Free Essay

Turn of the Screw

In: English and Literature

Submitted By kvarnum1791
Words 1066
Pages 5
TURN OF THE SCREW:
James, Henry

TAKES PLACE IN THE COUNTRY
GOVERNESS NOT CONCERNED W NATURE-ONLY WORRIED ABOUT GHOSTS
NO ORGANIZED RELIGION

A An anonymous narrator recalls a Christmas Eve gathering at an old house, where guests listen to one another’s ghost stories. A guest named Douglas introduces a story that involves two children—Flora and Miles—and his sister’s governess, with whom he was in love. After procuring the governess’s written record of events from his home, he provides a few introductory details. A handsome bachelor persuaded the governess to take a position as governess for his niece and nephew in an isolated country home after the previous governess died. Douglas begins to read from the written record, and the story shifts to the governess’s point of view as she narrates her strange experience.

The governess begins her story with her first day at Bly, the country home, where she meets Flora and a maid named Mrs. Grose. The governess is nervous but feels relieved by Flora’s beauty and charm. The next day she receives a letter from her employer, which contains a letter from Miles’s headmaster saying that Miles cannot return to school. The letter does not specify what Miles has done to deserve expulsion, and, alarmed, the governess questions Mrs. Grose about it. Mrs. Grose admits that Miles has on occasion been bad, but only in the ways boys ought to be. The governess is reassured as she drives to meet Miles.
One evening, as the governess strolls around the grounds, she sees a strange man in a tower of the house and exchanges an intense stare with him. She says nothing to Mrs. Grose. Later, she catches the same man glaring into the dining-room window, and she rushes outside to investigate. The man is gone, and the governess looks into the window from outside. Her image in the window frightens Mrs. Grose, who has just walked into the room. The governess discusses her two experiences with Mrs. Grose, who identifies the strange man as Peter Quint, a former valet who is now dead.
Convinced that the ghost seeks Miles, the governess becomes rigid in her supervision of the children. One day, when the governess is at the lake with Flora, she sees a woman dressed in black and senses that the woman is Miss Jessel, her dead predecessor. The governess is certain Flora was aware of the ghost’s presence but intentionally kept quiet. The governess again questions Mrs. Grose about Miles’s misbehavior. Mrs. Grose reveals that Quint had been “too free” with Miles, and Miss Jessel with Flora. The governess is on her guard, but the days pass without incident, and Miles and Flora express increased affection for the governess.
The lull is broken one evening when something startles the governess from her reading. She rises to investigate, moving to the landing above the staircase. There, a gust of wind extinguishes her candle, and she sees Quint halfway up the stairs. She refuses to back down, exchanging another intense stare with Quint until he vanishes. Back in her room, the governess finds Flora’s bed curtains pulled forward, but Flora herself is missing. Noticing movement under the window blind, the governess watches as Flora emerges from behind it. The governess questions Flora about what she’s been doing, but Flora’s explanation is unrevealing.
The governess does not sleep well during the next few nights. One night, she sees the ghost of Miss Jessel sitting on the bottom stair, her head in her hands. Later, when the governess finally allows herself to go to sleep at her regular hour, she is awoken after midnight to find her candle extinguished and Flora by the window. Careful not to disturb Flora, the governess leaves the room to find a window downstairs that overlooks the same view. Looking out, she sees the faraway figure of Miles on the lawn.
Later, the governess discusses with Mrs. Grose her conversation with Miles, who claimed that he wanted to show the governess that he could be “bad.” The governess concludes that Flora and Miles frequently meet with Miss Jessel and Quint. At this, Mrs. Grose urges the governess to appeal to her employer, but the governess refuses, reminding her colleague that the children’s uncle does not want to be bothered. She threatens to leave if Mrs. Grose writes to him. On the walk to church one Sunday, Miles broaches the topic of school to the governess. He says he wants to go back and declares he will make his uncle come to Bly. The governess, shaken, does not go into church. Instead, she returns to the house and plots her departure. She sits on the bottom stair but springs up when she remembers seeing Miss Jessel there. She enters the schoolroom and finds Miss Jessel sitting at the table. She screams at the ghost, and the ghost vanishes. The governess decides she will stay at Bly. Mrs. Grose and the children return, saying nothing about the governess’s absence at church. The governess agrees to write to her employer.
That evening, the governess listens outside Miles’s door. He invites her in, and she questions him. She embraces him impulsively. The candle goes out, and Miles shrieks. The next day Miles plays the piano for the governess. She suddenly realizes she doesn’t know where Flora is. She and Mrs. Grose find Flora by the lake. There, the governess sees an apparition of Miss Jessel. She points it out to Flora and Mrs. Grose, but both claim not to see it. Flora says that the governess is cruel and that she wants to get away from her, and the governess collapses on the ground in hysterics. The next day, Mrs. Grose informs the governess that Flora is sick. They decide Mrs. Grose will take Flora to the children’s uncle while the governess stays at Bly with Miles. Mrs. Grose informs the governess that Luke didn’t send the letter she wrote to her employer, because he couldn’t find it.
With Flora and Mrs. Grose gone, Miles and the governess talk after dinner. The governess asks if he took her letter. He confesses, and the governess sees Quint outside. She watches Quint in horror, then points him out to Miles, who asks if it is Peter Quint and looks out the window in vain. He cries out, then falls into the governess’s arms, dead

