Premium Essay

Universal and Human Origins

In: English and Literature

Submitted By traceiasophia
Words 634
Pages 3
ENGL 212.
September 21, 2012
Universal and Human Origins
According to several essays in the Longman Anthology of World Literature, there are differing views as to how humans originated. One essay stated that the heavens and the earth were first created. Then the creatures that fly, next were the creatures that live on the earth and those in the waters were then created. Then God said, “let us make a human in our image and likeness to hold sway over the fish and the fowl of the heavens and the cattle and the wild beast and all crawling things upon the earth.” He created a male and female and then he blessed them. He then said to them, “be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth. So the first couple was told to have children and fill the earth with offspring (Genesis, chap. 1). Other writing such as Jacob Carothers Intellectual Warfare perspective on the origin of human was more of a mythological stand, which dealt with more than one God Zeus and the Titians.
For many years Scientist, archeologist searched for the origin of mankind, many years of research has gone into finding out the big mistery of where do and how was this earth created? Genesis, chapter two elaborates that the man was created first and since God did not want him to be alone, he created the woman and he used one of the man’s ribs to do so. Genesis, chapter four introduces the first child, Cain who unfortunately kills the second child, Abel. In Genesis chapter five we learn that the third child born is Seth. We learn also that the first man and his wife had other sons and daughters.

Black 2
The earth is now filled with humans when tragedy strikes. Humankind becomes very wicked and God decides he will wipe them out except for Noah, his wife, his three sons and their wives. He destroys everyone else in a flood (Gen. Chap. 9). After the flood the earth is again filled with...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Human Right - Universal, Inherent, Inalienable, Indivisible.

...Human rights are said to be universal, inherent, inalienable, and indivisible. In this paper we will discover what each of those mean including discussions which examine if human rights are in fact universal, inherent, inalienable, and indivisible equally and without prejudice for all of humanity. Human rights are universal since they are said to belong to all humans in every society and should accommodate all persons in the world equally. To consider if human rights are in fact universal, one must considerer a wide range of factors including cultural differences and geographic setting to name a few. Human rights are said to be inherent regardless of their nation, location, language, religion, ethnic origin or any other status. To say that human rights are inherent would infer that they exist as permanent and essential or are considered characteristic attributes of all humans. The term inalienable rights refer to a set of human rights that are fundamental, are not awarded by human power, and cannot be surrendered. Human rights are also supposed to be inalienable; because they flow from and protect human existence, they cannot be taken away without endangering the value of that existence. We must consider weather this trait is to be uniformly applied to all of humanity or if there are special considerations (such as incarceration) to which the concept of inalienable human rights may not be appropriate. Human rights are indivisible and interdependent, which means that......

Words: 1931 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Importance Of Human Rights

...individual to live with dignity as a human being and a member of mankind. Such claims or powers are known as, ‘Human Rights’ (Ajithkumar, Usha. , 2011, p. 1). Human Rights is a universal and legal concept. These rights are meant to uphold human dignity and equality. Human Rights are those rights which inherent to all human beings, irrespective of our nationality, ethnic, origin, colour, religion, language or any other status. Human Rights also referred to as “Fundamental Rights” or “Basic Rights” or “Natural Rights” or “Common Rights”, are the rights guaranteed to people an individual, groups or categories to live...

Words: 775 - Pages: 4

Free Essay


...relativism. Deontology, the study of duty, which we explored in Modules 3 and 5, describes a variety of positions that understand ethics in terms of duty or obedience to universal principles regardless of the consequences. These universal principles could come from God, from human origins and nature, or from human reason. Instead of asking whether an action will result in a particular type of consequence, either good or bad, as is the case with utilitarianism and social contract, deontologists ask whether an action is consistent with a particular principle or rule. In Module 5, we studied the ethical deontological categorical imperative of Immanuel Kant. Kant does not believe the authority for duty-driven activity is God. Kant believes that human will is the highest authority. He believes this “highest authority" emanates from the use of human reason. In short, Perhaps Kant’s “duty” is not as absolute as one might suppose. Human ordained moral action is often subject to change according to personal preference.  For Kant, the moral action conforms to a law of human origin and is absolute—it admits no exceptions, and it is universally binding. One is obligated to follow the commands of morality, whether one feels like it or not and despite personal consequences. One simply must follow the command out of respect for human reason. This forms the basis of Kant’s Categorical Imperative– if one can do the right thing, one...

