Free Essay

Twentieth Century

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By jakori07
Words 665
Pages 3
Twentieth Century Philosopher
Maria Pinelle, Treddie Knight, and Shurvell McClendon
PHL/215
March 19, 2011
Leon Hallingquest

Twentieth Century Philosopher
INTRODUCTION - Well-known philosophers have influenced the lives for many centuries. Jacques Derrida was a twentieth century philosopher who was one of the most contemporary philosophers of modern (contemporary) times (Philosophy basics, 2011). Jacques Derrida was born on July 15, 1930, and died October 8, 2004 of pancreatic cancer. Derrida left behind a wife and two sons named Pierre and Jean. Derrida was the founder of Deconstructionism. What is Deconstructionism?
IDENTIFY AND EVALUATE THE KEY CONCEPTS AND ANALYSES THAT COMPRISED THE PHILOSOPHER’S THEORIES –Deconstructionism or Deconstruction is a philosophical theory of criticism (usually of literature or film) that seeks to expose deep-seated contradictions in a work by delving below its surface meaning ("Deconstruction"). According to C. John Holcombe (2007), “Derrida has been called philosopher, anti-philosopher, literary theorist, literary subverter and intellectual joker. But his central tenets are clear. Once we use language (speech or writing) to refer to reality, that reality is linguistically formulated and therefore indeterminate. Meaning is not something preexisting in the mind that we struggle to express. Like the main analytical schools of language philosophy from Hume onwards, and contrary to Saussure, Derrida does not regard words as the expression of ideas” (6, para. 1).
According to (2011), “Derrida had always been involved in various (generally leftist) political causes, including support for the Parisian student protesters in 1968, denouncement of the Vietnam War, cultural activities against the apartheid government of South Africa and on behalf of Nelson Mandela in the 1980s, support for Palestinian liberation, protests against the death penalty and opposition to the 2003 invasion of Iraq” (para. 9).

IDENTIFY AND DESCRIBE THE PHILOSOPHER’S CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE FIELD OF PHILOSOPHY –
FOCUS ON HOW THE CULTURE AND THE TIME PERIOD INFLUENCED THE PHILOSOPHER’S IDEAS – The culture and the time period that influenced Jacques Derrida’s ideas was that of early century philosopher named Edmund Gustav Albrecht Husserl (1859 – 1938) (Philosophy basics, 2011). Husserl was a Moravian-German philosopher and mathematician. He was also known as the father of the twentieth century Phenomenology movement (Philosophy basics, 2011). According to Philosophy basics (2011), “Phenomenology is a philosophical tradition or movement of the first half of the twentieth century developed largely by the German philosophers Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger, which is based on the premise that reality consists of objects and events (“phenomena”) as they are perceived or understood in the human consciousness, and not of anything independent of human consciousness” (Introduction, para. 1).
According to Philosophy basics (2011), “It is the study of experience and how we experience. It studies structures of conscious experience as experienced from a subjective or first-person point of view, along with its “intentionality” (the way an experience is directed toward a certain object in the world). It then leads to analyses of conditions of the possibility of intentionality, conditions involving motor skills and habits, background social practices and, often, language” (Introduction, para. 2). According to Philosophy basics (2011), “Phenomenology, as it is understood today, is essentially the vision of one man, Edmund Husserl, which he launched in his “Logical Investigations” of 1901, although credit should also be given to the pioneering work on intentionality (the notion that consciousness is always intentional or directed) by Husserl’s teacher, the German philosopher and psychologist Franz Brentano (1838 – 1917) and his colleague, Carl Stumpf (1848 – 1936)” (Introduction, para. 4).
According to COMPARE AND CONTRAST THE PHILOSOPHERS’S SCHOOL OF THOUGHT WITH THOSE OF THEIR PREDECESSORS –
In conclusion,

References
Philosophy basics. (2011). The basics of philosophy. Retrieved from http://www.philosophybasics.com/philosophers_derrida.html
Philosophy basics. (2011). The basics of philosophy. Retrieved from http://www.philosophybasics.com/philosophers_husserl.html
Philosophy basics. (2011). The basics of philosophy. Retrieved from http://www.philosophybasics.com/movements_phenomenology.html
C. John Holcombe. (2007). Textetc. Retrieved from http://www.Textetc.com/theory/Derrida.html

