Free Essay

Urban Design Through the Work of Donovan Hill's Architect

In: Other Topics

Submitted By afiqqj
Words 3232
Pages 13
KDA222 AUSTRALIAN ARCHITECTURE & DESIGN / Mohamad Afiqq Che Zani @ Jailani 175756 17. Identify key urban design themes in the work of Donovan, in either residential or commercial/public buildings. This essay will explain about the key features and themes of the urban design as in BVN Donovan Hill works in their commercial/public buildings. Donovan Hill architects was established in Brisbane in 1992 by two principles, Brian Donovan and Timothy Hill are graduate of the University of Queensland. Most of their design approach practiced in Australia is influenced by United Kingdom and United States architects and theorist such as Colin Rowe, Christopher Alexander and Colin St John Wilson.1 BVN Architecture is one of Australia’s biggest architectural practices, well-known for award winning across a broad and diverse portfolio in Australia and outside Australia. “The architectural engagement ranges from civic and institutional projects to office and residential design, tourism projects, industrial developments, master planning and urban design”.2 Some of their notable projects focused in this essay is in commercial/public building which is designed based on approaching the inevitability of the environment that is addressed with comprehensive understanding of the client, needs of the people, processes and places that illustrate the realm of their culture that aligns with it’s urban design.3. “Urban design defined as planned activities and products intended at resulting from the physical shaping and development of human compensations: setting up the function of the suburb, town, cities, region and neighborhood. Modern urban design relates architecture to the world of public policy and politics, to urban development, planning, landscape design and a host of other profession involved in the making of built environment. Australian’s urban design ordinarily carries the coordinated activities safeguarding the public realms to help civilize particular commercial development plans in the public interest”4. Also, urban design intends to create useful, attractive, safe environmentally sustainable, economically successful and socially equitable places. Further, good urban design seeks some local identity and sense of place, cultural responsiveness and purposeful environmentally innovation for achieving a high level of quality, comfort, safety, equity, beauty and cohesion in the overall, physical outcome of

1

Goad, Philip and Willis Julie , 2011. The Encyclopedia of Australian Architecture. 1st ed. Australian: Cambridge University Press. Page 212
2 3

http://www.bvn.com.au/pages/practice.html (accessed 20 September 2013) http://www.bvn.com.au/pages/methodology.html (accessed 20 September 2013) 4 Goad, Philip and Willis Julie , 2011. The Encyclopedia of Australian Architecture. 1st ed. Australian: Cambridge University Press. Page 725

1

all the development, planning, engineering, architectural and landscape design decisions that contribute to urban change 5. “The site and range of the building should respond to the existing natural and developed features of environmental context that complements distinctive local landscape, sense of places and history whilst providing a quality living environment will establish a rich environmental character unique to its locality”. 6 The point to choose BVN Donovan Hill’s urban design work is to focus on their special features applied to the building such as cultural sensitivity and surroundings. The conservation interprets the cultural areas and heritage values by expressing the innovative landscape, public realm and walkway as well as encouraging people to gather to the building. Furthermore, It is a good opportunity for people to discover about heritage and culture through the building itself.

Figure 1; Timothy Hill (left) and Brian Donovan (right) Source: http://abduzeedo.com/architect-day-donovan-hill (Accessed 24 September 2013)

One of the commendable projects that provide a good response to its surrounding context is AM60, a commercial tower located in Brisbane CBD. It is 23 level high rise office development built on the corner of Albert Street and Margaret Street as you can see also it is located nearby to older structures building that serve to give constancy and character to this part of the city and next to buildings that have an identical scale and

5

http://www.planning.org.au/aboutpia/urban-design (accessed 22 September 2013) http://www.actpla.act.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0014/2813/appendix02.pdf (accessed 22 September 2013)

6

2

program by its urban context7. Some of the urban key themes can be identified through this building is by its special spaces of natural or cultural significance at the ground level space which is provided for multiple functions that also promote the enlivening of the public realm and simplify the functional servicing of the building8. The major frontage is portrayed by a multicolored glassy façade which covers around the corner into a minor street where concrete and masonry elements give a good characteristic by its scale as well as more generous solar control. The podium of the building also attracts people to enter the public realm as the street also sustains a sense of quality which is breezy and easily managed on Albert Street; in addition the central core arrangement in the typical office floors that allows occupation on each façade, with large flexible floor space where occupants can be planned as a community of people in both single and multiple tenancy arrangements. 9