Words: 391 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Human Rights

...CV0C=Universality of human rights has always been a extensively challenged and debated topic, especially in the recent decades. In recent decades, a widely contested debate over the universality of human rights has emerged.  Rights are certainly not universally-applied today, with oppression, torture and various atrocities committed in many parts of the world. This paper will focus on the notion that both in the Third-World and the West, states have used human rights discussion as a political tool, which has weakened arguments for its universality. This perspective will be utilised to break down arguments made against universal human rights before presenting alternative conceptions of universal human rights and identifying developments which may ensure they can be universally applied and respected. It is important to first define the theoretical basis of ‘universal’ human rights. Universal conceptions argue human rights are inalienable, self-evident and applicable to all human beings (Donnelly, 2003, 10). These arguments are often linked to origins in Western philosophy and natural law, developed from philosophers such as John Locke (Langlois, 2009, 12). Many scholars maintain that human rights are ‘pre-political’, thus unchangeable and unaffected by cultural or political variation. Donnelly identifies the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as the basis in establishing the “contemporary consensus on internationally recognised human rights” (2003, 22). Human rights hold......

Words: 2646 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Meaning and Nature of Language

...communication systems. Communication is essential for human beings. Language is the primary way in which adults pass ways of thinking and conversing on to their children. Language is an accumulation of knowledge because we learned everything by somebody through language. Society would have to recreate itself every generation if it could not pass its knowledge on through language. Language is one of the most powerful tools in human communication. Words are meant to establish and maintain friendly contact. Through words, people shape their identities. People can express their feelings, attitudes, and experiences to each other through words. By speaking, information can be give to others about oneself and the world around him/her. In Christine Leong's essay Being A Chink, she describes the power of language. She said, "It gives us identity, personality, social status, and it also creates communities, defining both insiders and outsiders. Language has the ability to heal or to harm, to praise or belittle, to promote peace or even to glorify hate." I believe this is what language is all about. Language has two purposes. Depending on what is said, and how others perceive what has been said, language can be helpful to the soul or destroy one's self-confidence. Words are intended to inform others so they can understand us. Words are not intended to establish superiority; if they are, people get hurt in the process. Language is a uniquely human trait, and questions of how and why......

Words: 3052 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

East Meets West

...THE UNIVERSITY OF Manchester “Human Rights in World Politics” POLI 70492 Essay title: East meets West: Human Rights in Perspective. Lecturer: Dr James Pattison Essay Question: “Should Universal Human Rights Be Enforced regardless of Cultural differences?” ID Number: 8262033 Introduction: Even though human rights are of the major issues in our current day world, it has not been the case over the course of human history. Despite some early calls by the Greeks especially Aristotle for citizenship rights and participation in the political life, slavery was regarded as a normal feature back then and it was not until the 18th century that serious attempts to protect human rights and dignity took place: The two major events promoting these rights were without doubt the United States of America’s declaration of independence in 1776 and the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen in 1789 both of which endorsed some basic rights and freedom which were a huge step forward at the time. As an example, the French declaration clearly enclosed the following article “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness”. Following these two events, many Western writers and philosophers such as John Stuart Mill, Thomas Paine, and G.W.F. Hegel defended human civil rights and liberties in their......

Words: 3640 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Media Ethic

...Media Ethics -Ethics, in Greek word Ethos, mean moral value and quality. -Conrad C. Fink defined “ethics is a system principles, morality or code of conduct. It is the values and rules of life recognized by an individual, group or culture seeking guidelines to human conduct and what is good or bad and right or wrong.” -set of principle of right conduct or code of moral conduct for people to behave -reflects society’s views of what is right or wrong 3 branch of ethics -meta-ethics ( study of origin of ethical concepts) -normative ethics (concerned with developing general theories, rules or principles of moral conduct to distinguish right from wrong) -applied ethics (problem solving: use insight gained from meta-ethic, general principles and rules from normative ethics to apply ethical issue, or situation) Good Samaritan-Yes -origin from Whistle Blower -a generous people who is ready and willing to help people in distress without hesitation -Example: a good Samaritan pulls a person out of a burning car after an accident -religion taught us to help people No-good Samaritan (why people never help?-Genovese Syndrome) -bystander effect, large bystander increase the likelihood that people will step forward to help a victim, expect others to help the victim -diffusion of responsibility, social phenomenon occurs in groups where responsibility is not clearly assigned, thus rely on other. (Less than 3 people, everyone will take action; more than 10 people, no......

