Two Factor Theory

In: Business and Management

Submitted By chiomiii
Words 618
Pages 3
The Two-Factor Theory was developed by Frederick Herzberg to determine employee mindsets and level of performance. He believed that the performances of employees are directly related to job satisfaction and job dissatisfaction. These two are normally mistaken to be opposites of each other, but this is incorrect. The opposite of job satisfaction is to have no satisfaction and the opposite of dissatisfaction is to have no satisfaction. These two factors should be addressed separately to properly incorporate Herzberg’s Two Factor Theory. Herzberg’s Theory is split into two parts, Motivators and Hygiene Factors. Motivators within this practice that can lead to job satisfaction are creating more responsibility and providing performance recognition. Increasing a salary will not guarantee job satisfaction. In this situation, giving the employee more responsibility in profits collected within the practice due to their performance will help. Providing incentives for attaining more business will provide recognition of the employees’ hard work and will give them more responsibility in making sure appointment are being met and cancellations are being filled. Once this has been addressed, Hygiene factors need to be concentrated on to minimize job dissatisfaction would be salary and knowledge business expenses, principles behind profits and how their performance can directly effect the practices overall profitability. Educating the employees is crucial to maintaining zero employee turnover and increasing staff morale.
A profit sharing plan is a recommendation to provide employees with incentives and motivation in the workplace. The two full-time Hygienists should receive a monthly incentive of billable collections received within the two. Incorporating this plan within the practice for the two full time hygienists should be a smooth transition. The system easily…...

Similar Documents

Herzberg Two- Factor Theory of Motivation

... 1.0 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This Paper critically examines the applicability of the Herzberg two factors of motivation in Tanzania context. In attaining that task, this work has made concern on finding the concept of necessary terms about the theory, salient features of the theory, explanation of the two factors (hygiene and motivational), applicability of the Herzberg’s two factors theory in Tanzania context with practical examples, limitations and implications of the theory, and finally the concluding summary. 2.0 HERZBERG’S TWO FACTOR THEORY OF MOTIVATION This is the theory introduced by Frederick Herzberg who was a behaviorist scientist in 1959 with the aim of finding out factors which lead to job satisfaction in workplace. Herzberg extended the work of Maslow, developed the content theory of motivation. The study was conducted by starting with 200 engineers and accountants at Pittsburgh firm in which workers were asked to recall for situation when they had experienced satisfactory and unsatisfactory feelings about their job (Cole G, 2004). He asked some questions as a means of understanding employee satisfaction. He set out to determine the effect of attitude on motivation, by asking people to describe situations where they felt really good, and really bad, about their jobs. The questions asked were: 1. When did they feel exceptionally good about their job? 2. When did they exceptionally feel bad about their jobs? 3. What do people want from...

Words: 2645 - Pages: 11

Traumatic Brain Injury as a Risk Factor for Alzheimer Disease. Comparison of Two Retrospective Autopsy Cohorts with Evaluation of Apoe Genotype

...BMC Neurology (2001) 1:3 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2377/1/3 BMC Neurology (2001) 1:3 Research article Traumatic brain injury as a risk factor for Alzheimer disease. Comparison of two retrospective autopsy cohorts with evaluation of ApoE genotype Address: 1L.Boltzmann Institute of Clinical Neurobiology, Baumgartner Hoehe 1, B-Bldg., A-1140 Vienna, Austria, 2Department of Neuropathology, University of Munster School of Medicine, Munster, Germany and 3Cognitive Neuropharmacology Unit, H.M. Jackson Foundation, Bethesda, Md, USA E-mail: Kurt A Jellinger* - kurt.jellinger@univie.ac.at; Werner Paulus - werner.paulus@uni-muenster.de; Christian Wrocklage - christian.wrocklage@uni-muenster.de; Irene Litvan - ilitvan@dvhip.org *Corresponding author Kurt A Jellinger*1, Werner Paulus2, Christian Wrocklage2 and Irene Litvan3 Published: 30 July 2001 BMC Neurology 2001, 1:3 This article is available from: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2377/1/3 Received: 29 June 2001 Accepted: 30 July 2001 © 2001 Jellinger et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Verbatim copying and redistribution of this article are permitted in any medium for any non-commercial purpose, provided this notice is preserved along with the article's original URL. For commercial use, contact info@biomedcentral.com Abstract Background and Purpose: The impact of traumatic brain injury (TBI) on the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease (AD) is still controversial. The aim of our retrospective autopsy...

