Premium Essay

Understanding Cholesterol

In: Other Topics

Submitted By kaylsc
Words 938
Pages 4
Measuring Cholesterol Levels
Everyone age 20 and older should have his or her cholesterol measured at least once every five years. A blood test called a lipoprotein panel can help show whether you're at risk for coronary heart disease by looking at substances in your blood that carry cholesterol. This blood test is done after a 9-to-12-hour fast (no eating) and gives information about your: * Total cholesterol–a measure of the total amount of cholesterol in your blood, including low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. * LDL (bad) cholesterol–the main source of cholesterol buildup and blockage in the arteries * HDL (good) cholesterol–HDL helps remove cholesterol from your arteries * Triglycerides–another form of fat in your blood that can raise your risk for heart disease
Risk Factors
Major Risk Factors That Affect Your LDL Goal * Cigarette smoking * High blood pressure (140/90 mmHg or higher or on blood pressure medication) * Low HDL cholesterol (less than 40 mg/dL) * Family history of early heart disease (heart disease in father or brother before age 55; heart disease in mother or sister before age 65) * Age (men 45 years or older; women 55 years or older)
See how your cholesterol numbers compare to the table below: Total Cholesterol Level | Category | Less than 200mg/dL | Desirable | 200-239 mg/dL | Borderline high | 240mg/dL and above | High | | | LDL (Bad) Cholesterol Level | LDL Cholesterol Category | Less than 100mg/dL | Optimal | 100-129mg/dL | Near optimal/above optimal | 130-159 mg/dL | Borderline high | 160-189 mg/dL | High | 190 mg/dL and above | Very High | | | HDL (Good) Cholesterol Level | HDL Cholesterol Category | Less than 40 mg/dL | A major risk factor for heart disease | 40—59 mg/dL | The higher, the better | 60 mg/dL...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Marcantile Bank Ltd, Bangladesh

...Company profile Akij Food and Beverage Ltd. “Brings Quality in Life”. 1. History: Akij Food & Beverage Ltd. (AFBL) a unit of Akij Group started its operation in the year 2006. AFBL manufactures a wide range of Snacks and Beverage for both National & International market alike. AFBL is a project worth $ 70 million& is funded by the parental company Akij Group. AFBL started its production at 400 bph in the carbonated soft drinks line and 300 bph in the juice line. In a span of one and a half years we have increased our capacity to 1800 bph. At present our capacity; one is at the ground breaking rate of 1900 bph. So in approximately three years time our capacity has increased three folds. During this same period most of our brands became either number one or are almost on the verge of becoming number one in their respective categories. Most of our machineries have been imported from world famous brands as Krones, Tetra Pak, Alfalaval, Sipa, and Husky to achieve the best quality. The history of Akij Group stretches back to later part of the forties. In its infancy, the Group started in humble way with jute trading which was known as the golden fiber of the country, earning highest amount of foreign exchange. Akij Group's ceaseless efforts with dynamic management and support from our numerous clients have led our Group in diversifying its business activities. In the second phase, the Group went into ......

Words: 2744 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Health10 Assessments 9-12

...Personal Assessments Chapters 9-12 Chapter 9 What Is Your Risk for Heart Disease? Coronary Disease Risk Prediction Score Sheet for Women Based on Total Cholesterol Level Step 7 - Adding Up the points Points Age - 3 Total Cholesterol - 1 HDL Cholesterol - 1 Blood Pressure - 2 Diabetes - 0 Smoker - 0 Point Total -7 Step 8 – 10 yr. CHD Risk Total – 6%. According to the book for men of the same age have a 5% average CHD risk and the low risk is 3%. Ok so according to this I’m doing ok just need to adjust my diet to get it to that 5% range or lower. Chapter 10 Thinking About Chronic Illness 1. I would only be thinking about how do I tell my daughter 2. Me being the person that I am, I would do my best to make the student feel very comfortable in the “new” her, by first giving pleasantries to her and tell her how good it is see her back and give her well wishes in this tough Health 101 class . I would be doing this while giving those that I overheard direct eye contact letting them know my distaste with their comments 3. I would have a family meeting and let them know my situation and explain that life as ordinary is going to change and that I am going to need to lean on their strength as we as a unit get through this difficult time and I need their patience and understanding as I put all my focus and concentration on my well-being. 4. Being that I’m very active and have loads of energy, I would probably accept the fact that it’s no longer a secret,......