Figure 2; View of AM60 from Albert Street Source: http://www.archdaily.com/66728/am60-buildingdonovan-hill/img_9695_shantanu-starick/ (Accessed 24 September 2013)

Figure 3; View of AM60 from Margaret Street Source: http://www.archdaily.com/66728/am60-buildingdonovan-hill/img_2177/ (Accessed 24 September 2013)

The other key response to the urban is the legibility use of scaling devices on the different facades; the massive concrete framing devices attached to floor slabs over the glass enclosure of the building provides a visual abundance to the façade along with

7 8 9

AM60 : http://architectureau.com/articles/am60/#img=1 (accessed 22 September 2013) http://www.actpla.act.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0014/2813/appendix02.pdf (accessed 22 September 2013) http://architectureau.com/articles/am60/#img=1 (accessed 22 September 2013)

3

various visual contexts from the interior looking outward, which is lacking typically in commercial space.10 Another successful project is Taronga Zoo; most visitors have to step on to Upper Entry Precinct before entering the zoo. The urban quality of the project draws its inspiration from the beauty of the Taronga Landscape by the bizarre wildlife and a sandstone plateau with breathtaking sight of the harbor through land bush. The project is visualized as a promenade through a landscape, brightened by surrounding buildings which persuades visitor to come to the Zoo itself.11 “Three guiding principles were adopted; landscape as foreground as the building as for the background; the Zoo as a walled garden; and entry as promenade”. It is established an urban key theme with a hierarchy of both public and private spaces by separation of vehicular and pedestrian traffic. As for the public space the creation of a new space for the ticketing led the strategies of the principles and contradiction of the parking diagram whereby daily parking is shifted to the back of the site, leaving a landscape buffer to be used for overflow parking only on very busy days 12. There is a very clear distinction between public and private space. The consequence of separating car park space from the buildings has allowed the act of entering the zoo to become recognized, as opposed to being dominated by the clutter of buses and drop-off points. The consideration of road, footpath and public spaces connection provides highest density where access is well-used, easy to get in and out and a clear route direction that lead to where people want to go. The success of this project is realized through the generosity of the landscaping and the inclusion of public terrain within the grounds of the zoo.13

Figure 4; View of the lower level of Taroonga Zoo Source: http://www.bvn.com.au/pages/taronga_park_zoo_upper_and_lower_entry.html (Accessed 24 September 2013)
10 11

http://www.actpla.act.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0014/2813/appendix02.pdf (accessed 22 September 2013)

Taroonga Park :http://www.bvn.com.au/projects/taronga_park_zoo_upper_and_lower_entry.html?OpenDocument&idx=Type&pcat=Urban^Design&t pl=ext(accessed 22 September 2013)
12 13

ibid http://www.actpla.act.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0014/2813/appendix02.pdf (accessed 22 September 2013)

4

The new Santos Place Brisbane was completed in 2009; a high-rise project located in Brisbane cropping up from the north-west edge of Brisbane’s city grid accommodates around 590 staff across seven floors in different working styles14. The 30 towers floor consist with ground floor, 5 podium floors, 12 low rise floors, 11 mid-rise floors, 7 high rise floors plus roof level with service plant space. In contrast, the building comes with a palette of colors. On its most open face facing to the south above the river, the building seems as strips of black spandrel panels arranged like giant pixels of orange, yellow, mauve and red. At one level, these colors show the quality of the city’s natural light through the day and the tones of the landscape. 15This the diversity of the urban principle by the variety of form and development character through the building. 16

Figure 5; View of New Santos Place by the river Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Santos_Place_Bne.jpg (Accessed 25 September 2013)

The most symbolic interference to the base building was the formation of an interconnecting stair and voids that expedite internal traffic throughout the entire work place as well as creating visual connection between other floors to encourage a strong sense of community and to expand the interaction across groups of people and individuals. 17The creation of a context of livability for people to engage with each other and the principle of urban connectivity can be identified through the vibrancy on how the places interacted. 18
14

New Santos Place : http://www.bvn.com.au/projects/santos_brisbane_workplace.html?OpenDocument&idx=Type&pcat=Workplace&tpl=ext (accessed 22 September 2013)
15 16
17 18

http://architectureau.com/articles/santos-place/ (accessed 22 September 2013) http://www.actpla.act.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0014/2813/appendix02.pdf (accessed 22 September 2013) ibid urbandesign.gov.au (accessed 22 September 2013)

