Premium Essay

United States History to the Civil War

In: Historical Events

Submitted By kevokag
Words 838
Pages 4
The civil war and the inception of the US constitution played a critical and pivotal role in the reconstruction of the modern US society. From these events, it was possible for the United States to become a single state and a unified nation, which finally ended slavery and thus expanded the applicable ideals that led to the declaration of independence. Historians argue that the civil war remains to be a critical event in the United States history; this is because this war was able to end the animosity caused by the inevitable climax of conflicts and sectional tensions. This paper will discuss the evolution of the modern US society from the inception of the constitution through the civil war and reconstruction.
United States constitution remains to be the oldest constitution in the world and since its inception in 1787; it has played a critical role in the development of the modern US society (Sammis, 1997). Historians argue that the United States constitution has helped in providing a remarkable degree of political stability in the US, a country known for its social diversity. According to law experts, since the inception of the US constitution it has been possible to silence matters that seem to be sensitive in regards to the modern way of living. Moreover, the US constitution enabled the sanctions of the slavery, which remained to be the cause of the animosity before the civil war.
On the other hand, before the US civil war, the then US President Abraham Lincoln had began to formulate a plan that would ensure the restoration of the confederate states. In December 1863 through the proclamation of amnesty and reconstruction, Abraham Lincoln stated that in the 1860 general elections, which excluded the blacks, ten percent of the voters accepted emancipation and this meant that United States would become a new government and thus could return to the union...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Civil War

...Civil War Tressa Caudell HIS/115 U.S. History to 1865 March 31, 2012 Marek McKenna Civil War The Civil War was one of the biggest “black eyes” in American history. This war put Americans on each side of a line and forced them to try and outwit each other. The Civil War lasted for four long years. “The Civil War proved to be the costliest war ever fought on American soil, with some 620,000 soldiers killed, millions more injured, and the population and territory of the South devastated.” (American Civil War, 2012). The United States is the country that it is today because of the Civil War. We are after all considered to be the “Land of the Free.” the United States is free because the North won the war and slavery was abolished. I believe that Foote was trying to convey that in order to understand how the United States became what it is, we first need to understand where we started. To understand how the United States became considered the “Land of the Free” we must acknowledge the steps that were taken that led to the American Civil War. I believe that the first step taken on our way to civil war was in 1820 with the passing of the Missouri Compromise. The Missouri Compromise of 1820 set a boundary between the North and South that stated any states or territories north of this boundary would remain free and any south of the boundary could maintain slavery. (Schultz, 2012, pg. 174). I believe that by setting a specific boundary between the North and South the......

Words: 856 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Civil War Paper

...Civil War Paper Nery Tejada University of Phoenix HIS/110 U.S. History to 1865 Shannon Gerlach ON14E3CF January 16, 2015 Civil War The Civil War the conflict that in many ways created a nation, the deadliest war in American history nearly 620,000 soldiers and civilians died in this war. The war between southern states called confederacy against the United States federal government, the war that lasted for four years in which the North defeated the South. There are many reason of why the North or the Union won the fight, for instance, large amounts of land available for growing food crops which served the dual purpose of providing food for its hungry soldiers and money for its growing industries. The South, on the other hand, devoted most of what arable land it had exclusively to its Principal cash produce from cotton. Raw materials were almost entirely concentrated in Northern mines and refining industries. Railroads and telegraph lines, the veritable lifelines of any army, traced paths all across the Northern countryside but left the South isolated. Another fact that helped the South to win the war was that at the beginning of the Civil War there was approximately 22 million of people living there versus the south with only 9 million of people living there. From those 9 million 4 million were slaves however South soldier were more skilled than northern soldier. General Robert E. Lee was not a brilliant General thanks to him......

Words: 754 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Los Amo

...Education was a major turning point in the history of the United States. This major case was actually several cases that were decided by the Supreme Court as one. These cases were argued by the NAACP and their expert team of lawyers led by Thurgood Marshall and his team the Legal Defense and Educational Fund. All the cases were filed by African American parents on behalf of their children. The parents of these children wished it to be brought before the courts that “separate but equal” was not fair. In the South though, Plessy v. Ferguson, “separate but equal” and Jim Crow laws reigned, they had a tough battle ahead.Leading up to Brown v. Board of EducationThe Jim Crow Laws were enacted in mostly the Southern and some of the border states of the United States and enforced between 1876 and 1965, slightly less than a hundred years (wikipedia). These laws mandated "separate but equal" status for black Americans. “In reality, this led to treatment and accommodations that were almost always inferior to those provided to white Americans. The most important laws required that public schools, public places and public transportation, like trains and buses, have separate facilities for whites and blacks” (wikipedia). In the Progressive Era the restrictions were formalized, and segregation was extended to the federal government by President Woodrow Wilson in 1913 (wikipedia).To discuss the Supreme Court case of Brown v. Board of Education, a brief history of the major case that had to......