Words: 704 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Lipids

...Antibodies are formed from protein. Antibodies fight potential diseases and viruses. Enzymes are a form of proteins that helps break down and digest food. Proteins transport oxygen through the body. Proteins form hair and nails. Animals’ hooves, horns, scales, feathers, and other animal parts are formed from protein (National Institutes of Health, 2011). Lipids are made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. The three elements are essential for the body to function properly. Essential fatty acids cannot be made by the human body. These come from foods or vitamins. The Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids work together to maintain the overall health of the body. These fatty acids work against heart disease and strokes. Good cholesterol is promoted by these fatty acids. Bad cholesterol decreases due to Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids. The chance of bone loss is lowered by the increase of calcium that the body uses in response to the fatty acids. Lipids are not able to cross the plasma membrane. Lipids must be transported by protein carriers (Tortora & Derrickson, 2014, p.48) Carbohydrates fuel the body. The body converts food into sugar. The sugar produces the energy the body needs to function. The sugars contribute to the cells, organs, and tissue. There are three different types of carbohydrates. There are starches, sugar, and fiber. Starches contain grains. Grains contain bran, germ, and endosperm. Bran contains fiber and minerals. Germ has several nutrients and essential......

Words: 1200 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Cholesterol: Genetic, Clinical and Natural Implications

...Sciences Cholesterol: Genetic, Clinical and Natural Implications Tanwi Priya1, Shashank Maurya2, Kishwar Hayat Khan3* 1, 2 3. School of Biosciences and Technology, VIT University, Vellore-632014, Tamil Nadu, India. Assistant Professor (Senior), Medical Biotechnology Division, School of Biosciences and Technology, VIT University, Vellore-632014, Tamil Nadu, India. ABSTRACT Cholesterol is a lipid that has multiple functions. It is of great importance for cell membrane structure and function in vertebrates. Metabolites of cholesterol viz. bile salts, steroid hormones and oxysterols, fulfill important biological functions. Hypercholesterolemia is an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. It is caused by an imbalance between cholesterol secretions into the blood and its uptake. This article is totally based on literature survey. The authors clearly explained the types of cholesterol, their functions and actions. They explored the cholesterol at molecular level by considering genes that regulate it. A number of diseases related to cholesterol were also highlighted. Plants products which can reduce the level of cholesterol were also explored. Moreover drugs that reduce cholesterol were also focused upon and the plant products which can act as their alternative were explained. Control of cholesterol through gene expression was also discussed. The aim of writing this article is to create awareness among the readers worldwide regarding the impact of cholesterol on......

Words: 1985 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Eugene's Story

...help you determine if Eugene’s loss of consciousness was from a chemical imbalance or something else? Eugene’s vitals are pulse rate of 110 bpm, blood pressure 135/80, respirations 25/min, and blood oxygen saturation 97 percent. Eugene is a chronic alcoholic and he is also a diabetic. He also has pancreatitis. CBC and chemistry results show that his electrolytes are below normal. His blood pH is 7.28 which is acidic. His blood glucose levels would be helpful because if that was normal than it would be evident that his loss of consciousness was from alcohol and not a chemical imbalance. D. Linda mentioned Eugene’s elevated cholesterol. Which kind of lipid is cholesterol? What other molecules related to cholesterol may be affected by an imbalance of cholesterol in Eugene’s body? How might this be related to Eugene’s low blood sugar? Cholesterol is a steroid. Bile salts,...

