Free Essay


In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By moodabear
Words 2088
Pages 9
Undecided Title
Jessica Cottrill
Gerald Chouinard

There are two gods in Greek mythology that stand out from a medical standpoint, in particular. Those being Hippocrates and Asclepius. Hippocrates has become known to many historians and physicians as the founding father of medicine due to his taking it and making it a rational practice, free from magic and superstition. (Osborn, 2010.) The influences of Hippocrates are vast and still provide a basis for physicians today. He was the first to document medical histories and use patient histories to study their illnesses. He factored in all aspects of their lives including past medical problems, the climate in which they live, diet and their line of work. The Hippocratic collection is composed of Hippocrates writings from his research and practice of medicine. It is composed of sixty books documenting information on every part of the human body including the brain, skin and eyes. It is unclear as to whether Hippocrates wrote all of the collection, but it is thought to have been written by himself and his students. (Truman, 2013.) The myth of Asclepius and his contributions to modern medicine are surrounded by more fantastical stories of healing than, Hippocrates. According to ancient Greek history, Asclepius was so skilled in his surgical and healing capabilities, it appeared as though he could rise the dead to living again. According to myth, Asclepius was struck down by the gods who were angered that a mortal had this capability with a bolt of lightning. (Magiorkinis, Diamantis, Androutsos, 2008.) In modern terms, Asclepius' methods of healing take a holistic approach, bringing together the mind, body and the power of dreams. Patients would travel to Aesculapius temples for treatment of their ailments, spending a few days where they would undergo not only healing with herbs and tonics but with mental excercises as well. In the mythological sense, it is said that Asclepius would reveal the cures for ailments in a patients dreams. Religion and mental states were Aesclupius' premise in curing patients just as

many holistic practices that are currently used in our modern society. (Pettis, 2006.)

The Hippocratic Oath is one of the most valuable things modern society has inherited from ancient Greece. The oath, which was developed by Hippocrates, is a statement that over 60% of colleges to this day require for graduating medical students to take. (Jhala, Jhala, 2012.) It is an ethical code for physicians to follow in regards to their practice of medicine. While the oath has been modernized and changed over time, evolving with the medical world, it still adheres to a general idea of how physicians should compose themselves ethically in their work. It states that a physician shall practice medicine with the patient's best possible well-being in mind and adhere to the best ethical standards possible. There have been many versions due to religion being a large aspect of the oath to stay within politically correct standards of our modern society. Though it has been changed and adapted, the symbol of Caduceus is of close relation to the symbol for physicians, hospitals, nurses and the U.S. Army medical corps. The symbol began as the staff of Hermes, showing a rod with two snakes intertwined around it, with decorative garlands to represent his speed. It bared a striking resemblance to the staff of Aesclupius. The only difference was the number of serpents with his only baring one. (Encyclopedia Brittannica, 2013.) The symbol was first adopted by the U.S. Army in 1902 after a popular medical publishing company used the symbol as their emblem. Since then, it is the most prominent symbol for medicine we have in modern society.

When we use or hear the words pathology, anatomy, homepathy, biology and many more medical terms we are using words that stem from Greek mythology and ancient Greek language. The Greeks are said to have given us more words, other than Latin language, than any other culture. In the

popular comedy movie My Big Fat Greek Wedding, the father of the main character constantly states through the entire movie that for every English word, there is a Greek background. While that is a broad statement, there is some truth to it, especially in a medical aspect. The huge list of words derived from many different gods, goddesses, mythical stories, as well as the ancient Greek philosophers such as Aristotle is too many to name. There are over 400,000 names of chemical substances derived from Greek myth alone. (Reinmuth, 1934.) Besides the many medical and psychology terms derived from Greek mythology, the ancient Greeks discovered many herbal treatments and named them. Many of these are located in health food stores and grocers in our modern society. While some of these plants and herbs may not have originated in ancient Greece, their true recognition stemmed from their discovery of their nutritional benefits and healing powers. Thanks to ancient Greek society, we know that the herb fennel is a natural pain relieving alternative, echinacea has natural antibiotic attributes, and rosemary has anti-fungal, antibiotic and cough relieving benefits. (Wang, 2010.) While many people still do not acknowledge herbal treatment as a remedy, the ancient Greeks have proven that it is possible to treat ailments in a holistic manner. With these discoveries, the language of herbal supplements was developed and inherited into our modern society. (Falsetto, 2009.)