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Turn of the Screw

...Look What You Did!: An Analysis of Societal Effects in “The Turn of the Screw” “The Turn of the Screw” by Henry James is a very riveting story that requires a significant amount of attention by the reader. James uses the governess as a main character in the attempt to produce a psychological thriller, instead of a ghost story. The governess is used to represent the Victorian era and what James predicted to be the result of their ways of life. He particularly uses the subject of repression to formulate the plot of the story. The fact that this was written in the perspective of the governess also allows the reader to somewhat understand the way people, especially women, thought during this time. Throughout this story, the actions taken by the governess and the things she says are blatant examples of her upbringing in such a society. From the beginning of this story, the reader learns minor, yet important details about the governess. Douglas makes it clear that he was quite infatuated with the governess and that she too may have had an interest in him. Douglas states that, “I liked her extremely and am glad to this day to think she liked me, too” (2). Prior to this comment, he also points out that the governess is ten years older than him. What would constitute him to think that someone so much older than him would like him? Simply put, because she said so. Douglas knew she was in love, because when the governess wrote the story, she was forced to make it clear. There was no...

Words: 1771 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Turn of the Screw

...The Turn of the screw Superficially, Henry James’s The Turn of the Screw seems to reinforce the status quo of American literature as male, whereby men are viewed as having power over women leaving women to become mere objects. James creates a nameless female protagonist whose story is told through the guise of a male narrator. She becomes an object viewed by Douglas’s audience and is used simply as means for the master on Harley Street to avoid being bothered by his charges. She is then set up as naïve and love-struck, willing to do just about anything, including risking her own sanity, for the sake of keeping the master undisturbed. However, on closer examination, James actually creates a novella that subverts the traditional idea of men having power over women as it is the governess who has the final word in her story, not the male Douglas, and it is the male heir Miles who becomes the scapegoat leaving the governess free, “awfully clever and nice”. James’s unfinished frame tale creates frustration and confusion but his experiment with form also draws attention to what has largely been left unconscious. Through Douglas’s initial telling of the governess’s story she is reduced to a nameless object that they all raptly listen about rather than listen to. While at the start, Douglas does have power over the governess’s story, in the end it is the governess who has the final word and Douglas, who disappears after only the first seven pages, is never to be heard from again.......

