Premium Essay

Understanding Alzheimers

In: Science

Submitted By nessameek
Words 789
Pages 4
Understanding Alzheimer’s disease

What Is Alzheimer’s disease?

Alzheimer’s disease is a neurologic disorder that affects the brain. It causes dementia. Its earliest and main symptom is steadily increasing memory loss. Problems with getting lost, language, and emotional control are also common. These deficits may worsen over five to 20 years. Treatments can help maintain thinking, memory, and speaking skills. No treatments can currently change or reverse the disease. But, there are many ways to help maintain quality of life.

What Is the Difference between Alzheimer’s disease and Dementia?

As the understanding of Alzheimer’s disease has improved, researchers now recognize that it is a process that can occur in people who initially have no symptoms. When Alzheimer’s disease causes very mild symptoms, the process is now referred to as mild cognitive impairment due to Alzheimer’s disease. When the symptoms begin to interfere with daily functioning, that phase of the illness is referred to as dementia due to Alzheimer’s disease. Dementia is a term that means the person has significant difficulty in daily life due to problems with thinking and memory. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type of dementia.

What Causes Alzheimer’s disease?

The exact cause of Alzheimer’s disease is not yet known. Some people may have genes that put them at higher risk for Alzheimer’s. Genetics is the likely cause when the disease strikes people in their 40s or 50s. But most people who get Alzheimer’s dementia are 60 or older. In these people, genes may play a role, but so might other factors, such as having type 2 diabetes, heart disease, or high blood pressure. Alzheimer’s occurs because brain cells are slowly dying. As the cells die, parts of the brain shrink and stop working normally. The brain shows three telltale signs of the disease:
• Amyloid plaques (clumps of material in the...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Paper On Alzheimer's Disease

...Where did the name, Alzheimer's come from Sometimes called Alzheimer disease or Alzheimer's the origin of the term dates back to 1906 when Dr. Alois Alzheimer, a German physician presented a case history before a medical meeting about a 51-year-old female who suffered from a rare brain disorder. What is Alzheimer's Wikipedia says that Alzheimer's accounts for 60% to 70% of cases of dementia. It is a Neurodegenerative disease that usually starts slowly and gets worse over time. The disease and its cause is poorly understood with professionals hypothesizing such factors as genetics, head injuries, depression, hypertension, plaques and tangles in the brain and several other possible causes that run the gambit. The diagnosis processes include such things as medical imaging and blood tests....

Words: 266 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Septo-Optic Dysplasia Research Paper

... The first incidence of Septo-Optic dysplasia was reported in 1941 by David Reeves after having examined a 4 month old baby with an optic nerve irregularity i.e. the absence of the septum pellucidum. After this discovery, the disease would then take another thirty years to become properly reconnoitered and linked to pituitary hormone deficiencies by de Morsier and Kaplan et al respectively which are the primary causative factors of the disease. What then, is septo optic dysplasia and why did it take so long for the illness be to investigated? The answer is simple, the disease is as rare as hen’s teeth. Septo-optic dysplasia (SOD) is a rare disorder characterized by abnormal development of the optic disk, pituitary deficiencies, and often (absence) of the septum pellucidum (the part of the brain that separates the anterior horns or the lateral ventricles of the brain). The development of the forebrain which occurs at the early stages of embryogenesis, between 4 to 6 weeks of gestation in humans could account for the presentation of SOD/ Morsier’s syndrome. Epidemiology With an occurrence of 6.3 per every 100,000, the disease is known to disseminate equally among male and female newborns and infants. A study conducted in Greater Manchester and Lancashire has identified that, the disease is more prevalent in areas with high unemployment, low income and teenage pregnancy, however the debate is still ongoing about the correlation between maternal age and SOD. Symptoms: The......