Words: 601 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Qnt 561 Article

...Article 1|| Heart Doctor Explains Cholesterol Levels In this artic Dr. Suzanne Steinbaumle (Steinbaum, 2016) explains what cholesterol is, how it affects a female body and the differences between “good” and “bad” cholesterol. Cholesterol comes from two sources: your body and food. Your liver and other cells in your body make about 75 percent of blood cholesterol. The other 25 percent comes from the foods you eat. Cholesterol is only found in animal products. Understanding how cholesterol affects the female body and how females can regulate their good cholesterol and counteract the bad cholesterol will allow doctors to understand the differences between patients that could benefit from using the new drug. The new cholesterol guidelines advise doctors to consider a patient’s overall health in treatment decisions. And that’s why one of the biggest changes in the cholesterol guidelines could lead to more people taking cholesterol-lowering drugs called statins (Steinbaum, 2016). Article 2|| High Cholesterol In this article Dr. Andrew Weil explains the desirable levels of cholesterol, HDL or protective cholesterol, LDL or bad cholesterol and the triglyceride levels: Desirable levels of total cholesterol are 200 mg per deciliter of blood or less; levels between 200 mg/dL and 239 mg/dL are considered borderline high; 240 mg/dL or higher is considered high cholesterol and raises your risk of heart disease to twice what it would be if your total cholesterol were 200 mg/dL or......

Words: 615 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Assignment of Akig Group

...Company profile Akij Food and Beverage Ltd. “Brings Quality in Life”. 1. History: Akij Food & Beverage Ltd. (AFBL) a unit of Akij Group started its operation in the year 2006. AFBL manufactures a wide range of Snacks and Beverage for both National & International market alike. AFBL is a project worth $ 70 million& is funded by the parental company Akij Group. AFBL started its production at 400 bph in the carbonated soft drinks line and 300 bph in the juice line. In a span of one and a half years we have increased our capacity to 1800 bph. At present our capacity; one is at the ground breaking rate of 1900 bph. So in approximately three years time our capacity has increased three folds. During this same period most of our brands became either number one or are almost on the verge of becoming number one in their respective categories. Most of our machineries have been imported from world famous brands as Krones, Tetra Pak, Alfalaval, Sipa, and Husky to achieve the best quality. The  history  of  Akij  Group  stretches  back  to  later  part  of  the  forties.  In  its  infancy,  the  Group  started  in  humble  way  with  jute  trading  which  was  known  as  the  golden  fiber  of  the  country,  earning  highest  amount  of  foreign  exchange. Akij  Group's  ceaseless  efforts  with  dynamic  management  and  support  from  our  numerous  clients  have  led  our  Group  in  diversifying  its  business  activities.  In  the  second  phase,  the......

Words: 2634 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Managing Cholesterol

...Managing Cholesterol So many factors that deal with our health are predetermined through genetics, race, and culture. These cannot be changed as they are intertwined into our being and cannot be changed. Just because they cannot be changed does not mean that they cannot be treated or kept in a state of remission so to speak. Because you have markers in your genetic makeup that say you are at risk for certain diseases or health risks does not meant that you have to sit idly by and do nothing. There are plenty of daily habits that can decrease or increase your chances of health risks, even if you are or are not at a genetic disadvantage. High cholesterol is currently affecting over 34 million Americans with only about 1 in 500 resulting from being inherited through genetics. These numbers are of epic proportion and we as a population should be doing more to reduce these numbers. To understand effects of cholesterol first there needs to be an understanding of what it is and how it affects the body. Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance that is produced in the body and obtained from foods that come from animals (particularly egg yolks, meat, poultry, fish, and dairy products). The body needs this substance to build cell membranes, make certain hormones, and produce compounds that aid in fat digestion. Too much cholesterol, however, increases a person's risk of developing heart disease. Cholesterol is made up of three things high-density lipoprotein(HDL),......