The healing philosophy of the ancient Greeks was complex, but held a strong conviction of mixing elements of traditional treatments with overall physical health and mental well-being. They took the stance that if a patient was comfortable in all areas of their personal health, their ailment could be better cured. With the birth of the Hippocratic age came a strong philosophy of these types of practices. Hippocrates, himself and his students developed strong bonds with their patients and learned

every aspect of their physical and mental lives. Diagnosis, just as in our modern society consisted of a extensive look into the patients medical histories and those of their families, as well as full physical exams including every detail such as skin appearance, symptoms, and heart rate. (Osborn, 2010.) The ancient Greeks considered the human body to be made up of four basic elements, blood, phlegm, black bile, and yellow bile. These were referred to as the four humors. Diseases stemmed from the imbalance or deficiency in one or more of these humors. (Duchan, 2011.) This was where physicians would begin in their diagnosis of a patient's ailment, by determining which of the four humors was producing the problem. Among treatments of the ancient Greeks, though they were based in roots, herbs, and animal derivatives, were highly complex concoctions consisting of mixtures of many of these items, at times. The pharmacists of ancient times were called herbalists. The herbalists would create the medicines and the doctors would consult herbalist writings to figure out the cure for their patients ailments, just as physicians now consult pharmacology references. Specific jobs were assigned in the medical industry just as in modern society. Root cutters made their living retrieving the herbs and natural supplies needed by the herbalists to make medicines, which were than made available to the physicians to prescribe patients. They followed a medical process that we have adopted over time, changing, of course due to modern medicines. (Dargie, Hook, 2007.) The ancient Greeks had a simple philosophy that we hope we are getting from modern day physicians. We hope to be examined, diagnosed and treated with respect and complexity until the medical problem is resolved.

Ancient Greek mythology has countless amounts of myths surrounding medical instruments,

high technical medical equipment, trauma situations, and obstetric innovations that we can clearly see relates to today's medical tools. Forceps, of all medical kinds including those for the teeth, gynecological exams, stump forceps and many more are shown evident in ancient Greek studies. (Milne, 1907.) These tools were not made of steel as they are today but of iron, for the most part, but their overall shape and design relate almost identical the ones we see in doctor's offices and hospitals today. On a higher-tech level, there are myths that make reference to everything from the first composition of an incubator system for a newborn baby to stem-cell re-generation. In the Greek myth of Dionysus, the first description of an incubator is noted. In the story, the mortal woman Semeli, Dionysus' mother, requested that Zeus be present at the birth of him. Outraged, Zeus burns her as she is giving birth and takes the baby Dionysus from her body. Dionysus being a prematurely born infant was said to be struggling to live so Zeus sent him to Hyades. Hyades placed the baby Dionysus into a cave-incubator, a moist, warm environment. Pine trees were planted outside of the cave in order to act as an air filter keeping debri and harmful elements in the air from disturbing the baby. (Tsoucalas, Tsoucalas, 2012.) At least six of the forementioned Hippocratic Collection cover surgery and trauma with a heavy emphasis on head trauma. Hippocrates studied deeply the human body's effects from it. He began documenting the effect of injuries to the left and the right sides of the head and the side effects of each. With fractures, Hippocrates would debride the area of the fracture first, which is removing all dead tissue and debri before casting the area, eliminating the risk of further infection. (Pikoulis, 2004.) This practice is done to this day in emergency rooms. The theory of stem-cell research has roots in Greek mythology in the story of Prometheus

