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Urban Transport

In: Social Issues

Submitted By Rajnikanth
Words 17489
Pages 70

India Infrastructure Report 2006


O. P. Agarwal

Growth in number of vehicles
The increased travel demand has resulted in rapid growth in the number of motor vehicles in the cities. In the six major metropolises of India, growth in motor vehicles has outpaced population growth. On an average, while the population in
India’s six major metropolises increased 1.89 times during
1981 to 2001, the number of registered vehicles went up 7.75 times during the same period (Figure 6.2). Thus the growth of motor vehicles was almost four times faster than the growth of population. Cities without good mass transit systems, like
Delhi, Chennai, Hyderabad and Bangalore, showed a higher

Congestion is an outcome of twin factors, (a) growth in number of vehicles on road, (b) limitations to expansion of road space.
Views expressed in the chapter are of the author.

Cy cle s

2wh ee ler s IP

Ca rs Sl ow t

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Tr a Congestion





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he burgeoning urban population of India is engaging in a variety of economic activities in rapidly expanding cities, which are, therefore, encountering fast escalations in urban travel demand. A variety of transport modes, such as, walking, cycling, two-wheelers, para-transit, public transport, cars, etc. are used to meet these travel needs.
Travel demand is determined by a number of factors, the primary one being the size of the population. Other determinants include: average number of journeys performed by a resident each day (per capita trips) and the average length of each such journey (trip length). Travel demand has, thus, grown faster than the population because it is a function of both the rising number of trips undertaken by the incremental population as well as increased trip lengths necessitated by expanded city size....

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