been a time when the habit was attempted to be broken. This paper explains why this habit is here, and why the habit was formed. A plan is developed to change this habit and is clearly explained in detail, and between behavioral and social/cognitive theories the author describes which one explains his or her personality. A habit that was developed deals with smoking, and it has been going on throughout my entire family for several years. The habit was developed because of older siblings smoking and inviting the younger sibling to join in the smoking festivities. The role models for this bad habit that formed over these years were two male teenagers who had the responsibility of babysitting there younger sister while the mom was at work for several hours a day and night. The habit was adopted because the older male siblings use to blow smoke in the younger female sibling’s face starting at the age of 3 years old. They were young teenagers who liked to hang out with their friends, smoke, and blow it in her face in order to get their sister to fall asleep. The two brothers were young teenagers who......

Words: 1219 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

My Transformation Story

...paid for it too.  and ive made a few other friends through beachbody too, and its really helping my personal growth, and that is actually what inspired me to share with you today, my person growth journey, because I’m excited about it, and would nt mind some accountability with it and hope possibly might inspire you with something I share. My transformation story: I’ll try to be brief, lol. I was always active growing up, played soccer and softball since I was 7 and never worried about being in shape or healthy because I was for the most part. I went to college and was not very active any longer and ate as much and whatever I wanted. I usually had Taco Bell or Noble Romans bread stix for dinner. I don’t know how much I weighed but by looking at pictures I had to guess my 4’11” frame had gained 30 lbs. A year after graduating I was working 70+ hrs a week teaching kindergarten(!) and I had lost most of the extra weight by not eating enough and stress. :/ Then I changed jobs and started working out and got in shape and a little healthier, and was really enjoying taking care of myself and being an athlete again. Next I met...

Words: 1149 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Effects of Teenage Peer Pressure

...thinking process which will then lead to horrible decisions such as drinking and driving. Today’s teens are willing to do almost anything to fit in and become popular. If a teenager drinks then drives he/she not only risk his/her own life but the life of the others. He/she choose to drink to fit in with the crowd, not thinking of the consequences. Many teenagers try drugs out of peer pressure and curiosity. They think it will make him/her look cool and fearless. Many teens are actually afraid to try drugs but do it anyway because they are in an environment where others are doing it as well. Drugs can become very addictive and if they like the “buzz” they get the first time, then they will continue to use and form a deadly habit. Doing drugs raises heart rate and blood pressure which can easily lead to a very serious situation and sometimes even life-threatening situations. Many teenagers are involved in recreational drugs and become dependent on the drugs. This dependency can result in becoming involved with selling drugs to make money. There is no positive outcome to forming a drug habit. Many teenagers are having sex. Again,...

Words: 618 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Gcu - Community Teaching Plan

...This brief description leaves many not understanding the way each type of birth control works allowing teens to incorrectly use each method, if they even use one at all. I will discuss my teaching plan and experience in the following paragraphs. Epidemiological Rationale According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) an unintended pregnancy is on that is either unwanted or mistimed which usually result from not using contraception or inconsistent or incorrect use of effective contraceptive methods. Among women aged 19 years and younger, more than 4 out of 5 pregnancies were unintended. The proportion of pregnancies that were unintended was highest among teenagers younger than age 15 years, at 98%. (CDC, 2012) With this education being taught in school at an age where students are already 14 or 15 years old we are doing a huge disservice to these teenagers. They are not being taught how to properly protect themselves from both pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases before they become sexually active. Even with a decline in teenage pregnancy the United States still has one of the highest teenage pregnancy rates in the developed world. Approximately 410,000 teenagers become pregnant each year. Since so many teenagers lack accurate knowledge about...

Words: 1065 - Pages: 5