5

The ground level organization provides a variety of functions to generate activities that engage with the public realm of the street. 19The place responds to urban features by the environmental context as a distinctive landscape with its special spaces of natural or cultural significance. 20The Turbot street portico is clarified to become a miniature building over the walkway space and serves a functional role as well as contributing to the network of CBD markers and experiences creating a place making role for the building, the access has been navigated to create not only a building, but also appoints to a new laneway connection through the deep block to the northern landing of Kurilpa Bridge. The trough-site-link includes a tenancy along the northern and southern edge that can extend in to activate the pedestrian lane. The tenancy space also has a frontage to Turbot Street, offering the urban use of multiple addresses and consequently more street activities. 21The sense of public spaces and routes is stimulating and easy to use as well as ensuring the recognition of good urban design quality.22

Figure 6; A new laneway extends along Santos Place’s southern edge, connecting to the Kurilpa Bridge Source: http://architectureau.com/articles/santos-place/ (Accessed 25 September 2013)
19

http://www.bvn.com.au/projects/santos_brisbane_workplace.html?OpenDocument&idx=Type&pcat=Workplace&tpl=ext(accessed 22 September 2013) 20 http://www.actpla.act.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0014/2813/appendix02.pdf(accessed 22 September 2013)
21 22

http://architectureau.com/articles/santos-place/(accessed 22 September 2013) http://www.actpla.act.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0014/2813/appendix02.pdf (accessed 22 September 2013)

6

55 Elizabeth Street Brisbane was completed in 2013, the 15 levels building in Brisbane’s CBD is a significant commercial office development exposing sensitive urban design within a heritage context incorporating a future approach to the contemporary workplace for the subtropics. It responds to its heritage precinct to the immediate experience of the activated street at the frontage and wider experience within the public laneway. The buildings is relatively moderate in scale, with a triplet arrangement which reflects historic CBD development heights, going through to both plan and section in response to important street views to neighboring heritage building. The lower heavy base aligns with the building adjacent, and the finned upper section starts at the parapet line of the neighbor. Each level of the building reflects the different contextual qualities and eras at each level – from the monumental sandstone plane at entry level to the minimalist anodized sunshades to the upper western façade 23. The street pattern of the building, special spaces, natural or cultural significance, local culture and tradition are responded to the existing environmental context amplifying the characteristic of the urban.24 Landscape spaces are provided and activated to both primary street addresses which serve a future cross block link to Charlotte Street also incorporating a café by the public laneway. 25Building and areas are adaptable to a variety of present and future uses consolidate the adaptability of the urban principle. 26

Figure 7; The façade view of 55 Elizabeth St Source: http://www.e-architect.co.uk/brisbane/55_elizabeth_street.htm (Accessed 25 September 2013)
23

55 Elizabeth: http://www.bvn.com.au/projects/55_elizabeth_street.html?OpenDocument&idx=Type&pcat=Commercial&tpl=ext (accessed 22 September 2013)
24 25

http://www.actpla.act.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0014/2813/appendix02.pdf (accessed 22 September 2013)

http://www.bvn.com.au/projects/55_elizabeth_street.html?OpenDocument&idx=Type&pcat=Commercial&tpl=ext (accessed 22 September 2013) 26 http://www.actpla.act.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0014/2813/appendix02.pdf (accessed 22 September 2013)

7

Cook and Phillip Park is located in NSW Sydney, was completed in 1999; the park is a sequence of urban spaces between William Wardell’s 1862 St Mary’s Cathedral and James Barnet’s wing of the Australian Museum together with a major park. The development provides a rich range of surfaces, experiences, and landscape broadening the civic square of St Mary’s Cathedral, without reducing the importance and structure of Hyde Park27. The key urban design feature of the park can be identified by the good landscape quality which generates a sense of wellbeing and amenity, ensuring recognition of the natural context and the functional requirements of the community; responding with places suited to the needs of everyone including disabled, elderly people and the very young.28 The park has developed by dividing two busy roads at the east of Hyde Park. Since the opening in 1999 there has been astounding response from the public in support of the Cook and Phillip center with its pool, gym and basketball court. 29 The original crosswise road system dissembling under the landscape is indicated by the lines of original mature trees and mixed between these trees lie pedestrian bridges that connect landscaped events and water elements. The space successfully distributes many users, from school children and churchgoers to office workers and joggers. Routes through the garden give long walks or short distance ways and the expanded use of water features helps bearable street noise and hints at the pools located under the paved plaza.30 Cook and Phillip Park responds to existing natural and developed features of the environmental context that enhances the distinctive local landscape, natural features, building materials, sense of place and history whilst providing a quality living environment.31