Words: 1166 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Turn of the Screw

...Turning the Screw: Analysing Douglas’s Tale In this essay I will be exploring the narrative style present in “Turn of the Screw” by Henry James and discussing the character called Douglas as a frame narrator for the governess’s tale. I will explore the reliability of Douglas and his relationship with the governess and look at any bias caused by this relationship. I will be analysing the narrative style of the novella, and discussing how this style contributes to the development of the story. Along with this, I will be comparing “Turn of the Screw” to traditional ghost stories, and discussing whether there are differences between the two. Douglas is presented from the outset of the story as a frame narrator in that he begins his tale by offering to recite a manuscript written by his sister’s former governess, who is a person who Douglas holds in high esteem. This act of recounting another person’s story, or presenting a story within a story, is a clear indication that the type of narrative present in the book is frame narrative (Frame Story - Wikipedia, n.d.). If we look at this fact in terms of the quote presented within the study material, we notice that Douglas places particular emphasis on his story, proclaiming to be “quite too horrible” (pg 1). Due to the fact that Douglas is a frame narrator rather than an omnipresent narrator, he comes complete with a range of human faults, including exaggeration and bias. The introduction of the story adds to this idea, as Douglas......

Words: 1563 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

The Turn of the Screw, Ambiguity.

...How successfully does the black-and-white film version of The Turn of the Screw, The Innocents (Jack Clayton, 1961), render the ambiguity of James' original text? Ambiguity, the art of deliberately creating something that can have more than one meaning, lends itself to the written word without difficulty. A written story can involve ambiguity in the characters, plot, narrative - every factor in the story can have to it a sense of uncertainty. However, uncertainty concerning ambiguity is subtly different from uncertainty involving vagueness; the former is a deliberate ploy by the writer to leave interpretation open to the reader's own imagination, whereas the latter comes about due to a lack of detail delivered on the part of the writer, probably due to lack of talent or attention. With The Turn of the Screw, Henry James crafted an immensely complex and highly ambiguous book - there is nothing vague here; when Jack Clayton decided to make it into a film, he faced an upward struggle. Adapting a book for a film is always beset with difficulties - the written word has the ability to be far more subtle than the projected frame - but capturing the ambiguity of The Turn of the Screw would be immensely difficult. Words do not have to be precise in their meaning but a picture on a cinema screen is just a picture - there is little subtlety or uncertainty. A director has to employ imaginative techniques to make a viewer doubt what he is so evidently seeing. This was......

Words: 2764 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

The Death of Miles; Turn of the Screw

...The Death of Miles: Smothering “Love” Is it possible for death to be able to cure a child from corruption of the mind? The definition of corruption goes as follows; the state of being corrupted or dishonest proceedings. The tale of The Turn of The Screw by Henry James as portrayed in the book as well as the governess that appears in both seems to think so. She simply thinks that corruption of the children she has been trusted and set out to take care of are in danger of being corrupted by ghosts of the adults that used to look after them. The novel by Henry James is a tension building thriller that brings the reader inside the mind of a young governess that thinks she has the ability to save the children from corruption. After the governess has her first encounter with Peter Quint she thinks that he is looking for Miles, and the battle of possession over Miles begins. The governess state of mind becomes delusional to the audience as she obsesses over her thought that Quint has come to corrupt Miles, as her obsession becomes stronger throughout the novel, we find Miles dead in the arms of the governess as she kills him with her smothering love. The setting that surrounds the governess at Bly allows the reader to be able to attach reason to the governess actions and assumptions at a early part in the novel. The second encounter the governess has with Peter Quint when Mrs. Grose told her that it indeed was Quint, was where she made her conclusion that Quint was looking for...

Words: 1819 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Ambiguity: Is the Turn of the Screw Based on a True Story or Is It a Tale of Insanity?

...ENC 1102 02 December 2010 Ambiguity: Is The Turn of The Screw based on a true story or is it a tale of insanity? The ambiguous writing style used by Henry James in The Turn of The Screw leaves the story open to the interpretation of the individual reader. I will show how this ambiguous writing style does not lead the reader to any specific interpretation, but it is actually used by James to deliberately confuse the reader and foster an atmosphere of uncertainty. This purposeful lack of facts by James throughout the story makes the reader draw his own conclusions about what actually takes place. Many critics have analyzed The Turn of The Screw and most of them have come to the same conclusion; that the story is littered with ambiguity, but this is where the consensus ends. Nearly everything that takes place in the story can be interpreted in more than one way (Beidler 189). This novella penned by James has generated more than three hundred books, articles, and doctoral dissertations over the last forty years (Teahan 349). One critic, Edmund Wilson, wrote in his evaluation “There is a very good reason, however, in the fact that nowhere does James unequivocally give the thing away: everything from beginning to end can be taken equally well in either of two senses” (172). Just a few of the many unanswered questions that get asked are: Why did Miles really get sent home from school, is he as angelic as he is originally portrayed or is he a bad boy? Why does the uncle...