Words: 3590 - Pages: 15

Factor Analysis

... packing he wants big or small that is depend on his purpose of utilization. Online sale of the products of FMCG play a crucial role in the success of it. Any literate consumer purchase the product from online shopping in the domestic as well as international market. Place is the another factor for the success, now we can see that there are huge of traditional shops available here and there for buying the products. Malls, super market are available at the different location in the market. Side-effects and Quality is also the important factor for the success of FMCG. These two factors put a negative and the positive effects on the consumer. Goodwill, Authenticity, Advertisement, Brand are also important factors for the success of FMCG. Review of literature:- Dr M. Selvakumar, M. Maria Jansi Rani and K. Jegatheesan (2013), study on the base of market survey, tells about the bright future of FMCG in India. On the basis of market survey they tells about the SWOT analysis of Indian FMCG sector. Vihag Mishra, Atishay Jain, Prashant Sahni (2013) says about the growth drivers and key players in the success of the FMCG. They study on various companies like HUL, ITC, and GODREJ consumer limited. AMBER and Styles (2006) argue that a brand is more than just a product and that is combination of all elements of the marketing mix. Rajeshwari Adappa Thakur says “The sector’s sustained growth has been possible due to continuous and steady improvement in consumer incomes” and also says “As...

Words: 6384 - Pages: 26

Herzberg's Two Factory Theory

...Topics: A. Barriers To Need Satisfaction B. Herzberg’s Two Factor Theory Of Motivation A. Barrier -A natural formation or structure that prevents or hinders movement or action ← What are the things that make you dissatisfied? It can be: - Personal Characteristics - Social and Interpersonal - Environmental or Situational - Perceptual/Behavioral - Financial B. Herzberg’s Two Factor Theory Of Motivation Frederick Herzberg, a clinical psychologist and pioneer of “job enrichment,” developed his motivation theory during his investigation of 200 accountants and engineers in the USA. ← Herzberg showed that satisfaction and dissatisfaction at work almost always arose from different factors ← According to him, Man has two sets of needs: ◦ As an animal to avoid pain; and ◦ As a human being to grow psychologically Two Factor Motivational Theory ← According to this Theory People are influenced by two factors: ◦ Hygiene factors are needed to ensure an employee does not become dissatisfied. They do not lead to higher levels of motivation, but without them there is dissatisfaction. Examples of “Hygiene” Needs or Maintenance Factors ✓ The organization, its policies & administration ✓ Kind of supervision (leadership & management, including perceptions) ✓ Relationship with supervisor ✓ Work conditions (including ergonomics...

Words: 400 - Pages: 2

Happiness Factor

.... We all have many choices in life one of which is whether to focus on all the things we don’t have (of which there might be many), or to focus on all the things we do have. There’s no doubt, that gratitude and appreciation will significantly increase your chances of experiencing happiness. Tip 11 Learn to like and ideally to love yourself. We must love before we can be loved. To love others and to be loved by others is a key component of happiness. Tip 12 Invest time and energy in to your key relationships. Happy people spend more time working on and in their relationships. Happy people tend to be more supportive of other people in their life. Happy people are more generous and altruistic. © Dr. Timothy Sharp 2005 www.thehappinessinstitute.com Tip 13 Socialise and interact with others as much as possible. Happy people have both more and better quality relationships. So as well as working to improve the quality of your relationships (as noted in Tip 12) it’s also worthwhile working to improve the number of your relationships. Tip 14 Weed out unhelpful thoughts. The Dalai Lama has been quoted saying that “The central method for achieving a happier life is to train your mind in a daily practice that weakens negative attitudes and strengthens positive ones.” Learn first to identify your thoughts and then begin to challenge those that are negative and unhelpful. Tip 15 Plant happier, optimistic thoughts. As noted in Tip 14, there are two parts to developing helpful...