and Zeus. Prometheus aimed to outwit Zeus and steal fire for mankind. As punishment, Zeus banished him to Causcasus Mountains chained to a large rock. For the days that followed, an eagle would come to him everyday and feast on his liver, however each day his liver would re-grow to its' full state. (Power, C., Rasko, J. 2008.) It is wondered in the medical community if the ancient Greeks may have witnessed this event of an organ amazingly regenerate itself. While there are doubts among scientific and medical minds on this myth as to whether Prometheus' liver actually regenerated itself not only that quickly but at all. While it seems a far-fetched story, one has to wonder if there wasn't some element of truth, why was it written. It may be overdramatized but at the very least it was a view of the possibility of organ re-generation.

Osborn, D. (2010). Hippocrates: Father of Medicine. Retrieved from

Truman, C. (2013). Hippocrates. Retrieved from

Magiorkinis, E., Diamantis, A., & Androutsos, G. (2008). Gods and Heroes of Medicine in Greek Mythology. Archives: The International Journal of Medicine, 1(3), 144-147

Pettis, J.B., (2006). Earth, Dream, and Healing: The Integration of Materia and Psyche in the Ancient World. (Journal of Religion & Health.) 45(1), 113-129 doi:10.1007/s10943-005-9010-9

Jhala, C., & Jhala, K. (2012). The Hippocratic Oath: a comparative analysis of the ancient texts relevance to American and Indian modern medicine. Indian Journal of Pathology& Microbiology., 55(3), 279-282

Reinmuth, O.W., (1934). Greek Contributions to the terminology of psychology. Psychological Review, 4(5), 412-423

Wang, D. (2010). Greek Healing Herbs. Retrieved from

Falsetto, S. (2009). Medicinal Plants and Herbs Used by Hippocrates. Retrieved from

Osborn, D. (2010). Diagnosis. Retrieved from

Duchan, J.F., (2011). Medicine in Ancient Greece. Retrieved from

Dargie, R., Hook, A. (2007). Ancient Greece Health and Disease. Minneapolis, MN: Compass Print Books.

Milne, J.S., (1907). Surgical Instruments in Greek and Roman Times. Oxford: Clarendon.

Tsoucalas, G., MD, Msc, PhD., Tsoucalas, I., MD, PhD. (2012). The First Mythological Description of an Incubator. Letter to Editor., March. 2012, vol. 22 (No1) p. 142-143

Pikoulis, EA., Petropulous, J., Tsigris, C., Pikoulis, N., Leppaniemi, AK., Pavlakis, E., Gavrielatou, E., Burris, D., Bastouris, E., Rich, NM. (2004). Trauma Management in Ancient Greece: value of surgical principles through the years. World J Surg. Apr., 2004. (4): 425-430

Power, C., Rasko, J. (2008). History of Medicine. Whither Prometheus' liver? Greek myth and the science of regeneration. Annals of Internal Medicine, 149(6), 421-426.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Decided Students

...“Decided,” “Undecided,” and “In Transition”: Implications for Academic Advisement, Career Counseling, & Student Retention Joe Cuseo Introduction The objective of this article is twofold: (a) to critically review research on how students’ process of decision making with respect to selecting college majors and careers relates to their persistence in college, and (b) to tease-out practical implications of this research for improving the academic advisement, long-range planning, and retention of first-year students. The majority of new students entering higher education leave their initial college of choice without completing a degree (Tinto, 1993), and national attrition rates have been increasing since the early 1980s at two-year and four-year institutions, both public and private (Postsecondary Education Opportunity, 2002). At all types of higher education institutions, including highly selective colleges and universities, the most critical period or stage of vulnerability for student attrition continues to be the first year of college (“Learning Slope,” 1991). More than half of all students who withdraw from college do so during their first year (Consortium for Student Retention Data Exchange, 1999), resulting in a first-year attrition rate of more than 25% at four-year institutions, and approximately 50% at two-year institutions (ACT, 2003). Retention research suggests that student commitment to educational and career goals is perhaps the strongest......