Words: 1747 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Comparing Henry James’ Novella the Turn of the Screw with Jack Clayton's Film the Innocents.

...The Innocents, a film directed by Jack Clayton, adapted from Henry James’ short novel The Turn of the Screw by John Mortimer, William Archibald and Truman Capote, can be argued to have subject matter of either a supernatural or psychological nature. The same can be said for Henry James’ original, but having digested both texts it is made clear to me that there are some very noticeable differences between the two, that both hinder and enhance our understanding of the stories. In both the film and the novella, the principal story is narrated, somewhat unreliably, by Miss Giddens, the governess appointed to care for the two children by their uncle. In Henry James’ version however, the story is framed in the prologue by an unknown character, Douglas, who introduces the story to a few friends at a house party. In the film, we see Miss Giddens crying with her hands together as if praying, emotionally exclaiming: “All I want to do is save the children, not destroy them. More than anything I love children. More than anything.” It then fades into the interview scene with the uncle, soft focus, to suggest a flashback. Both these openings elicit an anachronistic or nostalgic feel, and with The Innocents, this sensation is strengthened by the black and white cinematography. The cameraman, Freddie Francis, used a special filter which darkened the edges of the frame similar to the ‘vignette’ effect. This had practical uses for characters walking of screen but it also gave the impression......

Words: 2028 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Lackcjj

...beginning this disassembly procedure. 1. Turn the LifeBook over and remove the Battery. 2. Slide out the optical drive. 3. Extract 2 screws from the Hard Disk Drive cover. 4. Lift the cover off. 5. Extract 1 screw from the drive. 6. Slide it to the left to disconnect it, and lift it out. 7. Extract 2 screws from the RAM cover. 8. Lift the cover off. 9. Press out on the locking clips to release the RAM and lift it out. 10. Extract 17 lower case screws. 11. Turn the LifeBook over, open it slightly and stand it on its front. 12. Use a plastic screwdriver to release 1 clip behind each of the 2 hinges. 13. Open the LifeBook and lay it flat. 14. Pry up the Status/Application panel cover with a plastic screwdriver. 15. Disconnect the speaker cable. 16. Lift up the keyboard and slide it back. 17. Disconnect its cable. 18. Extract 4 screws from the metal shield. 19. Lift the shield out. 20. Disconnect the 2 antenna cables from the WLAN card. 21. Disconnect the Display cable from the system board. 22. Extract 2 screws from each of the 2 hinges. 23. Lift the display off. 24. Extract 1 screw from the status LCD bracket. 25. Disconnect the LCD’s cable. 26. Slide the LCD and bracket out. 27. Disconnect the application panel cable. 28. Turn the assembly over and release the tabs securing panel. 29. Turn the assembly back over and lift the panel off. 30. Extract one screw securing the upper......

Words: 714 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Rrod Guide

...it cool Mod 2 – Screw it Mod 3 – “Baker, baker” Start it up 4 5 6-7 8-23 24-25 26-29 30-34 35-43 41 3 3 Introduction Dear Xbox 360 Ring of Death Victim, You are reading this E-book because you want to fix your Xbox 360 and eliminate the 3 Red Lights problem without having to send it out for repairs. You also do not want to spend $140.00 and have to wait weeks to get back to your Xbox 360. This picture guide and videos have been created to show you in full detail how to fix your own Xbox 360 within the next hour. The reason your Xbox 360 has the 3 Red Lights problem is because you have encountered a hardware problem that is linked to overheating and the solder is not holding up. We have tested and found methods that work. This fix does involve taking your Xbox360 apart and requires tools and hardware to fix the 3 Red Lights. Our fully detailed guide will make disassembling and assembling your Xbox 360 very easy. Good Luck! James Dean 4 4 Tips  Follow each and every step as directed in the detailed guide.  Have all tools and hardware ready before beginning.  Make sure your work area is not on carpet; static is your worst enemy when handling internal pieces in your Xbox 360.  All hardware required is available at your local hardware store like Home Depot, Lowes or Ace hardware. Warning: Disassembling your 5Xbox 360 will void your warranty 5 if it is not already voided! Hardware & Tools Quantity 8 Hardware Description Machine Screws 5x10mm (5mm) ...