Words: 1494 - Pages: 6

Cabling Factor

...When performing a cable installation there is certain factors which need to be addressed prior to starting your design. Planning is one of the most important aspects or a proper design for your installation. Deciding where your cables are going to be ran what equipment you’re going to need to set up the network system. What tools you’re going to need to achieve the desired outcome and materials. Also, making sure the area you are going to be installing in is up to NFPA, FCC, UL, NEC code. Verifying that a system is safe from harming any occupants that may inhabit the structure is key to quality and control. Also if your equipment is safe and of good quality not only will your system be safe but also run better. If you have wires hanging out, shorts in networking hardware, systems that run too hot and placed in tight areas with no ventilation just some examples. Some aspects of proper design are having a detailed plan of how the installation will proceed, you should know the scope of the project, and i.e.…how many cable runs you have what connections need to be made. Your design should also be made available to all people involved with the installation. As well as contain a blueprint of how the cables will be installed. Tools that will be useful in your installation will be, Wire cutters, crimpers, pen and paper, fish tape, pull string, two way radio, labeling materials, punch down tool, toning tools, basic hand tools. I know I have used off the book tools to install......

Words: 355 - Pages: 2

Factor Five Theory

... trust in God. Daniel exhibits true leadership, conscientious by remaining steadfast in His faith, refusing to turn away from God or renouncing any part of His belief, relationship, worship, and service to God. “In whom there was no blemish, but good-looking, gifted in all wisdom, possessing knowledge and quick to understand, who had ability to serve in the king's palace." Daniel 1:4(Bible NIV) Daniels is the Costa and McCrae’s Five-Factor Model of Personality conscientiousness that has high scores in conscientious, hardworking, well-organized, punctual, ambitious, and preserving as stated in Theories of Personality by J. Feist, G. Feist, and T. Roberts on page 383. King Saul does not show the Five-Factor Model of Personality conscientiousness. King Saul did not place preserving faith in God, nor did King Saul trust God. King Saul placed trust in Himself by taking actions without seeking God’s will and guidance. King Saul was only ambitious in His jealousy of King David and wanting Him killed. King Saul was not a leader guided by God. Word Count: 404 References Barker, K. L., & Burdick, D. W. (1985). The NIV study Bible, New International Version. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan Bible Publishers. Feist, J. (2013). McCrae and Costa's Five-Factor Trait Theory. In Theories of personality (8th ed., pp. 374-397). New York, NY: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston....

Words: 452 - Pages: 2

Pv Factor

... employee, this person is far from perfect, so you make a decision not to recommend this individual. RECENCY ERROR: This occurs when the employee’s job performance at the end of the evaluation period is weighted more heavily in the overall evaluation than is appropriate. Example: You are finding it hard to recall information on an employee’s work performance, other than a project that the individual recently completed that made a big impression on you. This employee has worked at your school for two years. You recommend this individual based on the project completed a couple of weeks ago, and assume it is reflective of the person’s performance throughout the past two years. CONTRAST EFFECTS: This occurs when a rater lets an extremely strong or weak employee become the standard by which other employees are judged. Example: You just completed a Recommendation of Readiness for one of the best coordinators at your school. When evaluating the next person, who always completes work on time, but without the flair that characterized the work of the exemplary coordinator who you just recommended, you decide not to recommend. FIRST IMPRESSION ERROR: The tendency of a rater to make an initial favorable or unfavorable judgment about an employee that is not justified by the employee’s subsequent performance. Example: During the first couple weeks of school, a new employee of yours shows great enthusiasm for the job, and makes a lasting positive impression on you. From then on...