Words: 9388 - Pages: 38

Premium Essay


...practice the five steps, and provide preventive measures. IV. Video (Slide 23) V. Summary (Slide 24) Evaluation Plan 1. I considered the training content to be valuable. Strongly Agree Agree Undecided Disagree Strongly Disagree 2. The skills introduced during training are relevant to me. Strongly Agree Agree Undecided Disagree Strongly Disagree 3. The trainer was effective in providing the skills I need to manage conflict. Strongly Agree Agree Undecided Disagree Strongly Disagree 4. I will use what I learned in this training program. Strongly Agree Agree Undecided Disagree Strongly Disagree 5. The learning objectives were clear. Strongly Agree Agree Undecided Disagree Strongly Disagree 6. The training content was meaningful. Strongly Agree Agree Undecided Disagree Strongly Disagree 7. The participant guide was helpful. Strongly Agree Agree Undecided Disagree Strongly Disagree 8. The case study and group discussion was meaningful. Strongly Agree Agree Undecided Disagree Strongly Disagree 9. The trainer was organized, clear, and articulate. Strongly Agree Agree Undecided Disagree Strongly Disagree 10. I would recommend this training program to others. Strongly Agree Agree Undecided Disagree Strongly Disagree 11. The skills presented in this program......

Words: 1056 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Consumer Behavior Paper and Questionnaire

...flavored cigarettes. Moreover, the instructions ask the participant to placing a check mark on the box that best fits their answer. Rating Scale 1. Strongly disagree 2. Disagree 3. Undecided 4. Agree 5. Strongly agree The Flavored Cigarette Questionnaire will consist of ten questions and four short essay questions. The questionnaire and rating system are listed below: Do you think flavored cigarettes are fashionable? Strongly Disagree Disagree Undecided Strongly Agree Agree I prefer flavored cigarettes because they refresh me? Strongly Disagree Disagree Undecided Strongly Agree Agree I view flavored cigarettes as unhealthy? Strongly Disagree Disagree Undecided Strongly Agree Agree I believe that flavored cigarettes should be banned? Strongly Disagree Disagree Undecided Strongly Agree Agree I enjoy the smell of flavored cigarettes over normal cigarettes? Strongly Disagree Disagree Undecided Strongly Agree Agree Flavored cigarettes make me feel cool? Strongly Disagree Disagree Undecided Strongly Agree Agree Flavored cigarettes are light? Strongly Disagree Disagree Undecided Strongly Agree Agree I enjoy the taste of favored cigarettes over normal cigarettes? Strongly Disagree Disagree Undecided Strongly Agree Agree I love flavored cigarettes? Strongly Disagree Disagree Undecided Strongly Agree Agree Please answer these questions in a few sentences: Please tell us why you like flavored cigarettes? What are your favorite flavored cigarettes? Why do you prefer...

Words: 1054 - Pages: 5

Free Essay


... -Journal of Arts, Science & Commerce ■ E-ISSN 2229-4686 ■ ISSN 2231-4172 DATA ANALYSIS : Objective one: to assess the willingness of male subordinates to work under female heads: The findings revealed that out of the (122) men sampled for the study from the (17) institutions, (37.7%) disagreed, (32.8%) were undecided and only (29.5%) agreed that they prefer to work under a female boss. The two follow up questions that were also posed are: does one feel reluctant to having a woman as my head and does one have a preference for male managers to female managers. 31.2% do not feel reluctant have a female head, 25.4% were undecided and 43.4% said they feel reluctant in having a woman as their head. In the case of having a preference for male to female heads 63.9% agreed to have a male head. The findings here indicate some level of discrimination against women in our society. Objective two: to examine attitude of the male subordinates working under female supervisors: Table 1: Examining Male Subordinates’ Attitude towards Female Heads Attitudes Statements Men employees take liberties with female heads Column1 Response Yes No Undecided Total Yes No Undecided Total Yes No Undecided Total Column2 Column3 Count Column % 47 38.52 51 41.80 24 19.28 122 100.00 57 49 16 122 69 28 25 122 46.72 40.16 13.11 100 56.56 22.95 20.49 100 Managerial positions are coded as masculine Female managers are labelled when they are decisive and take charge Source: March, 2012 When questions to......