Words: 3009 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Vernier Caliper and Micrometer

...A widely used type of vernier caliper is shown schematically. The instrument has both British and metric scales and is provided with devices to measure internal depths and both inside and outside diameters. The jaws c and d are arranged to measure an outside diameter, jaws e and f to measure an inside diameter, and the blade g to measure an internal depth. The knurled wheel W is used for convenient adjustment of the movable jaw and the latch L to lock the jaw in position. A micrometer screw is another device for measuring very small distances. It consists essentially of a carefully machined screw R, to which is attached a circular scale C. A linear scale S provides for observation of the forward motion of the screw. The distance the 3 screw moves forward for one turn, the pitch of the screw, is known. The circular scale enables one to read the fractions of turns, and the linear scale enables one to record the whole number of turns. The least count of a micrometer screw is the pitch of the screw divided by the number of divisions on the...

Words: 729 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Haiti

...S_ kL_ _ i ] _!iii_ i_iiii_ _:_!_ _ _i!_ i!i_:_ii_ _:_'::_s:_'_i SECTgOHAL OORS D ONE PIECEDOORS Before You Start.,. identify your door •follow specific index for assemblyand installation Sectional D DOt With Curved Track UX gx One Piece Door. Jamb Hardware_ Horizontal Track° One Piece Door, No Track. Jamb Hardware,, One Piece Door. No Track, Pivot Hardware, .f /il DOOR ,,/_, ,, / // // DOOR \ \ TRACK \ \ / ! TRACK // DOOR 9 iNSTRUCTiON Assembly installation ......... ...... INDEX Pg_ 6 Pg, 8 // // JAMB HARDWARE PIVOT iNSTRUCTION Assembly installation INDEX ......... ....... pg. 6 INSTRUCTION Assembly Installation ........... iNDEX pg, 6 INSTRUCTION Assembly Installation INDEX P_ 6 .............. ............ Pg., 14 .......... Pg. 14 Pg 14 COMMON INDEX : Warranty ............ Maintenance ......... 2 3 Safety Rules Radio Controls ........... ........ 3 17 Wiring Diagram ....... Parts Lists ............. 20 21 CartonCheck List-SEARS Has packaged your Garage Door Opener in 2 cartons with handles,,_ THE LARGE CARTON 1 Box of Radio Controls 1 1 1 1 Operator assembly (in foam end caps) Plastic light lens Box of rail assembly hardware Owners manual CONTAINS: I 1 1 1 1 Box of chain Curved door arm _,_ ' Straight door arm Bag of installation hardware Handy hints labeF "_J_!Ji_i!#_ THE SMALL CARTON CONTAINS: I Three-section Tee rai! 2 Sections of......

Words: 6108 - Pages: 25

Free Essay

Screw

...A screw, or fastener, is a sort of latch, ordinarily made of metal, and described by a helical edge, known as a male string (outer string) or simply string, wrapped around a barrel. Some screw strings are intended to mate with a correlative string, known as a female string (inner string), frequently as a nut or an item that has the inside string framed into it. Other screw strings are intended to cut a helical furrow in a milder material as the screw is embedded. The most widely recognized employments of screws are to hold questions together and to position objects. Screw is a framework that progressions over rotational development to direct development, and a torque (rotational force) to a straight compel. It is one of the six conventional essential machines. The most generally perceived structure involves a tube formed shaft with helical wrinkles or edges called strings around the outside. The sink goes through a hole a substitute thing or medium, with strings inside of the crevice that work with the screw's strings. Exactly when the post of the sink is rotated appreciation to the stationary strings, the screw moves along its center concerning the medium incorporating it; for occasion transforming a wood screw powers it into wood. In screw frameworks, either the screw shaft can turn through a hung hole in a stationary thing, or a hung neck area, for instance, a nut can rotate around a stationary screw shaft. Geometrically, a screw could be seen as a tight inclined plane......

