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Unit 05-Lo2-P4

In: Social Issues

Submitted By Torro
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UNIT 05
LO2- P4
Explain the physiology of two names body systems in relation to energy metabolism in the body.
Our body requires energy so the body functions. This energy mainly comes from carbohydrates and fats that we take as food. Carbohydrates are decayed into glucose, glucose is soluble in blood. It is transported by the blood cells to various parts of the body where it reacts with oxygen in a series of steps producing carbon dioxide (CO2), water (H2O) and energy. The burning of food in the cells results in the free of energy is called respiration. Carbon dioxide and water, which are formed during respiration, are transferred through various organs of the body. The energy released in respiration fulfils the energy needs of the body.

Aerobic Respiration
Aerobic respiration is the process that takes place in presence of oxygen. Aerobic respiration break down molecules to get hold of bio-chemical energy and has oxygen. Molecules used by cells in aerobic respiration are glucose, amino acids and fatty acids.

Glucose + Oxygen →Energy + Carbon dioxide + Water

The aerobic respiration is an energy making process. During the process of aerobic respiration as many as 38 molecules of ATP are produced for every molecule of glucose that is utilized. Aerobic respiration process breaks down a single glucose molecule to yield 38 units of the energy storing ATP molecules.

Anaerobic respiration.
The term anaerobic means without air, which takes place without oxygen. Anaerobic respiration is the process of oxidation of molecules in the absence of oxygen, which produces energy in the form of adenosine tri-phosphate (ATP). Anaerobic respiration is identical when the glycolysis of energy production is useful in a particular cell. The process of anaerobic respiration for making of energy can occur in either of the ways shown below:

Glucose → Energy (ATP) + Ethanol…...

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