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Understanding Abnormality

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By nicolep057
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Understanding Abnormality In Psychology, a model is defined as a set of assumptions and concepts that help scientists explain and interpret observations. There are a number of varying models that have come to be respected throughout the study of behavioral abnormality, all designed by highly intelligent scientists. The most famous of these models is the psychodynamic model, first generated by Sigmund Freud. Freud believed that the mind is made up of three parts, the conscious, subconscious, and the unconscious. The unconscious is believed to contain significant and disturbing material which we need to keep out of awareness because they are too threatening to acknowledge fully.
Personally, I find this model the most applicable when trying to understand psychological abnormality. It is based on the concept that psychological illnesses develop out of repressed emotions and thoughts from experiences in the past, and as a result of this repression, alternative behavior replaces what is being repressed. A patient is considered cured when he or she can admit what is being repressed. The main cure for illnesses under this model is free association. This is a technique where the patient is free to describe any thoughts or feelings that may come to mind, despite how useless they may seem. During this time, a psychiatrist tries to interpret where the trouble areas are. This model is often quite successful, especially when the patient feels comfortable and at ease with the doctor. Our feelings, motives, and decisions are powerfully influenced by our past experiences, and stored in the unconscious; therefore, this model makes the most sense to me. All of us are so greatly affected by our pasts, by our childhoods, whether it is in a positive way or an unfortunate manner sometimes leading to behavioral abnormalities. In addition to this fact, the simple method of free…...

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