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Us Equal Employment Opportunity Laws - Into

In: Business and Management

Submitted By jennavy82
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U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Laws: Small Business

During his presidency the 1920’s, President Calvin Coolidge was famously quoted

as saying, “After all, the chief business of the American people is business” . Over ninety

years later, this quote still has merit. America is a country that was built on small businesses

and continues to survive because of them. Small businesses currently employ close to half of

American jobs and are responsible for a majority of job creation .

Although small businesses must comply with government laws and regulations in

order to operate legally in the United States, there are some exceptions to the rule. The Equal

Employment Opportunity Committee states that, “Not all employers are covered by the laws we

enforce, and not all employees are protected. This can vary depending on the type of employer,

the number of employees it has, and the type of discrimination alleged”. More specific to small

businesses, “If a complaint against a business (or some other private employer) involves race,

color, religion, sex (including pregnancy), national origin, disability or genetic information,

the business is covered by the laws we enforce if it has 15 or more employees who worked

for the employer for at least twenty calendar weeks (in this year or last)”. In regards to age

discrimination, an employer must have less than 20 employees to be exempt from this law (US

EEOC , 2009).

The Equal Employment Opportunity Committee derives its procedures based in part

on Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 which states that it is unlawful for an employer

to “fail or refuse to hire or to discharge any individual, or otherwise to discriminate against any

individual with respect to his compensation, terms, conditions, or privileges of employment,

because of such individual’s race, color, religion, sex, or national origin” (FindLaw, 2012).The

Small Business

committee also adheres to the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 which makes it

unlawful to discriminate based on age (Department of Labor, 2012).


Contributors, N. W. (2008, August 25). Calvin Coolidge. Retrieved September 25, 2012, from The New

World Encyclopedia:

Department of Labor. (2012). US Department of Labor. Retrieved September 25, 2012, from Age


FindLaw. (2012). Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964: Equal Employment Opportunity. Retrieved

September 25, 2012, from Find Law:


SBA. (2010). FAQ's Advocacy Small Business Statistics and Research. Retrieved September 25, 2012, from

Small Business Administration:

US EEOC . (2009, November 1). Coverage of Business/Private Employers. Retrieved September 25, 2012,

Small Business

from Equal Employment Opportunity Commision:


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