Deconstruction. In Princeton. Retrieved from http://Wordnetweb.Princeton.edu/perl/webwn

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Twentieth Century

...Standing at the turn of the new century, we observe the twentieth century as a great advance in technology. With those advances, human lives have changed dramatically. In some ways, life is worse, but mostly, it is better. So personaly speaking, I am, and probably will always be, one of those who agree with the idea that technology has made the world a better place to live. First of all, technology has brought with it a more comfortable life. Not only do we use aircondition and heating system during the summer and winter, but also do we take many changes in food preparation methods to make so delicious food. Due to the development of architecture and so on, living conditions are greatly improved nowadays. Besides, the world is now more convenient to live. We can travel around by aeroplane and railway network. We can talk to each other faraway by telephone. Several score years ago, it was even daydreaming that we could today obtain information as well as commodities via Internet. The last but not the least, through the process of technology improvement, people begin to realize the fact that only reconciling with the nature can we keep a continuous development. That is why we today pay so much attention to environmental protection. Many factories have achieved economic growth without pollution under certain new technology. These cities are beginning to be very beautiful places to live in. Instances of the same sort can be multiplied indefinitely. When taking into account all......

Words: 316 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Controversy and Twentieth Century Music

...Controversy and Twentieth Century Music Controversy and Twentieth Century Music The music has presented ever-changing throughout history. A variety of musicians has passed through each century leaving a lasting impression on the world. Each musician gave you a piece of him or her and how he or she saw the world of music and life through his or her eyes (Kamien, 2011). The write will elaborate on two well-known musicians of the 20th century, and then contrast and compare a 20th century musician song and a modern day song which both had aspects of controversial issues within each work. Ravels lacked emotion within his music. His music had extended harmonies. In his time, Ravels music was seen as very controversy. It seems as if his music had no feeling. The music seemed just to play. There was no intimacy or remembrance by it. When Ravels wrote this piece, it was as if he separated himself from everything around him. Although his music was bland, Ravels stayed true to his form of music. His music put a person in the mind of elevator music that has vague melodies. One can forget that the music is playing in the background after a while. Stravinsky music was unpredictable. It was as if he created a box around him and said, "This is what I am going to play, and you can either like or dislike, because I do not care and will play it." Stravinsky broke away from the romantic period and any other period. He created his own period. The Romantic period had a wide range of......

Words: 585 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Industry in the Late Twentieth Century

...Texas has enormous natural resources, and it is the reason due to which it is considered to be one of the largest industrial hubs in the US. In the early 20th century, the discovery of the Spindle top geyser provided a great chance for growth in the oil industry. Texas successfully utilized its oil industry to achieve great success and revenues. The oil industry is one of the most valuable industries in Texas because it contributes significantly to the overall economy of the country. The topic selected for the proposed research is the history of Texas related to the oil industry in the late twentieth century. It is difficult to gather first-hand knowledge, and therefore, the research will be based on both primary (interviews) and secondary research. Texas’s history related to its oil boom has great significance and it has deepened the knowledge about the petroleum strokes in Texas. The proposed research would provide a useful account of the history related to the famous oil industry of Texas. Therefore, the research will provide a chance to enhance the knowledge about the history of Texas’s oil boom. The related information regarding the topic will be obtained from different journals including The Journal of American History, Journal of Tourism in Southern & Eastern Europe, etc. The whole data will be compiled to complete the research work on the history of Texas and present useful information in a coherent and meaningful manner. Collecting data is also time-consuming as it......