Words: 1184 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Study Guide

...points (~50 questions) Understanding Disease Risk Factors Describe the differences between a chronic disease and infectious disease. What leading causes of death are nutrition-related? A) heart diseases, cancers, strokes, diabetes Describe the concept of a risk factor. A) Factors known to be related to diseases, but have not yet proven to be a cause. We say that a certain factor puts us at increased risk for a disease, but does not cause it. How does one use risk factors? Review the basics of cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis. Be ready to identify the risk factors for cardiovascular disease (especially diet-related risk factors!) A) High LDL blood cholesterol, low HDL blood cholesterol, high blood pressure (hypertension), diabetes, obesity (central obesity), physical inactivity, cigarette smoking, diet: high saturated or trans fats, low veggies, low fruits, low whole grains Describe the dietary strategies to reduce risk of CVD through diet. A) Decrease saturated and trans fat, increase soluble fiber intake, increase fruits and veggies, increase whole grains/ decrease refined grains, increase fish intake (2 servings/week) What is the TLC diet and what does it entail? A) TLC = Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes. From the NIH, designed to help decrease cholesterol through diet and lifestyle changes: the same changes we saw in table 11.6, also recommends 2 grams per day of plant sterols What do plant sterols have to do with high blood cholesterol? A) Plant......

Words: 614 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Marketing Report

...ACKNOWLEGEMENT Preparing a term paper is not very easy. We faced many problems when we started the work on the report but we are greatly thankful to Almighty Allah for enabling us to get successfully through our responsibilities. Very warm and special thanks to our respected course instructor Kashfia Ahmed for assigning this task to us. We would like to give thanks especially to our friends and group members, for their enthusiastic encouragements and helps during the preparation of this term paper by sharing ideas regarding this subject and for their assistance in typing and proof reading this manuscript. Executive summary The summary describes the history of the "Taara Refined Soyabean Oil" and the target market of this product, its strengths and weakness of how the customer buying pattern influenced by factors. This report tells us that how we launch a new soyabean oil brand in the market, how the company selects their target market, how they select their brand name, logo, logo color, slogan, how its pricing strategy, brand sense, brands elements, factors influence the customer buying pattern. It also mentions that what are the packages of soyabean oil launch into the market according to customers need and affordability. What pricing strategies usually followed by "Taara Refined Soyabean Oil" marketing programs and promotional activities are clearly and briefly covered in the report. Another vital element is finding its SWOT and PEST analysis specifically......

Words: 4027 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Novo Industry

...Group project – Essay Supporting the article: According to the popular science theory of cholesterol, foods that are rich in animal fat and cholesterol can cause the artery walls to thicken, thus impairing blood flow. This condition is called atherosclerosis. But the question is, is it the high cholesterol that causes the artery walls to thicken, thus creating the potential for a heart attack? LDL is a lipoprotein that enables transport of lipids through the bloodstream. LDL has been regarded as a predictor of heart disease. LDL is regarded as the kind of cholesterol that is deposited into the artery and causing the formation of a thick substance that blocks the bloodstream. It is a popular theory, that the cholesterol we get from eating food, is affecting the cholesterol in the blood, so that the arteries are blocked. However, studies have shown that your LDL level is not necessarily the cause of heart disease, but merely a symptom. The article points to Christopher Gardner, a researcher at the Stanford University School of Medicine, who says that high LDL, is an "overblown risk factor" for heart disease. The article goes on to say that science has been unable to find a link between consuming saturated fat and heart disease. The article suggests that an increasing number of studies have started to raise doubts about the presumption that elevated levels of cholesterol leads to heart disease. This is accurate, even if these studies aren’t pointed out in the article,......

Words: 733 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Project (Med)

...Reading and Interpreting Drug Labels: Lipitor and Accutane Lipitor: The actual name of the drug is “atorvastatin”. The name suggests that it is a “statin”, which is a type of medication which blocks an enzyme in the liver, preventing it from creating cholesterol, in order to lower the cholesterol level in the body (Pfizer, 2010). By lowering the cholesterol, atorvastatin helps to prevent heart disease, heart attack, stroke and vascular disease by preventing the hardening of the arteries (EMedicine Health, 2010). Along with proper diet and exercise, Lipitor is proven to lower bad cholesterol by 39-60% (Pfizer, 2010). Certain things such as alcohol and grapefruit should be avoided while taking Lipitor to avoid disruption of the drugs designated duties. Accutane: This drug is Vitamin metabolite class as first generation of retinoid (Isotretinoin, 2007). Its main mechanism is to inhibit sebaceous gland differentiation and decrease sebaceous gland size. The main indication for administrating this medication is mainly treat severe nodular acne, reduces the amount of oil released by the oil glands in your skin and helps your skin renew itself quickly (Isotertinoin, 2007). It is usually given after other acne medicines or antibiotics have been taken without beneficial results. According to the nursing drug guide, Isotretinoin can cause side effects so before one begins taking it one should discuss with a doctor how severe the condition is. The main adverse effect and side......