27

http://www.bvn.com.au/projects/cook_and_phillip_park.html?OpenDocument&idx=Type&pcat=Urban^Design&tpl=ext

(accessed 25 September 2013) 28 http://www.actpla.act.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0014/2813/appendix02.pdf (accessed 25 September 2013)
29 30

http://architectureau.com/articles/landscape-6/ (accessed 25 September 2013) http://www.bvn.com.au/projects/cook_and_phillip_park.html?OpenDocument&idx=Type&pcat=Urban^Design&tpl=ext

(accessed 25 September 2013) 31 http://www.actpla.act.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0014/2813/appendix02.pdf (accessed 25 September 2013)

8

Figure 8; The aerial view of Cook & Phillips Park Source: http://bvn.com.au/projects/Cook_And_Phillip_Park.html (Accessed 25 September 2013)

In conclusion, much of BVN Donovan Hill architect’s work conserves and interprets areas of special cultural and heritage value surrounding the site context. In order to simplifies the functional of commercial building, they managed the design to respond to the environment in scale and program distributing different function throughout building by enliven the public realm; the placement of the street pattern and special spaces that blends to natural existing context. Also encourages community to interact to each other in the design of flexible uses space. The promenade entrance through a landscape as the foreground surrounded by beautiful buildings and the building as the background persuades visitor to come over to the Taroonga Zoo moreover the distinctive separation between public and private space allowing people to use the path clearly without any confusion. All accesses are well-used as well as keeping the highest density of people. In Sydney, the design intervention in the public realm encourages innovative expression to the landscape, heritage and culture. The creation of hierarchy in public spaces makes the function and importance of the space as clearly evident. The establishment of a continuous active retail and community facility are frontage to main pedestrian route encourages people to gather at the place, while expanding opportunities for vehicular, pedestrian and cyclist movement into the building generates quality urban design.

9

Bibliography
Books: Goad, Philip and Willis Julie , 2011. The Encyclopedia of Australian Architecture. 1st ed. Australian: Cambridge University Press. Page 212, Page 725 Internet: http://www.bvn.com.au/pages/methodology.html (accessed 20 September 2013) http://www.planning.org.au/aboutpia/urban-design (accessed 22 September 2013) http://www.actpla.act.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0014/2813/appendix02.pdf (accessed 22 September 2013) AM60 : http://architectureau.com/articles/am60/#img=1 (accessed 22 September 2013) http://architectureau.com/articles/am60/#img=1 (accessed 22 September 2013) http://www.actpla.act.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0014/2813/appendix02.pdf (accessed 22 September 2013) http://www.bvn.com.au/projects/taronga_park_zoo_upper_and_lower_entry.html?OpenDocument&idx=Ty pe&pcat=Urban^Design&tpl=ext(accessed 22 September 2013) http://www.bvn.com.au/projects/taronga_park_zoo_upper_and_lower_entry.html?OpenDocument&idx=Ty pe&pcat=Urban^Design&tpl=exthttp://www.bvn.com.au/projects/taronga_park_zoo_upper_and_lower_ent ry.html?OpenDocument&idx=Type&pcat=Urban^Design&tpl=ext (accessed 22 September 2013) http://www.bvn.com.au/projects/santos_brisbane_workplace.html?OpenDocument&idx=Type&pcat=Work place&tpl=ext (accessed 22 September 2013) http://architectureau.com/articles/santos-place/ (accessed 22 September 2013) urbandesign.gov.au (accessed 22 September 2013) http://www.bvn.com.au/projects/55_elizabeth_street.html?OpenDocument&idx=Type&pcat=Commercial& tpl=ext (accessed 22 September 2013) http://www.bvn.com.au/projects/cook_and_phillip_park.html?OpenDocument&idx=Type&pcat=Urban^Des ign&tpl=ext (accessed 25 September 2013) http://architectureau.com/articles/landscape-6/ (accessed 25 September 2013)