Words: 1244 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Twentieth-Century Counterpart

...Mariana Offik English 101; 065 Bellomy December 6th, 2011 Twentieth-Century Counterpart John Edgar Wideman’s “Our Time” can be seen as a twentieth-century counterpart to Guaman Poma’s “New Chronicle.” This connection is made if Wideman’s essay is reread with the qualities that Mary Louis Pratt portrays in “Arts of the Contact Zone.” It can be presented as an example of what she defines as an autoehtnographic text. She defines autoethnography as an inferior culture defining itself through the terms of a dominant culture when writing back to them. Transculturation produces autoethnography. Transculturation is the process by which a culture takes certain aspects of another. The interactions between different cultures, the point of view, and the suppression of the inferior culture portrays “Our Time” as a twentieth-century counterpart to the New Chronicle. Multiple cultures interact constantly in “Our Time”. Robby and John represent different cultures. Robby grew up surrounded by crime and violence. He also comes from a lower educational group. John, even though he is Robby’s brother, grew up to be a different culture than Robby. He went to college and people that were vastly different from Robby surrounded him. John describes his struggle with projecting Robby’s voice in the story because of their different cultural backgrounds. They grew to become two separate cultures that interacted with each other throughout the story. 3 1/2 - 4......

Words: 1569 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Globalization of the Twentieth Century

...Racheal Hunt HIS 122 Mr. Raby September 6, 2012 Globalization of the Twentieth Century What is globalization? According to our text book, globalization is “a term referring to a trend by which peoples and nations has become more interdependent” (Spielvogel 679). When using the term of globalization most people are talking about our global economy and global culture. Over the last forty years new technologies have changed the way we communicate. Not only can we communicate with friends and family around the world with the touch of a button but we can use the same technology to buy, sell and distribute almost anything to almost anywhere in the world. This has not only changed our bottom line of profits but has also changed the mindset of how we view the world and how we do business and communicate with others. In this paper I intend to describe the main characteristics of globalization of the Twentieth century and discuss some of the many elements that have led us to this point in history. There are many characteristics of globalization. Arvind Kumar, writer of the article “What are the Characteristics of Globalization” says that there are three distinct characteristics of globalization. The first is liberalization which is the, “freedom to start industry, trade or commerce in his country or abroad (Kumar).” The second characteristic is free trade. Kumar explains that, “Free trade is the absence of excessive government control over trade (Kumar).” He goes...

Words: 1247 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Fascism in the Twentieth Century

...Fascism in the Twentieth Century; Hitler and Nazism ‘Fascism’ is one of the most controversial political terms in modern history. The lack of a universally accepted definition for the term has meant that it can and has been applied to a wide variety of political contexts. Fascism developed from the destruction caused by the First World War. Its origins can be traced, however, to the intellectual revolt against liberalism in Europe at the end of the nineteenth century. While there was a revolutionary reaction against the ideals of the French Revolution before 1914, it was the First World War which acted as a real catalyst for the emergence of fascism. The war swept away the Hohenzellern, Halsburg and Romanov dynasties in Germany, Austria-Hungary and Russia respectively and sharpened class-consciousness (the idea of lower, middle and upper classes) and increased ethnic tensions, severely weakening the social fabric of many nations. Fascism, in part, was also the result of a reaction by the middle classes against the perceived communist threat caused by the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia in 1917. Fascism was the most severe reaction to the post-war political, social and national crisis. The First World War also had a positive significance on the rise of fascism. The survivors of the ‘lost generation,’ (the survivors of the First World War) had become disillusioned and embittered, and were attracted to the direct-action approach of fascist paramilitary organisations. This......

Words: 2340 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Twentieth Century Chapter Summary

...The literacy movement along and the desire to break away from traditional cultural views was continuing to increasing because of the difference of colonization between the different colonies. Globalization and technological advances was allowing the views of colonies to be broadened. It was also allowing the different colonies to interact more with each other. “Science and technology also came to be questioned with a new intensity, both in terms of their intrinsic nature and in terms of their effects on human societies” (The Twentieth Century, 2347). Over the time of the twentieth century science and technology has made several changes. “For cultural imagination, three changes have held particular significance: the shift in public scientific...

Words: 540 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Immigrant Groups In The Twentieth Century

...Abstract Immigrant groups in various lands have had to contend with ferocious animosity in the wake of the twentieth century. It is not till the late decades of twentieth century that there has been significant relief from oppression and stigmatization even in the face of law prohibiting such inhumane acts. These illegal activities are present long after all lands were emancipated and freed from colonization. Of noteworthy concern is the issue of citizenship. Neither philosophers nor legal professionals have come to a consensus on a clear cut definition of citizenship in order to determine who does or does not qualify for citizenship in different lands worldwide. Despite adequate protection by conventions on human rights outright objectification...