Words: 2653 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Personages of the American Civil War

... Osuala Chibuike Eric Professor Michael Wilson History 120 May 2 2016 Important Personages of the American Civil War. Abstract A defining time in American history was the Civil war of 1861-1865. It is said that while the Revolution founded the United states,the American Civil war shaped the United states into the kind of country it would come to be. The war would come to decide whether the United states would break up to become sovereign states or continue to stand as one nation. Also it would be key in determining if the United states would eventually abolish slavery or continue to dominate the world in slavery. These two issues would come to be widely recognized as the reasons for the war. This paper focuses mainly on some major personalities that played important roles during the war. It highlights their achievments and setbacks and Osuala 2 also takes a look at how they were instrumental to different causes and in general, their influences on the war at large. Stay tuned. Introduction There were so many people who took part in the American Civil war of 1861-1865 which was between the Confederacy and the Union. By the end of the war,over 730,000 soldiers and sailors died in the......

Words: 1972 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

The American Civil War

...The American Civil War Jill Ayala HIS/115 February 19, 2012 Jody Ault The American Civil War “In the course of four years, more than 2% of the population of the United State lost their lives in the American Civil War, between 618,000 and 700,000 people” (American Civil War, 2012).  Never before or since has there been such a tragic event occur. There are many different opinions regarding the American Civil, why it occurred, and what the actual reasons for the War were. A Nation Divided In 1861 the American Civil War erupted after many years of conflicts between the North (the Union) and the South (the Confederacy). These conflicts included western expansion, States rights versus federal authority, and slavery. With the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 seven Southern states (South Carolina, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama) declared their succession from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America. Four more states (Tennessee, North Carolina, Virginia, and Arkansas) joined the Confederation after start of the Civil War. The Confederates wanted to remain slave State. The Union wanted to bring the country back together as one single, unified nation. Why the North Won the Civil War In 1860 he South’s population was 1/3 slaves. The South relied heavily on the slave trade and not only wanted but needed the slave trade to continue for economic purposes. They wanted to become and independent......

Words: 964 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Women in Civil War

...Women, Slaves, and Free Blacks in the Civil War What roles did the Northern women play in the war effort on the Union side during the Civil War? What roles did the Southern women play in the war effort on the Confederate side during the Civil War? How did the war affect each group? “There were just shy of 400 documented cases of women who served as soldiers during the Civil War, according to the records of the Sanitary Commission.” (Brown, 2012) Women during the 19th century, according to Historian Barbara Welters were “hostage of the home”. (Brown, 2012) Women were considered what we know now as home wives, without really the option of doing anything outside of the home. When the Civil War began, that meant that men left home behind to go join the ranks. Therefore, the duty lie heavily on the women. The war, in a sense, gave women independence. Instead of just taking care of the home and children, women had to fulfill the duties their husbands, fathers, brothers, and sons once fulfilled due to the economic hardships. (“Over the course of the war, inflation in the South caused prices to rise by 9000%.”) (U.S. History Online Textbook, 2015) The women in the South held fundraisers to raise money for army supplies and also provided soldiers with necessary supplies of everyday life. In the South, many women had to become school teachers (for the first time) and eventually were granted permission to work in the hospitals due to the lack of nurses due to all the......

Words: 995 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

History of America

...Name Institution Course Tutor Date HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES Introduction The current America we know today is not comparable to the America which existed after the civil war. Great things such as urbanization, equal rights for citizens and the two major wars have made us understand the current United States. Since the time United States ended slavery, a lot of great things have happened. Some of the major ones being the period of reconstruction, Civil Rights Movement, the great depression and the World wars I and II. The aim of this paper is to compare the views of America a Narrative History 9th edition by George Brown Tindall and those of America Compared 2nd edition by Carl J. Guarneri. According to the two authors the history of United States since 1965 somehow differs. According to (Tindall, George Brown, and David, 196), the period of reconstruction, lasting from 1865 to 1876 was a period when the nation tried to restructure itself and incorporate the southern states which became part of the union. The freed men from the South had found themselves with no system to control them in their lives. So they had to look for a way to incorporate them in a still society that was biased against them. The reconstruction dealt with the transformation of southern states. During this period, a little social or political agreement was available on issues such as who was supposed to vote and how the southern states were going to rebuild themselves after the......