Words: 2167 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Sonny's Blues Literary Analysis

...Throughout history, sibling relationships in different classes, religions, genders, and specific races of the human race have provided humans with an inherent empathizer. Being raised and shaped into distinct characters in the same environment and experiencing the same essential memories of childhood binds siblings together for better or for worse. Likewise, in “Sonny’s Blues”, written by James Baldwin, the narrator and his brother Sonny reunite through their shared origins and finally understand what it symbolizes to them and their entire community. The sibling relationship between the narrator and Sonny demonstrates two different ways in which people of the same background attempt to deal with their shared communities and memories to regain...

Words: 2012 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Lost in Translation

...alphabet is used by all the Romany languages/dialects except Carpathian Romany and Finnish Romany. Romani alphabet Lovari Roma The Lovari are subgroup of the Roma people who speak a dialect of Romani influenced by Hungarian. They live in many parts of Europe, including Hungary, Romania, Poland, France, Germany, Italy and Greece. Lovari Romani alphabet and pronunciation Lovari Romani alphabet and pronunciation Sample text in Romani Sa e manušikane strukture bijandžona tromane thaj jekhutne ko digniteti thaj capipa. Von si baxtarde em barvale gndaja thaj godžaja thaj trubun jekh avereja te kherjakeren ko vodži pralipaja. Translation All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. (Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of...

Words: 1342 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Business Development Manager

...Nowadays, the concept of human rights has shaped up quite well, aiming to secure at least the very basic moral standards by which a living person should be respected. Even so, there are far too many breaches in them for us to call them finished and refined. There is still a lot of tyranny in the world, a lot of shady practices and even in the strongest upholding countries for human rights. Be it because of a complicated political or moral situation or pure savagery or tyranny, let’s look at the list of countries which still violate the very basic we are born with.  What document guarantees international human rights? - The Universal Declaration of Human Rights guarantees international human rights. The United Nations General Assembly passed this document in 1948. - What international organizations are responsible for protecting human rights? - International concern for human rights has been evident outside of the United Nations. The Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe, which met in Helsinki in 1973-75, produced the Helsinki Final Act. The European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, which first met in 1950, produced the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the European Social Charter; the Ninth Pan-American Conference of 1948 adopted the American Declaration on the Rights and Duties of Man; and the Organization of African Unity in 1981 adopted the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights. There are......

Words: 687 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Human Rights

...Rights Theoretical distinctions     Claim rights and liberty rights Individual and group rights Natural and legal rights Negative and positive rights Human rights    Civil and political Economic, social and cultural Three generations Rights by claimant   Animals /Authors /Children /Consumers Fathers /Fetuses  Humans Natives /Kings/LGBT/Men /Minorities Mothers /Plants /Students/Women Workers/Youth Disabled persons  We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. Three generations first-generation civil and political rights (right to life and political participation), second-generation economic, social and cultural rights (right to subsistence) and third-generation solidarity rights (right to peace, right to clean environment). Out of these generations, the third generation is the most debated and lacks both legal and political recognition. This categorisation is at odds with the indivisibility of rights, as it implicitly states that some rights can exist without others. Rights are legal, social, or ethical principles of freedom or entitlement; that is, rights are the fundamental normative rules about what is allowed of people or owed to people, according to some legal system, social convention, or ethical theory.[1] Rights are of e ssential importance in such disciplines...