Words: 3920 - Pages: 16

Free Essay

Greatest Canadian of the Twentieth Century

...Who is the Greatest Canadian of the Twentieth Century? Thomas Clement Douglas was born on October 20, 1904 in Falkirk, Scotland. He was often called Tommy. He and his family immigrated to Canada in 1911. They settled in Winnipeg, Manitoba. When Tommy was 10, he had a bone infection in his leg, osteomyelitis, which needed many operations. None of the operations helped him and his family could not afford to send him to a special doctor. He was extremely fortunate when a visiting surgeon volunteered to operate on him for free. He was also a minister and a politician. Tommy Douglas is the greatest Canadian due to the fact he achieved Medicare, became the first national leader of the NDP and fought for social programs even in the presence of strong oppositions. Tommy Douglas learnt from the experience of his sickness the importance of doctors. The sickness and how he was saved was his inspiration for the Medicare. He wanted everyone to receive the Medicare they needed, even if they did not have a great deal of money. During one of his speeches as a politician, he said, I came to believe that health services ought not to have a price-tag on them, and that people should be able to get whatever health services they required irrespective of their individual capacity to pay. This inspired him to work hard so as to make health care available to all Canadians at no cost. In 1959, Tommy announced the plan to establish a medical insurance called Medicare. He......

Words: 346 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Greatest Canadian of the Twentieth Century

...Who is the Greatest Canadian of the Twentieth Century? Thomas Clement Douglas was born on October 20, 1904 in Falkirk, Scotland. He was often called Tommy. He and his family immigrated to Canada in 1911. They settled in Winnipeg, Manitoba. When Tommy was 10, he had a bone infection in his leg, osteomyelitis, which needed many operations. None of the operations helped him and his family could not afford to send him to a special doctor. He was extremely fortunate when a visiting surgeon volunteered to operate on him for free. He was also a minister and a politician. Tommy Douglas is the greatest Canadian due to the fact he achieved Medicare, became the first national leader of the NDP and fought for social programs even in the presence of strong oppositions. Tommy Douglas learnt from the experience of his sickness the importance of doctors. The sickness and how he was saved was his inspiration for the Medicare. He wanted everyone to receive the Medicare they needed, even if they did not have a great deal of money. During one of his speeches as a politician, he said, I came to believe that health services ought not to have a price-tag on them, and that people should be able to get whatever health services they required irrespective of their individual capacity to pay. This inspired him to work hard so as to make health care available to all Canadians at no cost. In 1959, Tommy announced the plan to establish a medical insurance called Medicare. He faced......

Words: 1409 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Mary Jackson's Impact On The Twentieth Century

...Latoya Tanilus Mrs. Henderson American History/ Period 4 21 February 2017 Mary Jackson "Coming here from the South will be a culture shock. It is important for us to reach out and help them adjust." Mary Jackson. Mary had a love for science and a passion to help people that were surrounding her. Mary hometown was in Hampton, Virginia where there weren't many opportunities for black and especially for black women. "In the 1970a Mary help young children's that were in the science club and the "Hampton's King Street Community center to build their own tunnel vision and use it to do experiments." (Shetterly) Mary Jackson impacted the twentieth century in many positive ways. Mary set a path for women to go into the engineering field, and made...

Words: 607 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Plight of African Americans in the Mid Twentieth Century

...In the fifty years following World War II, African Americans made great strides in America. Now they did not come easily but the hard ships endured by those some sixty/seventy years ago have improved the quality of life for many African Americans today. Throughout the Civil Rights Movement, great black leaders stepped up to help secure equality for all races and equally voting rights among, among other things. Some of the more recognizable names were Martin Luther King, Jr., Stokely Carmichael, and Rosa Parks. They may have had different ideas and ways to end segregation but they all contributed to improving African-American life in America politically, socially, and economically over the latter half of the twentieth century. To look at the political changes of blacks over the years, look no further than the White House. Without the influence of the Civil Rights movement, Barack Obama would never be the President, and politicians like Herman Cain, Condoleezza Rice, and Colin Powell would never have made it as far as they did in their political careers. These are just a few of the many politicians who have benefitted from the political empowerment of African Americans. All of these achievements have stemmed from the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. The Civil Rights Act was part of the first phase of the Civil Rights movement. The Act was a Congressional law that nullified Southern states “Separate but Equal” laws once and for all. Now “Separate...