Words: 2069 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Remembering and Commemorating the War Essay

...Commemorating the War Essay According to Blight, Fredrick Douglas fought hard to protect the memory of the war. What was Douglas’s memory of the war and why did he try to protect it? North vs. South, Confederates vs. The Union. Rifles were fired… brother vs. brother. Men were named heroes for seemingly valiant acts in battle. We learn many things from the past. A nation was literally ripped in half in what was called the bloodiest conflict in American History. History is not an obsolete thing. Rather, it teachers valuable lessons. It can’t be denied how tragic the Civil War really was in American History. “It is not well to forget the past. Memory was given to man for some wise purpose. The past is the mirror in which we discern the dim outlines of the future and by which we may make them”(97). Prominent American Figure Fredrick Douglas was born a slave, educated, freed himself then became an accomplished author that fought for equality for blacks and many other groups in America. In the text Beyond the Battlefield: Race, Memory, and the American Civil War, author David W. Blight describes Douglas’s memory of the Civil War as something beyond the battlefield. Fredrick Douglas recognized the heroism and the death that happened on the battlefield. However there was much more than the combat and battle happenings that Douglas remembered. Douglas remembered what it was to be a slave; this very insight was the key to his memory of the Emancipation Proclamation and the......

Words: 1526 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

The Emancipation Proclamation

...THE EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION The history of the United States and its inception included the slavery of Africans. Africans were either sold to or trapped by their captors and brought to the American Colonies to serve their masters. In the beginning, the Africans were treated as indentured servants, wherein they worked for seven years and were released from service as free persons. Eventually, this policy was ended and the slaves were forced to work without compensation for their entire lifetime. Eventually, there was a move in the North to industrialized machinery and labor and slaves were no longer necessary for workforce purposes. Also, there was a faction of the population of the Northern states that simply believed that slavery was wrong and should not continue. These persons were known as abolitionists. However, it was the Southern States that continued to thrive on agricultural products. The continuation of this agricultural economic engine needed the labor provided by the slaves. This dependence was increased after the invention and patent of the cotton gin by Eli Whitney in 1794. The “inadvertent result of the cotton gin’s success, however, was that it helped strengthen slavery in the South. Although the cotton gin made cotton processing less labor-intensive, it helped planters earn greater profits, prompting them to grow larger crops, which in turn required more people. Because slavery was the cheapest form of labor, cotton farmers simply acquired......

Words: 922 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The American Soldier 1860-1920

...and makeup of the United States military underwent more drastic changes during the sixty years between the outbreak of the Civil War and the conclusion of World War I. During this time period, the military went from small, localized, unprofessional and poorly trained groups to large, centralized, professional military units that rivaled the best militaries in the world. The transition of the U.S. Military started when the United States’ foreign policy increased their interests worldwide following the Civil War, engaging in conflicts in both the Caribbean and in Asia, culminating when the United States entered World War I not in their own interest, but rather in the interest of protecting European allies. This signaled the U.S.’s new role as a world power that has interests in global stability and maintaining strong alliances. However, none of these military advancements would have been likely to take place had the initial priority to increase military operations hadn’t occurred solely to preserve the Union. The Civil War began with the bombardment of Fort Sumter in April 1861, but both the Union and Confederate armies were not prepared to fight a ground war at that time, as armies had to be raised, mobilized, trained, and supplied for the upcoming war. The first ground battle of the war, the Battle of Bull Run, was not fought until more than three months after the attack on Fort Sumter, and even then those armies were disorganized and ill-prepared for war. The Union......

Words: 1795 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Civil Wa

...American Civil War    The American Civil War is a very misunderstood war. It is known for the war  that ended slavery. What most people don’t know is the war was not originally fought for  the abolition of slavery. The South, or the Confederate, wanted to exercise their rights as  states and split from the north. Well Abraham Lincoln thought that would be the downfall  of the United States. The Civil War was fought to between the Union and the  Confederacy on the issue of splitting up the United States. The country was divided  between two philosophies, either they thought the country could only survive and prosper  as a whole, or they believed the south had the right to split from the union.  The country was divided between two different philosophies. The North  believed if the South seceded from the North the country would crumble. While the South  believed they had the right as states to separate themselves from the Union. (Malvasi)  Abraham Lincoln was the head of the Unions thinking. He had a great sense of political  knowledge. He realized if the south did secede the Union wouldn’t stand a chance against  attack because half of the country essentially would have been gone. Lincoln originally  had no plans of abolishing slavery all his focus was on keeping the country together in  one strong unit. (Malvasi) The South on the other hand felt they had been mistreated by  the Union and were being taken advantage of. Soon the idea of secession came around  ...