Words: 700 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Mgt 440 Ananlysis

...Executive Summary Merck is one of the most reputable drug companies. It is very highly regarded for its innovative drug discoveries to treat diseases such as AIDS, High cholesterol and Hypertension and have improved the human lives around the world. Merck’s innovative ability and its reputation along with the meticulous submission of documents allowed the company to secure FDA approvals much faster than its competitors. However, when Merck released its drug. Vioxx for the treatment of arthritis, the drug’s effectiveness combined with an effective direct to consumer marketing campaign made it a blockbuster drug with $2.5 billion in sales, but when it was revealed during a study that the drug increased risk of cardio vascular disease by at least three times, Merck quickly withdrew the drug from the market. Merck can be faulted for several questionable decisions and judgments with the Vioxx launch. They either ignored or dismissed several early indications of increased risk of heart attacks both in its own studies and other published articles, in an attempt to get to the market faster. This proved to be deadly when further studies conformed the suspicions and lead to ultimately lead to another bad decision of recalling the drug from the market too soon. This was probably an attempt to avoid potential lawsuits, when the jury was still out on whether the benefits of Vioxx outweighed its risks. Merck should instead of a recalling, should have continued to work with FDA and have......

Words: 257 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Calcium and Stanols and Sterols

...Food Studies Role of calcium reducing risk factors in the diet. Calcium is a vital nutrient mineral in the diet. Some of it’s many functions include, the formation of bones and teeth, helping our blood to clot and intracellular signalling in nerves and muscle. When we consume insufficient amounts of this nutrient we can encounter many risk factors such as Osteoporosis. O’berine of the National Dairy Council states that over 200 million people have osteoporosis worldwide. This includes one in four women and results in weak brittle bones which can fracture easily. The Recommended Dietary Allowances for Ireland in 1999 were 800 mg per day for adult men and women. This RDA remains the same today. NANs 2011 reports that Calcium intakes were below the EAR(estimated average requirements) in 16% of women aged 18-64 years. This would contribute to the one in four women being diagnosed with osteoporosis as their calcium levels are too low. American Bone Health (2011) states that 90% of our bone mass has been formed by the age of eighteen. This is reflected in the fact that the RDA of calcium for teenager is 1200mg. If we can encourage young people to increase their calcium intake before reaching their peak bone mass we can greatly decrease the risk factor of developing osteoporosis. The After peak bone mass is reached our bones gradually lose mass and if we did not consume enough calcium this can lead to porous fragile bones. Therefore it is vital to increase our calcium intake......

Words: 1071 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Careers in Psychology

...Hi my name is Kortne Noblett. I'm A 35 year old mother of two. I Live in northwest Arkansas, and for the last eight years, i have worked for a bio-metric testing company out of Pennsylvania. I have traveled all over the united states as a team lead for my company, performing lipid panel profiles for our clients. Basically drawing blood and running labs on their total cholesterol, HDL(good cholesterol) LDL(bad cholesterol), triglycerides, glucose levels and then gathering a BMI workup, and finally health coaching. I have always enjoyed helping others, so this job has been very rewarding to me in that sense. The negative side to my job however, was having two children at home. Not being home with them all the time was the most difficult part of my job. The reason behind me leaving that job and pursuing a career in psychology is because I started going blind about 6 years ago. The doctors are still at a loss as to why I'm losing my sight. I Have been sent to several specialist and i still don't have any real answers. I Had hoped that we would have found the reason behind this and maybe given me a few more options; however i have had to start thinking about what my future will be like if and when I lose total use of my eye sight. My current profession will become more than I can manage if I am blind, so I have decided to change my profession to something that I not only will be able to use once blind; but also to something that I have been very passionate about most of...

Words: 612 - Pages: 3