Picture References http://abduzeedo.com/architect-day-donovan-hill http://www.archdaily.com/66728/am60-building-donovan-hill/img_9695_shantanu-starick/ http://www.archdaily.com/66728/am60-building-donovan-hill/img_2177/ http://www.bvn.com.au/pages/taronga_park_zoo_upper_and_lower_entry.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Santos_Place_Bne.jpg http://architectureau.com/articles/santos-place/ http://www.e-architect.co.uk/brisbane/55_elizabeth_street.htm http://bvn.com.au/projects/Cook_And_Phillip_Park.html

10

11

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Work Design

...Work Design Work design has been researched and applied extensively in organizations. Recently, organizations have tended to combine work design with formal structure and supporting changes in goal setting, reward systems, work environment, and other performance management practices. These organizational factors can help structure and reinforce the kinds of work behaviors associated with specific work designs We will examine three approaches to work design. First, the engineering approach, which focuses on efficiency and simplification, and results in traditional job and work group designs. Second approach to work design rests on motivational theories and attempts to enrich the work experience. The third and most recent approach to work design derives from socio-technical systems methods, and seeks to optimize both the social and the technical aspects of work systems. The Engineering Approach: The oldest and most prevalent approach to designing work is based on engineering concepts and methods. It proposes that the most efficient work designs can be determined by clearly specifying the tasks to be performed, the work methods to be used, and the work flow among individuals. The engineering approach is based on the pioneering work of Frederick Taylor, the father of scientific management. He developed methods for analyzing and designing work and laid the foundation for the professional field of industrial engineering. The engineering approach scientifically analyzes......

Words: 632 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Design History

...Robin Boyd’s narrative of the Australian nation created for Australia’s pavilion at Expo’70. The critique offered is from an environmental perspective, using this example to lead into a broader reflection on Australian design history’s ‘modernity problem’. We argue that although the examination of Australia as a socio-cultural context for the practice of design continues to engage scholars, the will to profess the existence of progressive Australian design has precluded significant examination of design’s regressive effects. The current environmental crisis is, as Arturo Escobar argues, ‘a crisis of modernity, to the extent that modernity has failed to enable sustainable worlds.’[1] Design is implicated here for its contribution to environmental degradation, as is design history for accounts that validate designers’ development of concepts, processes and products that impose the unsustainable on societies. The latter is pronounced in Australian design history. When modernity and its cultural manifestations are understood as European inventions, admitting limited scope for cultural exchange, claiming historical significance for Australian design inevitably involves the uncritical application of imported principles.[2] The halting attempts to write Australian design history are mostly bound up in proselytizing for the values and benefits of the modern and eulogising designers’ efforts to force change in the face of conservative cultural establishments and indifferent publics.......

Words: 6224 - Pages: 25

Premium Essay

As Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design

...Crime Prevention and Theory, Such as Crime Prevention through Environmental Design and other Preventive Programs University of Phoenix Survey of Justice and Security AJS/502 October 28, 2013 Crime Prevention and Theory, Such as Crime Prevention through Environmental Design and other Preventive Programs Criminal activity is not unplanned; it is either deliberate or opportunistic. Rendering to this philosophy, crime occurs when the activity area of a victim or objective crisscrosses within the activity area of a criminal. As crime rises a mass number of cities are requiring the implementation of crime prevention structures in the design of firsthand essential projects. Community crime prevention programs or strategies target changes in community infrastructure, culture, or the physical environment in order to reduce criminal acts. In a vast majority of cities the mythology of crime prevention embrace community watch organizations and policing, redevelopment of communities to pursue the involvement of residents, neighborhoods, churches and regional government organizations thus addressing the issues that contribute to criminal activities. One such organization is the National Crime Prevention Council which has made providing a multitude of preventive programs that include: Teens, Crime and the Community, McGruff Club, Celebrate Safe Communities among others to assist in addressing the needs and concerns of local communities. Although these programs are......