Words: 4678 - Pages: 19

Free Essay

Gun Control Survey

...appearance and function of the survey. The website allows the designer to choose what kind of questions will be administered from multiple choices to fill in the blank questions. Each question in the survey was given a yes, no or true, false answer with all questions presenting a choice of undecided. The undecided was an option because some people are unsure and leaving the participant only two options may be looked at as bias. * The eight employees all received a link in their emails to the survey website. The website presented four questions. The first question asked if they believed the current United States gun laws were sufficient. This question was chosen due to the current gun laws being debated. The results weighed in with two selecting yes, three selecting no, and three undecided. * The second question asked if the statement, “guns do not kill people, people kill people” is true, false, or undecided. This is a popular well-known question that many people have debated. This question will show how responsible the survey participant holds the person or the gun. Five participant’s felts guns were more responsible, two felt the guns were responsible, and one participant was undecided. * The third question deals with a current proposal from the President of the United States. Obama and his advisers have signaled that they intend to push a broad and ambitious set of anti-gun-violence proposals in Congress, including a ban on military-style assault weapons and a......

Words: 891 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Survey Techniques organization’s understanding on job satisfaction and fraud. I am inviting you to participate in this study. The survey includes four short sections. SECTION ONE: The following statements are in reference to your opinion about job satisfaction in the workplace. Please circle the number that agrees to what degree you agree, disagree or are undecided about each statement. Statement 1: Do you feel that employees are recognized as individuals? 1. Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3. Undecided 4. Agree 5. Strongly Agree Statement 2: Do you believe you are paid well for the job you do? 1. Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3. Undecided 4. Agree 5. Strongly Agree Statement 3: I have a clear path for career advancement. 1. Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3. Undecided 4. Agree 5. Strongly Agree Statement 4: Your company clearly communicated its goals and strategies to you. 1. Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3. Undecided 4. Agree 5. Strongly Agree Statement 5: Do you believe your company create and support a strong ethical environment? 1. Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3. Undecided 4. Agree 5. Strongly Agree SECTION TWO: The following questions involve your opinion on fraud. Please circle the number that agrees with your response. Question 1: Do you think the people you work with are honest? 1. Yes 2. No Question 2: Have you had any experience with fraud? 1. Yes 2. No Question 3: Do you think your......

Words: 566 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...Family Guy There are a lot of psychology principals and theories shown in animated television shows because it is easy to show how true and funny they really are. There is a clip in the television show called, family guy. The clip starts out as Lois and another person are trying to run for government and they are taking questions from undecided voters to see who will be mayor. It then goes to an undecided voter who asks a question to the guy Lois is running against and instead of answering the question the guy just goes up to the undecided voter and shakes his hand and looks him in the eye. The voter replies “Oh I like him he looks me in the eye” and there is a commotion among the crowd and someone says “I am voting for him”. It then goes to Lois who is very confused because she does not get why the people love the other guy when he did not even answer the question. Then Brian who is a different character on the show says “Just say short things that everyone agrees on”. So then it is Lois turn to answer a question from the undecided voters and it did not matter what the question was she kept replying “911 is bad.” The crowd of undecided cheered every time she said that despite the fact that 9-11 had nothing to do with the questions. For example one time she said that 911 is bad someone from the crowd said I agree with that like as if he was going to vote for her just because of that. This fits in psychology class in a few ways first of all it is an example of......

