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Unit 10-Caring for Children and Young People

In: Other Topics

Submitted By catrin
Words 6532
Pages 27
Task 2

Legislation/legal framework
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child
Every child has the right to an education, to be healthy, to grow up safe and to be heard. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the child is a legally-binding international agreement setting out the civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights of every child, regardless of their race, religion or abilities.
Since being adopted by the United Nations in november 1989, the CRC has received 194 ratifications with only two countries still to ratify. This means that they have agreed to do everything they can to make the rights a reality for children around the world.
All signatories are bound to the UNCRC by international law, and its implementation is monitored by the Committee on the Rights of the Child.
Under the terms of the convention, states are required to meet the basic needs of children and help them to reach their full potential. Central to this is the acknowledgement that every child has basic fundamental rights. These include:
The right to life
The right to his or her own name and identity
The right to be protected from abuse or exploitation
The right to an education
The right to having their privacy protected
The be raised by, or have relationship with, their parents
The right to express their opinions and have these listened to and, where appropriate, acted upon
The right to play and enjoy culture and art in safety
On 25th May 2000, two optional protocols were added to the UNCRC. the first of these asks the governments to ensure that children under the age of 18 are not forcibly recruited into the arm forces. It also requires governments to do everything that they can to make sure that members of their armed forces who are under the age of 18 do not take part in combat.
The second of these protocols calls on states to prohibit...

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