Words: 1046 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

The Hunger Games

...3/27/12 English 90 The hunger games In the book by Suzanne Collins “The Hunger Games”, Katniss goes on to achieve atonement because she was “at-one” with her new self and life. In her journey Rue, one of the tributes that became Katniss’ ally, was killed. Katniss had to absorb the changes caused by the journey and she was fully reborn, after Rue’s death. This made Katniss balance herself by understanding, accepting, and realizing what she had to do. I believe this made katniss a hero because of the atonement. First of all, Katniss starts to understand what Haymitch wanted all along. In this quote, “one kiss equals one pot of broth.”(p.261) Katniss realizes that Haymitch wanted her to give the audience more. She had to show romance between herself and Peeta. This made her more powerful in a way because she just had to kiss Peeta and show romance. Then she would receive a gift. Katniss understood what Haymitch wanted her to do. Second of all, Katniss starts to trust and she starts to accept Peeta. In this quote “This is the first kiss where I actually feel stirring inside my chest” (p.298) and she realizes that she wants another kiss. This means that she is starting to accept Peeta in a romantic way. In this other quote, “No one has held me like this in such a long time.” (p.299) she feels like she is beginning to trust him because no one had ever held her like that in......

Words: 439 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Performance Management

...relationships among the people serving the company are also important. Disruptive behavior by any employee can seriously challenge teamwork, and reduce productivity and efficiency. It also can damage the effectiveness of a business. first step is to develop a written policy together with my mangers with in full consultation with the employees. The process of the policy development is as important as the policy statement itself. Joint work between employees and mangers helps to show what causes unwanted behavior, involving employees leads to to develops trust and confidence between employees and mangers. Policy awareness: policy awareness can help employees increase awareness of individual responsibilities. familiarity and understanding of acceptable behavior. recognition of continued commitment by senior management. Training: the success of dealing with the unwanted behavior initiative depends on a planned and systematic education and training program. The content of training programs must fit the needs of employees. Knowledge: explain the type of behaviors marked as unwanted behaviors. Describe what is reasonable and what is unreasonable behavior. Skill: how to recognize bad behavior. How to solve it quickly. Promoting healthy workplace environments: tensions can happen in any job, and in healthy organizational cultures those tensions can viewed as a good thing because it help change the working environment as needed. Mangers play......

Words: 308 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Alliant Energy

...Alliant Energy is an electrical power company that puts significant emphasis on diversity. It is committed to “creating a workplace that welcomes an individual’s talents, ideas and perspectives”. Alliant believes that by having a diverse workforce they will have more opportunities to succeed. Diversity will benefit this company by providing numerous sources of information for the use of global and social knowledge; positive perception from the media as diversity is a big issue in our world today and ensuring they have fair opportunities in the marketplace. Having diversity in the workplace brings a source of new knowledge, creativity and understanding to a business that makes it unique and brings the benefit of a worldlier point of view. It is important for an organization to recognize the potential of people of differing cultures, genders and lifestyles and the positive effect it can have. For example having an employee from a certain culture can educate a company on how to do business and negotiate with certain countries of the same culture. In a nation of so many different races and backgrounds it is important for a company to be able to cater to all the wants and needs of such a diverse community. The best way to do so is to have a diverse team of employees and managers working together to communicate, teach and understand each other and work on bringing the best service possible to a given market. Alliant understands these concepts and that is why it so committed to......

Words: 253 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Professionla Roles and Values

...As a nurse one runs into some very saddening/ maddening situations, some that cause not only the individual nurse, but the entire nursing staff to be thrown into conflict with their beliefs of non-maleficense and a patient’s right to autonomy. I always strive to never cause any harm to a patient and treat them kindly despite behaviors that could lead one to not want to act or treat someone is such a manner. Additionally I believe an individual should also have the right and be supported in making decisions about their healthcare, but when the decision is in effect, taken away from them, who has that right? When the nurse and stand staff struggle with the decision that is being made, it complicates the picture, leads to a lot of frustration and nurses feel helpless Several years ago there was an incident of a pt that received a kidney transplant, but during the immediate post operative course the patient, suffered a respiratory arrest, was anoxic for a period of time leaving the pt with anoxic brain damage. This was an individual who, prior to surgery, was a fully functional person. After time in the ICU the patient was able to be on the nursing floor; trached, unable to swallow, g-tube, very limited ability to walk, or transfer to a chair w maximal assistance of typically 2 staff members. The individual also tended, what seemed to be intentional, to try and injure nursing staff, by pinching, kicking and biting.. I was often assigned to this pt, and on several......