Words: 694 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The History of Euthanasia in America

...television? 56%Appropriate 35% Not appropriate 10% Undecided/Don't know/Refused 2. Did the experience of watching Dr. Jack Kevorkian cause a man's death influence your opinion about assisted suicide, or would you say that your opinion about assisted suicide was not influenced at all by the "60 Minutes" program? 11%Influenced opinion about assisted suicide 84%DID NOT influence opinion about assisted suicide 5%Undecided/Don't know 3. Did the experience of watching tonight's "60 minute" segment on Jack Kevorkian influence you to be more supportive of assisted suicide or more opposed to assisted suicide? 6%Much more supportive of assisted suicide 31%Somewhat more supportive of assisted suicide 13%Somewhat more opposed to assisted suicide 38%Much more opposed to assisted suicide 12%Undecided/Don't know 4. Generally speaking, do you favor or oppose laws that would allow physician assisted suicide for terminally ill people who are in a sound state of mind? 31%Strongly favor 14%Somewhat favor 10%Somewhat oppose 40%Strongly oppose 5%Undecided/Don't know 5. Dr. Kevorkian has invited law enforcement authorities to arrest him and charge him with a crime for his actions in the death shown on television. What do you think? Should Dr. Jack Kevorkian be arrested and charged with a crime for his actions, or do you think authorities should do nothing? 50%Kevorkian should be arrested and charged 34%Authorities should do nothing 16%Undecided/Don't know 6. If Dr. Kevorkian is......

Words: 950 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Marketing Strategies of Dairy Queen Affecting Consumer Buying Decisions of Feu Makati Students (S.Y 2015-2016)

...1- Strongly Disagree 2- Disagree 3- Undecided 4- Agree 5- Strongly Agree 1 3 4 5 21 (7.00%) No. of 2 41 148 65 25 (13.67%) (49.33%) (21.67%) (8.33%) Respondents Figure 2: Respondents’ alertness on Dairy Queen’s Promotion 60.00% 49.33% 50.00% 40.00% 30.00% 21.67% 20.00% 10.00% 13.67% 8.33% 7.00% 0.00% Strongly Disagree Disagree Undecided Agree Strongly Agree Figure 2 shows that 49.33% of the total respondents are undecided whether they are aware of Dairy Queen’s promotion or not. While 7% and 13.67% of total respondents strongly disagreed and disagreed that they are aware of the promotions of Dairy Queen and 8.33% and 21.67% of total respondents strongly agreed and agreed that they are aware with the promotions of Dairy Queen. 17 | P a g e Table 3 Distribution table of respondents’ opinions toward easiness of getting information of Dairy Queen’s promotion Agenda: 1- Strongly Disagree 2- Disagree 3- Undecided 4- Agree 5- Strongly Agree 1 No. of 2 3 4 5 16 (5.33%) 40 142 82 20 (13.33%) (47.33%) (27.33%) (6.67%) Respondents Figure 3: Respondents’ opinions toward easiness of getting information of Dairy Queen’s promotion 50.00% 47.33% 45.00% 40.00% 35.00% 30.00% 27.33% 25.00% 20.00% 13.33% 15.00% 10.00% 6.67% 5.33% 5.00% 0.00% Strongly Disagree Disagree Undecided Agree Strongly Agree Figure...

