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Understanding Mental Health Problems

In: Social Issues

Submitted By brainmeltdown
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Unit 4222-619 Understand mental health problems (CMH 302)
Outcome 1. Know the main forms of mental ill health

1 The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM) is published by the American Psychiatric Association. It is a classification of mental disorders which offers a common language and classification of mental disorders. It is used by the medical profession, researchers, pharmaceutical companies and health insurers. The fifth edition was published in 2013. DSM 4 divided each psychiatric diagnosis into five dimensions or axes, each one relating to different aspects of disorder or disability.
AXIS I: Clinical Disorders (all mental disorders except Personality Disorders and Mental Retardation)
Axis II: Personality Disorders and Mental Retardation
Axis III: General Medical Conditions (must be connected to a Mental Disorder)
Axis IV: Psychosocial and Environmental Problems (for example limited social support network)
Axis V: Global Assessment of Functioning (Psychological, social and job-related functions are evaluated on a continuum between mental health and extreme mental disorder)
The fifth edition has simplified this classification into three sections rather than the multiaxial system, but there has been much criticism of the new edition with doubts been thrown as to its impartiality, resulting in a petition calling for an outside review of DSM 5.
In Europe there is a tendency to favour the I.C.D. as a means of classifying mental illnesses.
The International Classification of Diseases (I.C.D.) is an international standard diagnostic classification for all diseases. It is published by the World Health organisation and to date has been revised ten times. The I.C.D. has divided mental health into ten main groups which are as follows;
F0: Organic, including symptomatic, mental disorders
F1: Mental and behavioural disorders due to use...

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