Words: 905 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Urban Greening

...​"Greening urban areas is not just about making places look nice. Evaluate the contribution of green areas in cities to meeting the goals of sustainable development" (40 marks) Sustainable development is most frequency defined as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Thus, sustainable development means finding a balance between the fulfillment of human needs with the protection of the natural environment. Sustainable development can be conceptually broken into three constituent parts environmental protection, economic sustainability, and social wellbeing. In this essay I will evaluate how cities have used urban greening to make steps towards sustainable development. To do this I will focus on Singapore and Hamburg. Firstly, green urban areas act as vital regulating ecosystem services meaning they help to control the climate. Metropolitan areas like Singapore are often affected by the urban heat island effect whereby the inner city can be up to 5°C warmer than surrounding rural areas due to human activities (e.g. the use of cars). Areas of urban greening, for example Fort Canning Park, Singapore’s 18 hectare conservation park, have the ability to undertake the vital role of offsetting the urban heat island effect (UHI). Due to the parks location it acts as a green lung for Singapore’s CBD. With an estimated 1,700 trees the park absorbs heat and has an evaporative cooling effect. As......

Words: 1538 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

How Urban Legends Work

...In “How Urban Legends Work” Tom Harris provides perfect examples of urban legends, what they are, how they’re spread, and how they’ve changed over time. Urban legends are stories created from some event and then passed from person to person, most of which are false but believed to be true. Urban legends exist everywhere and can be funny, cruel, or leave an impression on someone. Commonly passed between friends, this makes urban legends seem more real because the story is coming from someone whom you trust. As they are passed from person to person, the story is changed or made more interesting by each person. Often passed around because these stories interest people and it is within our nature to want to spread these stories. According to Harris, “You feel compelled to warn your friends and family”. Anyone can be tricked into believing urban legends because we tend to trust the information being told and not question it. As Harris states “In many cases, this trust runs so deep that a person will insist an urban legend actually occurred, even when confronted with evidence to the contrary”. Even if proved wrong people still believe in urban legends. Urban legends sometimes cause us fear because we can relate to them whether it’s a place we’ve been to or go to every day. All over the world urban legends tend to be passed around some of which are revisited from time to time. Harris mentions Legends such as the “Hook-hand killer” tale A young couple on a date drives......

Words: 361 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

How Teams Work Effectively Through

...How teams work effectively through collaboration software. Collaboration software has become the most popular communication media, and the America is part of the essential communicator in business surface. All the information we can look for and sharing are based on internet. For examples, conference meeting, online confirmation, and quick announcement, our business movement is deeply connected to the collaboration software. However, the communication collaboration is widely use in the business and change our business behavior in America. The essential business collaboration software is different in the America; although the internet is very easy to access every communication and information, business is always to leak out their business strategies, like some sensitive communication is always monitoring by collaboration software. A good collaboration software is very essential to the safety of business product or documents, also the stable and a reliable software. For examples, video conference, the Skype is popularized by its stable connection and low rate of international call. The Skype saved a lot of time and money to do a conference meeting with different countries. The business can use some platform to communicate with each other through virtual private network. Such as what we called, the social software, “ Individuals in the team reported the importance of indeterminancy (allowing for incomplete entries), ownership (highlighting authorship of entries in......

Words: 390 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Architects

...Architects design all types of things. (What Does an Architect Do?) They design schools, skyscrapers, hospitals, churches and many other things. (What Does an Architect Do?) Almost ever building you walk into is most likely designed by a architect.(What Does an Architect Do?) If there was no architects what would this world do? A architects income is around $56,000-$85,000 per year. (Learn More Indiana) When you first start off as being an architect you are considered as a Junior Drafter, those are the ones that make around $56,000 a year. (Career Information Center Seventh Edition) Work place would be in a office. (Learn More Indiana) Some things that you would need to be capable of doing is public speaking. (Learn More Indiana) You would also need to be able to work independently and able to have a face-to-face conversation. (Learn More Indiana) A architect is easy to become as long as you have a collage degree for architecture and graduate collage. (Career Information Center Seventh Edition) Some training is needed. Courses that are needed are mechanical drawing, art, history, physics, and mathematics. (Career Information Center Seventh Edition) You also need to know how to draw blue prints and drawing plans. (What Does an Architect Do?) If you like art, this would be a good job for you because you may need to make paper or plastic models of your design. (What Does an Architect Do?) What you do as a architect. Architects do a lot of thinking. They have......