Words: 6743 - Pages: 27

Premium Essay

Banking Reforms

...variables | Frequency | Percentage | Strongly agree | 100 | 50 | Agree | 80 | 40 | Undecided | 5 | 2.5% | Disagree | 10 | 5 | Strongly disagree | 5 | 2.5 | Total | 200 | 100 | Source: Field Survey, 2011 From the table above, 100 respondents representing 50% strongly agree, 80 (40%) agree, undecided 5 (2.5%) 10 (5%) Disagree and 5 (2.5%) strongly disagree. It can be inferred that there is an effect of banking reform on the banking sector in Nigeria. Table 4.2.2: The roles of the capital market in the post consolidation era attract discipline in ensuring considerable banking soundness. Response variables | Frequency | Percentage | Strongly agree | 100 | 50 | Agree | 70 | 35 | Undecided | 10 | 5 | Disagree | 10 | 5 | Strongly disagree | 10 | 5 | Total | 200 | 100 | Source: Field Survey, 2011 From the above, 100 respondents representing 50% strongly agree, 70 (35%) agree, undecided 10 (5%) 10 (5%) disagree and 10 (5%) strongly disagree. From the responses above it can be implied that the roles of the capital market in the post consolidation era attract discipline in ensuring considerable banking soundness. Table 4.2.3 Inadequate supervisory capacity by regulatory authorities resulted in financial distress witnessed during the pre consolidation era. Response variables | Frequency | Percentage | Strongly agree | 90 | 45 | Agree | 80 | 40 | Undecided | 5 | 2.5 | Disagree | 15 | 7.5 | Strongly disagree | 10 | 5 | Total | 200 |......

Words: 13391 - Pages: 54

Free Essay


...Other___________________________________ ** Please refer to the game you have chosen above as “THE GAME” from now. 10. How many hours per week you play THE GAME? (_____)hour(s) 11. Are you skilled at THE GAME? a.) High Skilled b.) Skilled c.) Low Skilled d.) Not Skilled e.) Undecided 12. In your own opinion, do you feel that playing violent video games develops permanent behavior overtime or just brings out violence that is being suppressed temporarily? a.) Develops violent behavior permanently b.) Brings out violence that is being suppressed temporarily c.) Undecided Part II: Self and Behavior Evaluation Strongly Agree - 5 Agree - 4 Undecided - 3 Disagree - 2 Strongly Disagree - 1 | 5 | 4 | 3 | 2 | 1 | 13. THE GAME is required higher skill than other games I’ve played. | | | | | | 14. THE GAME gives to me higher challenge than other games I’ve played. | | | | | | 15. While playing THE GAME, I forget the time flow. | | | | | | 16. While playing THE GAME, I DON’T feel my body. | | | | | | 17. While playing THE GAME, I NOT able to listen to other person’s words. | | | | | | 18. While playing THE GAME, I forget what’s going on around me. | | | | | | Strongly Agree - 5 Agree - 4 Undecided - 3 Disagree - 2 Strongly Disagree - 1 | 5 | 4 | 3 | 2 | 1 | 19. I consider myself knowledgeable about playing THE GAME. | | | | | | 20. I know LESS about playing THE GAME than most players.......

Words: 626 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Time Management

...Dominick (2000) is a subset of the population that is the representative of the entire population. The sample size will be limited to 80 (Eighty) respondents out of an estimated population of 150 workers constituting of both employees and management of Lasaco Assurance Plc Sampling techniques that would be used is Random sampling. Random sampling will be used to efficiently and carefully observe the population. This is to ensure equal opportunity of everybody being represented considering that staff is homogenous in terms of function. 36 3.4.2 RESEARCH INSTRUMENT For the purpose of the research, questionnaire will be used. The questionnaire will be close ended questions and will have answer options like (Strongly agree, Agree, Undecided, Disagree, Strongly Disagree). It is divided into two sections which are as follows: Personal data & Research questions. 3.5 Data collection Collection of data can be defined to be a technique used in gathering empirical research data. This process typically stipulates how information is gathered and there are six major and essential methods of collecting data which are as follows; Questionnaires, focus groups, tests, observation, interviews and secondary data. (Teddlie & Tashakkori, 298) This research was based solely on questionnaires. Questionnaire can be defined as the process of acquiring more knowledge through the medium of asking questions whether personal or general minus the use of personal or intimate interaction. The......