Words: 891 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...Category | Example and Key Words (verbs) | THE BLOOM’S TAXONOMY OLD VERSION | | | | Knowledge: Recall data or information. | Examples: Recite a policy. Quote prices from memory to a customer. Knows the safety rules.Key Words: defines, describes, identifies, knows, labels, lists, matches, names, outlines, recalls, recognizes, reproduces, selects, states. | Comprehension: Understand the meaning, translation, interpolation, and interpretation of instructions and problems. State a problem in one's own words. | Examples: Rewrites the principles of test writing. Explain in one's own words the steps for performing a complex task. Translates an equation into a computer spreadsheet.Key Words: comprehends, converts, defends, distinguishes, estimates, explains, extends, generalizes, gives an example, infers, interprets, paraphrases, predicts, rewrites, summarizes, translates. | Application: Use a concept in a new situation or unprompted use of an abstraction. Applies what was learned in the classroom into novel situations in the work place. | Examples: Use a manual to calculate an employee's vacation time. Apply laws of statistics to evaluate the reliability of a written test.Key Words: applies, changes, computes, constructs, demonstrates, discovers, manipulates, modifies, operates, predicts, prepares, produces, relates, shows, solves, uses. | Analysis: Separates material or concepts into component parts so that its organizational structure may be understood.......

Words: 745 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Biblical Integration

...Is Science in the Bible? The need to answer this very question has come about all too often throughout time. It has at times driven a wedge between men because in order to gain knowledge and understanding of the truths of the world, Science deems it necessary to prove the truths by presenting the facts through a systematic process. The Bible on the other hand is presented to man by God and offers knowledge of the truths of the world through having faith and building a relationship with Him, which brings forth the knowledge needed to understand the world. In fact many times being a Christian can mean it must be impossible to be a scientist at the same time. But what many people do not understand is that Christianity and science are quite compatible. It has also been said that Science and Scripture are in no way at odds with each other but rather two distinct ways of thinking. On one hand are the believers of creation whom take the Bible as the only truth needed to understand the world. While on the other hand stands the evolutionist who seeks to explain and understand the truths of the world created by a God that cannot be seen or touched. For many years man has worked diligently to explain and prove the phenomena of the universe. This field of study as we know it is called Science. In today’s world Science can best be described as a systematic method used by scientists to prove the phenomena of the universe through observations, measurements, testing and documented...

Words: 1195 - Pages: 5

Free Essay


...societies are different. not all the people live with the same life style! Not all people have big apartments with backyards and its not so hard to understand.if you are willing to take the risk and move to another country,you are taking the risk of giving up on something that you may prefer aswell. Its very easy to understand the fact that if you are moving from another country with another culture, to a country with a totally different culture ,you will have problems getting used to the situation and being adapted; atleast at the beginning of the journey ! in this case ,you should be understanding and patient. the first stage of the cultural shocks are always the hardest part to deal with, therefore being patient is the first “unwritten law” in passing by this level of culture shock . to be short ,if you are willing to experience something new and different, being open and understanding in the differences are as necessary as having a preview or an idea about the whole new situation. the more you are educated about the other countries culture, the faster you will be adapted to the host...

Words: 298 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Joe Salatino Case Study

...Discuss why Joe’s employees need to understand the importance of how people form perceptions and make attributions. I think is because the Joe's employees may be more effective by building relationships of trust with customers. Joe could do an analysis of the organizational culture of his own company with them. Anonymously or directly he could ask their employees what is the perception they have about the Company. After that ask what in their opinion may have generated this perception In this discussion could be approached the way the company does business with its customers. It is an ethical way? We are looking for to meet the customers’ needs and their expectations or we aim solely the benefit of the Company? How the customer sees us? What did we to bring this customer perception towards us? Although it is more difficult to talk openly about the internal environment of the Company, Joe must find ways to understand the internal view that employees have about the Company. Do you feel part of the organization? Yours remarks are heard? How do you assess the degree of autonomy or freedom that exists in your department? What kind of attitudes or standards that the Company has that contribute to this vision that you have on it? Do you feel that the perception you created came from your departament or came from the Company as a whole? Mr. Salatino can show how these perceptions ultimately influence the organization both positively and negatively. He could address the......

