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Type 2 Diabetes - Reducing the Risk

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Type 2 Diabetes - Reducing the Risk
James Irwin
American Military University
SCIN132: Introduction to Human Anatomy & Physiology
19 April 2013

Abstract
Obesity is the leading cause of preventable deaths within the United States and has risen to epidemic proportions and is the major contributor to the increasing number of people who have type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is a result of the body resisting insulin, causing glucose to build up in the blood stream. Without intervention, this can have severe complications such as hypertension, heart attack or stroke, kidney disease, nervous system damage, eye problems and blindness, and pregnancy. Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death within the United States. This growing trend is preventable by increasing awareness about the risk of diabetes and educating people on the importance of choosing a lifestyle consisting a healthy diet and physical activity.

Type 2 Diabetes - Reducing the Risk
Obesity within the United States has reached epidemic proportions within the past several decades. Obesity is a leading cause of preventable death in the United States, causing an estimated 200,000 deaths per year (2013). Obesity is a major contributing factor to the increasing number of people of have type 2 diabetes. The resulting medical costs are overwhelming and easily preventable in most cases. Lifestyle factors, such as diet and physical activity play a major role in the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes: Definition
Insulin resistance can lead to type 2 diabetes over time if not addressed early. In insulin resistance, the body’s cells don’t respond properly to the insulin produced by the pancreas, thus aren’t able to easily absorb glucose from the bloodstream. Over time, glucose builds up in the blood stream and the pancreas can’t produce enough insulin to keep up...

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