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Use of Historical Data

In: Social Issues

Submitted By saracwatar
Words 1117
Pages 5
The use of historical data as evidence to test international relations theory is commonly use by international relations theorists to pinpoint factual historical data that can either support their hypotheses or contradict theoretical hypotheses made by theorists who oppose them. Historical cases and individual events can be, and are often selected differently by those who have different approaches. In the case of realists, they have an objective view and often use the factual, scientific and quantifiable evidence to understand theories. For the case of 9/11, a realist would only look at this event as an occurrence that was simply a terror attack with explosions and the death of civilians. Realists would view cases such as this as happenings that simply support a theoretical approach along with several other similar cases in history, due to the fact that it is experienced evidence that is universally known and understood. A constructivist however would select and look at cases based upon historical memory and they way they were experienced by multiple different populates. For the case of 9/11, a constructivist would view this historical case as a terror attack that caused trauma to the United States of America and is an event that is more than the deaths of thousands. They would dissect historical events and convey the emotions that were felt, as well as the explosions that ensued, because these theorist believe that there can’t be an objective and single-fact overview of historical events, instead they are subjective yet all true at the same time. Objective accuracy is described as the actual state in which things actually exist. Realist theorists believe that objective accuracy does exist in the historical data used in international relations, and that it can be measured as either accurate or inaccurate. This is because they only view a certain event as either...

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