Words: 750 - Pages: 3

Factor Analysis

... affirmed again in 2003 by Professor Anderson (Anderson, Charles & Johnson, 2003). When a source that has two authors is cited, both authors are cited every time. If there are six or more authors to be cited, use the first author’s surname and “et al.” the first and each subsequent time it is cited. When a direct quotation is used, always include the author, year, and page number as part of the citation. A quotation of fewer than 40 words should be enclosed in double quotation marks and should be incorporated into the formal structure of the sentence. A longer quote of 40 or more words should appear (without quotes) in block format with each line indented five spaces from the left margin.1 References Anderson, Charles & Johnson (2003). The impressive psychology paper. Chicago: Lucerne Publishing. Smith, M. (2001). Writing a successful paper. The Trey Research Monthly, 53, 149-150. Entries are organized alphabetically by surnames of first authors and are formatted with a hanging indent. Most reference entries have three components: Authors: Authors are listed in the same order as specified in the source, using surnames and initials. Commas separate all authors. When there are seven or more authors, list the first six and then use “et al.” for remaining authors. If no author is identified, the title of the document begins the reference. Year of Publication: In parenthesis following authors, with a period following the closing parenthesis. If no publication......

Words: 1060 - Pages: 5

Two Factor Theory

...Eastern Michigan University DigitalCommons@EMU Senior Honors Theses Honors College 2005 Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory of Motivation Applied to the Motivational Techniques within Financial Institutions Shannon Riley Follow this and additional works at: http://commons.emich.edu/honors Recommended Citation Riley, Shannon, "Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory of Motivation Applied to the Motivational Techniques within Financial Institutions" (2005). Senior Honors Theses. Paper 119. This Open Access Senior Honors Thesis is brought to you for free and open access by the Honors College at DigitalCommons@EMU. It has been accepted for inclusion in Senior Honors Theses by an authorized administrator of DigitalCommons@EMU. For more information, please contact libir@emich.edu. Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory of Motivation Applied to the Motivational Techniques within Financial Institutions Abstract Throughout time, many have attempted to develop detailed theories and studies of motivation, satisfaction, and self-awareness. Each of those theories at some point has been applied and tested as to its effects on people’s lives, jobs, and personal goals in life and in the work place. Due to my strong interest in the management fields specifically, I have decided to look into the different styles of motivation that managers and leaders of organizations within the financial industry typically use. After all, it has been said that one of the manager’s most basic tasks is to...

Words: 22775 - Pages: 92

Two Factor Theory

...The Two-Factor Theory was developed by Frederick Herzberg to determine employee mindsets and level of performance. He believed that the performances of employees are directly related to job satisfaction and job dissatisfaction. These two are normally mistaken to be opposites of each other, but this is incorrect. The opposite of job satisfaction is to have no satisfaction and the opposite of dissatisfaction is to have no satisfaction. These two factors should be addressed separately to properly incorporate Herzberg’s Two Factor Theory. Herzberg’s Theory is split into two parts, Motivators and Hygiene Factors. Motivators within this practice that can lead to job satisfaction are creating more responsibility and providing performance recognition. Increasing a salary will not guarantee job satisfaction. In this situation, giving the employee more responsibility in profits collected within the practice due to their performance will help. Providing incentives for attaining more business will provide recognition of the employees’ hard work and will give them more responsibility in making sure appointment are being met and cancellations are being filled. Once this has been addressed, Hygiene factors need to be concentrated on to minimize job dissatisfaction would be salary and knowledge business expenses, principles behind profits and how their performance can directly effect the practices overall profitability. Educating the employees is crucial to maintaining zero employee...

Words: 618 - Pages: 3

Nursing Theory: Compare/Contrast Two Theories

... Nursing Theory: Compare/contrast two theories Name University Professor Course Date Nursing Theory: Compare/contrast two theoriesIntroduction Theory has so far remained a strategic tool in advanced nursing practice. Firstly, nursing utilizes every feature of management science. Fortunately, the knowledge base of each and every management science takes theory into account. Theory includes methods, principles, and concepts. The principles are usually related, and can be observed and validated or verified when translated into the practice of management. Likewise, concepts are general notions, thoughts, and ideas that tend to form a basis of discussion or action. Therefore, theoretical principles guide clinical nurses to various fundamental nursing concepts and provide productive line of action in a given situation. As a result, nurses should note that taking a hermeneutic or phenomenological approach (strict natural science approach) to nursing is not only naive but also misleading in real-life-settings. Alligood and Tomey, on the other hand, argues that prescriptive theories are often used as fundamental practice guidelines, which play a pivotal role in providing a wide range of practice situations in the nursing and nursing sector (2002). Apart from that, nursing can only become a real profession when it has both a theoretical and a scientific base. This follows the fact that nurses deal mainly with human behavior, thus, nursing is indeed a practice profession...

