Premium Essay

Un Ensuring Peace and Security

In: Social Issues

Submitted By vinnykang14
Words 1109
Pages 5
To what extent is the UN effective in ensuring peace and security?

The United Nations was set up in 1945 and contains 192 members which is ongoing. Its primary aim was to ensure it safeguarded peace and security, with other aims revolving around human rights, international law and social progress. The UN has been heavily criticised due its functions and how it operate, however many would argue that the UN has been very effective in ensuring peace and, as an effect, security.
To some extent the UN has been very effective in ensuring peace and security solely due to the reason it is the closest organisation our world has to global governance. Its policing the international system and the world is better with it than without. The approach to reaching its aim is done via the power vested in the Security Council. The Security Council are responsible for ensuring the un role as peacekeeper and has the power to legally binding resolutions, economic sanctions and to even take military action in order to maintain peace. Effectively, the UN is therefore a creation of its members. The Powerful 5 (P-5) USA, Russia, UK, France and China, have the ability to pass legally binding resolutions which can promote peace and security and eradicate any form of threat. A recent example of this is formed in the Syria crisis and the UNs decision to get rid of the Chemical weapons it had used on its civilians in order to reach peace. This demonstrated the power of the legally binding resolution and showed the importance of the UN as a form of global governance.
Nevertheless, the United Nations is more of s debating society and is merely just a creation of its members. In a borderless world, perhaps other institutional bodies have done the job for UN in promoting peace and security, evident in the G-20 involvement to help control the issue of the financial crisis 2007. To some extent,...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

United Nations

...To what extent is the UN effective in ensuring peace and security? The United Nations was set up in 1945 and contains 192 members which is ongoing. Its primary aim was to ensure it safeguarded peace and security, with other aims revolving around human rights, international law and social progress. The UN has been heavily criticised due its functions and how it operate, however many would argue that the UN has been very effective in ensuring peace and, as an effect, security. To some extent the UN has been very effective in ensuring peace and security solely due to the reason it is the closest organisation our world has to global governance. Its policing the international system and the world is better with it than without. The approach to reaching its aim is done via the power vested in the Security Council. The Security Council are responsible for ensuring the un role as peacekeeper and has the power to legally binding resolutions, economic sanctions and to even take military action in order to maintain peace. Effectively, the UN is therefore a creation of its members. The Powerful 5 (P-5) USA, Russia, UK, France and China, have the ability to pass legally binding resolutions which can promote peace and security and eradicate any form of threat. A recent example of this is formed in the Syria crisis and the UNs decision to get rid of the Chemical weapons it had used on its civilians in order to reach peace. This demonstrated the power of the legally binding resolution......

Words: 1109 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Roles of United Nations in Maintenance of Peace and Security

...Nations charter for maintenance of international peace and security, the Security Council has primary responsibility to play in that. It is for Security Council to determine when and where a UN peacekeeping operation should be deployed. The Security Council response to crises around the world on a case by case basis and it has a range of options at its disposal. It takes many different factors into accounts considering the establishment of new peace operation including: i. whether there is a ceasefire in place and the parties have committed themselves to a peace process intended to reach a political settlement ii. Whether a clear political goal exists and whether it can be reflected in the mandate iii. Whether a precise mandate for a UN operation can be formulated iv. Whether the safety and security of UN personnel can be reasonably ensured, including in particular whether reasonable guarantees can be obtained from the main parties or factions regarding the safety and security of UN personnel The changing role of the United Nations includes the following. Conflict resolution, conflict prevention, women peace security Collective security, disarmament, peace building, and The development of new international arrangement to promote peace stability and the general welfare among others. ROLES OF UNITED NATIONS IN MAINTENANCE OF PEACE AND SECURITY CONFLICT RESOLUTION Many international controversies do not even come before the UN because the parties directly involved......

Words: 1382 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

United Nations General Assembly

...NATIONS 1. UN General Assembly (UNGA) Deliberative assembly of all UN member states (each country has one vote) may resolve non-compulsory recommendations to states, or suggestions to the UNSC (not a Parliament) decides on the admission of new members, on proposal of the UNSC adopts the budget elects: - the non-permanent members of the UNSC all members of ECOSOC on the proposal of the UNSC theUN Secretary General and the 15 judges of the ICJ The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA/GA) - Is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations - the only one in which all member nations have equal representation. Powers to oversee the budget of the United Nations appoint the non-permanent members to the Security Council receive reports from other parts of the United Nations and make recommendations in the form of General Assembly Resolutions. Meetings UNGA meets under its president or Secretary-General in regular yearly sessions. It can also reconvene for special and emergency special sessions. Its composition, functions, powers, voting, and procedures are set out in Chapter IV of the United Nations Charter. The first session was convened on 10 January 1946 in the Westminster Central Hall in London and included representatives of 51 nations. Voting in the General Assembly on important questions Each member country has one vote. recommendations on peace and security; ......