Words: 318 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Maintenance and Training Manual

...2012 David Simpson 2012 David Simpson Maintenance and Training Manual Maintenance and Training Manual INDEX 1 Safety…………………………………………………………………. 2 A. Environmental Concerns................................................................ 2 B. Power protection............................................................................ 2 C. Dust, static, and heat issues............................................................ 3 D. Downloading unauthorized software............................................. 3 2 Maintenance and cleaning.................................................................... 4 A. Tower............................................................................................. 4 B. Monitor........................................................................................... 4 C. Keyboard........................................................................................ 4 D. Mouse............................................................................................. 5 3 Internal hardware installation and maintenance.................................... .6 A. Replacing a Motherboard.................................................................6 B. Power Supply...................................................................................7 C. CPU and Memory replacement........................................................9 D. Hard Drive Replacement............................................

Words: 5576 - Pages: 23

Free Essay

Research

...Screws 1 1 SCREWS Threaded fasteners as screws, nuts and bolts are important components of mechanical structures, and machines. Screws may be used as removable fasteners or as devices for moving loads. 1.1 Screw thread The basic arrangement of a helical thread wound around a cylinder is illustrated in Fig 1.1. The terminology of an external screw threads is, Fig. 1.1: • pitch denoted by p is the distance, parallel to the screw axis, between corresponding points on adjacent thread forms having uniform spacing; • major diameter denoted by d is the largest (outside) diameter of a screw thread. • minor diameter denoted by dr or d1 , is the smallest diameter of a screw thread. • pitch diameter denoted by dm or d2 is the imaginary diameter for which the width of the threads and the grooves are equal. Screws 2 The standard geometry of a basic profile of an external threads is shown in Fig. 1.2, and it is basically the same for both Unified (inch series) and ISO (International Standards Organization, metric) threads. The lead denoted by l is the distance the nut moves parallel to the screw axis when the nut is given one turn. A screw with two or more threads cut beside each other is called multiple-threaded screw. The lead is equal to twice the pitch for a double-threaded screw, and to 3 times the pitch for a triple-threaded screw. The pitch p, lead l, and lead angle λ are represented in Fig. 1.3. Figure 1.3(a) shows a single thread right hand screw and......

Words: 1810 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Blacking Out Headlights

...black out my HID headlights before I swapped them out with my halogens on my GSR. There are a few write-ups on here on how this is done, but none are very detailed. Below is a how-to which began around 11am this morning and will finish tomorrow morning after these are popped back in the oven to reseal…. Tools Required       Performix Plastidip Spray Can ~ $8 from Home Depot VHT Night Shades ~ $6 from Pep Boys **optional** Philips Head Screw driver & Flat Head Screw driver 10mm socket using ¼” ratchet0 Home Oven, Cookie Sheet, Moist Towel, Gloves Clamps to hold together when resealing 1) Remove every wiring harness and connector on the rear of the headlight unit. These are all highlighted in green boxes. The ballast itself does NOT get removed from the bottom; it will be fine in the oven. Just disconnect the cable running to it. The metal bracket that holds your main harnesses gets removed entirely, it’s held on with two screws. Also remove the screws on the front of the headlight and also the big metal clip using a flat head screw driver carefully. 2) Preheat oven to 200 degrees. Once preheated, place your headlamp on the moist towel that is sitting on your cookie sheet. Set your timer for 30 minutes. Others have tried 20-25 minutes. This is simply not enough, you’ll end up putting it back in anyways, so just leave it in for 30 and you’ll be perfect. 3) When the 30 minutes is up, put on your gloves and carry the headlight to your work area. The next 5 minutes......

Words: 876 - Pages: 4