Words: 591 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...In this essay he will be explaining the different roles metaphors play in helping people understand the concept of artificial intelligence. He will also give his opinion on if the brain is a so-called meat machine, and giving different examples of metaphors that prefer to the function of the human brain. I also will be explaining how Victor Frankl would answer the question, “What does it mean to be human?” The author will give his definition of what it means to be a human, while describing what metaphors Victor Frankl used to communicate his ideas. He will also be discussing the different difficulties of addressing certain characteristics and whether the characteristics are limited to humans. When it comes to metaphors and the roles they play in helping people understand artificial intelligence, they are significant to people who need a demonstration or idea of what’s going on. Artificial intelligence is basically computer created to perform human like activities, so describing a situation such as cars, machine made will make the definition of it more understandable to some. After reading and defining different terms to help me understand the situation, I have come to the conclusion that the brain is a meat-machine because it controls the body and it daily functions. That is similar to a machine because it is set to perform daily tasks to perform a certain goal. Different metaphors that have been used are the spider-web which is delicate and connects many things, it......

Words: 520 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...1. I think that it is important for HR to be a strategic partner for a business because HR partners help Motivate, engage and help retain exceptional employees for the company. They also help to do this by having the right Training curriculums to help enhance employee’s current skills or provide them with new skills that are in line with the businesses activities which will help in time improve the company’s capability and functionality. They also help in the design and guidance of creating incentive plans for employees in order to motivate them and help give them a push to improve in the work environment. HR is strategic partners because they are the bridge that lies between the employees and the employers. They are the guidance between the two entities as to how to do things or handle matters in an appropriate matter according to company standards or rules. They also take a great part in incorporating within the company its beliefs on the importance of the corporation’s plans in its entirety. HR is set in place to help the company by instilling in everyone the corporation’s policies and procedures throughout and making sure that it is being followed. In all HR is a great strategic partner in any company because they help keep the company in order and help implement rules and regulations in order within for the company to run properly and according to company standards. They are the backbone you can say to a company that will help them achieve their goals internally by......

Words: 653 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Joe Salatino President of Great Northern American

...Employees are constantly exposed to a variety of information. They know when leaders are being phony. This information is processed in a person’s, mind and organized to form concepts pertaining to what is sensed or experienced. Different people often perceive a situation differently, both in terms of what they selectively perceive and how they organize and interpret what is perceived, by the employee and their manger (Hellriegel and Slocum, 2011. Pp. 104). The attributions that employees and managers make concerning the causes of behavior are important for understanding behavior. For example, a leader who attributes poor performance directly to his subordinates tends to behave more punitively than does a leader who attributes poor performance to circumstances beyond his subordinates’ control. A manager who believes that an employee failed to perform a task correctly because he lacked proper training might be understanding and give the employee better instructions or more...

Words: 290 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Level of Learning

...adjustments, like using a thermostat to regulate temperature. Are we doing things right? Here's what to do—procedures or rules. Double-Loop Learning Double-loop learning leads to insights about why a solution works. In this form of learning, we are considering our actions in the framework of our operating assumptions. This is the level of process analysis where people become observers of themselves, asking, “What is going on here? What are the patterns?” We need this insight to understand the pattern. We change the way we make decisions and deepen understanding of our assumptions. Double-loop learning works with major fixes or changes, like redesigning an organizational function or structure. Are we doing the right things? Here's why this works—insights and patterns. Triple-Loop Learning Triple-loop learning involves principles. The learning goes beyond insight and patterns to context. The result creates a shift in understanding our context or point of view. We produce new commitments and ways of learning. This form of learning challenges us to understand how problems and solutions are related, even when separated widely by time and space. It also challenges us to understand how our previous actions created the conditions that led to our current...

Words: 769 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Reflective Journal

...Test of belbin team role: A team is not a bunch of people with job titles, but a congregation of individuals, each of whom has a role which is understood by other members. Members of a team seek out certain roles and they perform most effectively in the ones that are most natural to them. I can see all my classmates are being seriously in doing their personal team role test, Belbin Self-Perception Inventories. This is a test to identify the role that you play in a team. They can be divided into nine roles. The strengths and allowable weaknesses of each role will incorporate in a team. A team will become success when the members’ characteristics are balance. This test will give us a clear understanding of ourselves. However, the test is not easy; the questions are difficult to understand. Most of us were trying to get a brief explanation through asking from the lecturer. We took about 30 minutes to finish the test and are excited for the results. We had been categorized into different group of role based on the results of us. We are surprised that we can’t find the role of shaper from a sample of ….. students. Then, we tried to match up the characteristics of each role in response to the introduction and explanation of role from lecturer. This gets us to know that why each role become important and how the roles will be worked in a team. Moreover, we can verify whether the role’s characteristic is consistent with your personal behavioral...

Words: 1204 - Pages: 5