Words: 1044 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Do Regional Organizations Have a Role to Play in International Relations?

...organizations are African Union (AU) and European Union (EU). The UN recognises regional organizations as stakeholders in international relations and has granted some of them observer status at the UN General Assembly and permanent representation in New York. The right to speak at the United Nations General Assembly meetings, participation in procedural votes, and to sponsor and sign resolutions means that regional organisations can influence relationships between countries. The three main roles of regional organizations that justify their existence are Peacekeeping and Security, Combating Terrorism, and Disaster Risk Reduction Peacekeeping and Security Regional organizations have an increasing responsibility to maintain a peaceful and stable environment among countries, accelerate growth and development in their member countries through joint endeavours, and maintain beneficial cooperation with existing international and regional organisations. The increasing need of strengthening the role of regional organizations in maintaining international peace and security demonstrates the importance of regional organizations in international relations. A report by the UN Secretary General, An Agenda for Peace, emphasises that regional organizations might be used to support UN peace efforts ranging from preventive diplomacy to post conflict peace building. The role of regional organizations in peacekeeping and international security is destined to continue growing with a view toward...

Words: 1246 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Un Mission

...United Nations and peacekeeping. The UN Security Council is the main organization of the United Nations dedicated to the resolution of conflicts and peacekeeping. It is composed of fifteen members, five of whom are permanent, namely China, France, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom and the United States, and ten of which are elected by the General Assembly every two years. When the Security Council is confronted with a problem that can represent a threat for international peace and safety, it must first try to resolve the problem peacefully. In die past, the Security Council has acted as mediator or, in cases of armed conflict, proposed a cease-fire. The Council can also reinforce its decisions by enacting sanctions. Sanctions are a way for the Council to apply its decisions, constituting a step between a simple condemnation and armed intervention. Sanctions can include an arms embargo, trade and finance restrictions, the ceasing of air and sea contact, or diplomatic isolation. Furthermore, the council can also opt for measures that call for more people and material. Peacekeeping missions allow the Security Council to watch over the cease-fire and participate in the creation of conditions for peace. On a few occasions, the Security Council has authorized member States to use all the necessary’ means to keep the peace, including collective military action. General Indar Jit Rktye, the former president of the International Peace Academy who has participated......

Words: 784 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Resolution of Stuff

...responsibility of all Member States to act internationally in conformity with the principles and aims of the Charter of the United Nations, Taking into account the importance of gender balance within every activity of the UN, whether it be decision-making or idea-generation, Understanding that violence due to arms, terrorism and civil disunion continues to hamper the serenity and social stability of numerous regions all around the world, Noting with appreciation the successes of certain previous mediation attempts as well as the peace and stability they have brought about, Taking note of the 2009 report by the Secretary-General of the United Nations promoting, propagating and supporting any and all mediation efforts made by UN and/or any other state or non-state actor, provided that the aim of the mediation was solely the peaceful settlements of disputes, conflict prevention and resolution, Reiterating Article 99 of the UN Charter, which states ‘The Secretary-General may bring to the attention of the Security Council any matter which in his opinion may threaten the maintenance of international peace and security’, Aware of all previous resolutions/statements approved and published by the GA (General Assembly), UNSC (United Nations Security Council) or any other body relevant to mediation and...

Words: 1518 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Science

...THE ROLE OF THE UN SECURITY COUNCIL IN THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY Remarks by Alyson JK Bailes, Dept of Political Science, University of Iceland The UN Security Council seems to be one of the most admired and envied institutional bodies in the world – except perhaps by those who actually have to work on it. Even the nations like India, Japan and Brazil who are criticizing the Council for lack of representativity are doing so because they want to get on to it: they think the idea as such of having a limited group of nations with such special powers is great. Outside the UN, I have often heard debates in other institutions about why they can’t have something like the Security Council to ensure stronger leadership and faster action. This idea is often raised in the EU context in the shape of an inner core of big states or original founding states. It has also been repeatedly proposed in the OSCE, mainly by Russia. So perhaps if we want to look at the basic role of the UNSC we should ask not just what it was created for but why it could be created in that form, which really has little parallel anywhere else in the world structure. The answer to its original purpose is set out very clearly in the original UN Charter. I quote: ‘In order to ensure prompt and effective action by the United Nations, its Members confer on the Security Council primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security, and agree that in carrying out its duties under this...