Words: 2271 - Pages: 10

Factor Markets

...Arya Tavakoli Factor Markets Factor Markets Deli Equipment Capital is one of the most important economic factors. The capital goods also known as real capital refers to the presently produced units of equipment that are used in manufacturing of a service or a good, in which this case focuses on the restaurant equipment. With an economist mind state, we must accept that there could always be an enhanced outcome in finding resources. Also, en economist must recognize how restriction of resources plays a major role in any economy. If we tie this to the equipment industry, such as commercial stainless steel, we use production of commercial kitchenware is a whole new era of production. A product that may be interconnected in making a second product, like the stainless steel on a sub-zero refrigerator, can be made to aid a second product or industry. Stainless steel, being one of the richest resources, can be used anytime and anywhere and also be used in the equipment industry as a finished good. We know that Scrap metal lots pay top dollar for stainless steel products. A majority of restaurant equipment manufacturers only supply stainless steel equipment, and let’s suppose the restaurant closes down. A lot of people assume that the finished good of stainless steel machine operations would go to waste when it breaks, but the truth is that the equipment is either bought back from an equipment dealer or cashed for its value. Recently, one of the...

Words: 1179 - Pages: 5

Alternative to Two Factor Authentication

...A good alternative to two factor authentication would be something like the FortiGate Series. This is a series that consist of hardware firewalls designed to protect computer networks from abuse basically. They will reside between the network they are protecting and an external network like the internet. This FortiGate Series will span the full range of network environments, from the small office and home office to the service provider, offering cost-effective systems for any application. They can detect and eliminate damaging, content-based threats from email and Web traffic such as viruses, worms, intrusions, and inappropriate Web content in real-time without degrading network performance, which is something I would be looking for. In addition to it providing application-level protection, the FortiGate Series can deliver a full range of network-level services which include firewall, Virtual Private Network, intrusion prevention and traffic shaping in a dedicated, easily managed platform. The FortiGate series provides a NAT/route mode that will apply security features between two or more different networks and a transparent mode that applies security features at any point in a network, which is a huge plus. A FortiGate unit will consist of a hardware box and the custom firewall software FortiOS, A separate administrator console will be used to perform system administration. This firewall can operate either alone or as part of a firewall cluster in order to provide a...

Words: 594 - Pages: 3

Factor

...The derivative word rūpaya[citation needed] was used to denote the coin introduced by Sher Shah Suri during his reign of 1540 to 1545 What is Rupee Appreciation & Rupee Depreciation Rupee Appreciation & Rupee Depreciation (instead of using the word ‘currency’ we are using ‘rupee’ for the Indian context and explain the fluctuation with respect to dollar). When rupee is said to be appreciating it means that our currency is gaining strength and its value is increasing with respect to dollar. However, when rupee depreciates it means our currency is getting weaker & its value is falling with respect to dollar. You can understand it with the following example: Suppose, currently, the exchange rate is Rs. 45 = $1, 10 months later, either of the following two cases can happen Case1: The exchange rate is say Rs. 40 = $1. This means rupee has appreciated or gotten stronger by approx 11% and you would be paying less to for a dollar Case2: The exchange rate is at Rs. 50 = $1. This means rupee has depreciated or gotten weaker by approx 11% and you end up paying more for a dollar. Factors Influencing rupee fluctuation Rupee’s appreciation or depreciation against the dollar depends on the change in demand and supply for both the currencies. If the demand for rupee is comparatively high, rupee appreciates; if low, it depreciates. The important question here is ‘what factors drive the demand for a currency?’ They are: * Interest Rate: A demand for a currency is...

Words: 1357 - Pages: 6