Words: 804 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Conciliation, Agitation, and Migration: African Americans in the Early Twentieth Century

...In the earlier part of the twentieth century, black and white Americans had profoundly different views on the future of black people in America. Most white people believed black Americans were an inferior race capable of little more than manual labor and entitled to only the most basic legal rights. Washington’s speech was very influential to both races. He believed economic acceptance would lead to political and social acceptance. He was labeled as the spokesman for African American by white people. Washington was the operator of the Tuskegee machine. He had supporter as well as he had oppositions. One of his opposers was William Monroe Trotter, he referred to Washington as “the great traitor” the Benedict Arnold of the Negro race and pope Washington. He was the cause of the Boston riot. W.E.B. Du Bois gave Washington some opposition as well. Following the Boston riot, Du Bois published “The souls of black folk”. It contained the first formal attack on Washington and his leadership. He states “One hesistates, therefore, to criticize a life which, beginning with so little has done so much. And yet to the time is come when one may speak in all sincerity and utter courtesy of the mistakes and short comings of Mr. Washington’s career, as well as the triumphs.” He agreed with Washington on some issues but disagreed with him on the more significant ones; like failing to stand up for political and civil rights, higher education; and his willingness to compromise with......

Words: 1312 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Dogs in Art

...The Changing Status of Dogs: One Bark at a Time Dylan Sunderland Why do pet owners have paintings and photographs of there pets? Author Katherine Grier writes, “Since the seventeenth century, having portraits made of family members has been one of the most important ways that Americans made statements about their feelings toward one another, their status in their communities, and their desire to preserve the history of their families for posterity” (124). As time progressed animals that were kept as pets began to have different roles for their owners and now they too are being considered a family member. Pets are slowly taking over the world of art as their own roles within the families are changing. Clearly, having pets placed in different forms of art have been used for centuries and they all tell there own different stories as to why they were chosen to be a part of the picture. How about a trip through time from the seventeenth century to the twentieth century to see how dogs have progressed in their roles as pets? Seventeenth century artist, Diego Velázquez, painted the piece of work known as Infante Felipe Próspero. This painting was produced in 1659 using oil on canvas. The location of production is not stated on Artstor.com where the piece was retrieved, but the assumption can be made that it was produced in a Spanish native area because of the title and the author history. This eloquently painted piece of work shows a young human standing next to her......

Words: 1150 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Description

...as beginning with the epic poem Beowulf, that dates from between the 8th to the 11th centuries, the most famous work in Old English, which has achieved national epic status in England, despite being set in Scandinavia. The next important landmark is the works of the poet Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343-1400) especially The Canterbury Tales. Then during The Renaissance, especially the late 16th and early 17th centuries, major drama and poetry was written by William Shakespeare, Ben Jonson, John Donne and many others. Another great poet, from later in the 17th century, was John Milton (1608-1674) author of the epic poem Paradise Lost (1667). The late 17th and the early 18th century are particularly associated with satire, especially in the poetry of John Dryden and Alexander Pope, and the prose works of Jonathan Swift. The 18th century also saw the first British novels in the works of Daniel Defoe, Samuel Richardson, and Henry Fielding, while the late 18th and early 19th century was the period of the Romantic poets Wordsworth, Coleridge, Shelley and Keats. It was in the Victorian era (1837–1901) that the novel became the leading literary genre in English,[1] dominated especially by Charles Dickens, but there were many other significant writers, including the Brontë sisters, and then Thomas Hardy, in the final decades of the 19th century.The Americans began to produce major writers in the 19th century, including novelist Herman Melville, author of Moby Dick (1851) and the poets......

Words: 294 - Pages: 2