Words: 1308 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Human Rights

...DURING THIS LESSON, REFER TO THE FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS SHEET “HUMAN RIGHTS AND CIVIL RIGHTS” AT THE END OF THIS LESSON. Time: 1h. 30m. Content Objectives • Students review common greetings and introductions by role-playing. • Students communicate and exchange personal information. • Students claim their rights through speaking up about them. Rights Literacy Objectives • Students discuss the idea of each human being entitled to “rights.” • Students begin to incorporate simple rights language into their conversations. Language Objectives • Students review vocabulary on greetings and role-play a basic conversation in pairs practicing common expressions. • Students practice speaking “human rights language.” Materials Needed • Paper, writing board • Pencils, pens • Student lesson handout • Copies of the Universal Declaration on Human Rights (recommended) Content Objectives • Students review common greetings and introductions by role-playing. • Students communicate and exchange personal information. • Students claim their rights through speaking up about them. Rights Literacy Objectives • Students discuss the idea of each human being’s entitlement to “rights.” • Students begin to incorporate simple rights language into their conversations. Language Objectives • Students review vocabulary on greetings and role-play a basic conversation in pairs practicing common expressions. Intermediate Level Basic Human Rights Toolkit ESOL These lessons contain some basic information......

Words: 1912 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Locke's Argument on Innate Ideas

...Locke’s argument against innate ideas. In Locke’s ‘An Essay Concerning Human Understanding’, he argues for his view of empiricism, concerning the origin of ideas. A conflicting position for this subject is rationalism. According to rationalists, ideas are innate. However, Locke was an empiricist and believed that ideas came from experience. In this essay I aim to explore Locke’s position on the formation of ideas and consider how his arguments may be criticised or indeed supported. According to Locke, an idea is “the object of the understanding when a man thinks” (I.i.8). In his ‘Essay’, Locke argues against the notion that ideas are innate in humans. He argued that ideas were formed from sensory experience rather than being innate. By innate, we mean that we were born with the ideas. Locke mentions the argument for innate ideas being that there are universally accepted ideas, so they must be already present in people when they are born. In the ‘Essay’, Locke said that the existence of innate ideas could be disproved if another way was found in which all mankind could come to agree on a certain truth. I think there is a weakness in this argument. In order for his point to be relevant, he would need to find this truth that is universally accepted and prove that it was born from experience. Therefore, the argument that innate ideas are responsible for universal truths is the best explanation that can be given. Although Locke’s argument does not have a lot to justify......

Words: 1608 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Emerson Essay Nature

...Emerson prefaced the prose text of the 1836 first edition of Nature with a passage from the Neoplatonic philosopher Plotinus. The 1849 second edition included instead a poem by Emerson himself. Both present themes that are developed in the essay. The passage from Plotinus suggests the primacy of spirit and of human understanding over nature. Emerson's poem emphasizes the unity of all manifestations of nature, nature's symbolism, and the perpetual development of all of nature's forms toward the highest expression as embodied in man. Nature is divided into an introduction and eight chapters. In the Introduction, Emerson laments the current tendency to accept the knowledge and traditions of the past instead of experiencing God and nature directly, in the present. He asserts that all our questions about the order of the universe — about the relationships between God, man, and nature — may be answered by our experience of life and by the world around us. Each individual is a manifestation of creation and as such holds the key to unlocking the mysteries of the universe. Nature, too, is both an expression of the divine and a means of understanding it. The goal of science is to provide a theory of nature, but man has not yet attained a truth nbroad enough to comprehend all of nature's forms and phenomena. Emerson identifies nature and spirit as the components of the universe. He defines nature (the "NOT ME") as everything separate from the inner individual — nature, art,......

Words: 3638 - Pages: 15

Free Essay


... modus ponens, where given “A” and “If A then B”, then “B” must be concluded. A common convention for a deductive argument is the syllogism. An argument is termed valid if its conclusion does indeed follow from its premises, whether the premises are true or not, while an argument is sound if its conclusion follows from premises that are true. Propositional logic uses premises that are propositions, which are declarations that are either true or false, while predicate logic uses more complex premises called formulae that contain variables. These can be assigned values or can be quantified as to when they apply with the universal quantifier (always apply) or the existential quantifier (applies at least once). Inductive reasoning makes conclusions or generalizations based on probabilistic reasoning. For example, if “90% of humans are right-handed” and “Joe is human” then “Joe is probably right-handed”. Fields in logic include mathematical logic (formal symbolic logic) and philosophical logic. Metaphysics Main article: Metaphysics Metaphysics is the study of the most general features of reality, such as existence, time, the relationship between mind and body, objects and their properties, wholes and their parts, events, processes, and causation. Traditional branches of metaphysics include cosmology, the study of the world in its entirety, and ontology, the study of being. Within metaphysics itself there are a wide range of differing philosophical theories. Idealism, for......

Words: 1835 - Pages: 8