Words: 495 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Better Living Through Interior Design

...BETTER LIVING THROUGH INTERIOR DESIGN In today’s hectic world, it is often the little things that keep our lives from getting too stressful. Often, the most important space in a person’s life is in their home. Therefore, it can be argued that how a person designs their home can be a direct reflection on how happy they are in life. Before determining the type of design to incorporate into one’s home, many will consult a professional for advice. An interior designer has received education and training on how to best incorporate a client’s personality into their environment. It is an interior designer’s job to improve the psychological well being of their clients. This is achieved by respecting their client’s “social, physical and psychological needs and applying them in a safe and ecologically sensitive manner that promotes the health, safety and welfare of the clients” (Ball, 2002). The interior designer will take the client’s ideas and draft a simple outline of the design needed. This outline will include a budget breakdown so the client is aware of the monetary cost of their desired design inspiration. When considering a design style, an interior designer will begin each project or room as a blank slate. Regardless of how the room or area is currently decorated, the designer must be able to visualize the client’s ideas. It is the job of the interior designer to do simple and basic redesigns that can be easily changed, without the need of an architect,......

Words: 726 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Levittown: Visionary Urban Design or Just Urban Sprawl?

...Levittown: Visionary Urban Design or just Urban Sprawl? Gail A Bigelow April 23, 2006 University of Central Florida Levittown: Visionary Urban Design or just Urban Sprawl? Levittown isn’t a visionary product of high design, there weren’t any major architects to give it pizzazz yet it endures today, by sheer force of will, to be the working stiff’s utopia, his escape from the inner city, the place where he could get away from the noise and dust of the city, a place that was affordable, where he could be king of his own single-family detached castle, he could enhance his quality of life and be just far enough away, but not too far… After World War II the returning veterans demands for housing became more insatiable, it was a right, given what they had been through. Returning veterans were living in attics, basements and Quonset huts or sharing housing with others in the same boat. The young men and women were ready to get back to a normal life – get married and have families and that meant finding a place of their own. The houses were their reward. A single-family house in the suburbs, fully equipped with the best appliances, became a patriotic mission. Many were looking for something new and different than what they had grown up with, they wanted to get out of the inner cities. They knew they’d have to work in those cities, but they didn’t have to live there or raise a family there. During the...

Words: 4556 - Pages: 19

Free Essay

Help People Work Through Problems

...WHEN…THEN….HOW TO HELP PEOPLE WORK THROUGH PROBLEMS Deal with people’s concerns in a supportive way. You can support the person Even if you don’t agree with the idea. You can help the most if you 1. Are predictably present and accessible. 2. Give the other person two-thirds of the available time to talk while you listen. 3. Put everything but the other person “on hold” for that period of time. 4. Listen with the intent to summarize the factual and the feeling content of the employee’s message. 5. Actually feed back the factual and the feeling content of the person’s message, “Sounds like you feel...because....” 6. Allow some time for what the person said to sink in before you make a decision or give advice. The stronger the person’s feelings, the more time you should allow. It may even be appropriate to save the decision or the advice for a later, planned meeting. (But go ahead and set the time for that meeting now--you don’t want to be seen as causing an unnecessary delay.) Avoid emotional triggers. When people are under a lot of stress, they may automatically react defensively to certain emotional triggers. For many people the word “you” is one of those triggers. So avoid the temptation to say, ”You should have....” or “Why didn’t you...?” And for many people, any direct question can have the same effect. You may just be going through a problem-solving protocol when you ask, “What did you say to him right before he lost it?” But a stressed out......

Words: 431 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

The Efforts in Urban Design to Attain a Functional Environment

...in Urban Design to Attain a Functional Environment MAUD Liu Yi C1324401 Key Words: urban design; elements; function; pattern; development; functional environment 1. Introduction In defining urban design, many designers and planners have referred to the elements of urban design and limitations of geometry and technologies. There are many streams of thinking about urban design today, and urban design pulls together many lines of thought (Scott Brown 1982, 1990). As Jon Lang (1994, p. 211) notes: … urban design is to create the public realms of human settlements that afford the fulfillment of human needs. All human settlements consist of behavior settings, while behavior settings consist of a standing (or recurring) pattern of behavior and a milieu (a physical pattern). In fact, urban designers can be thought of as pattern maker. In urban design most issues focus on the tradeoffs between the achievement of competing goals, between human needs and functions provided by the physical environment. Hence, urban design is more likely to be seen as a problem-solving approach from the perspective of the users in some specific environment. These approaches are committed to obtaining a higher quality of life in human settlements. They could be achieved from the developments in both substantive and procedural knowledge that have resulted from the empirical research of the past three decades. There has been much questioning about how best the effort in urban......