Words: 4176 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Signifigant Events in the Decade After Ww2

...Phoenix University History 135 Instructor, Student, Assignment: Significant events in the decades after World War II Due date, Preface Americans faced many challenges in their lives; challenges on a variety of fronts shattered the American consensus. In the 50s, African Americans launched a crusade, joined later by other minority groups and women, for a larger share of the American dream. In the 60s, politically active students protested the nation's role abroad, particularly in the corrosive war in Vietnam, and a youth counterculture challenged the status quo of American values. Americans from many walks of life sought to establish a new equilibrium in the United States, the following time synopsis will shed some light on turning points in our American history. * 1940s, Civil Rights, a time for change. Harry Truman supported the civil rights movement. He believed in political equality, though not in social equality, and recognized the growing importance of the black urban vote. When apprised in 1946 of lynching’s and other forms of mob violence still practiced in the South, he appointed a committee on civil rights to investigate discrimination based on race and religion. The report, issued the next year, documented blacks' second-class status in American life. It asserted the need for the federal government to secure the rights guaranteed to all citizens. Truman responded by sending a 10-point civil rights program to Congress. When Southern Democrats...

Words: 2010 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Us History

...Civil War Paper Learning Team A HIS/110 Professor Joe Getzlemen Historian Shelby Foote Shelby Foote was a writer and historian that became famous for his three-volume, 3,000-page books about the Civil War. In 1990, an 11-hour series on public television was shown based on his books.. With over 14 million viewers, he was instantly in the spotlight. Although he was not born until some 50 years after the Civil War, his great-grandfather was Confederate Captain Hezekiah William Foot, a slave owner. Shelby himself was born in Mississippi and lived in other southern states such as Alabama, Tennessee, and Florida. He attended the University of North Carolina but left to take a writing job at a Mississippi newspaper. When the United States joined the fight in World War II, Shelby joined the National Guard and reached the rank of captain. After being discharged in 1945 he returned home to Mississippi and began writing again. He published five books in five years, but it wasn’t until 1953 that he would begin his trilogy on the Civil War. During an appearance of the public broadcasting, he was quoted as saying “Any understanding of this nation has to be based…on an understanding of the Civil War…The Civil War defined us as what we are, and it opened us to being what we became, good and bad things. It is very necessary if you’re going to understand the American character in the 20th century to learn about this enormous catastrophe of the mid-19th century. It was the......

Words: 1616 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Habeas Corpus and Civil Liberties

...Habeas Corpus and Civil Liberties Rick Green POL 201 Professor Hass January 21, 2013 Habeas Corpus and Civil Liberties Imagine living life without the rights and liberties that Americans have always enjoyed. There are people all over the world that do not enjoy those rights that were cherished by the Framers of the United States Constitution. Some even say there are people under the jurisdiction of the United States that do not enjoy those rights. The War on Terror has brought a new debate to the forefront of American public discussion; what do we do with detained terrorists? Can the United States prove that they are terrorists? Are detainees afforded the same rights as American citizens and what role does the writ of habeas corpus play? The Supreme Court has decided on a few cases and has answered a few questions, but the debate still rages. Under the precedent set by Ex Parte Quirin and the Military Commissions Act of 2006, combatants captured in the War on Terror are unlawful combatants against the United States and therefore do not have the right of habeas corpus. To begin the argument on how habeas corpus and civil liberties relates to the War on Terror, we must first look at the history and the meaning of habeas corpus. Very simply defined, many people view the writ of habeas corpus, “as the ‘writ of liberty’ which ensured that no person could be detained in prison without being put to trial by a jury of his peers,” (Lobban & Paul, 2010, p.257). This......

Words: 3003 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Ss310 Unit 9 Final Project

...capsules that I have read about before have had a brief glimpse of history and how things used to be during a certain time period. The first item found when opening the time capsule from the 1960’s is The Vietnam War. The Vietnam War was waged from 1961 until 1975 ("Battlefield: Vietnam,"). The Vietnam War cost over $150 Billion and lost over 58,000 American lives (Van Buren, 1991). The Vietnam War was such a big part of the 1960’s; it is almost impossible to no it include it in any time capsule representing the 1960’s. The second item found in the time capsule is the civil rights movement. The civil rights movement was a movement started to create equality between white people and black people. The fight for racial equality started in 1954 is still going on today (Brunner & Haney, 2007). The Third item removed from the time capsule is the band The Grateful Dead. The Grateful Dead provided the sound track for the psychedelic movement of the 1960’s, creating 23 albums over 24 years ("Grateful dead discography," 2013). The fourth object found in the time capsule is the Cold War. The cold war was waged from 1945 until the Warsaw Pact was signed in 1991. The last item found in the time capsule is the space race. The space race started in 1957 and was won by the United States of America in 1969 ("The timeline of," 2009). Upon further examination of the Vietnam War, we discover a time in human history that almost defined an...

Words: 1831 - Pages: 8