Words: 1615 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Rwanda Genocide: Neighboring Countries Perspective

...ASSEMBLY School: THAMMASAT UNIVERSITY, THAILAND Assigned Country: REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO African countries have experienced political fragmentations for decades since the colonialism era. In Rwanda, the two main races, Hutu and Tutsi, face ongoing political strugglings within its territory. The situation exacerbated with the colonial influence in the region. After its independence supported by the Belgians, Hutu majority was able to seized the power and established a regime that focused on oppression on the Tutsi minority. Under Kayibanda rule, violence against Tutsi was widespread. Tutsi children and women were taken from their home and killed. In 1973, Kayibanda was ousted by the coup led by Habyarimana who was a Tutsi. Peace was found in region. However, peace did not last long. The economic instability in 1985 made Rwandans unsatisfied with their life condition. Hutu support of Habyarimana was eroding. Without Hutu support, his political power would be threatened. Therefore in order to maintain his support, he adopted anti-Tutsi policies. These acts led to the invasion of Rwandan Patriotic Front which composed of Tutsi in exile in Uganda. Rwanda was on the blink of genocide. The final string that led to the genocide was the shooting down of Habyarinmana’s plane. After the incident, gunfire between two sides was exchanged and later resulted in massacre. A quick resolution to this conflict is needed. Republic of the Congo would like to express its condolence to the loss of......

Words: 865 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Argentina

...THE UN SECURITY COUNCIL AND PROPOSE TACTICAL MEASURES TO OVERCOME THESE CRISES Introduction i) The United Nations The United Nations is an international organization instituted with a visionary goal and objective of promoting world peace, security, and cooperation under the terms of the Charter, signed by member countries. Established in 1945 by 51 founding states, the institution has its headquarters at New York City. The focal point of the organization is focus on affairs of the government, politics, and diplomacy worldwide, and encompasses economic and social development programs. Implementation of these development schemes works to improve human rights and reduce conflicts among its member counties. ii) The UN Security Council The United Nations is composed of the General Assembly (for legislation), a Security Council (for the promotion of peace), a Secretariat (administration and information) as well as the International Court of Justice (for judicial matters). Under the Charter, the Security Council has a primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. The Security Council takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression. While the UN has had its fair share of success, it has also encountered several obstacles in its path of executing peacekeeping missions. This paper investigates the challenges that the Council has stumbled upon in its mandate to maintain world peace and......

Words: 1874 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Evaluating Success and Failures of Monusco Peacekeeping Body in Congo

...MONUSCO’S FAILURES AND REASONS FOR THE FAILURES Name of Student Name of the Institution Date Introduction From 1990, United Nations implemented its peacekeeping role in the Democratic Republic of Congo due to the internal wars among the Congo people. MONUSCO is the biggest peacekeeping mission in the world. The presence of the UN peacekeeping body is to provide peace, protection in addition to security to the civilians. However, the peacekeeping agency has faced criticisms due to its failure to provide peace in Congo. In my evaluation, MONUSCO has failed in containing the political and ethnic conflicts among others. Therefore, this paper dwells on discussing failures and achievements of MONUSCO in Congo. The following are the achievements of MONUSCO. MONUSCO has played a significant role in ensuring that the elections in Congo are held peacefully and democratically. Secondly, MONUSCO has created peacekeeping missions and projects such as educating women in HIV/AIDS prevention in Sange area in Congo. Thirdly, the agency is holding peacekeeping talks between the Congolese government and the MG23 which has helped reduce the tension between the two parties. Despite the achievements of MONUSCO, it has failed in implementing its roles effectively. For example it failed in preventing rape and the violation of the human rights in eastern Congo in Burundi village. Mass rape of around 240 women in eastern Congo was carried out by Maï-Maï Sheka rebels and the Rwanda’s...

Words: 640 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

The United Nations and Their Current Role in International Law

...post World War One to try and prevent another catastrophic conflict. As we all know the League failed and the ensuing massacre of World War Two warranted a stronger and more comprehensive intergovernmental organization. This would lead to the creation of the United Nations. Though the UN has stood the test of time it does have its critics who question the effectiveness of the organizations ability to respond swiftly or appropriately to global crises. From the perspective of international law the United Nations works to create new laws and agreements in counties addressing issues in a global context; i.e. terrorism, nuclear weapons, boarder disputes etc. The UN also facilitates the International Court of Justice which aims to solve disputes between nations. The International Criminal court is another international court system that aims to hold individuals who commit war crimes or other significant international crimes responsible for their actions. The United Nations, International Court of Justice and International Criminal Court all contribute to the stability of our world, although there effectiveness is limited in atmospheres. The United Nations fundamental mandate is to promote peace; this mandate can become perverted once other factors interfere. The heart of the United Nations lies in the General Assembly. The General Assembly involves delegates from all countries in...