Words: 3268 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design

...The Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design Crime prevention through environmental design is defined by the Bureau of Justice Assistance as “the strategies implemented to directly modify the environment to take advantage of pre-existing environmental assets or change the features of particular targets or areas to reduce crime” (Bureau of Justice Assistance, 2014). When taking observance of crime prevention and the environmental design there were many factors involved in the process. The factor covered in the following paragraphs is human environment relationships. Human Environment Relationships There are a few aspects that make up the environment that in return correlates human behavior. These aspects are environmental cues, territory, landscape, and visual bubbles. By compiling an analysis of these different relations, criminal justice professionals are able to better solve and reduce crime in different areas. For example, here in Columbia, South Carolina some neighborhoods and school districts have more patrolling on highways and neighborhoods than others. This is due to the analysis of crime that has occurred in those areas more frequently than others. Some neighborhoods have more opportunities for criminals to conduct crime than others. These opportunities are also referred to as environmental cues. Several things can reflect the level of opportunity in areas such as poverty, age groups, race, and the ratio of law enforcement to population. In these areas......

Words: 321 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Job Design of Work

...feedback and ideas for ways that the company can be better. Through this different approach, Coca Cola is growing more every year, thanks to the people who work there. Assignment 2: Job and The Design of Work 1. What do you think is the most important emerging issue in the design of work? Diversity and limitlessness are the factors that stand out in the case study about the Coca-Cola Company. With Coca-Cola being a worldwide company that offers such an array of products, they must hire flexible and diverse employees to support the needs of the still-growing company. The employees’ reviews reaffirmed that by hiring a diverse group of employees and task them with different challenges in different countries, their choice to staff the company in this way has been successful. By working with other unique individuals, they are enlightened by new methods of thinking and working. As the company continues to grow and adapt in the markets they serve, they are forced to be fluid with their products and marketing and react to the current demands. By allowing all employees to have input and offer their ideas and perspectives in all areas, even those outside of their job scope, they then have access to different ways of facing new challenges. This also creates value to the employees that have these suggestions and input because they have contributed to the success of the company and take pride in that and their work. This also affects their length of employment because an......

Words: 1231 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Crime Through Environmental Design

...tyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmrtyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnm Crime Prevention Concepts and Theory Crime Prevention through Environmental Design 2/2/2012 Rochelle L. Ellis AJS/502 Professor Richard Teresi | Crime Prevention is defined as the anticipation, recognition and appraisal of a crime risk and he initiation off some action to remove or reduce it. Crime Prevention through Environmental Design takes crime prevention a step further. It studies the site design and works with the development that community and public agencies are attempting to create for safer designs for future and existing developments. The Code of Hammurabi is the earliest written laws of justice. Having been written in 2000 B.C. the Code of Hammurabi was designed to bring together both secular and religious proscriptions in an attempt to standardize punishments for wrongdoings. The Code of Hammurabi is broken down into 282 different “codes of law” and is a large mixture of capital punishment and punitive damages in return for a variety of crimes committed. [ (History, 2008) ] There are several crime......

Words: 590 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

High-Involvement Work Design and Job Satisfaction

...HIGH-INVOLVEMENT WORK DESIGN AND JOB SATISFACTION ROBERT D. MOHR and CINDY ZOGHI Job satisfaction has important economic effects. Low job satisfaction is associated with higher rates of quitting and higher rates of absenteeism; high job satisfaction correlates with improved job performance and organizational citizenship behaviour. Dissatisfaction therefore may result in higher labour costs and lower productivity. This article studies the relationship between job satisfaction and high-involvement. The huge no. of observation (25000) has allowed the authors to draw general insights about the relationship. Also authors could check additional variables which may be indicator of dissatisfaction and thus allowed the authors to test how broad a range of satisfaction measures can be linked to high-involvement work practises. Finally, because they used a data set that includes information from both employers and employees and follows both groups over time, they can control for a number of specific sources of bias, and look for evidence on the direction of causality. Background of research: A large body of literature on socio-technical systems, total quality management, and high-performance work systems argues that jobs with a high degree of employee involvement might increase satisfaction. The existing literature also recognizes, however, that even if a positive association between the characteristics of work and the evaluative judgment that individuals make about their......

Words: 980 - Pages: 4