Words: 18403 - Pages: 74

Premium Essay

The Effect of Computer and Online Games in the Academic Perfomance of the Selected Highschool Students

...Rating Scale Interpretation Symbol 4.25-5.00 Strongly Agree SA 3.45-4.24 Agree A 2.65-3.44 Undecided U 1.85-2.64 Disagree DA 1.00-1.84 Strongly Disagree SD CHAPTER 4 Presentation, Analysis & Interpretation of Data This chapter presents the Presentation, Analysis and Interpretation of Data of the study. Table 1 Knowledge Question Indicator | Grade 9 | Fourth Year | | Mean | Interpretation | Mean | Interpretation | Behavior | 3.05 | Undecided | 3.21 | Undecided | Speaking Skills | 2.89 | Undecided | 3.12 | Undecided | Creativity | 3.9 | Agree | 3.71 | Agree | Attendance in Class | 2.4 | Disagree | 2 | Disagree | Class Participation | 2.95 | Undecided | 2.94 | Undecided | General mean | 3.038 | Undecided | 3 | Undecided | Rating Scale Interpretation Symbol 4.25-5.00 Strongly Agree SA 3.45-4.24 Agree A 2.65-3.44 Undecided U 1.85-2.64 Disagree DA 1.00-1.84 Strongly Disagree SD Table 1 show that Behavior has a mean of 3.05 with an interpretation of “Undecided” in Grade 9 while it has a mean of 3.21 in Fourth Year with an interpretation of “Undecided”. Speaking Skills has a mean of 2.89 with an interpretation of “Undecided” in Grade 9 while it has a mean of 3.12 with an interpretation of “Undecided” in Fourth Year. Creativity has a mean of 3.9 with an interpretation of “Agree” in Grade 9 while it has a mean of 3.71 with......

Words: 5464 - Pages: 22

Free Essay

On-the-Job Training

...problems encountered by HIM students during their On-the-job training using a 5 points scale with the following description. Scale | Description | Code | 4.10-5.00 | Very True To Me | VTTM | 3.40-4.19 | True To Me | TTM | 2.60-3.39 | Sometimes True To Me | STTM | 1.80-2.59 | Sometimes Not True To Me | SNTM | 1.00-1.79 | Not True To Me | NTTM | Part II, determines the possible ways to minimize or lessen the problems encountered during On-the-job Training using a 5 point scale with the following description. Scale | Description | Code | 4.10-5.00 | Very Much Recommended | VMR | 3.40-4.19 | Moderately Recommended | MR | 2.60-3.39 | Moderately Not Recommended | MNR | 1.80-2.59 | Not Recommended | NR | 1.00-1.79 | Undecided | U | Part III. Determines how trainees handle the problems during On-the-job Training using a ranking scale from 1-10 according to order of priority. RESPONDENTS This study aims to have a closer look on the difficulties of HIM students during their local and international OJT. The researchers utilized one hundred (100) respondents of fourth year HIM students of Cagayan State University, Andrews Campus. STATISTICAL TREATMENT OF DATA The data collected was analyzed using frequency counts and weighted means. DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS This chapter presents the analysis and interpretation of the data to answer the problem of the study. FOR LOCAL TRAINEES COMMON PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED DURING LOCAL ON-THE-JOB......

Words: 10243 - Pages: 41

Free Essay

Perceived Role of Entertainment Television in Shaping Social Behaviour of Teenagers

... |27.3% |29.4% | | |Undecided |8.6% |13.4% |% | | |Disagree |8.6% |16.3% |.9% | | |Strongly disagree |.9% |4.7% |.6% | | |Total |100.0% |100.0% |100.0% | | | |n=337 |n=337 |n=337 | FIGURE 4.1 PERCEPTION THAT TEENAGERS SPEND MINIMUM OF AN HOUR EVERYDAY WATCHING ENTERTAINMENT TV [pic] When the respondents were further asked if they watched entertainment programmes more than any programme on TV, Table 4.2 and Fig. 4.2 show their responses thus: TABLE 4.2 TEENAGERS WATCH ENTERTAINMENT PROGRAMMES MORE THAN ANY PROGRAMME ON TV |Responses |Watch entertainment programmes more than any programme on| | |TV | | |Strongly agree |38.6% | | |Agree |31.2% | | |Undecided |9.5% ...

Words: 17153 - Pages: 69