Words: 1852 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Arms Control (Nuclear Disarmament)

...deemed as direct prohibition of weapons possession and production, while arms-control agreements often start by limiting testing, deploying, or using of some types of weapons. Arms-control efforts especially between the Soviet Union (U.S.S.R.) and the U.S. during the Cold War were crucial to limitation of the nuclear arms race, and by the 20th century’s end, arms control as a term started denoting any arms-limitation or disarmament agreement (Browne, Shetty and Somerville 377). The most important are the NPT (Non-proliferation Treaty) and the CTBT (Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty). The main benefit or importance of the NPT is that of ensuring that international peace and security are enhanced. Nonproliferation is built on the belief that there is international consensus regarding the further spread of nuclear weapons as occasioning weakening to security in all states, as well as leading to regional and global instability (Jones 5). The NPT has indeed been the bedrock for the international nuclear nonproliferation regime that includes safeguards, legal restrictions frameworks,...

Words: 1285 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Uno Conter Terrorism

...organizations for maintaining world peace and security.Today this peace is threatened by the scourge of terrorism especially after 9/11 incident in 2001.As the main aim of UNO is to maintain international peace and security; therefore it takes the responsibility of countering this menance.This paper gives a detail of some of the resolutions, conventions and other activities that UNO has carried out to counter terrorism. The worth mentioning of these are the Global Counter terrorism strategy, Counter Terrorism Implementation Task Force and the resolutions passed by UNO. All the organs of the Organization especially the Security Council and the General Assembly are playing an active role. In this paper the main focus is on the General Assembly and Security Councils response to Terrorism Although there is lack of practical implementation but still a hope is there that by mutual cooperation and collective actions they would be able to fight terrorism and establish peace in the world. INTRODUCTION: The UN Charter provided the legal basis of the activities of countering terrorism on 25 June 1945.The states declared their determination to work together for maintaining world peace and security. The UN charter has been used as a tool to combat terrorism but with the passage of time this issue has become very complicated and the requirements for additional tools has become urgent. In the light of the requirements of additional tools the UN had taken......

Words: 1930 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Top 10 Contributors of Uniformed Personnel to Unpko:

...Nations (UN) is established on 24 October 1945 to promote international co-operation. It is an intergovernmental organization established to replace the ineffective League of Nations after the Second World War. In the beginning the UN had 51member countries and now there are 193 member countries for UN. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member Countries. UN has an objective of maintaining international peace and security, promoting human rights, fostering social and economic development, protecting the environment, and providing humanitarian aid in cases of famine, natural disaster, and armed conflict. Major part of UN responsibility is to maintain world peace. For ensuring world peace UN has United Nations Peace keeping operations in short term UNPKO though out the world were conflicts are going on. Bangladesh is an active member of UN and participating in UNPKO in many countries of the world. UN Peacekeeping has never been as large, complex and demanding as it is today. More than 100,000 peacekeepers are deployed across the globe, where Bangladesh has consistently been one of the most significant and frontline troops and police contributing countries. As of now, we are the second largest troops contributing country with (1,830 police, 73 UNMEM and 6,605 troops) attached to various UN peacekeeping forces worldwide in November, 2013.There are total 63 Peacekeeping Operations conducted since 1948. Bangladesh has participated in 44 UN......

Words: 2803 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

...and has been used as a mediator between the opposing groups as a peaceful resolution to the issues is sought. Its main interest is in creating a peaceful end to this conflict and ensuring that both sides are just in their actions. At the time that the United Nations was founded, Great Britain administered the area of Palestine as a result of a mandate that had been assigned to them by the League of Nations. The British supported the establishment of a Jewish state in the area and Jewish immigration was greatly increasing especially following the Holocaust during World War II. This was met by opposition from the Arab population in Palestine and, as violence between the groups increased, the British were forced to turn the region over to the United Nations. On 28 April 1947 a special session of the UN General Assembly established the Special Committee on Palestine (UNSCOP), which had the task of investigating all of the questions surrounding the problems in Palestine and to recommend solutions to be considered by the General Assembly later that year. UNSCOP recommended two solutions. The first was that the area be divided into two independent states, one Arab and one Jewish, with a special international status for Jerusalem which would remain under administrative authority of the UN. All three of these entities would then be linked by an economic union. The second solution called for an independent federation with Arab and Jewish states and Jerusalem as......

Words: 3595 - Pages: 15